Canadian Social Research Links

General Statements

March 23, 2015
Le 23 mars 2015

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Any person who resides in Newfoundland and who is found to be "a person in need" as determined by a needs test (which takes into account his requirements and resources) is eligible for assistance. Policy 101
Prince Edward Island
The Minister shall provide assistance to persons in need, or to a person who is not in need who is likely to become a person in need if the goods or services are not provided. Act 2
Nova Scotia - Provincial
Assistance under the Family Benefits Act may be provided to persons in need where the cause of need has become or is likely to be of a prolonged nature. Act 3
Nova Scotia - Municipal
Municipal assistance is granted to those persons who are residents of the municipal unit who are in need, are unemployed or who are employed where, on the basis of a needs test, the Social Services Department can show that hardship would result if assistance were not granted. Act 23
New Brunswick
All persons in need are eligible to apply for social assistance. Eligibility is determined by considering both the financial and the social conditions of the applicant. Act 2
It is a condition of initial eligibility that the applicant:
a) submit a completed and signed application; and
b) produce evidence that he has explored, within the limits of his ability, every possibility of support for himself and his dependents. Regulation 4(1)
Where an independent adult or at least one adult member of a family can prove that his resources and, where applicable, those of his family are insufficient to provide for his needs and those of his family, according to the scale of ordinary and special needs prescribed in the Act and Regulation, the adult or family may be eligible for assistance under a program of last resort, either Financial Support or Work and Employment Incentives. Act 6, 11
- See also Section 5.1
Ontario - Provincial
An allowance shall, and other benefits may be provided, in accordance with the Regulations, to any person in need as defined by the regulations who is resident in Ontario, and who falls within one of the categories of assistance. Act 7(1)
"Person in need" means a person whose budgetary requirements determined in accordance with the regulations exceed his or her income determined in accordance with the regulations. Regulation 1(5)
In cases considered as special circumstances and in which investigation shows the advisability of a benefit being provided to an applicant who is not eligible therefor, the Lieutenant Governor may direct that the benefit be provided to the applicant. Act 8(1)
Ontario - Municipal
"Person in need" means a person who, by reason of inability to obtain employment, the level of income from his/her employment, being the head of a family whose spouse is absent, lack of a parent for support and maintenance, disability or old age, has budgetary requirements as determined in accordance with the Regulations that exceed his income as determined in accordance with the Regulations, and who is not otherwise ineligible for assistance. Regulation 1(4)
Manitoba - Provincial
A social allowance may be paid to a person who resides in Manitoba and who, in the Director's opinion, would be likely to lack the basic necessities if the allowance were not paid. Act 5(1)
Manitoba - Municipal
The municipalities provide assistance to persons in need who are resident in, or found in, the municipality and who are not eligible to receive a provincial allowance. The majority of persons assisted by municipalities are employable persons or persons requiring assistance for less than 90 days. Act 11(5)
The Act and Regulations state that assistance is granted only when there is sufficient proof that the applicant is financially incapable, from his own means and resources, of providing for the items of basic maintenance or special needs or for health services within the meaning of the Health Services Act. Act 2(f), 7
The Minister, out of funds appropriated by the Legislature, for the purpose of ensuring that no person within Alberta will lack the goods and services essential to health and well-being, may provide financial assistance and may make all provisions and pay all amounts which he considers necessary or expedient to carry out the intent and purpose of the Act. Act 2
Clients of Supports for Independence are categorized for three reasons:
i) to classify clients for administrative purposes (eligibility rules, asset exemptions and benefit levels differ according to client categories);
ii) to assist in establishing expectations for clients (employment and support service requirements vary by client category);
iii) to facilitate the analysis of clients' ability to work and their availability for work (for the production of public reports containing caseload profiles). Policy SFI-01-03-03
Each adult in a family unit is categorized independently. Where two adults in one family unit are in different client categories, the family unit is subject to the eligibility rules, asset limits and benefit levels of the adult who is nearer to independence. If either adult is receiving a handicap benefit (client category 41-see below), however, the entire family unit is considered as part of that client category. Policy SFI-01-03-03
Support for Independence
Client Category Definitions
1. Supplement to Earnings
- Clients who are employed and require income supplementation are assigned to one of three categories.
Client Category 11: Employed - Awaiting Pay (awaiting first pay cheque)
Client Category 12: Employed Full-Time, Insufficient Earnings (30 hours per week or more)
Client Category 13: Employed Part-Time, Insufficient Earnings (5-30 hours per week, including casual employment)
2. Employment and Training Support
- Clients who are actively seeking employment or are available for training, or who are pursuing training, clients who work less than 5 hours per week, and clients with income from sources other than employment (e.g., UIC, WCB) and who are receiving a supplement are assigned to one of seven categories.
Client Category 21: In Training, Basic Education (up to completion of grade 12)
Client Category 22: In Training, Employment Preparation/Training Up to 1 Year
Client Category 23: In Training, Vocation/Technical Training 1-2 Years
Client Category 24: In Employment or Training Support, Services for the Disabled (disabled person, segregated facility, not receiving a minimum wage)
Client Category 25: Available for Work/Training - Awaiting UIC benefits (temporary assistance pending UI)
Client Category 26: Available for Work/Training - Requires Employment Preparation Services (e.g., training, lifeskills)
Client Category 27: Available for Work/Training - Pursuing Independent Activities (clients having been assessed as having sufficient skills to pursue employment on their own or clients awaiting entry into training or school and, in the interim, required to look for work (see note "2" below)
NOTES: 1. Clients will only be assigned to categories "21" to "23" above where they are attending a course or program which is longer than 15 hours per week and two months in duration; otherwise, categories "25", "26", or "27" will apply.
2. An active client's file must be reviewed within 2 months for clients in category "27"; if the client has not been successful at securing work or training independently, he/she may be re-classified to one of the preceding categories.
3. Transitional Support
- The following four categories apply to employable clients who are facing circumstances that make them unavailable for work or training at present, to clients awaiting an assessment of their circumstances or medical condition as a requirement for admission to Assured Support, and to children in need living with a guardian.
Client Category 31: Unavailable for Work/Training, Temporary Disability/Health Problems
Client Category 32: Unavailable for Work/Training, Family Care Responsibilities (see section 2.9)
Client Category 33: Unavailable for Work/Training, Other Reasons of a Temporary Nature (last trimester of pregnancy, bereavement, etc.)
Client Category 34: Child in Need Living with a Guardian (see section 2.11)
4. Assured Support
- Clients who show concrete evidence through a proper and detailed assessment of their employment potential that they are permanently unable to work are assigned to one of the following categories.
Client Category 41: Unable to Work - Severe Handicap (for client receiving a Handicap Benefit - see section 5.3.9 "a")
Client Category 42: Unable to Work - Multiple Severe Employment Barriers (combination of serious barriers to employment, such as age, low education, poor health, inadequate skills, a moderate or minor disability, etc.)
5. Emergency Support
Client Category 81: Transient (no fixed address in Alberta)
Client Category 82: One Time Issue (excluding transients)
Client Category 83: Disaster Service Issue Client
6. Assured Income for the Severely Handicapped (see section 6.3)
Client Category 91: Straight AISH (independent living)
Client Category 92: Modified AISH (living in a facility)
Client Category 93: AISH Client in a Community Residence
Specific conditions of eligibility and program characteristics which apply to all of the above categories may be found in the relevant sections of this report. Regulation 3; Policy 01-03-03 (p. 8-19), 99-03-01
British Columbia
The Minister may pay, out of money authorized by an Act of the Legislature, money necessary for the provision and administration of income assistance and social services in such amounts as, in his discretion, he considers advisable to assist, in whole or in part, individuals, whether adult or minor, or families. Act 2(1)
The Director shall, in accordance with the Regulations, grant assistance and provide welfare services to any person in need in the Territory or to any person in need who is, in accordance with an arrangement approved by the Director, outside the Territory. Act 8
A person in need is defined as an applicant who, after the assessment of his and his dependents' needs for assistance and of their financial resources, in accordance with the Regulations and Schedules, is found to have a budget deficit or a need for assistance or welfare services. Regulation 2(n)
Northwest Territories
The Director must make provision for assistance to any person in need, or for welfare services to any eligible persons, in the Territories or who left the Territories pursuant to an arrangement approved by the Director. Act 8
A "person in need" means a person who by reason of inability to obtain employment, loss of the principal family provider, illness, disability, age, or other cause of any kind, is found to be unable to provide adequately for himself and his dependents or any of them. An applicant and his dependents shall be considered to be in need where a budget deficit exists or where a budget surplus is inadequate to provide for a special need or an unexpected situation, as determined upon completion of the application. Regulation 1,4



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