(Archive copy for historical purposes only)

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Income of Students/Dependent Children


Casual earnings of dependent children (i.e., a few hours a day, two or three days per week) are not considered as a resource when determining eligibility for, and amount of social assistance. Policy 124.05

Any social assistance recipient entering an educational institution must apply for student aid or training allowances. The grant and loan portions of student aid are considered as "allowable income" (see section 3.2), while federal training allowances are assessed as non-allowable income, i.e., no exemption allowed, except for allowances paid under the Federal-Provincial Agreement on the Employability of Social Assistance Recipients.

In calculating net income from student aid or training allowances, the following amounts may be deducted:
- actual tuition costs
- up to $175 per semester for actual cost of books
- up to $260 per month for day care (single parents only)
- the cost of a bus pass (when necessary). Policy 122.05(c)

Prince Edward Island

Income derived by a dependent child who is attending school or university on a full-time basis is not considered as a financial resource. Regulation 12(1)(h)

A total exemption is allowed on that portion of money received from a Canada Student Loan that is used to cover basic costs of tuition, books, transportation and educational supplies; this exemption applies only to beneficiaries who are accepted into an undergraduate or post-secondary program available within the province. Any Student Aid funds exceeding basic educational costs will be shown as monthly income over the course of study for that school year. Regulation 12(i); Policy 13-4-5 no. 14; Policy 13- 3-9

Nova Scotia - Provincial

Any income received directly by a dependent child shall not be considered in determining the family's entitlement to benefits; however, clients are not permitted to redirect income to their dependants intentionally to circumvent normal income assessment. Policy 05-06-11

Nova Scotia - Municipal

For students up to Grade 12, wages up to $50 per month for single students and $100 for students with dependent(s) will not be counted as income. Any income exceeding these amounts is to be counted as income except for a single student living in the parental home and not already benefiting from another form of work incentive: the Supervisor may increase the monthly exemption to $100 in these special cases.
For university students who are not able-bodied unemployed clients (i.e., single parents and health cases), the loan portion of their student assistance is to be disregarded; the bursary portion is prorated over the duration of the program and charged as income over that period. Procedure effective 03-87

New Brunswick

Encouragement to remain in school will be given to students who are part of a family in receipt of assistance by making provision for total exemption of summer employment earnings and of casual earnings of full or part-time day students attending an accredited educational institution. To qualify for an exemption, a student must be listed as a dependent and eligible for inclusion in the unit. A university student in receipt of a Student Loan administered by the Department of Youth is not eligible for an exemption. Policy Statement No. 2

That portion of monies from a Canada student loan (under the Canada Student Loans Act) or from provincial student assistance (under the Youth Assistance Act) which is not intended by the lender to be spent for an item of basic need is considered as a non-exempted financial resource. Regulation 2, 7(1), 7(2)(k, l) - effective 09-89


The definition of "income" for benefit calculation purposes excludes the earnings of a dependent which are incidental to his studies as well as loans and scholarships he receives as a student. Regulation 52(4)

A child whose income from work or from a public income security plan would reduce his family's benefits below the amount to which it would be entitled if he were not part of the family is deemed, for the purposes of the Financial Support Program and the Work and Employment Incentives program, not to be a dependant of a person if that person so applies to the Minister. Regulation 1(2)

Ontario - Provincial and Municipal

The earnings of and training allowances payable to dependent children in a household which is receiving FBA or GWA are totally excluded from the household's financial resources. FBA Regulation 13(2); GWA Regulation 15(1)(c); GWA Policy 0402-05
Any payment received under the Ministry of Colleges and Universities Act or the Canada Student Loans Act for purposes of tuition, books or educational supplies is not included in the calculation of the income of an applicant or recipient. FBA Regulation 13(2)(35); GWA Regulation 15(2)(33)

Manitoba - Provincial

The earnings from employment or self-employment of dependent children under 18 years of age in families receiving Social Allowance benefits are exempted from consideration as family income and will not affect the level of their families' program benefits provided they continue to attend school on a full-time basis. Regulation 8(1)(c)(iii.1); Policy E2-11-03

Manitoba - Municipal
Winnipeg allows a total exemption of part-time and summer earnings of children under 18 years of age living in the parental home. Full-time earnings of an offspring under 18 are subject to the standard earnings exemption; where the child's earnings (after exemptions) exceed his/her own basic living allowance, the family head can choose to delete that child from the family's budget. By-Law 6162/93; Policy p.14

All earnings of dependent school children attending school (including earnings during summer holidays) are excluded from the calculation of financial resources. Regulation 28(2)(e)

Where scholarships and bursaries (in cash or in kind) are provided by a government or an approved non-governmental organization, foundation or institution to a recipient or his dependent for meritorious achievement in an approved educational or training program which is intended to assist the recipient or his dependents in obtaining employment, the amount or value of the scholarship or bursary is not considered as a financial resource. Regulation 28(2)(y)


The exemption allowed against net employment income of each child in the family unit or each child in the home of a guardian (see section 2.11) is equal to $350 per month plus 25% of net income exceeding this amount). Regulation 7(t,u)

British Columbia

Earned income from casual employment by a child under 19 years of age attending school on a full-time basis and who is included in the family budget is not considered as a financial resource except in determining the need for assistance with special needs. Regs. Sched. "B" No. 9(1)(b)


Earnings up to $40 monthly and 50% of all additional earnings of a dependent child are exempted during the years in which such dependent is attending school. Regulation 18(3)(e)

Northwest Territories

No specific provision made

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