Canadian Social Research Links

Early Learning and Child Care in Canada
[Early Childhood Development]
- Federal, Provincial and Territorial Governments -

Sites de recherche sociale au Canada

Apprentissage et garde des jeunes enfants au Canada
[Développement de la petite enfance]
- Gouvernements fédéral, provinciaux et territoriaux -


Updated April 1, 2015
Page révisée le 1er avril 2015


[ Go to Canadian Social Research Links Home Page ]

Related Canadian Social Research Links pages:

- Early Learning and Child Care in Canada - Canadian NGO Links
- Children, Families and Youth - Canadian Government Links
-
Children, Families and Youth - Canadian NGO Links
- Children, Families and Youth - International Links
- Children's Rights Links page - incl. Canada’s National Plan of Action for Children, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the work of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Special Session on the Rights of the Child), and related sites
- Unofficial Social Union Links Page (national)
- Unofficial Provincial/Territorial Social Union Links Page
See these related outside sites also...
- The (official) Social Union website
- The National Child Benefit website

 
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NEW

From the
Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO):

March 31, 2015
How Much Does the Federal Government Spend on Child Care and Who Benefits? (PDF - 717KB, 31 pages)
http://www.pbo-dpb.gc.ca/files/files/Child_Care_EN.pdf
This report examines federal spending on child care, and estimates the fiscal impact of recent announcements to enhance the Universal Child Care Benefit and the Child Care Expense Deduction. This report also provides a distributional analysis and includes the impact the proposed repeal of the Child Tax Credit will have on the value of families’ federal child care benefits.

Table of Contents:

Executive Summary
Introduction
Context
--- Two Major Federal Child Care Benefits
--- Overall Federal Government Child Care Spending
--- Distribution to Families
Child Care Enhancements
--- Increase in Federal Spending
--- Household Child Care Expenses
--- Future Distribution to Families
--- Conclusion
Appendix A : Methodology
Appendix B : Federal Child Care Policies
Appendix C : Sensitivity Analysis

---

March 31, 2015
How Much Does the Federal Government Spend on Child Care and Who Benefits? (PDF - 732KB, 10 slides)
http://www.pbo-dpb.gc.ca/files/files/ChildCare_Report_Slides_EN.pdf
PowerPoint Presentation

Source:
Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO)

http://www.pbo-dpb.gc.ca/
The mandate of the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO) is to provide independent analysis to Parliament on the state of the nation’s finances, the government’s estimates and trends in the Canadian economy; and upon request from a committee or parliamentarian, to estimate the financial cost of any proposal for matters over which Parliament has jurisdiction.

From
Statistics Canada
:
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/start-debut-eng.html ]

October 30, 2014
Study: Child care in Canada, 2011
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/141030/dq141030b-eng.htm
In 2011, about half (46%) of all Canadian parents relied on some form of child care for their children aged 14 years and younger, according to a new study using data from the 2011 General Social Survey on Families. Child care was most often used for children 2 to 4 years old, with about 6 in 10 of their parents using some form of child care arrangement. The use of child care was less common before the age of 2 and after the age of 10.

This release is based on the report "Child care in Canada":
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-652-x/89-652-x2014005-eng.htm
[See the table of contents below]
By Maire Sinha

Highlights of the Study:
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-652-x/2014005/hl-fs-eng.htm

Full article in PDF (395K, 11 pages):
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-652-x/89-652-x2014005-eng.pdf

Table of Contents:
* Use of child care across Canada
* Hours of care
* Types of child care arrangements
* Reasons for type of child care arrangement
* Cost of child care
* Satisfaction with child care
* Summary
* Data source
* References

Public Investments in Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada, 2010
Posted online in October 2012
HTML ---
http://www.ecd-elcc.ca/eng/ecd/ececc/page00.shtml
PDF (9.5MB, 270 pages) --- http://www.ecd-elcc.ca/eng/ecd/ececc/early_childhood_education-eng.pdf
This report, published by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, is similar in format and information to Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada (1992, 1995, 1998, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2008 [ http://goo.gl/Iv2ir ] ) developed and published by the Childcare Resource and Research Unit [ http://www.childcarecanada.org/ ]. Data is provided for each province and territory as well as for the federal government. Comparative and longitudinal tables are included.

NOTA : Vous trouverez la version française (HTML et PDF) de cette étude au lien suivant:
http://goo.gl/rV6fc

Source:
Early Childhood Development (ECD)
http://www.ecd-elcc.ca/eng/ecd/ecd_home.shtml
In September 2000, First Ministers [except Quebec] reached an important agreement on early childhood development to foster the well-being of Canada’s young children. Under this agreement, the Government of Canada is providing $500 million per year to help provincial and territorial governments improve and expand early childhood development programs and services.

Related link:

Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC)
http://www.ecd-elcc.ca/eng/elcc/elcc_home.shtml
In March 2003, federal/provincial/territorial governments [except Quebec] reached an important agreement on early learning and child care programs and services to foster the well-being of Canada ’s young children . Under this framework, the Government of Canada is providing $1.05 billion over 5 years to help provincial and territorial governments improve access to affordable, provincially and territorially regulated early learning and child care programs and services.

ECD and ELCC are part of
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml

From the Government of Ontario:

With Our Best Future in Mind:
Implementing Early Learning in Ontario

June 2009
Complete report:
PDF
(2.1MB, 68 pages)
HTML - table of contents + links to individual chapters of the report
News Release (June 15)
Summary

Related links from the Toronto Star:

Opportunity to transform early learning in Ontario
Evidence supports Pascal's blueprint for an integrated approach for children under 6

June 16, 2009
Opinion
By Jim Grieve and Bill Hogarth
We know for certain that every dollar we invest in children before they are 6-years-old saves us up to $17 in social service costs. So why does Canada shamefully spend so little in support of its youngest and most vulnerable citizens? What will it take to change the status quo – to move from talk to action and make a difference for children, families and our communities?The good news is we finally have an opportunity to make that difference. A new report entitled With Our Best Future in Mind by Charles Pascal, early learning adviser to Premier Dalton McGuinty, presents a clear and powerful blueprint for Ontario. The report calls for sweeping, collaborative action to place early learning firmly on the public agenda for Ontario and the rest of Canada. With Our Best Future in Mind calls attention to the need to build on best practice and embed proven strategies uniformly toward a total transformation of our approach to early learning. The report proposes expanded Best Start Child and Family Centres and introduces early learning programs as the enhanced full-day model for 4- and 5-year-olds.

Early Learning : A Star special on a new vision for Ontario Children
- includes links to a number of articles on the report on early learning:
* `Seamless' program urged for kids (by Andrea Gordon) - June 16, 2009
* The case for full-day learning (by Kenyon Wallace) - June 16, 2009
* Can teachers, daycare staff play together? (by Laurie Monsebraaten) - June 16, 2009
* Not known which schools will get kindergarten program: Premier (by Rob Ferguson) - June 15, 2009
* Full-day learning starts next year (by Laurie Monsebraaten) - June 15, 2009
* Take over daycares, Ontario schools told (by Kristin Rushowy) - June 14, 2009
* Single system for child care encouraged Laurie Monsebraaten - November 4, 2008
*The people behind the report
Fraser Mustard, Charles Pascal and Lorna Weigand were all
instrumental in the Ontario plan to make elementary schools full-day hubs for 4- and 5-year olds

June 15, 2009

Source:
The Toronto Star

NEW

From the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre:

The child care transition: A league table of
early childhood education and care in economically advanced countries

[including Canada]
Innocenti Report Card #8
By Peter Adamson drawing on research by John Bennett
Publication date 11 Dec 08

* The child care transition (report) - (PDF - 602K, 40 pages)
* The child care transition (summary) - (PDF - this link was not working on Dec. 11)
* Canada's status at a glance
"(...) Canada invests about 0.2 per cent GDP in early child care and education (for 0-6 years) according to the OECD Canada Review (2006). Investing in quality services available to all children who need them would cost about 1 per cent of GDP."

Background information:
* Early childhood services in the OECD countries
* Benchmarks for early childhood services in OECD countries

Related resources:
* Press releases - UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre (incl. summary, other press material, background papers, etc.)

Response from UNICEF Canada:

UNICEF Canada calls for measurable standards,
guidelines, appropriate funding for child care, and solutions by 2009

UNICEF Canada press release
Publication date 11 Dec 08

--------------------------------------------

Opposition parties respond to UNICEF report card
*
New Democrat Olivia Chow to send UNICEF card to Harper to highlight report of Canada missing the mark in childcare. 11 Dec 08
* UN report shows Conservatives’ failed childcare strategy: Canada ranks last among OECD countries. Liberal Party of Canada, 11 Dec 08
Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
CRRU focuses on research and policy resources in the context of a high quality system of early childhood education and child care in Canada
NOTE: the links above are from the CRRU website, the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre website and the UNICEF CAnada website

--------------------------------------------

From CTV.ca :

Canada tied for last in UNICEF child care ranking
December 11 2008
Canada is tied for last place in a UNICEF ranking of the early child-care services offered by 25 developed countries. Canada failed to meet nine out of 10 of the proposed benchmarks UNICEF used to rank the countries. The 10 proposed benchmarks included parental leave of one year at 50 per cent or more of salary, a national plan with priority for the disadvantaged, and child poverty rates of less than 10 per cent.

Child Care in Canada: The Federal Role
By Julie Cool, Political and Social Affairs Division
Revised 16 April 2007
HTML version
PDF version
(97 Kb, 12 pages)
Table of Contents:
* A New Approach to Child Care
* The Federal Role in Child Care
* The National Child Benefit
* The Early Childhood Development Initiative
* The Multilateral Framework on Early Learning and Child Care
* Bilateral Agreements with the Provinces on Early Learning and Child Care – 2005
* Moving Toward Direct Payments to Families for Child Care
* Other Federal Supports to Early Learning and Child Care in Canada

Highly recommended! this is a good primer on the federal role in child care in Canada as well as a timeline of federal involvement in this field.
- includes over 30 links to related resources!

Source:
Virtual Library
[ Parliament of Canada ]


Making the Connections: Using Public Reporting
to Track the Progress on Child Care Services in Canada
November 16, 2007
* Full Report (PDF file - 559K, 67 pages)
* Executive Summary (PDF file - 49K, 3 pages)
"(...) Our project indings show that few governments have clear public reporting that allows the public to easily track progress throughout the required reporting period (2000/01 through 2005/06). None meet all of the performance and reporting requirements outlined in the FPT Agreements. (...) [Therefore] in order to promote clear public reporting that supports the public in tracking the ongoing progress in child care services, we have one overarching recommendation: FPT governments should expedite the implementation of key public performance reporting guidelines"

NOTE Clicking on the title of the report opens a page that includes links to the complete study and executive summary, to the individual sections of the report and its two appendices, and to information about child care expenditures in each province and territory and by the Government of Canada.

Source:
Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada
(Yeah, I now this isn't a government report, but it provides info that's missing from govt. reports, so that's why I've included it on this page of government links. So there.)


Canada's Universal Child Care Plan - "Choice. Support. Spaces."
"...a national plan that provides Choice, Support and Spaces for today's parents."
-
Government of Canada website
- incl. links to : Home - Why Universal Child Care? - Choice - Support - Spaces

Canada's New Government Celebrates Giving Parents Greater Choice in Child Care
WINNIPEG, MANITOBA, July 10, 2007 - Canada's New Government made a commitment to support Canadian families and give them real choice in child care, and it is delivering on that promise. Since launching the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) in July 2006, the Government has provided 1.5 million Canadian families with monthly UCCB cheques of $100 for every child under six years old.
Related link:

Happy Anniversary!
... from the Party Poopers.

One year later, Canadian families still have no child care solution
Harper Conservatives celebrate first anniversary of failed plan
July 10, 2007
Monte Solberg, minister of Human Resources and Social Development, is in Winnipeg today, holding a celebration of the so-called “Universal Child Care Benefit”.“I’m not sure what there is to celebrate,” said CUPE National President Paul Moist. “This plan hasn’t delivered a single child care space.”
NOTE: check the right-hand margin for 14 links to related websites and articles
Source:
Canadian Union of Public Employees

Also from CUPE:

Early learning and child care - It's time (PDF file - 2.5MB, 24 pages)
July 2007
"(...) The Canadian Union of Public Employees believes Canada urgently needs a high-quality early learning and child care (ELCC) system. Many CUPE members are parents with young children. They need quality child care so they can work with peace of mind. More than half of CUPE members are women, and women still bear the major responsibility for child-rearing."

More talk, still no action, says CUPE on new federal child care committee
September 7
Source:
Canadian Union of Public Employees

- more CUPE website content on child care

--------------------------------

Supporting Canadian Children & Families : Addressing the Gap Between
The Supply and Demand for High Quality Child Care
Report from the Ministerial Advisory Committee on the Government of Canada’s Child Care Spaces Initiative
Submitted to the Honourable Monte Solberg, P.C., M.P. Minister of Human Resources and Social Development
January 2007
(Posted to the HRSDC website April 2007)
"In 2006, the Government of Canada announced the Universal Child Care Plan. This Plan included two components: the Universal Child Care Benefit, providing direct financial assistance to parents, and the Child Care Spaces Initiative, supporting the creation of new child care spaces. In September 2006, the Minister of Human Resources and Social Development Canada created a Ministerial Advisory Committee to provide advice on the design of the Child Care Spaces Initiative."
Source:
Excerpt from the

Executive Summary

Table of Contents (selected content)
- incl. links to : Introduction * Child Care in Canada Involves All Orders of Government * Reasons Families Use Child Care Vary * Reasons Employers Are Involved or Interested in Child Care Vary * Addressing the Supply/Demand Imbalance * The Supply/Demand Equation *Recommendations *Appendices

NOTE: Government report appendices often contain precious info-nuggets that are not found elsewhere.
For example, in the appendices to this report, you'll find the following:
*
Ministerial Advisory Committee on Child Care Spaces Initiative * Policy Principles * EI Maternity and Parental Benefits Compared with the Quebec Program, 2006 * Employer-supported Child Care Options * Current Federal Government Programs Supporting Child Care * Women in the Paid Labour Force * Number of supervised day care spaces, 1992 to 2004 * References.
Click the above table of contents link to access the links to all appendices.

Related link:

Canada's Universal Child Care Plan - "Provides Choice, Support and Spaces."
See also:
Child Care Spaces

Source:
Human Resources and Social Development Canada

--------------------------------

Minister Finley announces creation of Ministerial Advisory Committee on the Child Care Spaces Initiative
September 5, 2006
OTTAWA, ONTARIO—The Honourable Diane Finley, Minister of Human Resources and Social Development, today announced the creation of a ministerial advisory committee that will advise her on the design of the Child Care Spaces Initiative. Minister Finley appointed Dr. Gordon Chong to chair the Committee. The Committee will consist of nine members selected for their expertise in child care, work-family issues, community organizations, and the needs of employers.
- includes a backgrounder ("Members of the Ministerial Advisory Committee for the Child Care Spaces Initiative")

Related coverage from the Toronto Star:
(Click this link to read both articles below)

Editorial: Harper's dubious child-care panel
Sep. 8, 2006
Prime Minister Stephen Harper has strong ideas on child care. He does not see the need for a national child-care plan that meets the needs of all families. And an advisory committee the government has just appointed to provide advice is not likely to contradict him. Most of the members of the nine-person committee named this week by Human Resources Minister Diane Finley already are on record as supporting the Conservative proposal …..

Advocates fear Tory committee too biased
Sep. 7, 2006
Daycare advocates slammed the federal Conservatives yesterday, saying a new ministerial advisory committee on child care is unnecessary and biased against non-profit daycare. MP Olivia Chow (NDP—Trinity-Spadina) said the nine-member committee appointed this week by Human Resources Minister Diane Finley is "packed" with private-sector appointments while provinces, and not-for-profit experts in child-care delivery are marginalized.

-----------------------------------------------

From the Prime Minister of Canada:

Prime Minister pushes childcare for all
April 19, 2006
Ottawa, Ontario
On Tuesday, April 18, Prime Minister Stephen Harper reaffirmed his Government’s commitment to help all Canadian families with young children.

Prime Minister Harper to ask Parliament to approve choice in child care allowance
Time for opposition parties to stand up for universal child care
April 18, 2006
Burnaby, B.C.
After meeting with a group of parents and children in Burnaby, Prime Minister Stephen Harper reiterated his commitment to fulfilling a key conservative campaign promise - providing a universal child care plan - by asking Parliament to approve the choice in child care allowance.

Notes for an Address by the Prime Minister on the Child Care Choice Facing Parliament
April 18, 2006
Burnaby, B.C.

----------------------------------------

A new $1,200 Choice in Child Care Allowance for pre-school kids
And capital assistance for building new childcare spaces
December 05, 2005
- from the website of the Conservative Party of Canada

More child care info


* The Well-Being of Canada’s Young Children: Government of Canada Report 2006
May 2007 (date on PDF file)
NOTE: Chapter 8 of this report deals with the well-being of Aboriginal children in Canada

Two reports in one:
* Early Childhood Development Activities and Expenditures: Government of Canada Report 2004-2005 and 2005-2006, and
* Early Learning and Child Care Activities and Expenditures: Government of Canada Report 2004-2005 and 2005-2006
June 2007 (date on PDF file)
These reports are co-published by Human Resources and Social Development Canada, the Public Health Agency of Canada and Indian and Northern Affairs Canada.

Source:
Social Union website



Early Learning and Child Care Agreements - 2005

From April 2005 until the 2006 federal election was called, the governments of Canada and the provinces negotiated and signed agreements or agreements-in-principle on early learning and child care. After an initial spate of announcements in late spring, the initiative appeared to move to the back burner, but bilateral negotiations continued on a number of fronts. "These historic agreements build on a meeting of the Federal-Provincial-Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services in November 2004 and a subsequent meeting in February 2005. They (with the exception of Quebec) agreed to shared principles to guide the development of a new national system of early learning and child care." By the time Parliament shut down for the duration of the election campaign over the winter of 2005-2006, agreements were in place with all provinces.

Here's the most current and comprehensive ELCC website:

Towards a national system of early learning and child care
"(...) On April 29, 2005 the governments of Canada and Manitoba struck an historic Agreement-in-Principle on early learning and child care. This was followed by a similar agreement between the federal government and the province of Saskatchewan. These agreements are the beginning of what is hoped to be a series of strong bilateral agreements between the federal government and the provinces/territories. These historic agreements build on a meeting of the Federal-Provincial-Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services in November 2004 and a subsequent meeting in February 2005. They (with the exception of Quebec) agreed to shared principles to guide the development of a new national system of early learning and child care."

NOTE: this is a large collection that includes government and non-governmental reports, press releases, news articles and other documents dealing with the new federal-provincial-territorial arrangements for early learning and child care in Canada.

The Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) has created this special resource, which I highly recommend, to help us keep track of all of the background material that's relevant to the big picture. This new section of the CRRU site already contains dozens of links to related info. Because the CRRU resource is so current and so comprehensive, I've decided not to replicate this work on the page you're now reading; please follow the link above for all info concerning ELCC.

Source:
Issue Files - CRRU

[ Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) ]

Earlier fed-prov. agreements
on early childhood development:

Federal/Provincial/Territorial Communiqué on Early Childhood Development
"In September 2000, First Ministers [except for Quebec] reached an important agreement on early childhood development to foster the well-being of Canada’s young children. Under this agreement, the Government of Canada is providing $500 million per year to help provincial and territorial governments improve and expand early childhood development programs and services"
- incl. links to : ECD Communiqué - Funding Profile - Shared Framework - 11 Indicators of Well-Being + links to the respective federal and provincial-territorial ECD websites

Federal/Provincial/Territorial Multilateral Framework on Early Learning and Child Care
"In March 2003, federal/provincial/territorial governments [except for Quebec] reached an important agreement on early learning and child care programs and services to foster the well-being of Canada’s young children . Under this framework, the Government of Canada is providing $1.05 billion over 5 years to help provincial and territorial governments improve access to affordable, provincially and territorially regulated early learning and child care programs and services."
- incl. links to : Multilateral Framework - Funding Profile - Provincial/Territorial Investments - Tracking Government Progress + links to the respective federal and provincial-territorial websites (same as the ECD links above except for the federal link)



Early childhood education and care in Canada 2004

By Martha Friendly and Jane Beach
6th edition, May 2005, 232 pp.
Released June 16, 2005.

Media Release (PDF file - 40K, 4 pages)
June 16, 2005

"The Childcare Resource and Research Unit has periodically assembled pan Canadian data to produce a national snapshot of early childhood care and education. The sixth edition of Early childhood education and care in Canada presents 2003 and 2004 data. Together with 1992, 1995, 1998 and 2004 data compiled for earlier editions, these data reveal trends in ECEC over more than a decade.

Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada 2004 provides cross-Canada data and information on regulated child care, kindergarten, maternity and parental leave together with relevant demographic information. Provincial/territorial profiles on regulated child care include: varieties of ECEC services; number of spaces; standards and regulations; service monitoring and enforcement; funding; history; and recent developments. The Big Picture section presents cross-Canada table compilations of material topic-by-topic. The Long View presents cross-Canada tables of information on child care since the early 1990s. The report includes an examination of the state of ECEC in Canada, federal ECEC programs, Aboriginal ECEC, and further readings."

Earlier Editions :

Early childhood education and care in Canada 2001
Early childhood education and care in Canada 1998

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)


Google News search Results : "Child care, Canada"
Google Web Search Results : "Child care, Canada"
- each of the above links takes you to a Google.ca search results page
Source:
Google.ca

A Canada Fit for Children : Canada’s plan of action in response to the May 2002
United Nations Special Session on Children
Released May 10, 2004
See the Canadian Social Research Links Children's Rights page for links to this report and other information about Canada’s National Plan of Action for Children, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the work of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Special Session on the Rights of the Child) and more...

Federal and Joint Federal-Provincial-Territorial ("F/P/T") Government Links

[NOTE: The Canadian Social Research Links Unofficial Social Union / National Child Benefit Links Page (national) contains over 200 related links.]

Ministers meet to discuss collaborative work on social issues
"OTTAWA, October 20, 2005 — Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers responsible for Social Services met today to talk about progress made on the Early Learning and Child Care initiative, disability issues, caregiving, and child poverty. The Federal/Provincial/Territorial Forum of Ministers responsible for Social Services is co-chaired by Minister ofopment, Ken Dryden, and Minister of Health and Social Services for Prince Edward Island, Chester Gillan. Both Ministers agreed that governments will continue working together to address important social policy issues."
Source:
Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat

Related NGO Link:

Open Letter to Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers Responsible for Early Learning and Child Care
October 20, 2005
"We are writing to urge you to embark on a policy review of the important issue of ownership of early learning and child care services. We believe that there is overwhelming evidence that public and non-profit delivery is the best way to ensure that Canada’s newest social program will meet the high expectations we all share for Canada’s children and families."
Source:
Canadian Council on Social Development


Investing in our Future: Government of Canada reports on progress in early childhood development

News Release
February 28, 2005
"OTTAWA—The Government of Canada today reported on a wide range of initiatives designed to support children and families. Ken Dryden, Minister of Social Development, Ujjal Dosanjh, Minister of Health and the Minister responsible for the Public Health Agency of Canada, and Andy Scott, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians, today released the Early Childhood Development Activities and Expenditures: Government of Canada Report 2003-2004 and the Early Learning and Child Care Activities and Expenditures: Government of Canada Report 2003-2004."
Source:
Social Development Canada

Early Childhood Development Activities and Expenditures
Early Learning and Child Care Activities and Expenditures
Government of Canada Report 2003–2004

February 2005
HTML version
PDF version
(1.44MB, 141 pages)

Version française:
HTML
PDF
(1,6Mo., 146 pages)

Recommended reading!
This report provides information on a broad range of federal and provincial-territorial government child-related programs and initiatives, including : Cash Transfers in Support of the Early Childhood Development Agreement - Maternity and Parental Benefits - the Child Care Expense Deduction - the Canada Prenatal Nutrition Program - the Community Action Program for Children - the Federal Strategy on Early Childhood Development for First Nations and Other Aboriginal Children - Federal Transfers Supporting Health and Social Programs - New Measures Introduced in the Federal Budget (March 2004) - Healthy pregnancy,birth and infancy initiatives - Parenting and Family Supports -
Community Action Program for Children - Early Childhood Development, Learning and Child Care -Canada Child Tax Benefit Supplement - National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth - Understanding the Early Years - much, much more.

Federal-Provincial/Territorial Social Services Ministers Reach Consensus on Early Learning and Child Care
News Release
February 11, 2005
"Vancouver—Federal, Provincial and Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services met today and discussed a national vision and principles for early learning and child care systems in each province and territory in our country. Ministers acknowledged that any approach must be flexible in its implementation and that we must focus on quality outcomes for children."
Source:
Social Development Canada

Google.ca News Search : "child care, federal, provincial, government"
Google.ca Web Search : "child care, federal, provincial, government"
Source:
Google.ca
http://www.google.ca/

November 3, 2004
One of the outcomes of the November 2 meeting of the Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers responsible for Social Services was a decision by Ministers to launch "a new joint Web portal on early childhood development and early learning and child care that will make it easier for Canadians to find information on their governments’ programs for young children."

Early Childhood Development / Early Learning and Child Care
Développement de la petite enfance / Apprentissage et garde des jeunes enfants

From this splash page, you can access both the French and English versions of the Early Childhood Development* page and the Early Learning and Child Care* page.

The English version of both pages appears below.

Federal/Provincial/Territorial Communiqué on Early Childhood Development
"In September 2000, First Ministers [except for Quebec] reached an important agreement on early childhood development to foster the well-being of Canada’s young children. Under this agreement, the Government of Canada is providing $500 million per year to help provincial and territorial governments improve and expand early childhood development programs and services"
- incl. links to : ECD Communiqué - Funding Profile - Shared Framework - 11 Indicators of Well-Being + links to the respective federal and provincial-territorial ECD websites

Federal/Provincial/Territorial Multilateral Framework on Early Learning and Child Care
"In March 2003, federal/provincial/territorial governments [except for Quebec] reached an important agreement on early learning and child care programs and services to foster the well-being of Canada’s young children . Under this framework, the Government of Canada is providing $1.05 billion over 5 years to help provincial and territorial governments improve access to affordable, provincially and territorially regulated early learning and child care programs and services."
- incl. links to : Multilateral Framework - Funding Profile - Provincial/Territorial Investments - Tracking Government Progress + links to the respective federal and provincial-territorial websites (same as the ECD links above except for the federal link)

*Why two separate pages?

For the uninitiated reader, it isn't immediately apparent how this new Web portal "make(s) it easier for Canadians to find information on their governments’ programs for young children."

Visitors arriving on the splash page are immediately confronted with a choice : Early Childhood Development (ECC) or Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC)?
Without so much as a short sentence or two to define ECC and ELCC on the splash page, there is no way of knowing whether these two initiatives are sequential or concurrent.

Reading the opening sentence for each of the two pages (see above) might lead one to deduce that the ECD Communiqué was "in effect" from September 2000 until March 2003, when the Early Learning and Child Care kicked in. If one reads further in each opening paragraph, however, it would appear that the total federal contribution for ECD/ELCC has actually decreased from $2.5 billion over 5 years (5 X $500 million per year under the September 2000 agreement) to $1.05 billion over 5 years under the ELCC agreement.

Or are these are two separate federal funds?

According to the text of the 2003 Multilateral Framework, "this initiative is consistent with, and builds upon, the commitments made by First Ministers in September 2000", and the Ministers "agree to make additional investments in the specific area of early learning and child care."
...so it sounds like these are separate initiatives.

If you click on the links to info by jurisdiction in the left margin for either ECD or ELCC, the links take you to the same provincial-territorial government sites in both cases. The only link that changes is the federal one, and that takes you to the Social Union website, where you can find info on ECD and ELCC on separate pages.

And this Web portal "make(s) it easier to find information"?
Right.


Early Childhood Development Activities and Expenditures: Government of Canada Report 2002-2003
November 2003
Complete report (HTML)
Complete report (PDF - 969K, 132 pages)
- includes the Baseline Report on Early Learning and Child Care (see Chapter Eight of the report)

The Well-Being of Canada's Young Children: Government of Canada Report 2003
November 2003
Complete report (HTML)
Complete report (PDF - 661K, 58 pages)

......................................................................................................................................................

Putting children and families first –
Government of Canada reports on progress in early childhood development
News Release
December 5, 2003
"Minister of Human Resources Development, Jane Stewart, Minister of Health, Anne McLellan, and Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Robert D. Nault, today released two reports highlighting progress in the Government of Canada’s commitment to helping young Canadian children get a good start in life.

Backgrounder - Federal/Provincial/Territorial Children’s Initiatives Helping to give Canadian children the best possible start in life
November 2003

Source:
Early Childhood Development
Early Learning and Child Care
[ The Social Union Website - federal-provincial-territorial ]

Federal/Provincial/Territorial Agreement on Early Learning and Child Care
"On March 13, 2003, Federal, Provincial, Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services (with the exception of Quebec) reached agreement on a multilateral framework for improving access to affordable, quality, provincially and territorially regulated early learning and child care programs and services."
Source: Social Union website

Supporting Canada’s Children and Families
News Release
Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services
March 13, 2003
"...a total of $900 million over five years will be made available by the federal government to support provincial and territorial government investments in early learning and child care."

Multilateral Framework on Early Learning and Child Care
March 2003

Early Childhood Development Agreement page
Links to 16 government reports, brochures and news releases about the ECD Agreement


Enhancing Early Learning and Child Care
Government of Prince Edward Island News Release
March 14, 2003
Health and Social Services

Minister Supports Nova Scotia Child-Care System
News Release
Nova Scotia Department of Community Services
March 13, 2003

Supporting Canada's Children and Families
News Release
British Columbia Ministry of Community, Aboriginal and Women's Services
March 13, 2003

Intervention fédérale dans les services de garde : "Un financement sans condition pour le Québec", déclare Linda Goupil
[Available in French only]
Le 13 mars 2003
Source : Ministère de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale


Critique of the Agreement on Early Learning and Child Care

From the Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada:

Response to the Intergovernmental Agreement on Child Care
Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada
March 13, 2003
"Building a pan-Canadian Child Care Strategy: the First Step"


September 2000
First Ministers' Meeting News Release on Early Childhood Development
Official text of the Early Childhood Development Agreement from the Social Union website
The Early Childhood Development Agreement
- Resources from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) -

From The Social Union Website :

Government of Canada reports focus on early childhood development
News Release
November 20, 2002
"Minister of Human Resources Development Canada Jane Stewart, Health Minister Anne McLellan and Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Robert D. Nault today marked Canada’s National Child Day with the release of two reports documenting progress in the Government of Canada’s commitment to helping young Canadian children get a good start in life."

Government of Canada’s initiatives—Helping to give Canadian children the best possible start in life
Backgrounder
November 20, 2002

Early Childhood Development Activities and Expenditures: Government of Canada Report 2001-2002
"...provides information on both new and ongoing federal activities and expenditures on early childhood development, such as a new folic acid awareness campaign and improvements to maternity and parental benefits."
HTML version
PDF version (1.3MB, 108 pages)

The Well-Being of Canada’s Young Children: Government of Canada Report 2002
"...provides an overview of the well-being of Canada’s young children nationally, focusing on such areas as their physical health, safety and security and early development. In addition, the report provides information on the families and communities in which these young children are growing up."
HTML version
PDF version (735K, 58 pages)


Government of Canada Releases Report on Early Childhood Development (ECD) Activities and Expenditures
Press Release
November 20, 2001
"At a meeting of First Ministers in September 2000, the Government of Canada and provincial and territorial governments (with the exception of the Government of Quebec) announced the Early Childhood Development Agreement. All governments committed to report annually to Canadians on their progress in enhancing early childhood development programs and services."

Early Childhood Development Agreement
Report on Government of Canada Activities and Expenditures 2000-2001
November 2001

From the Social Union website :

Complete report online (HTML)
Report Highlights (HTML)
Download individual chapters (in PDF format)



Report on Early Childhood Development
- from the website of Senator Landon Pearson
- highlights of the federal ECD baseline report



Understanding the Early Years (UEY) "studies the influences of community environments and other factors on children’s readiness to learn."

UEY Publications
"This page provides links to the developmental reports, community mapping reports, and early childhood development reports from the Understanding the Early Years (UEY) pilot project sites."

Understanding the Early Years (UEY) "is a federal government initiative that provides communities with information on the 'readiness to learn' of their children, the family and community factors that influence child development, and the local resources available to support young children and their families. This neighbourhood-specific information is used by communities to design and implement focused policies, programs and investments that enable their young children to thrive in the early years. UEY is currently underway in 12 pilot communities across Canada. Building on the success of the UEY pilot program and its positive impact on the capacity of communities to support early childhood development, the Spring 2004 federal budget committed the Government of Canada to extend UEY to up to 100 communities across Canada over the next seven years. (bolding added)

--------------------------------------------------------------

Understanding the Early Years:
An Update of Early Childhood Development Results in Four Canadian Communities

July 2005 (Posted to the Internet January 2007)
HTML Table of Contents - links to HTML files for each chapter in the report
HTML Executive Summary
PDF version
- (169K, 52 pages)
This report highlights some of the key findings from data collected from four diverse UEY pilot communities: Prince Albert, Saskatchewan; Winnipeg, Manitoba; Prince Edward Island; and Southwest Newfoundland. The findings address how kindergarten children are doing in each community and family and community factors which influence young children’s development.
The author of the report, J. Douglas Willms, is the University of New Brunswick’s Canada Research Chair in Human Development and the director of the Canadian Research Institute for Social Policy at the University of New Brunswick.

--------------------------------------------------------------

A Brief History of UEY - quite brief, actually...

UEY Pilot Project Reports
- links to Early Childhood Development Reports for several provinces --- UEY Phase I (2001-2002) and Phase II (2002-2003)

Source:
Understanding the Early Years - Pilot Projects
[ Social Development Canada ]


What's New from The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

October 29, 2008
Aboriginal Children's Survey: Family, community and child care, 2006
Higher proportions of young Aboriginal children are growing up in large families and are being raised by young parents compared with non-Aboriginal children. There is evidence that many people, including extended family and community members, are involved in raising young Aboriginal children.

Related links:

Aboriginal Children's Survey 2006: Family, Community and Child Care
* Intro/Highlights
* Complete report
(PDF - 552K, 51 pages)
* Supporting Data Tables:
--- HTML version
--- PDF version
(735K, 143 pages)

April 5, 2006
Child care: An eight-year profile, 1994-1995 to 2002-2003
Over the past eight years, the proportion of children in child care has increased significantly.
This increase has been accompanied by shifts in the use of different types of care arrangements, according to a new report.

Complete report:

Child Care in Canada (PDF file - 714K, 99 pages)
by Tracey Bushnik

More StatCan reports on child care

February 7, 2005
Child care, 1994/95 and 2000/01
Over half of Canadian children were in some form of child care by 2000/01 and a quarter of them were in a daycare centre, according to a new analysis.
The proportion of children aged six months to five years who were in child care increased significantly between 1994/95 and 2000/01. In addition, during this six-year period, a shift occurred in the type of main child care arrangement used. The use of daycare centres, as well as care by a relative, became more popular as main care arrangements than they were in 1994/95. At the same time, fewer children were being cared for in their own home or in someone else's home by a person who was not a relative.
- this report "profiles child care in Canada by examining child care use during 1994/95 and 2000/01, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY)."
Source:

The Daily
[Statistics Canada]

Also from Statistics Canada:

Childcare services industry 1999
April 26, 2002
"This article examines the childcare services industry in Canada, and is divided into three parts. The first analyses the demand for childcare services, including the $3.5 billion that households spent on these services. Part two examines the financial characteristics of the industry and the roles played by the non-profit sector and government fee-subsidy and grant programs. The final section looks at characteristics of the childcare workforce."

Federal Budget (December 10, 2001) - see Chapter 6 of the Budget Plan for ECD info

Government of Canada is helping children get a good start in life
News Release
November 20, 2001
The Government of Canada recognizes that helping children in their early years is critical to their well-being later in life. The Honourable Jane Stewart, Minister of Human Resources Development Canada, was at the Children's Village of Ottawa-Carleton today to announce funding of $10 million over two years for Early Childhood Learning and Care projects. (...)
Also to mark National Child Day, the Government of Canada today released a report entitled Federal/Provincial/Territorial Early Childhood Development Agreement: Report on Government of Canada Activities and Expenditures 2000-2001. (...)


Federal Government Moves to Implement its $23.4-Billion Commitment for Health and Social Funding
Press Release
Finance Canada
October 4, 2000
The $23.4-billion funding commitment will be provided as follows:
- An additional $21.1 billion over five years through increased funding for the Canada Health and Social Transfer (CHST) for health, post-secondary education and social assistance and services. Of this increase, $2.2 billion is provided to support early childhood development.

Community Action Program for Children (CAPC) - Health Canada
CAPC is a component of the Child Development Initiative, announced by the Government of Canada in May 1992. Community Action is one in a series of steps taken in response to the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child.

- Projects Directory Online - see descriptions of hundreds of CAPC programs across the country, searchable by region, by topic or by project name. Includes contacts for more information on each project.


The Framing of Poverty as "Child Poverty" and Its Implications for Women
Wanda Wiegers
June 2002
- incl. links to the Table of Contents, the Abstract and the Executive Summary
Complete Document (PDF file - 860K, 141 pages)
- includes extensive discussion of the federal Child Support Guidelines, the National Child Benefit and the Early Childhood Development Initiative under the National Children’s Agenda
Excerpts:
On the NCB Supplement:
"Because there are no legally binding standards or protocols attached to the federal Supplement, reinvestments are neither mandatory nor subject to uniform standards."
On the ECD Initiative:
"...the Early Childhood Development Initiative of the National Children’s Agenda is potentially positive but one which can, depending on the structure of the programming undertaken, also stigmatize and segregate low-income children, increase burdens and invasions of privacy for low-income mothers, and reinforce individualistic conceptions of poverty.
Source:
Status of Women Canada


Building a Comprehensive Early Childhood Development System - Conference
May 25, 2004
Quebec City
"
This conference, organized by the Centre of Excellence for Early Childhood Development, in collaboration with the Society for Prevention Research, is intended for policy and service planners, and child development researchers. It will offer an opportunity to hear from experts such as Fraser Mustard (The Founders Network), Sheila Kamerman (Columbia University), Philip Merrigan (University of Quebec at Montreal), and John Godfrey (Canadian Member of Parliament), on the biological, psychological and economic importance of early childhood development. International examples of comprehensive Early Childhood Development initiatives will be presented. The conference will also allow discussions on the best ways to implement comprehensive ECD systems in Canada."
- incl. links to the program and online registration form, and contact information
Preliminary Program (PDF file - 177K, 4 pages)

Source:
Centre of Excellence for Early Child Development - University of Montreal


Investing in Early Child Development:  The Health Sector Contribution (PDF file, 103K)
Federal/Provincial/Territorial Ministers of Health

September 16, 1999

Prepared by the Federal/Provincial/Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health Working Group on Healthy Child Development, this paper identifies key opportunities for action by the health sector on early child development (0-6 years).





Provincial-Territorial Government ECD Links

NOTE : The Canadian Social Research Links Unofficial Provincial/Territorial Social Union Links Page contains over 200 related links


Newfoundland and Labrador

Ministerial Council on Early Childhood Learning established
News Release
February 8, 2005
"Tom Hedderson, Minister of Education, is pleased to announce the formation of a Ministerial Council on Early Childhood Learning as indicated in the 2004 Speech from the Throne.
Government is fostering a cross-departmental approach to this important issue. Through the council, Education Minister Tom Hedderson; Health and Community Services Minister John Ottenheimer; Human Resources, Labour and Employment Minister and Minister Responsible for the Status of Women Joan Burke; and Tom Rideout, Minister responsible for Aboriginal Affairs, will provide strategic direction for provincial early childhood learning programs and services. The council will foster the coordination and development of comprehensive programs that focus on the early learning needs of children and their families."
Source:
Department of Education

Early Childhood Development Initiative Annual Report 2001 - 02 (PDF file - 10MB, 35 pages)
August 2003

Newfoundland and Labrador Early Childhood Development Initiative Baseline Report (PDF file - 4.49MB, 11 pages)
October 2002

Minister applauds federal government’s commitment to children and low-income families
Newfoundland and Labrador
News Release
October 1, 2002
Human Resources and Employment
"Ralph Wiseman, Minister of Human Resources and Employment, today applauded the Government of Canada’s long-term commitment to support low-income families as outlined in yesterday’s Speech from the Throne. The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador is fully committed to ongoing actions on the issue of child poverty and continues to make these programs a priority."
- scroll to the bottom of the news release to find...
Backgrounder : Key Highlights of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador’s initiatives to address child poverty in the province (incl. NCB and ECD initiatives)
Source: Dept. of Human Resources and Employment

Minister announces sites for new and enhanced Family Resource Programs
Newfoundland and Labrador Health and Community Services
March 13, 2002

- "...six new Family Resource Programs and enhancement of five existing Family Resource Programs throughout the province, for a total investment of $845,000 for this fiscal year.(...) These investments are part of the province’s Early Childhood Development Initiative."

Early childhood literacy grants announced (Newfoundland and Labrador)
News Release
February 12, 2002
Department of Education
Education Minister Judy Foote announced today the approval of $133, 521.40 in grants for early childhood literacy programs. This funding is the Department of Education’s allocation under the Early Childhood Development Initiative, Stepping into the future.

Government committed to reducing child poverty in province
December 7, 2001
- includes a brief snapshot of almost a dozen initiatives to address child poverty - social assistance redesign, the Newfoundland and Labrador Child Benefit, Early Childhood Development and other health and literacy programs for children

$36.6 million for early childhood development initiatives
June 18, 2001

From the 2001-2002 Budget - March 22, 2001:
Early Childhood Development a priority for government


Prince Edward Island

Healthy Child Development - PEI Health and Social Services

New Report Indicates PEI Children Are Doing Well
News Release
July 21, 2004
"CHARLOTTETOWN, PEI -- Compared to children in other provinces, PEI children are doing very well based on national indicators of child health and well-being. According to a report released today by the Premier’s Council on Healthy Child Development, PEI leads the country in several areas of child health such as healthy birthweights, positive personal and social behaviour and low rates of hospitalization for childhood injury."
- includes a backgrounder with highlights of the report

Complete report:

Annual Report on Children 2002-2003 (PDF file - 2.6MB, 94 pages)

Annual Report on Children 2001-2002 (PDF file - 1.77MB, 63 pages)
April 2003

Enhancing Early Learning and Child Care

News Release
March 14, 2003

Federal and provincial governments make major investment in young children and families
November 1, 2002
Health and Social Services
"Pat Binns, Premier of Prince Edward Island, and federal Solicitor General Wayne Easter, together announced a major investment of more than $3.8 million over four years to the Building on Success: Best Start Program. (...) Funding for this program is being provided by the Government of PEI who will invest $2.3 million to expand the Building on Success: Best Start Program to all areas of the province over the next four years, and the Government of Canada's National Crime Prevention Strategy's Crime Prevention Investment Fund."
Related Links:
Building on Success: Best Start Program

Healthy Child Development - [PEI Health and Social Services]
Crime Prevention Investment Fund
[National Crime Prevention Strategy]

Premier Binns Announces Partnerships for Children Funding Initiative (PEI)
July 16, 2002
Premier's Office
[version française]
"CHARLOTTETOWN, PEI -- A new funding initiative to assist community-based networks that work on behalf of children, will support the work of the provincial Healthy Child Development Strategy, says Premier Pat Binns."

Early Childhood Development Report on Prince Edward Island's Baseline Expenditures (2000-2001) and Incremental Investments (PDF file - 20K, 5 pages)
May 28, 2002
- includes information about : Publicly-funded Community-based Kindergarten Program - Early Intervention Services - Healthy Child Development Strategy
[version française - fichier PDF - 18Mo, 5 pages]
Related Links:
Annual Report on Children -November 2001 (PDF file - 718K, 25 pages)
News Release - "Premier's Council on Healthy Child Development Releases First Annual Report"
November 15, 2001
Source : PEI Healthy Child Development website

Helping our children through community research in Prince Edward Island (November 15, 2001)

Premier's Council on Healthy Child Development Releases First Annual Report (November 15, 2001)

For Our Children: A Strategy for Healthy Child Development

See also:

Early Childhood Development in Prince Edward Island
November 2001
Community Research in Child Development
Results of the Community Mapping Study on Prince Edward Island

Source :
Understanding the Early Years (UEY)
Child and Youth Development
[Human Resources Development Canada - Applied Research Branch]




Nova Scotia

Early Childhood Development Strategy For Nova Scotia

$500,000 for Child Care Resource and Referral Services
Department of Community Services
November 20, 2002
"Young Nova Scotians are growing up great through Early Childhood Development initiatives. The province announced the allocation of $500,000 to establish 10 Child Care Resource and Referral Services across the province today, Nov. 20, National Child Day."
Source : Department of Department of Community Services

Quality Child Care Through Quality People - June 3, 2002

Portable Child-Care Spaces - June 3, 2002

Supplementary Estimates, Budget 2002-2003 (PDF file - 496K, 205 pages)
- Click on "Community Services" for allocations to child care and early child development programs

Province Announces Early Childhood Funding (November 27, 2001)

Child Care Funding Review Released (June 22, 2001)

Strategy for Early-Childhood Development Released (May 9, 2001)

Children and Families (Budget Bulletin from the 2001-02 Nova Scotia Budget - March 29, 2001) - Early Childhood Development Program - Nova Scotia Child Benefit - Support for children with special needs


New Brunswick

New Brunswick Family and Community Services
Early Childhood Development Agenda presented
January 20, 2005
"FREDERICTON (CNB) - Increased funding in day care services in New Brunswick is one of the highlights of the provincial government's fourth report on the Early Childhood Development Agenda, presented today by Family and Community Services Minister Tony Huntjens. 'I am pleased to report that in 2002-2003, we increased funding to improve the working conditions and training of staff in the province's day care centres,' Huntjens said. 'We increased opportunities for children with special needs to attend full-time day care. We also provided funding to improve the health of pregnant women and their newborns, and we supported mothers and young children living in transition houses.'"

Complete report:

Greater Opportunities for New Brunswick Children:
An Early Childhood Development Agenda
Investments and Outcomes(2002–03)
(PDF file - 798K, 35 pages)

Source:
Family and Community Services

Financial assistance for day care services - New Brunswick
News Release
August 25, 2004
"FREDERICTON (CNB) - Beginning on Sept. 1, more New Brunswick parents will be eligible for funding under the Day Care Assistance Program to access affordable and quality child care. The provincial government reminds parents that significant enhancements have been made to the Day Care Assistance Program. First, the family income threshold for a full day care subsidy has been raised from $15,000 to $22,000 yearly net family income. The government also increased the subsidy rate to $22 per day for children under the age of two, $20 per day for children over the age of two; and $10.75 per day for after-school children. All these changes come into effect on Sept. 1, 2004. (...)
The Day Care Assistance Program is part of the New Brunswick's investments under the Early Learning and Child Care agreement." (bolding added)

Source:
Department of Family and Community Services

From Social Development Canada:
Posted in May 2003
Early Childhood Development in Hampton/Sussex, New Brunswick
April 2003

Greater Opportunities for New Brunswick Children: An Early Childhood Development Agenda Update - June 2002
(PDF file - 6.9MB, 10 pages)

Second phase of Early Childhood Development Agenda - June 11, 2002

Greater Opportunities for New Brunswick Children: An Early Childhood Development Agenda
Phase 1: 2001-2002

PDF file - 830K, 11 pages
April 2001 (Modified June 2002)

Funding to promote reading program - June 18, 2002

Prenatal Benefit Program launched - January 17, 2002
This program is one of the initiatives included in the Early Childhood Development Agenda.

2002-2003 Estimates - Family and Community Services
Highlights of the 2002-2003 Budget for Family and Community Services
News Release
April 10, 2002
"FREDERICTON (CNB) - Government will invest almost $696 million in families and community services in New Brunswick this year. That's an increase of almost $16 million over last year. Family and Community Services Minister Joan MacAlpine announced the increase today."

Launch of Children's Support Program - Dec. 12, 2001 (...one of seven initiatives of the Early Childhood Development Agenda (ECD) which will invest about $50 million in New Brunswick children over the next five years).

Early Childhood Development Agenda - Backgrounders
- incl. links to : Child Witnesses of Family Violence - Community Capacity Building for Children and Families - Early Language Program for Preschool Children - Enhanced Child Day Care Services - Enhancements to Early Childhood Initiatives - Excellence in Parenting - Prenatal Benefit Program

Budget estimates - Family and Community Services - April 10, 2001


Québec

Governments of Canada and Quebec Sign First Funding Agreement on Early Learning and Child Care
News Release
October 28, 2005
"Montreal, Quebec — Prime Minister Paul Martin and Quebec Premier Jean Charest, along with federal Social Development Minister Ken Dryden, Quebec’s Minister of Families, Seniors and the Status of Women Carole Théberge, President of the Privy Council and Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Lucienne Robillard, and Quebec’s Minister for Canadian Intergovernmental Affairs Benoît Pelletier,announced today an historic agreement concerning the transfer of $1.125 billion over five years under the federal government’s Early Learning and Child Care Initiative."

Canada - Québec Agreement on Early Learning and Child Care (PDF file - 78K, 8 pages)
- text of the agreement

Source:
Social Development Canada

----------------------

Version française:

Les gouvernements du Canada et du Québec signent le premier accord
de financement sur l'apprentissage et la garde des jeunes enfants

Communiqué
Le 28 octobre 2005

Entente Canada-Québec concernant l'apprentissage et la garde des jeunes enfants (Fichier PDF, 7 pages, 49 Ko)
- texte de l'entente

Source:
Site du Premier ministre du Québec

----------------------

Google Web search Results : "Child care, Quebec "
Google News Search Results : "Child care, Quebec"
- each of the above links takes you to a Google.ca search results page
Source:
Google.ca

Reforming Québec's early childhood care and education: The first five years
April 2002
Five years after the launch of Quebec's family policy, author Jocelyn Tougas reviews the first five years and examines the successes, challenges and lessons learned.
The link above takes you to a short description of the review and links to the full report in English and in French.
Source : Childcare Resource and Research Unit

Understanding the Early Years
Early Childhood Development in the Montreal study area (Quebec)

November 2003
Executive Summary + links to the complete report
What is Understanding the Early Years? (Applied Research Branch - HRDC)
Source:
Applied Research Branch
[Human Resources Development Canada]




Ontario

From the Ministry of Children's Services :

NOTE: some of the older links below are broken because the content was from the former Tory government in Ontario and the new Liberal government has apparently decided it doesn't want old *historical* info on its site. If you find a broken link below, select and copy the entire link (URL), then paste it into the box on the home page of The Internet Archive [ http://www.archive.org/ ] and click "Take Me Back". On the results page, you'll find links to archived copies of the missing file.

Ontario's Baseline Report on Early Learning and Child Care 2004 (PDF file - 259K, 14 pages)
May 2004
Source:
Publications - this page also includes links to : The Early Years Study (1999) - Ontario's Early Childhood Development Investments and Outcomes 2002 - 2003 - Ontario's Early Childhood Development and Early Learning and Child Care Investments 2003 - 2004
[ Ministry of Children and Youth Services ]

Related Links:

Best Start : Ontario's Plan for Early
Learning and Child Care
(PDF file - 363K, 8 pages)
Source:
Best Start: Helping Young Children Get the Best Start in Life

Links to other provincial-territorial government websites
in Canada on the issue of early learning and child care

Ontario Early Years Centres
"...a place where parents and caregivers can get answers to questions, information about programs and services that are available for young children, and an opportunity to talk to early years professionals, as well as other parents and caregivers in the community."

McGuinty Government Investing in Early Childhood Development
Premier Encourages Ontarians To Help Tackle The Deficit And Set Goals

News Release
January 19, 2004
"(...)'The government is making $9.7 million in federal funds available to child care centres throughout the province (...) There's so much more we want to do -- and that's why we're working hard to tackle the $5.6 billion deficit that we've inherited from the previous government. It's an obstacle to the change Ontarians want and need."
Source: Ontario Premier's Website

Related Link:

Child care community welcomes new funding - first of its kind for years!
News release
January 8, 2004
"Yesterday Minister Bountrogianni announced that this year's federal Multi-lateral Framework money - 9.7 million dollars - will go to non-profit, regulated, child care centres for capital repairs and upgrades. This is the first announcement of new funding for child care in Ontario for some time and is welcomed by the child care community. It meets an important need and is an encouraging sign that the new Liberal government recognizes the value of not-for-profit and regulated care.
Source: Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care

What is Understanding the Early Years? (Applied Research Branch - HRDC)

Understanding the Early Years
Early Childhood Development in the Dixie Bloor Community of Mississauga, Ontario
September 2003
Executive Summary + links to the complete report

Understanding the Early Years: Young children in Niagara Falls developing well, HRDC research report finds
August 22, 2003
Press Release
"NIAGARA FALLS, ONTARIO -Young children growing up in the Ontario city of Niagara Falls are showing strong signs of positive development and readiness for a good start in life, according to a federally funded study released here today by the Early Years Action Group-Niagara Region, the Early Childhood Community Development Centre and Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)."
- incl. a backgrounder with more detailed info
Early Childhood Development in Niagara Falls, Ontario (complete report online)
- inl. links to each chapter and a PDF version of the complete report

Source:
Applied Research Branch
[Human Resources Development Canada]

Baseline Expenditures and Activities - Ontario's Early Years Plan
October 16, 2003
- listing of initiatives that meet the objectives as set out in the September 11, 2000 First Ministers' communiqué in each of the four areas for action: Promote Healthy Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy - Improve Parenting and Family Supports - Strengthen Early Childhood Development, Learning and Care - Strengthen Community Supports.
NOTE: I can't find this report on the Ontario Government website anymore, but if you use the Internet Archive (see NOTE above), you'll find a copy at this URL:
http://tinyurl.com/2tpem (TinyURL is a web utility that shortens URLs to prevent line wrap)

April 17, 2003
Ontario's Children To Benefit From Eves' Government Early Years Challenge Fund
"Brenda Elliott, Ontario’s Minister of Community Family and Children’s Services today announced more than $55 million over three years, in a joint government and community investment, for 239 new Early Years Challenge Fund initiatives across the province."
Source : Ministry of Community, Family and Children's Services

Eves Government Announces An Additional $46.6 Million for Ontario Early Years Centres
News Release
March 6, 2003
"Brenda Elliott, Minister of Community, Family and Children's Services, announced today that thousands more of Ontario's youngest kids and their families will benefit from a province-wide $46.6-million investment by the Ernie Eves government in Ontario Early Years Centres."

Ontario's Early Years Plan: A Report to Ontario Families (PDF file - 109K, 41 pages)
February 2003

Eves Government makes record investments to help children and families in 2002
December 31, 2002
Backgrounder
"Unprecedented investments aimed at improving services for children and families are among the key achievements celebrated by Brenda Elliott, Ontario's Minister of Community, Family and Children's Services today. In an annual review of the ministry's significant accomplishments, the opening of 42 Ontario Early Years Centres as well as a landmark investment in autism treatment for children demonstrates that the Ernie Eves government cares about and has made children and their families a priority."

Ontario's Early Years Plan: Baseline Expenditures and Activities
"Funding for Ontario's new Early Years initiatives is part of the National Children's Agenda, through which the federal government is transferring funds to provinces to enhance Early Years programs and services. Ontario's share of the federal funds is $114 million for the 2001-02 fiscal year. Ontario spent $162 million in the previous 2000-01 fiscal year on the programs targeted for new funding under the Ontario Early Years Plan."

Ontario Child Care Supplement for Working Families (OCCS)
Source : Ontario Ministry of Finance Tax Revenue Division

Harris Government launches Ontario's Early Years Centres and Early Years Plan
May 10, 2001
- "... a $114 million investment in programs and services to support young children and their families"
Backgrounder

Reversing the Brain Drain : The Early Years Study
- Final Report (PDF file - 1.1MB, 207 pages)
February 1999 (Modified 06/2002, according to the Adobe file info)
Co-Chairs : Margaret McCain and J. Fraser Mustard

The Early Years Study - Three Years Later
From Early Child Development to Human Development: Enabling Communities
(PDF file - 1.5MB, 58 pages)
August 2002
by Margaret McCain and J. Fraser Mustard

Source:
Founders' Network


Manitoba

An Eye on Early Learning and Child Care in Manitoba (PDF file - 1,160 KB, 11 pages)
The Manitoba Child Care Program's online newsletter for child care providers.
October 2005 issue
Source:
Manitoba Child Care Online
[ Manitoba Family Services and Housing ]

Early Learning and Child Care Services in Manitoba
May 6, 2005
Source:
Manitoba Family Services and Housing

Manitoba Child Care Program

Child Care Online
Source:
Govt. of Manitoba Human Services Online

Healthy Child Manitoba - Putting children and families first
"Healthy Child Manitoba is a cross-departmental effort led by the Healthy Child Committee of Cabinet, chaired by Tim Sale and including the ministers of Aboriginal and
northern affairs; culture, heritage and tourism; education and youth; family services and housing; health; justice; and the status of women. In support of a joint commitment by governments to expand early childhood development programs and services, the Government of Canada has transferred $14.8 million to the Manitoba government. This funding contributes to Manitoba’s support for children and families."

Early Childhood Development
"The Province of Manitoba is pleased to acknowledge its partnership with the Government of Canada in supporting Early Childhood Development (ECD) initiatives. Of the $40 million incremental investment for ECD in Manitoba since April 2000, Canada contributed $14.8 million to date."
- incl. links to info about the following ECD programs and services : Parent-Child Centred Approach - FAS Strategy - Healthy Baby - BabyFirst - Early Start - Healthy Schools - Healthy Adolescent Development Strategy - Children's Special Services - Early Childhood Health Promotion - National Child Benefit (NCB) Restoration - Child Day Care - Early Start - Early Childhood Development Initiative (ECDI) of Manitoba Education and Youth.

Governments of Canada and Manitoba announce five-year collaboration agreement and release report showing family environment changing dramatically
News Release
September 8, 2003
"The Honourable Jane Stewart, Minister of Human Resources Development, and the Honourable Tim Sale, Chair of the Government of Manitoba's Healthy Child Committee of Cabinet and Minister of Energy, Science and Technology, announced today a five-year (2002-2007) agreement between Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC) and the Government of Manitoba. The agreement supports the ongoing collaboration on early childhood research, evaluation and accountability for public expenditures that began in October 1998. Ministers Stewart and Sale also released a first report under the agreement, A New Generation of Canadian Families Raising Young Children: A new look at data from national surveys. The report shows how dramatically the family environment in which young children are growing up in Canada has changed over the last two decades."
Complete report (PDF file - 925K, 32 pages)

Manitoba Announces New Support For Families And Children
April 28, 2003
"More for Day Care and Children with Disabilities, Legislation to Improve Collection of Child Support Payments"
Source: Department of Family Services and Housing

Manitoba Announces New Support For Families And Children
April 28, 2003
"More for Day Care and Children with Disabilities, Legislation to Improve Collection of Child Support Payments"

Report Released on Support for Early Childhood Development
Progress Highlighted, Future Opportunities Identified

News Release
November 20, 2002
"Tim Sale, chair of the Healthy Child Committee of Cabinet, and Drew Caldwell, family services and housing minister, today issued a progress report on Manitoba’s
support for early childhood development as part of activities marking National Child Day in Manitoba."

Investing in Early Childhood Development: 2002 Progress Report to Manitobans (PDF file - 524K, 44 pages)
November 20, 2002

2002 ECD Progress Report Supplement (PDF file - 481K, 64 pages)
November 20, 2002

Understanding the Early Years Winnipeg - incl. links to : UEY Components - Reports - Newsletters - Other UEY Sites - Other Links - Press Releases

Additional Funding Enhances Early Childhood Development In Manitoba
April 29, 2002
"New Milk Benefit to Help Babies, Mothers Receive Proper Nutrition"

New Five-Year Plan For Child Care Unveiled By Province
April 29, 2002
"More Support For Child Care Workers, Additional Spaces Included in Plan"

Increased Funding for Early Childhood Development - April 26, 2001
"...increasing funding to create a comprehensive approach to provide support to families in the ‘early years’..."

- incl. child care centres and family child care homes - pass-on of the National Child Benefit Supplement - the Baby First Program - Parent-Child Centred Activities - Early Start


Manitoba Introduces Unique Prenatal Benefit Program
- April 17, 2001

Increased Spending to Enhance Programs, Services for Children and Youth - July 23, 1999

Province Releases ChildrenFirst Status Report - May 31, 1999


Saskatchewan

Early Childhood Development
"The KidsFirst program was designed to implement the provincial Early Childhood Development Strategy and calls for a community based network of supports and services that focuses on the healthy growth and development of children and supports the primary role of families."

Early Childhood Development Progress Report 2003/2004 (PDF file - 889K, 28 pages)
November 2004
Saskatchewan Departments of Community Resources, Health and Learning
- incl. links to : Message from the Ministers - Executive Summary - Introduction - An Investment in Our Future - Impact on Society - Early Learning and Care - Prekindergarten - Early Childhood Intervention Program - Infant Mortality Risk Reduction Initiatives - KidsFirst Program Progress 2003-04 - The Path Forward - Early Childhood Development - Summary of Investments in 2003-04 - Investments in Early Learning and Care in 2003-04 - Appendix A: KidsFirst.

Making Children A Priority: Saskatchewan Listens
Report on Early Learning and Care Discussion Forums 2004
(PDF file - 1MB, 85 pages)
August 2004
Prepared for: Department of Community Resources / Department of Learning / Government of Saskatchewan

Related Link:

Provincial Consultation to Enhance Early Learning and Care
Community Resources/Learning
News Release
May 3, 2004
"The Government of Saskatchewan is launching a series of discussion forums with key stakeholders as an important step in the creation of a strategy and action plan that will address preschool learning, child care and parenting supports in the province."

2004-2005 Saskatchewan Provincial Budget
Performance Plan KidsFirst Strategy
(PDF file - 130K, 15 pages)
March 2004
[The KidsFirst program was designed to implement the provincial Early Childhood Development Strategy]

Government invests in healthy and self-reliant Families
News Release
March 28, 2003
Budget measures, incl. enhancements to child care - Early Childhood Development strategy - social assistance for people with disabilities
Source : Saskatchewan Government

Budget 2003 information affecting Community Resources departmental programs
- incl. links to the following (small PDF files):
Community Resources Budget 2003 highlights (PDF file)
Persons with Disabilities
Child Care Saskatchewan Announcement
Early Childhood Services Grant
Child Care Subsidy
Source : Saskatchewan Community Resources

Expanded Funding for Child Care - Saskatchewan
News Release
March 27, 2003
Social Services
"Premier Lorne Calvert says the largest child care expansion in the history of the province will occur this year. (...)the Premier announced 1,200 new, licensed child care spaces over the next four years.(...) "The $3 million for Child Care Saskatchewan is made up of $2.2 million in provincial funding and $800,000 from the federal government," Community Resources (formerly Social Services) Minister Glenn Hagel said. "Saskatchewan is playing an important leadership role in the new federal/provincial/territorial Early Learning and Child Care framework."

Understanding the Early Years : Early Childhood Development in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
KSI Research International Inc.
November, 2002
(Posted to the Applied Research website in January 2003)
Source : [Human Resources Development Canada - Applied Research Branch]

2000-2001 Baseline Report - May 2002

Saskatchewan Social Services: Budget 2002/2003 - Online Powerpoint presentation

Kids First Supports Saskatchewan's Children
News Release - Health
March 11, 2002
New KidsFirst Partnership
"KidsFirst targets communities that have a significant number of high-risk children and families who will benefit from a range of community supports. Local KidsFirst Committees in communities across Saskatchewan received $3 million this start-up year to help address the needs of at-risk children and their families during the critical pre-natal period to age five. The Battlefords Health District received $453,000 to support KidsFirst.(...) The federal government is providing Saskatchewan with $73 million over five years for these programs."

Program offers children a better start
News Release - Health
April 4, 2001
"Kids First, a program to give the province's children a better start in life, was unveiled today by the provincial government. Ten million dollars will be directed this year toward intensive early childhood supports for vulnerable children up to the age of five and their families."

Saskatchewan's Action Plan for Children


Children benefit from Provincial Budget

March 30, 2001


Children Benefit from Federal-Provincial Agreement (Early Childhood Development)

September 12, 2000



Alberta

Alberta Children and Youth Initiative

Alberta’s Early Childhood Development Baseline Expenditure and Investments Report (May 2002 PDF file - 139K, 5 pages)

Early Childhood Development

Evaluation of the Alberta Child Health Benefit (October 2001)

Alberta Child Health Benefit


British Columbia

Early Childhood Development
"Seven BC ministries have responsibility for the varied aspects of services to children. Our vision emphasizes a cross-government strategy for children from pre-conception to six years of age."
- incl. links to the following:
Cross Government ECD Programs & Information (Adoption - BC Early Childhood Development Legacy Fund - Behavioural Support for children with autism - Child Care Resource and Referral - Child Care Subsidy Program - Children First Learning Sites - Family Support for Children with Special Needs - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - Health Files - Healthy Kids Dental - Human Early Learning Partnership - Infant Development Program - Parent information Publications - Pediatric Brain Injury - Public Health - Supported Child Care -
Success by 6
Publications (ECD Baseline Report - ECD Annual Report 2001/02 - Terms of Reference for BC's Early Childhood development Strategy - British Columbia Early Childhood Development Action Plan: A Work in Progress (pdf) - Indicators of Early Childhood Health and well-being in BC - Baseline Report
Other Resources and Links (Caring for Kids - Fetal Alcohol Research Roundtable - The Early Years - Infant Development Program of BC - BC Council for Families - Roots of Empathy
Source : Ministry of Children and Family Development

Early Childhood DevelopmentEarly Childhood Development - British Columbia
- from AchieveBC
"What children experience in the first five years of life stays with them forever. Much of what they will achieve physically, intellectually and socially in later life is determined during this time. This Web site provides advice and information for every step along the way: pregnancy, your child's first year, toddlerhood and early childhood."

Funding Creates Child Care Spaces, Supports Providers
August 10, 2005
"RICHMOND – Child care providers will benefit from an $8.1-million investment in child care supporting the creation of more quality child care spaces, staff training and other service improvements, Minister of State for Child Care Linda Reid announced."

Backgrounder - list of projects, number of spaces created and funding amounts

Related Link:

Child Care in British Columbia

Source:
Ministry of Children and Family Development

British Columbia’s Annual Report on Early Childhood Development Activities – 2002/2003 (PDF file - 4.7MB, 28 pages)
2003

Understanding the Early Years (UEY): Report finds young children in Abbotsford [BC] developing well
News Release (incl. backgrounder)
October 2, 2003
Executive Summary
Complete report - HTML
Complete report - PDF (376K, 44 pages)
Source :
Child and Youth Development
Human Resources Development Canada Applied Research Branch

BC Child Care Services - incl. info about the Child Care Subsidy Program - Early Childhood Development Baseline Report - Supported Child Care - Community Care Facilities - Licensed Child Care Info - Parents' Guide to Selecting Child Care Brochure - Provincial Child Care Programs - much more
Source :Ministry of Community, Aboriginal and Women's Services

British Columbia's Annual Report on Early Childhood Development Activities 2001/2002: A Commitment to Action
January 2003
HTML version
- Table of contents, links to all sections of the report
PDF Version - complete report (PDF file - 920K, 28 pages)

British Columbia Early Childhood Development Action Plan: A Work in Progress - (PDF file - 522K, 23 pages)
Government of British Columbia - May 2002

British Columbia's Expenditures 2000-2001 on Early Childhood Development
May 10, 2002
- includes info about the following ECD initiatives in BC : Healthy Pregnancy, Birth and Infancy - Early Childhood Development Learning and Care - Parental and Family Supports - Community Supports

Ministry of Children and Family Development Service Plan 2002/03 - 2004/05

................................................................................................

Human Early Learning Partnership (HELP)
"HELP is a pioneering, interdisciplinary research partnership that is directing a world-leading contribution to new understandings and approaches to early child development. Directed by Dr. Clyde Hertzman, HELP is a network of faculty, researchers and graduate students from British Columbia's four major universities. HELP facilitates the creation of new knowledge, and helps apply this knowledge in the community by working directly with government and communities. HELP works in partnership with the BC Minister of State for Early Childhood Development. HELP is partially funded by MCFD and maintains a close liaison with other provincial government ministries."

- incl. links to the Vancouver Map Report - Early Development Instruments - View maps from the Vancouver Community Asset Mapping Project - LISTSERV (Sign up for our listserv and view archives) - BC Health Atlas (current provincial and Vancouver health maps) - References on child and population health - Dr. Clyde Hertzman's presentations and slides - other HELP publications.

Resources - "includes a variety of resources for researchers, government, community organizations, service providers, and parents".
- links to Publications (reports, other online articles and selected readings, Community Asset Mapping Project maps) - Reference Library (a searchable, electronic database with 8000+ articles on child health, human development, population health, and determinants of health - Journals (info about and access to the most common journals used by HELP researchers) - Community Resources ( provincial organizations and online resources in BC of interest to parents, service providers, and those working in the area of community development).


Yukon

Early Childhood Development: Activities and expenditures, 2001-2002 (PDF file - 1.29MB, 14 pages)
September 2003
Source : Yukon Health and Social Services

Early Intervention Best Place for Investment in Children (small PDF file, one page)
Yukon Government
November 28, 2001
"WHITEHORSE – Early intervention programs and supports for families and children will benefit from approximately $1.6 million dollars over the next four years, starting with $370,000 in the next fiscal year. The announcement was made today by the Ministerial Advisory Committee on Early Childhood Development."


Northwest Territories

The Early Childhood Program

Improving and Expanding Early Childhood Development Programs and Services in the NWT (November 2002)
Baseline Indicators of Young Children's Well-Being
English - Full Document (PDF - 318.50 KB)
English Report - Table of Contents and links to individual sections
[version française - fichier PDF]

Government of the Northwest Territories Early Childhood Development
Baseline Report 2000 – 2001: Activities and Expenditures
(PDF file - 29K, 8 pages)
[version française - fichier PDF]
September 2002

2002-2003 Budget Highlights - see "Children and Youth"

Day Care Investment reflects GNWT Commitment to Early Childhood Priority
Northwest Territories
February 22, 2002
"YELLOWKNIFE (February 22) -- Minister of Education, Culture and Employment Jake Ootes says the Government of the Northwest Territories’ investment in early childhood programs will give NWT families greater access to affordable, quality day-care and a greater opportunity to realize their own career dreams."

Early Childhood Development Action Plan (Links to individual chapters and to the whole report, all in PDF format)
May 2001

Related Link - see the 2001-2002 Budget Speech (scroll halfway down the page)




Nunavut

Check out these related Canadian Social Research Links pages:

- Early Learning and Child Care in Canada - Canadian NGO Links
- Children, Families and Youth - Canadian Government Links
- Children, Families and Youth - Canadian Non-Governmental Links
- International Children, Families and Youth Links
- Children's Rights Links page
- Unofficial Social Union Links Page (national)
- Unofficial Provincial/Territorial Social Union Links Page
See these related outside sites also...
- The (official) Social Union website
- The National Child Benefit website

 

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