(Archive copy for historical purposes only)

[ Go to the Table of Contents for this report. ]

[ Go to the next section in this report. ]

[ Go to Canadian Social Research Links Home Page ]

Provincial-Municipal Cost-Sharing

Prince Edward Island

No specific provision made.

Nova Scotia

Where a municipal unit has an organized social services department, and complies with the standards of administrative organization and the standards for assistance set out in the Social Assistance Regulations and the projected operational plan of the unit has been approved by the Minister, the Minister may reimburse the unit for assistance granted to a person in need and related administrative expenses by paying to the unit a percentage of the amount furnished not greater than the percentage prescribed in Appendix "A" for the unit. Social Assistance Regulation 6
NOTE: Appendix "A" is a list of 64 cities, towns and municipalities in Nova Scotia which shows the percentage of provincial cost-sharing in each case. Over half of the list (including Halifax) is at 75% and the remainder varies from 76% - 93%.

Where a municipal unit does not have an organized social services department, but complies in every other respect with administrative standards set out in the Social Assistance Regulations, the Minister may reimburse the unit 66 2/3% of assistance granted to persons in need.

New Brunswick

No specific provision made.


The Minister may enter into a written agreement with the city of Montreal to delegate to it the exercise, on its territory and to the extent determined by him, of the functions conferred on him by the Income Security Act.
Any employee of the city who is entrusted with the application of this Act has the same powers and obligations and has access to the same information as an employee of the Ministry of Income Security who exercises similar functions. Act 69


The Minister, with the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council, may make agreements with any municipality, and any municipality may make agreements with the Minister, respecting the payments, by the province to the municipality or by the municipality to the province, of contributions to the cost of public works measures undertaken by the municipality or by the province to relieve unemployment in the municipality. Act 2

The Director shall exercise general supervision over the administration of this Act and the Regulations and shall advise municipal welfare administrators, regional welfare administrators and others as to the manner in which their duties under this Act are to be performed. Act 3

The council of a municipality may, with the approval of the Minister, appoint a municipal welfare administrator. Act 4
The municipal welfare administrator shall receive applications for assistance and shall determine the eligibility of each applicant for assistance, and, where the applicant is eligible, shall determine the amount of the assistance and direct provision thereof, and he may from time to time vary any amount so determined.

Instead of the municipalities that are within a county for municipal purposes administering assistance independently of one another, the council of the county may, with the approval of the Minister, appoint a municipal welfare administrator to administer assistance in all such municipalities, except that any such municipality that has a population of more than 5,000 according to its last revised assessment roll may, by agreement with the county and with the approval of the Minister, appoint a municipal welfare administrator to administer assistance in that municipality independently of the county.

There may be paid to any class of municipality out of monies appropriated therefor by the Legislature, grants and subsidies for any of the purposes of the Act (including administration costs) in such amounts and under such conditions as the regulations prescribe. Act 8

The Province of Ontario may pay general assistance to any person who is eligible therefor and, where the person has residence in a municipality or on the reserve of an approved band, the proportion of the amounts expended by Ontario for such assistance as is prescribed in the Regulation as being the proportion that shall be paid by the municipality or the council of the band, as the case may be, is recoverable from the municipality or the council of the band as a debt due to the Crown in right of Ontario and may be deducted out of any money payable by Ontario to the municipality or the council of the band under the authority of any Act, or may be sued for in a court of competent jurisdiction. Regulation 28

The Province reimburses the municipality:

a) 80% of general assistance costs;
NOTE: Where the monthly average of general assistance beneficiaries exceeds 4%* of the municipality's population for four consecutive months or more, the provincial contribution is increased to 90% in respect of the number of beneficiaries exceeding 4% for the entire period.
*Until March 31, 1995, this provision is amended to read 3.5% (rather than 4%)
b) 50% of specified administration costs;
c) 50% of special assistance costs;
d) 80% of supplementary aid or incentive allowances. GWA Reg. 10,12,18,19,20

The province will reimburse a municipality for the full amount of any assistance paid to a person who has not resided in an organized municipality of Ontario for any part of the twelve-month period immediately preceding his application for assistance; this includes Special Assistance and Supplementary Aid. Policy 0203-02

Under the terms of a tentative agreement with the Association of Municipalities of Ontario in late January 1993, the provincial government was scheduled to assume the cost of the General Welfare Assistance program beginning in January 1994. To help offset this increased provincial expenditure, municipalities were to assume funding responsibilities for property assessment services and certain provincial highways. However, Ontario municipalities voted against this tentative agreement later in 1993, due in part to the imposition by the provincial government of the Social Contract.


Financial assistance granted by a municipality to persons in need who have established residency in that municipality (generally one year, according to the Municipal Act) is reimbursed by the province in an amount equal to the greater of (i) 40% of assistance payments or (ii) 80% of assistance less an amount equal to .2 mill on each dollar of the total municipal assessment in that year. In the case of a person residing in an unorganized territory in the province, an application must be submitted for General Assistance (see section 5.1). Act 11

In accordance with the Municipal Assistance Regulation under the Social Allowances Act, in April 1993, the province regulated eligibility criteria, benefit levels and administrative rules which apply to each of the 202 municipalities providing such assistance to employable persons in need residing on its territory. All municipalities must meet the provincial standards to qualify for partial reimbursement by the province of their social assistance costs. Any increase in the cost of municipal assistance resulting from the application of the provincial standards (income and asset exemption levels, benefit levels) is cost-shareable with the province, but any benefits which exceed the provincial standards are not eligible for provincial cost-sharing. For example, the City of Winnipeg (see "Manitoba-Municipal" in section 5.2.7) pays a monthly supplement on behalf of each child in a social assistance household, in recognition of the high cost of raising children. The province does not share in this supplement, but it submits the municipal claim to the Canada Assistance Plan (for 50% cost-sharing) on behalf of Winnipeg. Editorial Comment

The province may also reimburse the municipalities for portions of administrative costs, work activity projects and social services. Act 13, 14


The Saskatchewan Assistance Plan is administered through offices of the provincial Department of Social Services in all municipalities except in Prince Albert and Moose Jaw, where it is administered by local authorities under the Saskatchewan Assistance Act. Provincial contact


Although the Social Development Act sets out the terms and conditions for the granting of social assistance by a municipality, the provincial government has in practice assumed responsibility for the administration and financing of social assistance in Alberta. Editorial Comment

British Columbia
Northwest Territories

No specific provision made.

[ Go to the Table of Contents for this report. ]

[ Go to the next section in this report. ]



To search the complete
Canadian Social Research Links website ,
use the text box below:

To search ONLY the page you are now reading,
use Ctrl + F to open a search window.


Sign up to receive this free weekly newsletter by e-mail or read it online
(including archives back to January 2005).
Each issue includes all links added to this site during the previous week.
(2800+ subscribers in August 2015)


Site created and maintained by:
Gilles Séguin (This link takes you to my personal page)