SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
AND
RELATED PROGRAMS

("SARP")

1994

(Archive copy for historical purposes only)

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ADMINISTRATION

Commencement of Benefits

Newfoundland

Where an application for social assistance is approved by an officer of the Department after the last day of the month in which it was received by the Department, and delay in such approval resulted in circumstances wholly beyond the control of the applicant, the officer may declare that such approval shall be effective as of an earlier date, which date shall in no case be earlier than the date of receipt of the application by the Department, or a date not more than 6 months prior to that on which the approval is given, whichever is the later. Regulation 18; Circular 68-86

Prince Edward Island

Upon establishing his eligibility for assistance and when the Director has consented to provide such assistance, the beneficiary is entitled to assistance calculated from the date his application was received by an employee of the Department, if he was eligible at that time. Otherwise, assistance is calculated from the date on which eligibility is established, except that assistance for shelter for the full month during which eligibility is established may be given. Regulation 23

Nova Scotia - Provincial

Where a person is granted benefits or an increase in benefits, the granting of benefits or the increase in benefits shall be effective the first day of the month immediately following the date the decision is made to grant benefits or the increase in benefits except that where a recipient is granted an increase in benefits because of an increase in shelter costs, the increase in benefits may be effective on such earlier date as the Director determines. Regulation 10(5)

The payment of Family Benefits shall commence on the first day of the month after the request has been received. An applicant may receive up to three months' retroactive Family Benefits; however, when an applicant for Family Benefits is in receipt of Municipal Assistance, no retroactive Family Benefits are payable. Policy 05-03-04

The calculation of a retroactive payment to correct an administrative error shall not cover a period greater than six months unless approved by the director. Policy 05-07-15

Nova Scotia - Municipal

A municipal welfare administrator shall grant assistance to an eligible person from the date of application, if the person meets all eligibility requirements on that date, or from the date upon which the person meets all eligibility requirements. Act 2(1)(k)

New Brunswick

Once eligibility has been established, assistance shall be granted to an applicant from the date of application; if eligibility cannot be determined at once and the need is apparently urgent, assistance may be granted for a period not exceeding two weeks from the date of application. Regulation 9(1,2)

The period of payment may commence as of the date of the first contact. Following interim eligibility, any necessary checks on finances and other information (including a home visit) should be completed as soon as possible and eligibility confirmed or denied. Policy p.68

For clients who work irregularly, determining the eligibility date is based on a pay-period wait. The Pay Period Wait refers to the following:

a) if the individual is paid by the week, he has to wait one week before becoming eligible for assistance; if paid every 2 weeks, he must wait 2 weeks before becoming eligible;

b) extra pay for vacation, long service, etc., on termination of a job is calculated on the basis of the regular pay rate and the waiting period is extended. Policy No. 12

Quebec

Benefits from a program of last resort (see section 7.1) shall be granted from the month following the month of application. For the month of application, however, benefits shall be established on the basis of the ratio of the number of days remaining in the month to the total number of days in that month, as of the date of application. The income received or to be received during the month of application, regardless of the period which it covers, shall be taken into account in calculating benefits for that month. Act 8,13; Regulation 20

An application is deemed to have been made when the prescribed form, duly completed and signed, is received by the local office. However, where the local office has already received written notice from the applicant of his intention to submit an application, the date of application is deemed to be the date of the original notification, provided that the prescribed form is duly completed, signed and submitted within a reasonable time. Regulation 103

Ontario - Provincial

A Family Benefits allowance is generally paid monthly in arrears, computed from the first day of the month following the month in which the eligibility of the applicant is determined. Where eligibility is determined after the last day of the month in which the application was received by the Director and delay in making the payment is caused by circumstances wholly beyond the control of the applicant, the Director may direct that payment shall commence on an earlier date to be set by him, but that date cannot be before the date on which the application is received or more than 4 months before the date on which eligibility is established, whichever is the later. Where a recipient ceases to be eligible for an allowance and on a new application therefor the spouse of the former recipient or another person caring for a dependent child or foster-child of the former recipient is eligible for an allowance, the allowance to that person commences from the first day of the month in which the application is received by the Director. Regulation 14

Ontario - Municipal

GWA assistance is payable only from the time the municipal or regional welfare administrator receives an application in the prescribed form. The only exception to this policy is where an applicant requires assistance because of an emergency; in such cases, assistance may be granted for up to half a month without an application form. Act 9; Regulation 9(11)

Manitoba - Provincial

Assistance is normally granted as of the date on which the application form was signed by the applicant, except where the applicant has been receiving municipal assistance or adequate income from another source such that a need for assistance does not exist between the date of application and the date on which eligibility is established. Assistance for rent and utilities may be granted effective from the first of the month of application where failure to do so would create hardship. Policy CO-11-03

Manitoba - Municipal

No special provision.

Saskatchewan

Upon establishing his eligibility for assistance, the recipient shall be entitled to assistance, calculated from the date of his application, if he was then eligible; otherwise, assistance shall be calculated from the date following the application upon which eligibility is established. However, assistance for rent, fuel and utilities for the full month during which eligibility is established may be given if, in the opinion of the unit administrator, the need exists. Regulation 14(1)

Alberta

Benefits are granted in advance for the benefit period; monthly benefits are due on the first of the month. A benefit period begins either on the date a client is eligible for benefits or on the first day of the calendar month and ends on the last day of the same calendar month. Where a client is eligible for only part of a month, continuous needs other than shelter are to be pro-rated. Policy 03-02-01


The calculation of a retroactive payment to correct an administrative error shall not cover more than the previous six months; retroactive payments shall not be granted if income security benefits have been discontinued before the error is discovered. Retroactive payments are not considered as income or assets. Policy 03-01-01

British Columbia

There shall be no income assistance issued for a period retroactive to the current month in which benefits are issued. Regulation 6(1)

Exceptions :

a) a person who has been designated handicapped by the Director is eligible to receive benefits on the first day of the month after he has been designated handicapped;

b) where a person's eligibility is partially or wholly dependent on his age , he is eligible to receive benefits on the first day of the month that his eligibility due to age is determined by the Director. Regulation 6(2,3)

NOTE : Where the retroactive period of eligibility calculated under (a) or (b) above exceeds 12 months, the period shall be deemed to be 12 months. Regulation 6(3) - eff. 10-88

Yukon

Normally assistance commences on the day application is made or on the day when the need for assistance is established, whichever is the later. However, if, in the opinion of the officer, need exists, assistance may commence from the beginning of the month in which application is made. Regulation 10

Northwest Territories

Assistance commences on the day on which application for assistance is made or on the day on which the need for assistance is established, whichever is the later. However, assistance for rent, fuel and utilities may, if the need exists, be granted commencing from the beginning of the month in which application is made. If the eligibility of an applicant for assistance cannot be determined immediately, for reasons beyond the control of the applicant or the officer, and the need is apparently urgent, a grant of minimal assistance may be made to meet the need until the eligibility of the applicant can be determined. Regulation 11

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