Canadian Social Research Links

Guaranteed Annual Income

Sites de recherche sociale au Canada

Revenu annuel garanti

Updated February 12, 2017
Page révisée le 12 février 2017

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International Basic Income Links

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*** UPDATED January 8, 2017
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Oldie Goldies:

Improving Social Security in Canada
Guaranteed Annual Income: A Supplementary Paper
1994
- This is one of the supplementary papers produced in the course of the 1994 Social Security Review*.

Excellent overview of GAI , filled with historical information (check out Appendix A...) and a detailed analysis of both the Negative Income Tax (NIT) and the Universal Demogrant (UD).
Highly recommended reading for all social researchers. There's even a four-page chapter on absolute and relative measures of adequacy.
PDF version - 150K, 53 pages
HTML version - 117K, 37 pages
[*See the Canadian Social Research Links CAP/CHST Resources page for more on the 1994 Social Security Review]

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Guide to the Guaranteed Annual Income (39 pages)
http://www.scribd.com/doc/116964639/guide-to-the-guaranteed-income
January 1976
- includes Negative Income Tax (Theoretical model), Support/Supplementation (proposed programs) and a history of the mid-1970s Social Security Review (1973 to 1975)

New from the
Metcalf Foundation:

A Basic Income (a.k.a. guaranteed annual income) for Canadians : What would change?
By John Stapleton
January 2017

In late 2016, the Ontario government announced its intention to carry out a basic income pilot project in communities across the province. In response, a range of authors and experts have examined how variations of the model could benefit the one in eight Canadians who live in poverty.

Metcalf Innovation Fellow John Stapleton’s latest report contributes to the current discussion by illustrating how a basic income would work in real-life situations. A Basic Income for Canadians: What would change? compares the actual budgets of four people receiving income security benefits — an elderly veteran, a senior living in poverty, a single mother, and a member of the working poor — revealing how each person is served by our current income security system, and how a basic income could alter their circumstances.

Download the complete report (PDF - 2MB, 38 pages):
http://metcalffoundation.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/A-Basic-Income-for-all-Canadians.pdf

Short summary
http://metcalffoundation.com/stories/publications/a-basic-income-for-canadians/

Source:
Metcalf Foundation

http://metcalffoundation.com/

Author John Stapleton is Metcalf Innovation Fellow. The purpose of the Fellowship is to give people of vision the opportunity to investigate ideas, models, and practices that have the potential to lead to transformational change.

Open Policy Ontario is John's website --- check out the links to 100+ online publications dating back to 2004, authored by John and providing valuable insights into social policy in Ontario and in Canada:
http://openpolicyontario.com/

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Mincome Manitoba - jump directly down on the page you're now reading to a special section of links to information about Canada's only experiment in the area of guaranteed minimum income programs, in Dauphin Manitoba in the mid-1970s.


Links below are organized in reverse chronological order on this page, with the most recently-posted link immediately below this red bar.

Opinion: Universal basic income is our best weapon against the rising far right
Without basic economic security, people often behave selfishly and vote irresponsibly.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/universal-basic-income_us_586d0ce3e4b0eb58648b5349
January 6, 2017
By Guy Standing

---

Slow world growth foiling UN plan to end poverty:
http://presstv.ir/Detail/2017/01/17/506636/Slow-world-growth-foiling-UN-plan-to-end-poverty
January 17, 2017

---

World is more than 450 years off target from meeting child poverty promise
http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/world-is-more-than-450-years-off-target-from-meeting-child-poverty-promise-300390940.html
January 15, 2017

---

Finland’s Universal Basic Income pilot – a bait and switch, cautionary tale for proponents on the left:
https://www.jacobinmag.com/2017/01/ubi-finland-centre-party-unemployment-jobs/

Basic Income: What is it and what could it mean for social assistance? (Webinar, audio only), duration 1.5hrs,
http://yourlegalrights.on.ca/webinar/basic-income-what-it-and-what-could-it-mean-social-assistance
Date: October 14, 2016
The Ontario government is moving forward on creating a basic income pilot program.
What is a “basic income”? And what could it mean for people on social assistance?

Source:
Your Legal Rights
http://yourlegalrights.on.ca/

Related link:

Income Security Advocacy Centre, Toronto
http://incomesecurity.org/

Ontario considers the benefits of basic minimum income
http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-january-6-2016-1.3923883/ontario-considers-the-benefits-of-basic-minimum-income-1.3923916

Source:
CBC Radio : The Current
http://www.cbc.ca/listen/shows/the-current

Ontario to test a guaranteed basic income, but which town will be the guinea pig?
http://www.cantechletter.com/2017/01/ontario-test-guaranteed-basic-income-town-will-guinea-pig

Andrew Coyne: The basics of a guaranteed basic income
http://news.nationalpost.com/full-comment/andrew-coyne-the-basics-of-a-guaranteed-basic-income

John A. Macdonald would have supported a basic income policy
http://www.therecord.com/opinion-story/7058890-john-a-macdonald-would-have-supported-a-basic-income-policy/

Ontario to test basic income project amid criticism
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/minimum-income-hugh-segal-ontario-budget-1.3740373
Briefing note warns guaranteed-income projects costly, ineffective and encourage workers to stay home
August 30, 2016

Ontario Seeking Input on Basic Income Pilot
Province Launching Consultations on Innovative Way to Deliver Supports
https://news.ontario.ca/mcss/en/2016/11/ontario-seeking-input-on-basic-income-pilot.html
News Release
November 3, 2016
Ontario is seeking public input to help inform the design of a basic income pilot, which is an innovative new approach to providing income security.
The pilot would test whether a basic income is a more effective way of lifting people out of poverty and improving health, housing and employment outcomes. Through the consultations, Ontario is seeking input from across the province, including from people with lived experience, municipalities, experts and academics. The province will also work with Indigenous partners to tailor a culturally appropriate engagement process that reflects the advice and unique perspective of First Nations, urban Indigenous, Métis and Inuit communities.
(...)

Basic Income Pilot: public survey
https://www.ontario.ca/form/basic-income-pilot-public-survey
We’re launching a pilot project to study how giving people a basic income might reduce poverty and improve health, housing and employment outcomes in Ontario. Click the "public survey" link above to access the online version of the survey. Complete the survey and submit it by January 31, 2017 to help us explore new ways to deliver income support across the province.

In June 2016, we asked the Honourable Hugh Segal for advice on the design of a Basic Income Pilot. Mr. Segal has submitted a discussion paper, Finding a Better Way: A Basic Income Pilot for Ontario, which we’re using as the starting point for this consultation.

Finding a Better Way: A Basic Income Pilot Project for Ontario
A discussion paper by Hugh D Segal
.
HTML version : https://www.ontario.ca/page/finding-better-way-basic-income-pilot-project-ontario
PDF version (764KB, 101 pages) : https://files.ontario.ca/discussionpaper_nov3_english_final.pdf

Source:
Ministry of Community and Social Services
http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/en/mcss/

Related links:
[Thanks to Jennefer Laidley for the collection of Basic Income links below.]

Ontario government consulting on basic income pilot project
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/ontario-government-consulting-on-basic-income-pilot-project/article32671739/

Ontario government considering minimum income pilot project
http://www.citynews.ca/2016/11/03/ontario-government-considering-minimum-income-pilot-project/

Proposed basic income pilot would provide monthly payments of at least $1,320
https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2016/11/03/proposed-basic-income-pilot-would-provide-monthly-payments-of-least-1320.html

Government announcement: Ontario seeking input on basic income pilot
https://news.ontario.ca/mcss/en/2016/11/ontario-seeking-input-on-basic-income-pilot.html

Hugh Segal’s report and summary
https://www.ontario.ca/page/finding-better-way-basic-income-pilot-project-ontario

Government’s consultation guide with basic info about basic income
https://www.ontario.ca/page/consultation-guide-basic-income-pilot-project

How to participate – surveys, emails and in-person regional meetings – consultation ends January 31
https://www.ontario.ca/page/basic-income-pilot-consultation#section-3

ISAC / Your Legal Rights Webinar – What is basic income and what could it mean for social assistance?
http://yourlegalrights.on.ca/webinar/basic-income-what-it-and-what-could-it-mean-social-assistance

Basic Income: The Devil’s in the Details
http://incomesecurity.org/publications/other/ISAC-Laidley-Basic-Income-The-Devils-in-the-Details-Oct-2016.pdf

En français
http://incomesecurity.org/publications/other/ISAC-Laidley-Basic-Income-The-Devils-in-the-Details-Oct-2016-FR.pdf

CCPA Ontario: Basic Income: Rethinking Social Policy
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/basic-income

CCPA: A Policymaker’s Guide to Basic Income
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/basic-income

Maytree Foundation: Would a universal basic income reduce poverty
http://maytree.com/policy-and-insights/publications/policy-brief-basic-income.html?doing_wp_cron=1476478493.0893380641937255859375

Mowat Centre: Pilot Lessons: How to design a basic income pilot for Ontario
https://mowatcentre.ca/pilot-lessons/

Caledon Institute: “Basic Income” or “Bait and Switch”?
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/Detail/?ID=1106

Basic income or basement income?
http://peoplesvoice.ca/2016/11/03/ontario-basic-income-or-basement-income/

Basic income touted as a solution to poverty
http://www.kenoradailyminerandnews.com/2016/11/03/basic-income-touted-as-solution-to-poverty

If we’re not for basic income, what are we for?:
http://www.therecord.com/opinion-story/6919686-time-to-put-basic-income-guarantee-to-work-in-ontario/

Ontario pilot project puts universal basic income to the test
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/28/universal-basic-income-ontario-poverty-pilot-project-canada

Fraser Institute: Be cautious about Ontario’s “basic income” plan
https://www.fraserinstitute.org/blogs/be-cautious-about-ontario-s-basic-income-plan

---

- Go to the Income Security Advocacy Centre Media Scan page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/isac_media_scan.htm

Hugh Segal’s basic income report expected next week, likely to target middle-aged women, disabled adults for most help
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/ontario-report-touting-basic-income-likely-to-target-middle-aged-women-disabled-adults-for-most-help
October 26
Ontario report touting basic income likely to target middle-aged women, disabled adults for most help.

Andew Coyne: How a guaranteed minimum income could work in Canada
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadian-politics/the-trudeau-liberals-just-prioritized-one-of-richard-nixons-favourite-conservative-policies-mincome

The Trudeau Liberals just prioritized one of Richard Nixon’s favourite conservative policies: ‘mincome’
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadian-politics/the-trudeau-liberals-just-prioritized-one-of-richard-nixons-favourite-conservative-policies-mincome

---

‘Basic Income’ or ‘Bait and Switch’?
Michael Mendelson, October 2016

Abstract:
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/Detail/?ID=1106
The idea of a Basic Income is much in vogue these days, but is one name being used to describe two different programs? This paper describes a ‘good’ and ‘bad’ Basic Income design to show why we might want the former, but could well end up with the latter. While the search for the silver bullet to once and for all eliminate poverty in a single great swoop is seductive, it leads us away from consideration of practical steps which, while incremental, would substantially reduce poverty and inequality.

Complete report (PDF - 4 pages)
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/1106ENG.pdf

Source:
Caledon Institute of Social Policy
http://www.caledoninst.org/

From the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives:
http://basicincome.org/news/2016/10/canada-research-organization-releases-two-new-reports-basic-income/

---

A Policymaker’s Guide to Basic Income
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/policymaker%E2%80%99s-guide-basic-income
David Macdonald
October 5, 2016

Ten things to know about Canada’s guaranteed annual income debate
http://calgaryhomeless.com/ten-things-to-know-about-canadas-guaranteed-annual-income-debate/
September 29, 2016
By Nick Falvo, Ph.D.
(...)
The main idea behind a GAI is to give every adult in Canada a fixed amount of money with few if any conditions and to do away with several other types of income assistance programs (especially social assistance).

Here are 10 things to know about Canada’s GAI debate:
[Click the link above to "Ten things..." to read more about each of the 10 items below.]

1. The various proposed GAI schemes have multiple names: basic income, guaranteed annual income, negative income tax, guaranteed livable income, guaranteed adequate income, social dividend, territorial dividend, state bonus, demogrant, assured annual income and citizen’s wage.
2. There’s already been a Canadian pilot study done on the GAI (Mncome Manitoba, 1974 to 1979).
3. It’s not clear who would get the GAI or how much of it they’d get to keep.
4. Many proponents of the GAI believe it would result in lower administrative costs.
5. The idea of a GAI has support on both the left and right of the political spectrum.
6. One reason the GAI has support on both the left and right is that advocates on each side of the spectrum appear to have different ideas as to how generous the GAI would be.
7. Not all proponents of a GAI agree on its desired outcomes. Depending on who you ask, the GAI appears to have at least a dozen possible desired outcomes
8. Like any social policy initiative, a GAI could have unintended consequences.
9. It’s hard to estimate the GAI’s cost.
10. The implementation of a GAI would require a considerable amount of intergovernmental cooperation.

Source:
Calgary Homeless Foundation
http://calgaryhomeless.com/

Free money is not so funny anymore: Confessions of a former skeptic of basic income
http://www.salon.com/2016/08/21/free-money-is-not-so-funny-anymore-confessions-of-a-former-skeptic-of-basic-income/

---

Basic Income and the future of work
h
ttps://roarmag.org/magazine/basic-income-and-the-future-of-work/

---

Overwhelming evidence that guaranteed income will work
http://www.commondreams.org/views/2016/08/29/overwhelming-evidence-guaranteed-income-will-work

Ontario guaranteed-income pilot moves ahead with new report
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/minimum-income-hugh-segal-ontario-budget-1.3740373
August 30, 2016
Briefing note for federal minister raises red flags about guaranteed-income programs, including costs.
---
The long-debated idea of a guaranteed minimum annual income for Canadians moves a small step closer to reality this week. Former Conservative senator Hugh Segal delivers a report this week on how the "basic income pilot" announced in Ontario's February budget might work. The Ontario government earmarked $25 million this fiscal year to establish a pilot project in the province sometime before April 2017, and appointed Segal in late June as an unpaid special adviser.

Source :
CBC News
http://www.cbc.ca/news

Related links from the CBC:

Guaranteed annual income could affect job creation, wages
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/guaranteed-annual-income-opinion-1.3547324

Canada child benefit seen as fighting poverty — as long as provinces co-operate
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/ccb-social-assistance-clawback-provinces-campaign-2000-1.3675873

Swiss voters overwhelmingly reject proposal for unconditional basic income
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/ccb-social-assistance-clawback-provinces-campaign-2000-1.3675873

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Other Related links:

Majority Of Canadians Support Idea Of Basic Income Welfare System; But Not Higher Taxes To Pay For It
http://www.thetide.ca/news/1281540949/majority-canadians-support-idea-basic-income-welfare-system-not-higher-taxes-pay-it
August 30, 2016
A significant majority of Canadians support the idea of a basic income welfare system, according to a poll from Angus Reid. However, almost six in ten believe it would be too expensive to put realistically function. Furthermore, only 34% would be willing to pay higher taxes to support a basic income program.

Basic Income? Basically unaffordable, say most Canadians
http://angusreid.org/guaranteed-income/
Two in three say a basic income program would discourage people from working
August 11, 2016 – As governments across the country and around the world mull the concept of a basic income for all their citizens, a new poll from the Angus Reid Institute finds Canadians broadly supportive of the idea, and receptive to the two most-commonly cited arguments in favour of basic income programs: that they would streamline welfare systems, and provide greater security for workers whose jobs are threatened by improvements in robotics and artificial intelligence.

August 27, 2016
In Case You Missed It: The Poverty Industrial Complex
http://heron.org/engage/pulse/case-you-missed-it-poverty-industrial-complex
In this issue, "welfare reform" at the 20-year mark, profiting from poverty, the unconstitutional bail system, the austerity effect and underpaid nonprofit workers.

August 20, 2016
In Case You Missed It: Locked Up in Poverty
http://heron.org/engage/pulse/case-you-missed-it-locked-up-poverty
In this issue, inequality and the house poor, more on the incarceration nation, wage theft gone wild, and whether the new tech oligarchs are worse than robber barons.

Finland considers basic income to reform welfare system
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33977636
By Maija Unkuri, Helsinki
20 August 2015
The Finnish government is considering a pilot project that would see the state pay people a basic income regardless of whether they work. The details of how much the basic income might be and who would be eligible for it are yet to be announced, but already there is widespread interest in how it might work.

Source:
BBC
http://www.bbc.com/

Related link:

Dutch city of Utrecht to experiment with basic income this autumn
http://www.dutchnews.nl/news/archives/2015/06/utrecht-city-council-to-begin-experiments-with-a-basic-income/

Maytree policy brief: Would a universal basic income reduce poverty?
http://maytree.com/policy-and-insights/publications/policy-brief-basic-income.html
August 2016

While a universal basic income sounds like a better way to reduce poverty, it is expensive and could leave some people worse off. Instead, we need to focus on our broader social safety net to see how well it works and how we can better guarantee a decent standard of living for all Canadians. In this policy brief, Noah Zon, Maytree’s Director of Policy and Research, looks to make sense of the competing visions of basic income, what proposed solutions are on the table, how much they would cost and how those proposals differ from what we have today.

Source:
Maytree
http://maytree.com/

Basic Income is a neoliberal plot to make you poorer
http://www.furtherfield.org/features/articles/universal-basic-income-neoliberal-plot-make-you-poorer

What could be achieved with a basic income guarantee and how could one be put in place?
https://politudes.com/2016/06/30/what-could-be-achieved-with-a-basic-income-guarantee-and-how-could-one-be-put-in-place/

What could be achieved with a basic Income Guarantee and how could one be put in place?
https://politudes.com/2016/06/30/what-could-be-achieved-with-a-basic-income-guarantee-and-how-could-one-be-put-in-place/
Posted June 30, 2016
By Terrance Hunsley
"...The Fraser Institute has published a very useful report on all of the obstacles and pitfalls of implementing a guaranteed income program."

Idea of guaranteed annual income appealing but implausible for Canada
http://www.fraserinstitute.org/research-news/news/display.aspx?id=22084
News Release - January 6, 2015

Last week, the Toronto Star carried an opinion piece by
Armine Yalnizyan (see below) entitled
Basic income? How about basic services?
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2016/07/19/basic-income-how-about-basic-services.html
By Armine Yalnizyan
July 19, 2016
Could a provincial basic income approach federal levels of income support, knowing even $15,000 a year is far below the poverty line for a single person? Basic math shows this is unlikely. Anyone working under 25 hours a week, 52 weeks a year, at the minimum wage ($11.40) is better off not working — not a strong government objective...

Source:
Toronto Star

https://www.thestar.com/

---

Counterpoint:

Basic income is the best public service we could ask for
http://www.basicincomecanada.org/basic_income_is_the_best_public_service_we_could_ask_for
July 22, 2016
By Robin Boadway and Roderick Benns
As basic income policy gets more press as a way to drastically reduce poverty, inevitably there will be those who seek to preserve the status quo approach.
This has served us inadequately for many years and yet there are some believers who remain. These same believers often seek to create false policy choices, as Armine Yalnizyan has done in her recent offering to the Star, ‘Basic income? How about basic services?’

Source:
Basic Income Canada Network

http://www.basicincomecanada.org/

Basic income? How about basic services?
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2016/07/19/basic-income-how-about-basic-services.html
By Armine Yalnizyan
July 19, 2016
Could a provincial basic income approach federal levels of income support, knowing even $15,000 a year is far below the poverty line for a single person?
Basic math shows this is unlikely. Anyone working under 25 hours a week, 52 weeks a year, at the minimum wage ($11.40) is better off not working — not a strong government objective. But it’s also a safe bet that a basic income pilot proposing an amount far less than the poverty line is a political non-starter. So, how could we use this initiative to create a policy win? By expanding the public services from which anyone can benefit, irrespective of the amount or source of income.

Source:
Toronto Star
https://www.thestar.com/

Related link:

Ontario Moving Forward with Basic Income Pilot:
Province Appoints Special Advisor Hugh Segal

https://news.ontario.ca/mcss/en/2016/06/ontario-moving-forward-with-basic-income-pilot.html
News Release
June 24, 2016
The province has appointed the Honourable Hugh Segal to provide advice on the design and implementation of a Basic Income Pilot in Ontario, as announced in the 2016 Budget.
Basic income, or guaranteed annual income, is a payment to eligible families or individuals that ensures a minimum level of income. Ontario will design and implement a pilot program to test the growing view that a basic income could help deliver income support more efficiently, while improving health, employment and housing outcomes for Ontarians.

Source:
Ministry of Community and Social Services

http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/en/mcss/

What could be achieved with a Basic Income Guarantee and how could one be put in place?
https://politudes.com/2016/06/30/what-could-be-achieved-with-a-basic-income-guarantee-and-how-could-one-be-put-in-place/
Posted on 30/06/2016 by Team Politudes
By Terrance Hunsley
"...The Fraser Institute has published a very useful report on all of the obstacles and pitfalls of implementing a guaranteed income program."
The Fraser Report: http://www.fraserinstitute.org/research-news/news/display.aspx?id=22084

---

Related link from
the Fraser Institute:

Idea of guaranteed annual income appealing but implausible for Canada
http://www.fraserinstitute.org/research-news/news/display.aspx?id=22084
News Release - January 6, 2015

Ontario Establishing Income Security Reform Working Group
https://news.ontario.ca/mcss/en/2016/06/ontario-establishing-income-security-reform-working-group.html
Bulletin
June 29, 2016
Ontario has established an Income Security Reform Working Group to help guide the province's efforts to reduce poverty, support people in their efforts to participate in the economy, and provide services in a way that makes sense to the people who need them.

The province is working to move away from a complex system of social assistance, to a more holistic, client-centred approach to a broader income security system. The working group will build on work already underway and provide advice to government on social assistance reform, income security, and supports for housing, health and employment. The Basic Income Pilot announced in the 2016 Budget will help inform this work.

George Thomson, Senior Director of the National Judicial Institute and former Ontario Provincial Court Judge, who also chaired the Ontario Citizen’s Assembly on Electoral Reform, will act as the Income Security Working Group’s facilitator.

Membership of Ontario's Income Security Reform Working Group
Backgrounder
https://news.ontario.ca/mcss/en/2016/06/membership-of-ontarios-income-security-reform-working-group.html
June 29, 2016

Source:
Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services

http://www.mcss.gov.on.ca/en/mcss/index.aspx

Related link:

Provincial panel to draft welfare reform roadmap
https://www.thestar.com/news/queenspark/2016/06/29/provincial-panel-to-draft-welfare-reform-roadmap.html
June 29, 2016

Swiss voters overwhelmingly reject proposal for unconditional basic income
According to projections from a polling group, 78% of voters opposed the measure

http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/swiss-referendum-guaranteed-income-1.3617059
June 5, 2016
Swiss voters overwhelmingly rejected a proposal that would have guaranteed everyone in the Alpine nation an unconditional basic income, according to projections published Sunday by public broadcaster SRF1. The plan could have seen people in this wealthy nation of eight million people receive about 2,500 Swiss francs ($3,315 Cdn) per month — enough to cover their basic needs.

Source:
CBC News

http://www.cbc.ca/news/

Related links
from CBC News

Why basic income is capturing Canadian imaginations
http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/basic-income-interest-1.3479079

What does the workplace of the future look like? More work, less place
http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/workplace-trends-office-1.3386128

A 'precarious worker' tells us why she loves her job
http://www.cbc.ca/radio/the180/a-former-naturopath-speaks-out-why-precarious-work-can-be-good-and-will-assisted-death-come-to-rural-canada-1.3525870/a-precarious-worker-tells-us-why-she-loves-her-job-1.3526038

'It's not one-size fits-all,' minimum income needs nuance, says poverty advocate
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/kitchener-waterloo/guaranteed-minimum-income-could-be-problematic-warns-poverty-advocate-1.3493805

Liberal-dominated committee calls on Ottawa to study guaranteed income
http://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/guaranteed-minimum-income-merits-further-study-pre-budget-report-says-1.3490157

Is basic income a better way to deal with poverty?
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/forum-basic-guaranteed-minimum-income-1.3483077---

More recent
Basic Income resources:

How a guaranteed minimum income could work in Canada
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/news/national/andew+coyne+guaranteed+minimum+income+could+work+canada/11968759/story.html
By Andrew Coyne
June 6, 2016
The Swiss may have just voted to reject a proposal for a guaranteed minimum income — also known as a guaranteed annual income, basic income guarantee or, increasingly, just basic income — but that hardly means the idea is dead. Pilot projects and feasibility studies are in the works across the developed world, from the Netherlands to California. In Canada, the federal Liberals, along with governments in Ontario, Quebec and Alberta have expressed interest in the concept.

No money for nothing: Swiss voters overwhelmingly reject guaranteed income
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/world/no-money-for-nothing-swiss-voters-overwhelmingly-reject-guaranteed-income
June 6, 2016

The Trudeau Liberals just prioritized one of Richard Nixon’s favourite conservative policies: ‘mincome’
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/canadian-politics/the-trudeau-liberals-just-prioritized-one-of-richard-nixons-favourite-conservative-policies-mincome
May 30, 2016

Ontario will test idea of a guaranteed minimum income to ease poverty, spending on social programs
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/ontario-will-test-idea-of-a-guaranteed-minimum-income-to-ease-poverty-spending-on-social-programs

Guarantee a minimum income, not a minimum wage
http://news.nationalpost.com/full-comment/andrew-coyne-guarantee-a-minimum-income-not-a-minimum-wage
By Andrew Coyne
June 10, 2015

A guaranteed income for every American
http://www.wsj.com/articles/a-guaranteed-income-for-every-american-1464969586
By Charles Murray
June 3, 2016

A universal basic income is no solution to US poverty
http://www.usnews.com/opinion/articles/2016-06-03/a-universal-basic-income-wouldnt-reduce-poverty

UK union backs campaign for unconditional basic income
http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/business/news/gmb-union-supports-unconditional-basic-income-to-help-eradicate-poverty-34775957.html

Basic income: social assistance without the stigma
The routine humiliation of the poor, a feature of conditional social assistance systems, melts away with universal basic income.
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2016/05/30/basic-income-social-assistance-without-the-stigma.html
May 30, 2016



A young person’s guide to a guaranteed annual or basic income
(PDF - 623K, 25 pages)
http://openpolicyontario.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/A-young-person-all-in-1-place.pdf
By John Stapleton
April 2016

NOTE (by Gilles):
This series of reflexions by John Stapleton appeared in last week's newsletter, but John has combined all of the individual files into one 25-page file whose link appears above, so I'm reposting this today if you wish to add it to your Bookmarks or Favorites..

Table of Contents:

(Click the link above to access all seven parts in a single file.)

Part 1 - Guaranteed Annual Income / Basic Income rules --- pages 1-5
Part 2 - A tale of two GAI’s --- pages 6-8
Part 3 - Our emotionally charged income security system --- pages 9-12
Part 4 - Rights and human dignity --- pages 13-15
Part 5 - The problem of work for a guaranteed or basic income --- pages 16-18
Part 6 - Persons with Disabilities --- pages 19-22
Part 7 - Keeping what’s good from the past --- pages 23 to 25

Source:
Open Policy (John Stapleton)
http://openpolicyontario.com/


Refundable tax credits and the path to a basic income guarantee
https://politudes.com/2016/04/14/refundable-tax-credits-and-the-path-to-a-basic-income-guarantee/
By Robin Boadway
Posted April 14, 2016
We are posting this article with permission of the author and the Basic Income Guarantee Network, where it was originally published. It is a clear and simple explanation of a possible route to a guaranteed basic income, based on federal direct action. The pursuit of a basic income guarantee (BIG) is gathering momentum, but much of the emphasis has been on setting up pilot projects.

Source:
Politudes
https://politudes.com/
Politudes provides information capsules, summaries and commentary on national and international developments in social policy, research on social well-being, and the effectiveness of social programs and systems.

From Jennefer Laidley of the (Toronto)
Income Security Advocacy Centre
http://www.incomesecurity.org/

Duclos says new Canada Child Benefit is a form of basic income guarantee, open to do more – but provinces would have to take the lead
http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2016/04/07/canada-child-benefit-is-basic-income-guarantee-says-families-minister-jean-yves-duclos.html

Poll suggests Ontarians are warming to the idea of a guaranteed minimum income
http://www.thestar.com/news/queenspark/2016/03/30/ontarians-warming-to-guaranteed-minimum-income-poll-suggests.html

How progressive is a basic income? Left and labour perspectives
http://unionresearch.org/2016/03/20/how-progressive-is-a-basic-income-left-and-labour-perspectives/

Basic income could end food insecurity
http://www.thinkupstream.net/basic_income_food

John Clarke: Looking the basic income gift horse in the mouth
http://www.socialistproject.ca/bullet/1241.php

Small business would benefit from a basic income guarantee
http://linkis.com/leadersandlegacies.com/ByWoI

Two takes on basic income, in letters to the Star’s editor
http://www.thestar.com/opinion/letters_to_the_editors/2016/03/24/two-takes-on-basic-income.html

Basic Income Update

Basic Income (a.k.a. guaranteed annual income)
Broadbent Blog: Progressives and the basic income debate

http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/jonathansas/progressives_guaranteed_income_debate
March 14, 2016

---

Four questions you probably have about basic income
http://www.moneysense.ca/news/4-questions-you-probably-have-about-basic-income/

---

Ontario floats basic income to ease poverty; advocates say care must be taken
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/charles-sousa-guaranteed-income-1.3490107

Basic Income: Let's Not do a Pilot Project
http://politudes.com/2016/03/12/basic-income-lets-not-do-a-pilot-project/
March 12, 2016
Politudes Commentary by Terrance Hunsley
Since the election of the Trudeau government, there has been increased interest in the concept of basic income (also known as guaranteed income, and negative income tax). The confluence of liberal governments in Ottawa and seven provinces, as well as two NDP governments, suggests that a political consensus may be possible to take a historic step forward.

Source:
Politudes.com

http://politudes.com/
Politudes provides information capsules, summaries and commentary on national and international developments in social policy, research on social well-being, and the effectiveness of social programs and systems.

Saskatchewan unveils Poverty Reduction Strategy with 50 in 10 pledge
http://thestarphoenix.com/news/local-news/saskatchewan-unveils-plan-to-reduce-poverty-including-more-housing-health-care
February 24, 2016
The Saskatchewan government has unveiled a plan that it hopes will reduce the number of people in poverty by 50 per cent by the end of 2025.

From Jennefer Laidley of the (Toronto)
Income Security Advocacy Centre
http://www.incomesecurity.org/

February 2016

Basic Income Canada Network: Ontario to try basic income pilot:
http://www.basicincomecanada.org/ontario_to_try_basic_income_guarantee_pilot

Province plans Basic Income pilot project as part of Budget:
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2016/02/26/ontario-basic-income_n_9328264.html

Letters to the editor: Guaranteed income has flaws:
http://www.thestar.com/opinion/letters_to_the_editors/2016/02/22/guaranteed-income-has-flaws.html

Eggleton: It’s time for Canada to test a Basic Income:
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/sen-art-eggleton/art-eggleton-basic-income_b_9331180.html

Op-Ed: Let’s get the basic income experiment right:
http://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2016/03/01/lets-get-the-basic-income-experiment-right.html

Quebec Liberals thinking BIG [Basic Income Guarantee]¸for a change
http://cultmontreal.com/2016/02/quebec-basic-income-guarantee/
By Peter Wheeland
February 3, 2016
The Basic Income Guarantee, or BIG, is one of those rare beasts that garners support from politicians and economists on both the left and the right.
(...)
Although the devil is in the details, moving forward on developing a basic income guarantee is by far the most courageous and innovative move we’ve seen from a government that has, until now, displayed little of either quality.

Source:
Cult MTL

http://cultmontreal.com/ is a daily web and monthly print publication focusing on Montreal culture, founded and run by former employees of the Mirror.

Prospect of minimum income gaining steam as Canada clamours for new ways to manage welfare and benefits
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/prospect-of-minimum-income-gaining-steam-as-canada-clamours-for-new-ways-to-manage-welfare-and-benefits
December 27, 2015
News of a Finnish proposal to introduce a universal guaranteed annual income [ http://goo.gl/bqfVrL ] has once again revived talk and memories of Mincome, the Canadian experiment tried in Manitoba in the 1970s.
(...)
A basic income is also popular with some socialists and do-gooders, who see in it the chance of eliminating poverty outright. But the very merits of a minimum income make it difficult to test. Many oxen stand to be gored by such a scheme, if it is to yield any efficiency savings at all.

Source:
National Post

http://www.nationalpost.com/index.html

Call for Participation: North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress in May 2016
http://www.basicincomecanada.org/save_the_date_nabig_2016_coming_to_winnipeg
Posted by Rob Rainer
November 28, 2015

Organized by Basic Income Canada Network (BICN) and the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network, the 15th North American Basic Income Congress will be held at the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, May 12-15, 2016. The title of the Congress is Basic Income: A Meeting Place for Equality, Rights, and Justice.

Proposals for presentations, panels, papers and posters are invited, for submission by January 18, 2016.
Please see the Call for Participation [ https://goo.gl/nh37Sy ] for details.

We hope you can be part of a milestone event in the growing movement for a Basic Income Guarantee!
Please visit Tourism Winnipeg [ http://www.tourismwinnipeg.com/ ] for more information.

Please direct any inquiries to: nabigcongress2016@umanitoba.ca

Basic Income Canada Network
http://www.basicincomecanada.org/

U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network
http://www.usbig.net/

Basic Income Earth Network
http://www.basicincome.org/
The Basic Income Earth network was founded in 1986 to serve as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe. It extended its scope from Europe to the earth in 2004

---

Still on the subject of Basic Income:
(also known as "guaranteed annual income".....)

NewsFlash Volume 90, December 2015
http://goo.gl/FKUWm2
Click the link to Newsflash volume 90 and then (on the next page that appears) select an article you wish to read.
Sample titles
(click the link immediately above for links to individual articles):

* CANADA: Ruling Party’s Women’s Commission calls resolution for UBI experiment
* CANADA: Food banks charity calls for basic income to replace “beyond repair” welfare system
* Would a Basic Income ‘corrupt’ the poor? - November 27, 2015
* First basic income create-a-thon in San Francisco a great success - November 27, 2015
* UNITED STATES: Libertarians debate the Basic Income
* UNITED STATES: Successful launch for America’s first crowdfunded basic income project - November 23, 2015
* Saahil Parekh, “Let’s be done with subsidies already”
* Daniel Raventós, "The material conditions of freedom"
* Alyssa Hertig, “How Bitcoin Could Make Distributing a Universal Basic Income Actually Possible”
* Jack Smith, “Even Big Banks Think Robot Automation Will Lead to Further Income Inequality”
* Dozens more articles examining various aspects of Basic Income...

Source:
BIEN Newsflash Email Campaign Archive

http://goo.gl/z06jUR
- incl. links to five previous issues of Newsflash and a button to join the Newsflash mailing list so you can receive future isues of the newsletter directly in your email inbox.

Related link:

UNITED STATES: Nobel Laureate Joseph Stiglitz Endorses Unconditional Basic Income
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/united-states-nobel-laureate-joseph-stiglitz-endorses-unconditional-basic-income/
September 30, 2015

Guaranteed Income urged in the fight against hunger in Ottawa
November 7, 2015
http://ottawacitizen.com/news/local-news/guaranteed-income-urged-in-fight-against-hunger

Former Senator Hugh Segal inspires basic income advocates, says he has ‘never been more optimistic’
http://www.basicincomecanada.org/segal_inspires_basic_income_advocates_says_he_has_never_been_more_optimistic
Posted by Roderick Benns
November 17, 2015
By Roderick Benns
Retired Conservative Senator Hugh Segal energized about 50 Ontario advocates of a basic income guarantee on Saturday who were looking for inspiration and advice from one of the great leaders of the movement. Segal didn’t disappoint, bringing his trademark humour and optimism in support of a cause he has championed for 40 years. He says a “confluence of events” has produced an incredible window of opportunity for basic income policy and that it was time to “seize this moment.”

Related links:

Economics professor says evidence shows basic income grants used responsibly
http://leadersandlegacies.com/2015/11/11/economics-professor-says-evidence-shows-basic-income-grants-used-responsibly/
November 11, 2015

Calgary, Edmonton and P.E.I. ready to host basic income projects
http://leadersandlegacies.com/2015/10/18/calgary-edmonton-and-p-e-i-ready-to-host-guaranteed-living-pilot-projects/
October 18, 2015

Leaders and Legacies
http://leadersandlegacies.com/
Leaders and Legacies is a non-partisan, social purpose news site for asset-based articles about Canada’s leaders, particularly those leaders who are improving our nation through an emphasis on progressive social policies, healthy communities, policy changes to support a basic income guarantee, education, renewable energy and conservation, citizen engagement, and indigenous Canada.

Jennefer Laidley, Research & Policy Analyst with the Income Security Advocacy Centre [ http://www.incomesecurity.org ] in Toronto, produces and distributes a weekly media scan sans pareil!

See Jennefer's exceptional media scan by clicking this link:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/isac_media_scan.htm

...and here are links to a few of her recent media selections on the subject of guaranteed annual income for your reading enjoyment:

Globe Editorial: The time may be now for a Guaranteed Annual Income:
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/rob-commentary/the-time-for-a-guaranteed-annual-income-might-finally-have-come/article25819266/
August 4, 2015

• Calling for a guaranteed minimum income pilot project in Calgary and Edmonton:
http://www.planetsmag.com/story.php?id=1961

From Robert Rainer (Basic Income Canada Network):
March 27, 2015
Thanks to Toni Pickard, in Kingston, for alerting me to this TEDx talk [ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xx310zM3tLs ] about "deep learning" by computers and some powerful implications of this technology. Near the end of his talk, Jeremy Howard illustrates how automation is leading to a growing and massive gap between productivity and median income.

And, note his last slide in which he says that "what doesn't help" is a focus on "better education" and "incentives to work", and that "what does help" is to "separate labor from earnings" and a "craft-based economy" - with basic income shown to be at the foundation of these solutions. Powerful stuff - and increasingly part of the growing conversation in Canada for why basic income is so needed.

Rob Rainer is a campaign director for the Basic Income Canada Network.
[ http://biencanada.ca/ ]

National income floor for troubled times: a guaranteed annual income for everyone
http://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2015/03/08/national-income-floor-for-troubled-times-goar.html
By Carol Goar
March 8, 2015
With inequality on the rise and full-time jobs being replaced with precarious, part-time work, some are saying a universal income floor is the only way to keep Canada livable.

Source:
Toronto Star
http://www.thestar.com/

Guaranteed Annual Income contains three words: Let’s talk about the ‘annual’ part
http://vibrantcanada.ca/blogs/john-stapleton/guaranteed-annual-income-contains-three-words-let%E2%80%99s-talk-about-%E2%80%98annual%E2%80%99-part
By John Stapleton
February 4, 2015
[NOTE : Scroll to the bottom of the article for links to three related articles.]
Let's move away from a welfare system that requires reporting of income on monthly basis.
We all understand the concepts of a guarantee and what is meant by an income but what do we really mean when we say that a guaranteed income should be ‘annual? O
K – we know that ‘annual’ means ‘yearly’ but does it mean something else? I think it does. To me, it means that we move away from the welfare approach to income that calls for reporting and reconciliation of income on a monthly basis.

I talked about this in recent Toronto Star articles and an op-ed in December 2014 . But the whole idea of annual reconciliation of income should be one of the first steps towards a true GAI for reasons other than it being a good first step. Here are some additional thoughts on the matter....

Source:
Vibrant Communities Canada
http://vibrantcanada.ca/

Related link:

Open Policy - John Stapleton's website/blog
http://openpolicyontario.com/

NEW from
The Fraser Institute:

Idea of guaranteed annual income appealing but implausible for Canada
http://www.fraserinstitute.org/research-news/news/display.aspx?id=22084
News Release
January 6, 2015
VANCOUVER—Despite the conceptual appeal of a guaranteed annual income, the idea isn’t likely to become reality in Canada, finds a new study released today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank.

Complete report:

The Practical Challenges of Creating
a Guaranteed Annual Income in Canada (PDF - 2.2MB, 88 pages)
http://www.fraserinstitute.org/uploadedFiles/fraser-ca/Content/research-news/research/publications/practical-challenges-of-creating-a-guaranteed-annual-income-in-canada.pdf
By Charles Lammam and Hugh MacIntyre
January 2015

Source:
Fraser Institute
http://www.fraserinstitute.org/

---

Related link from
Huffington Post Canada:

Guaranteed Annual Income's Obstacles
'Insurmountable,' Fraser Institute Report Argues

http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2015/01/06/gauranteed-annual-income-canada-fraser_n_6423646.html
January 6, 2015
The idea of a minimum annual income for every Canadian could provide a more efficient alternative social safety net, but reform is an unlikely and unrealistic option, according to a new report from a conservative think tank. The Fraser Institute report “The Practical Challenges of Creating a Guaranteed Annual Income in Canada," released Tuesday, said the country could benefit from administrative savings and efficiencies by moving off the current multi-program, multi-jurisdictional social welfare system to a single unconditional cash transfer under the guaranteed income system.

Source:
Huffington Post Canada
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/

---

Related links
from The Tyee:

Two Views of a Guaranteed Annual Income : Segal vs Fraser
A retired Tory senator says it's the best way to alleviate poverty. The Fraser Institute: Not so much.
http://www.thetyee.ca/News/2015/01/06/Guaranteed-Annual-Income/
By David P. Ball
January 6 , 2015
For many, New Year's resolutions might involve hitting the gym, volunteering, or spending more time with family. For recently retired Conservative Senator Hugh Segal, one goal he's tried for 45 years to attain is a guaranteed annual income for lower-income Canadians. This New Year is no different.
(...)
The idea (...) is to provide an automatic top-up to people's income if they fall below a particular basic-needs threshold. Advocates say it would replace and improve on the current provincial welfare approach -- which often claws back payments if recipients find even part-time employment.
(...)
With a federal election on the horizon sometime this year, Segal hopes another campaign cycle doesn't pass without poverty on the agenda.

Source:
TheTyee.ca

http://www.thetyee.ca/

Also in The Tyee:

Living for All: Ideas to End Poverty
http://thetyee.ca/Series/2012/05/15/Ideas-To-End-Poverty/
By Katie Hyslop
This three-part Tyee Solutions Society series explores the pros and cons of three of the most widely advocated proposals to put an end to poverty: the living wage, a guaranteed annual income, and government wage subsidies

---

- Go to the Social Research Organizations (II) in Canada page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/research2.htm

Money for nothing : What effect would guaranteed annual income have on employers? (PDF - 338K, 4 pages)
http://openpolicyontario.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/Money-for-Nothing.pdf
By Liz Bernier
September 5, 2014
For most, earning an extra $10,000 or $15,000 per year sounds like a pretty good bonus. It sounds even better if it’s an income bump that’s earned not by slaving away nine-to-five but handed out — no strings attached — simply for being a Canadian. While it sounds like an impossible dream, it’s one potential incarnation of basic income. Also referred to as guaranteed annual income, basic income generally refers to the idea of an income supplement that’s not earned or tied to any specific activity, such as being employed. Numerous models of the idea have been proposed, some more drastic than others.

Source:
This article appeared in
Canadian HR Reporter
[ http://www.hrreporter.com/ ] on September 8, 2014.

Posted on Open Policy (John Stapleton's website):
http://openpolicyontario.com/

Another species faces extinction:
50 years since Canada's last constitutional amendment on income security
http://vibrantcanada.ca/blogs/john-stapleton/another-species-faces-extinction
By John Stapleton
July 21, 2014
John Stapleton explores why it’s wicked hard to amend Canada’s Constitution and why we needed Constitutional Reform for the establishment of income security in Canada. He then goes on to say : "We are beginning once again to think seriously as a nation about a guaranteed annual income and we are starting to indulge a perennial Canadian question: ‘Where will the money come from?’"
- includes an excellent overview of historical use of Constitutional Amendments in Canadian history, notably the creation of the Canada Pension Plan via constitutional amendment in 1964.

"So", concludes Stapleton, "on July 31, 2014, raise a glass of your favourite libation and toast the anniversary of the last Constitutional amendment made in support of a national income security system for all Canadians. I’m betting that we will reach the 100th anniversary without further amendment."

Source:
Vibrant Communities Canada
http://vibrantcanada.ca/

Open Policy Ontario (John Stapleton's blog)
http://openpolicyontario.com/

Poverty activists push for $20,000 per person minimum income
A group of academics and activists is trying to drum up interest in an ambitious plan to provide every Canadian with a guaranteed minimum level of income, whether or not they have a job.
http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2014/06/29/poverty_activists_push_for_20000_per_person_minimum_income.html
June 29, 2014
By Benjamin Shingler
MONTREAL—A group of academics and activists is trying to drum up interest in an ambitious plan to provide every Canadian with a guaranteed minimum level of income, whether or not they have a job. Rob Rainer, a campaign director for the Basic Income Canada Network, envisions a country where everyone is assured a minimum of $20,000 annually to make ends meet [ http://goo.gl/85dEXh ].

Related article:

New poll shows surprising support for anti-poverty plan: Hepburn
Canadians give backing for a guaranteed annual income to fight poverty.
http://goo.gl/y5vI7o

Source:
The Toronto Star

http://www.thestar.com/

Related links:

Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/
BICN promotes the idea, and educates the public and policymakers about ways to support a basic income.

The BIG Push Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net/
The BIG Push is a historic national campaign for basic income in Canada. Please explore our site to learn more about basic income, our campaign goals, current work and executive team, and much more.
- incl. Home - Overview - Current Work - Learn More - Events - Get Involved - Endorsements - Donate - Contact

No bottom in sight?
Ontario life through the lens of the single social assistance rate

http://vibrantcanada.ca/blogs/john-stapleton/no-bottom-sight
By John Stapleton
June 10, 2014
(...)
...the welfare model of benefits has come to an end. Its natural course is over.
The inconvenient problem is that real people are starving – they can’t make ends meet and that the cost of their poverty greatly exceeds the amounts we could easily spend to eradicate it.

How much do we collectively wish to pay to keep people in destitution? It’s an important question. And at what point do we stop cutting? Is there an end point to the erosion? We know that the end point to raising rates was May 1993 and we know that rates have stabilized for the last 10 years. But we don’t know if we have reached bottom.

At the end of June 2014, many people will be meeting in Montreal to talk about a basic income for all.
[ http://biencanada.ca/congress/ ]
[See also the links below the next red horizontal bar on the page you're now reading.]
Some call it a Guaranteed Annual Income. But can we seriously talk about basic guarantees when we relentlessly erode the income of the poorest one per cent of Ontario’s population, the 150,000+ souls who receive a maximum of $626 a month?

My opinion is that we can talk about it. But we can’t have a conversation about getting people off of welfare because that just leads to destitution. What we really need to do is abandon the welfare model entirely and reframe the discussion entirely. If we ask governments to raise the rates, it won’t happen. But if we all mobilize to change the system to one that enforces prosperity instead of destitution, we have a real chance to succeed.

Source:
Vibrant Canada
http://vibrantcanada.ca/

2014 Basic Income Congress in Montreal
http://biencanada.ca/congress/

News from the congress…

Well over 200 scholars and activists from more than 30 countries participated in BIEN CONGRESS 2014!

This website will shortly be integrated in the soon-to-be-revamped BICN website and information resources be made available in a more user-friendly format. Meanwhile you can find …

A selection of the papers presented at the congress in the conference program.
Videos from the keynote speakers at BICN’s dedicated youtube channel.
Pictures from the BICN 2014 congress at BICN Flicker.
Links to some of the congress reviews at BI News.

---

Congress Schedule and program

http://biencanada.ca/congress/congress-program

The theme of the congress intends to address the recent global economic crisis, and the dominant austerity response of national and international governing bodies. Some writers suggest this approach has vastly increased economic inequality, poverty, financial insecurity and social exclusion across the globe. Individuals and families in both the developing and developed world are experiencing tremendous vulnerability and powerlessness against an economy seemingly spiraling out of control. Many believe the time has now come to radically rethink our response to the crisis and its resulting precariousness, and the structural organization of the economic fabric in our societies.

The 2014 BIEN Congress aims to explore the role a universal and unconditional basic income could play in re-democratizing our economy.

Related links:

The BIG Push : A Basic Income Canada Network (BICN) Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net/
The BIG Push is a historic national campaign for basic income in Canada.

Our goals for The BIG Push campaign are to:
*
Raise public awareness of basic income – what it is and why it is needed
* Build public and policy support for an expanded system of basic income in Canada
* Secure public commitments to expand the system of basic income in Canada.

More about basic income : http://www.thebigpush.net/learn-more.html
Our campaign goals : http://www.thebigpush.net/goals.html
Our current work : http://www.thebigpush.net/current-work.html
Our executive team : http://www.thebigpush.net/campaign-executive-team.html
Want to get involved? http://www.thebigpush.net/get-involved.html
Donate to support our work : http://www.thebigpush.net/donate.html
Sign up for e-News : http://www.thebigpush.net/contact.html

On Twitter: @Push_for_BIG

The Big Push Facebook page:
https://www.facebook.com/BIGPushCampaign

Basic Income Canada Network
http://biencanada.ca/

Bien Canada is the Canadian affiliate of Basic Income Earth Network:
http://www.basicincome.org/

Guaranteed livable income plan possible, Ghiz confirms:
Premier would like to see P.E.I. as centre of pilot project

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/guaranteed-livable-income-plan-possible-ghiz-confirms-1.2597948
April 4, 2014
P.E.I. Premier Robert Ghiz says he doesn't expect he will discuss the idea of a guaranteed livable income with the current federal government. (CBC)
Premier Robert Ghiz says he'd like to see P.E.I. become the site of a pilot project for a guaranteed livable income in Canada.
The idea has been brought up by various community groups, but this is the first endorsement by the provincial government.

Source:
CBC News

http://www.cbc.ca/news/

Guaranteeing a Minimum Income Has Been a Utopian Dream for Centuries
http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/guaranteeing-a-minimum-income-has-been-a-utopian-dream-for-centuries
By Brian Merchant
November 14, 2013
Switzerland made headlines with its proposal to dole out $2,800 per month to every citizen in the nation, thus creating a basic minimum income—and ensuring that no Swiss ever had to live below the poverty line again. It's a seemingly radical effort to redistribute income, and to sew together one of the most generous safety nets possible—but it's hardly a new idea. The utopian notion that a society should pool and distribute its resources to gaurantee the wellbeing of its most vulnerable citizens dates back over a millenium: Islamic Caliphates, American revolutionaries, sci-fi writers, and Martin Luther King, Jr. have all pushed for a basic minimum income. One of the earliest incarnations first surfaced in Arabia in the early 600s, and sprung from Islamic religious tradition...
(includes a Canadian section)

Source:
Motherboard
http://motherboard.vice.com/
Motherboard is traveling the world to uncover the stories that will define what's coming next. New technologies, cultures, and discoveries are constantly reshaping this old planet of ours. And it's happening faster than ever before. With in-depth blogging, longform reporting, and video journalism, Motherboard investigates the news and events that are already affecting the years to come.

On the sins of wages — when set by governments
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/business/sins+wages+when+governments/9436507/story.html
By Andrew Coyne
January 27, 2014
... here we are again, with proposals to raise the minimum wage sweeping the continent. More than 30 states are considering legislation of some kind to that effect, while the president is set to make the issue the centrepiece of his State of the Union address. And where Ontario goes, the other provinces are sure to follow. It’s progress that the inequality debate is now focusing on raising up the poor, rather than tearing down the rich. But there could hardly be a less effective, more ill-targeted way to go about it.
(...)
If we really want to help the poor, here’s a radical idea: Give them more money. Only do so directly, using the tax and transfer system, rather than fixing wages and hoping some of it reaches them. Take from the rich and give to the poor, and at least you have some idea of who is paying, and who is benefiting, with less room for the former group to evade their responsibilities to the latter. And you leave wages to get on with the job for which they were intended, which is to see that all available labour is employed.

Whether or not this goes as far as a universal income guarantee, or builds on the success of existing support programs like the Working Income Tax Benefit, the Guaranteed Income Supplement, or the National Child Tax Benefit, the principle is the same. It’s a minimum income that should be our objective, not a minimum wage.

Source:
Ottawa Citizen
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/

---

Comment (by Gilles):
Andrew Coyne says "Give the poor more money."
Andrew Coyne says we should strive for "a minimum income, not a minimum wage".
In other news...
* http://goo.gl/2XUEyk
* http://goo.gl/JrqqQq
* http://goo.gl/G3Wpbo

---

- Go to the Minimum Wage / Living Wage Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/minwage.htm

Want to help poor people? Give them money
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/opinion/columnists/Column+Want+help+poor+people+Give+them+money/9427492/story.html
January 24, 2014
By Angelina Chapin
Poverty is a hot topic right now. Unfortunately that conversation includes people such as Kevin O’Leary, who thinks “it’s fantastic” that, according to Oxfam, 85 rich people hold the same amount of wealth as the poorest 3.5 billion. “It’s fantastic” is something you say about a delicious canapé at a cocktail party — not widespread poverty.
(...)
When you’re poor, you can’t focus on the future (and Bill Gates wasn’t raised poor, by the way). You worry about finding boots, not pulling up your straps. The best way to “motivate” poor people is with programs that help lift their gaze from the ground to the horizon. A guaranteed annual income program would do that.

The idea is simple: in place of a complicated welfare system, give people enough money to live above the poverty line in their region (Ontario’s Low Income Cut-Off was $22,229 for a single person in 2011). No strings attached. The less you make, the more guaranteed income you receive.
(...)
If we could just accept the mound of data showing poor people aren’t degenerates who don’t set their alarm clocks early enough, there would be more support for programs that give people enough money to think ahead. That, Mr. O’Leary, would be “fantastic.”

Source:
Ottawa Citizen
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/

Income Inequality and Basic Income : Update
December 18, 2013

Just before the recent conclusion of the Second Session of the 41st Parliament, the House’s Finance Committee quietly released “Income Inequality in Canada: An Overview” [ PDF - http://goo.gl/rcjVXM ].

Yet while the report further validates income inequality’s steep rise in recent decades, the recommendations for remedy are, on the whole, exceptionally weak, even misguided. (Read journalist Carol Goar’s scathing critique : http://goo.gl/4Lyzo3 )

Meanwhile, on December 10th (Human Rights Day) the New York Times contained an article asking “Does Rising Inequality Make Us Hardhearted?”
[ http://goo.gl/gIejPF ]

Evidently, it does indeed. And this in turn helps understand, at least in part, how federal Industry Minister James Moore could rhetorically question why government should be responsible for the food security of children. (See journalist Thomas Walkom’s analysis [ http://goo.gl/1BEsMg ], in the wake of Minister Moore’s apology [ http://goo.gl/SD2tPp ]

Basic income [ http://www.thebigpush.net/faqs.html ] can at best make but a small contribution towards reducing income inequality. Basic income’s greater potential, however, is to help close the gap in opportunity inequality, by providing a firmer, more stable floor of income from which opportunity is within closer reach.

Indeed, it was the freedom-enhancing promise of basic income which so enthused Martin Luther King Jr. Commenting on it he said: “A host of positive psychological changes inevitably will result from widespread economic security. The dignity of the individual will flourish when the decisions concerning his life are in his own hands, when he has the assurance that his income is stable and certain, and when he knows that he has the means to seek self-improvement.”

Happily, the idea of basic income appears to be catching on worldwide, for example witness sizeable citizen support movements in Europe. See also another New York Times article from December 10th, profiling how basic income is gaining favour with some American libertarians (Rethinking the Idea of a Basic Income for All : http://goo.gl/r8qQqf ).

The BIG Push campaign [ http://www.thebigpush.net/ ] was founded in April 2013 to secure a Basic Income Guarantee for Canadians. Find out more by visiting our web site. Follow the campaign via Twitter. Please consider getting involved. And this Holiday Season, please consider investing in this historic push for income security in Canada. Thank you.

Encouraging sign of national support for basic income
A recent national survey [ Sept/Oct 2013, PDF : http://goo.gl/EDpnjl ] for The Trudeau Foundation, by the Environics Institute for Survey Research, found that 46% of Canadians are in favour of a "guaranteed annual income" (i.e., basic income)...

By Rob Rainer
Director, The BIG Push

http://www.thebigpush.net/

On Twitter: @Push_for_BIG

Basic Income Canada Network
http://biencanada.ca/

Bien Canada is the Canadian affiliate of Basic Income Earth Network:
http://www.basicincome.org/

Related infographic:

The Canadian Welfare System vs Guaranteed Livable Income (PDF - 721K, 1 page)
http://www.cpj.ca/sites/default/files/docs/files/GLI_Infographic_CPJ.pdf
The case for a Guaranteed Income:
Lifting People from poverty : Fairly, Efficiently and Effectively

... comparing and contrasting administration, work incentitves &disincentives, adequacy of incomes and program effectivenness
Source:
Citizens for Public Justice
http://www.cpj.ca/

May 2, 2013
Update from Jim Mulvale
of the Basic Income Canada Network:
http://biencanada.ca/

******************************************

Twelfth Annual North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress, taking place from Thursday May 9th to Saturday May 11th, 2013 at the Sheraton Times Square Hotel, New York City.

Schedule and other details:
http://www.usbig.net/index.php

The most recent edition of Basic Income Studies (Vol. 7 No. 2, Dec. 2012) is now available on-line.
It is a special issue on "The Right to Work and Basic Income".
http://goo.gl/yqQpv

Read about this lively and important debate at:
http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bis.2013.7.issue-2/issue-files/bis.2013.7.issue-2.xml

---

Other news on research, debates and developments related to basic
income can be found at Basic Income News:
http://binews.org/

---

Planning is underway for the 15th International Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network [ http://www.basicincome.org/bien/ ], which will take place in Montreal on 26 - 29 June 2014. Mark your calendars, and stay tuned for further information!

---

Our group is an affiliate of the Basic Income Earth Network:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/

For more info on any of the above, please contact Jim Mulvale at the University of Regina :
[ Jim.Mulvale@uregina.ca ]

Tory senator says time is right for ‘minister for poverty reduction’
http://web.archive.org/web/20130509200858/http://www.canada.com/Tory+senator+says+time+right+minister+poverty+reduction/8290397/story.html
By Jordan Press
April 24, 2013
OTTAWA — Conservative Sen. Hugh Segal did something this week that would be expected of a member of the government: He praised the federal budget during debate on the document tabled in March. Then he did something a little unexpected: He said that the budget was only a start and that the government should do more to tackle poverty, specifically create a new ministerial portfolio dedicated to reducing poverty in Canada, and a new tax credit for those whose income was below the poverty line.

Source:
Canada.com

http://www.canada.com/

Full text of Senator Segal's speech (from the Parliamentary website)
http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/Sen/Chamber/411/Debates/154db_2013-04-23-e.htm#40

Working Poor (guaranteed annual income) (video, duration 8:54)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A2Bdiy8_YNg
With Senator Hugh Segal

Part 2: Working Poor: Where do they live? (video, duration 8:43)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B11UPqNZYpY
With John Stapleton & Michael Menezes

NOTE : Both of the above videos include links (in the right margin of the YouTube page) to similar/related videos, including an hour-long video of a lecture on fighting poverty in Canada by Senator Segal that was produced in collaboration with the Literary Review of Canada.

Source:
Context with Loran Dueck

http://www.contextwithlornadueck.com/

Global TV
http://www.globaltv.com/

Why Guaranteeing the Poor an Income Will Save Us All In the End
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/hugh-segal/guaranteed-annual-income_b_3037347.html
By Hugh Segal, Conservative Senator
April 8, 2013
In a world where innovation in service delivery and value for money are ever more vital for government credibility, innovation on poverty reduction is deeply absent. It certainly has been from recent federal and provincial budgets in Canada.
[ http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/budgets_2013.htm ]
From Washington to Ottawa to London to Paris, austerity, in different measures and calibrations, has taken the place of innovation. We do not and have not taken a fundamental new approach to poverty reduction in a quarter of a century. While the global numbers of people who live on under a dollar a day has been reduced massively worldwide because freer trade has allowed productive economies in Asia to lift tens of millions out of poverty, that happy news has little impact on poverty reduction and its relative failure in the countries of the West.
(...)
Knowing that poverty is the most reliable predictor of trouble with the law, early use of our health care facilities, lower life span, illiteracy, family violence and unemployment, all of which cost tens of billions of tax dollars at a time when tax dollars are hard to find, should spur innovation. Never mind the core inhumanity of not helping the people whom we need as productive, taxpaying, full participants in our economic mainstream.

Source:
Huffington Post Canada

http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/

Scrapping Welfare : The case for guaranteeing
all Canadians an income above the poverty line
http://reviewcanada.ca/essays/2012/12/01/scrapping-welfare/
By Hugh Segal
December 2012
Federal and provincial governments have argued for decades that poverty is a complex problem. “Complex” is a code word for a problem no one wants to face directly. Poverty is a complex issue, but in the end it is about one thing—a person not having enough money to meet basic needs of food, shelter, clothing and transportation for self or family.
(...)
A basic income floor, or refundable income tax credit, or basic annual income credit, or guaranteed annual income—call it what you like—would put a floor under all Canadians beneath which they could not fall, one that would see them through to working and earning again. Putting limits on what one can achieve is not what the state should do. We can agree that is excessive overreach. But putting a floor below which no one can fall is both achievable and necessary. In a mixed free market Canadian economy where enterprise, risk, diligence and hard work matter, equality of opportunity is essential if fairness about access to the economic mainstream is to be real for all. A guaranteed annual income would be a serious pillar of that opportunity, as important to us as universal education, safe communities and health insurance.

[ Author Hugh Segal is an Ontario senator and former president of the Institute for Research on Public Policy. ]

Source:
Literary Review of Canada
http://reviewcanada.ca/

Related link:

A guaranteed income for Canadians would eliminate poverty
http://www.vancouversun.com/opinion/columnists/Barbara+Yaffe+guaranteed+income+Canadians+would/7767845/story.html
By Barbara Yaffe
January 2, 2013
While a Canada without poor people may sound like a pipe dream, in fact it is an achievable goal.
So says Conservative Sen. Hugh Segal, who makes an argument for a poverty-free country in the Literary Review of Canada. It’s worth noting that Segal, a former chief of staff to Brian Mulroney appointed to the Senate by Paul Martin, is more Red Tory than Harper-style Conservative.

Source:
Vancouver Sun
http://www.vancouversun.com/

Call for Papers and Presentations:
Basic Income and Economic Citizenship
Twelfth Annual North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress
May 9-11, 2013, New York City
http://www.usbig.net/index.php
[The basic income guarantee (BIG) is a government insured guarantee that no citizen's income will fall below some minimal level for any reason.]
---
The Twelfth Annual North American Basic Income Congress, Basic Income and Economic Citizenship, will take place in New York City on Thursday, May 9th through Saturday, May 11th, 2013. The congress is organized by the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG) in cooperation with the Basic Income Canada Network (BICN).

The deadline for proposals is November 30, 2012.

Click either of the two source links below for more information about the event and the call for papers and presentations.

Source:
U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG)
http://www.usbig.net/
Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/


Politics and Poverty Reduction
(video, 49 minutes)
[ If you can't see the video on the left, click here:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Htjo7Rdb4Cw&feature=plcp ]

November 15, 2012
Join Steve Paikin as he explores a perennial question: How do we eliminate poverty?

Guests:
Andrew Coyne (Columnist, Post Media)
Glen Hodgson (Chief Economist, Conference Board of Canada)
Hugh Segal (Senator, Kingston-Frontenac-Leeds)
Armine Yalnizyan (Senior Economist, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives)

This video is part of TVO's 'Why Poverty' series.

Why Poverty?
http://ww3.tvo.org/whypoverty/main
Why Poverty? is a groundbreaking cross-media event reaching more than 500 million people around the world. TVO is proud to be one of 70 participating broadcasters kick-starting national and global debates about poverty in the 21st Century.
Links include:
* Documentaries * Understanding Poverty * Ending Poverty * Classroom Tools * About

More Why Poverty Documentaries
http://ww3.tvo.org/whypoverty/docs

TVOntario
http://www.tvo.org/

---

Related link:

Five Reasons Why Income Security Should Remain A Priority
http://theagenda.tvo.org/blog/agenda-blogs/guest-post-five-reasons-why-income-security-should-remain-priority
Pedro Barata argues social assistance reform should remain a top priority even in a time of austerity.
November 21, 2012
(...)
Here are five reasons why income security reform should be top of mind for the province:
1. It’s the right thing to do
2. It’s about the economy
3. It’s about expecting results from public policy
4. It’s about investing now, saving later
5. It’s about momentum
To build the kind of society that we want, to do the smart thing for our economic prosperity, and to capitalize on social consensus when and where it arises, it is critical that this conversation continues and that reform becomes a reality in Ontario.

[ Author Pedro Barata is United Way Toronto’s vice president of communications and public affairs. He has seen social assistance from many angles over the past two decades -- as a recipient and advocate, as community researcher, and as a developer of policy. Most recently, he was a member of the Ontario Social Assistance Review Advisory Council, whose work preceded the establishment of the Lankin/Sheikh Commission.

Senator Hugh Segal speaks out in Gananoque against poverty
http://www.emcstlawrence.ca/20121101/news/Senator+Hugh+Segal+speaks+out+in+Gananoque+against+poverty
November 1, 2012
By Lorraine Payette

Senator Hugh Segal, Kingston-Frontenac-Leeds, recently spoke at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church in Gananoque on the subject of ending poverty in Ontario.
"Today, and for 40 years, said the Senator for Kingston-Frontenac-Leeds, I have been campaigning for the kind of economic framework that deals with the worst scourge and most serious social and economic threat that 'a safe place to call home' continues to face - and that is the scourge and plague of poverty,". "Poverty is what makes what should be a strong community weak, makes a potentially unified and coherent society divided and in pain. And here in Canada, while we have made progress, we can do much better."
(...)
Senator Segal suggested that a basic minimum income would alleviate many of the problems experienced by the poor in Canada.
(...)
Segal's plan would be to use something like the mid 1970s MINCOME program that was put into place in Dauphin, Manitoba. Over a four-year period, residents of the agricultural community were guaranteed that, if their crops could not keep them at the poverty line or above, they would receive additional funding to bring them to that amount. The entire program, including benefits, researchers and staff to run it, cost only $17 million, and for the most part assisted the working poor. All residents qualified for this aid if needed, there were no substantial clawbacks of funds if a person continued to work, and the rules were manageable. The money could be used as the recipient felt was best.

[Author Senator Hugh Segal is a Conservative senator from Kingston Ontario and a long-time proponent of the efficiency, fairness, stability and productivity benefits of a guaranteed annual income.]

Source:
St. Lawrence EMC
http://www.emcstlawrence.ca/

---

Related links:

Governments can’t ignore income security forever
http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2012/06/10/hugh-segal-governments-cant-ignore-income-security-forever/
By Hugh Segal
June 10, 2012
Source:
National Post

http://www.nationalpost.com/

---

When the Harper Government™ finally decided that it had a bellyful of Senator Segal's incessant natterings about inequality in Canada and all that guaranteed annual income nonsense [ http://goo.gl/wQehd ], they decided to shift the focus of the Senator's attention and energy to something else less embarrassing for the Harper Government™:

Baird Appoints Senator Segal as Special Envoy for Commonwealth Renewal
http://www.international.gc.ca/media/aff/news-communiques/2011/386.aspx?view=d
News Release
December 21, 2011
Source:
Foreign Affairs and International Trade

http://www.international.gc.ca/international/index.aspx?lang=eng

---

That's par for the course, for this government.
I, for one, am very happy that, despite this lateral transfer, Senator Segal is pursuing his career-long quest for the most efficient and humane solution to poverty in Canada. Thanks for hangin' in there, Hugh!
By Gilles

Towards A More Equal Canada (PDF - 2.3MB, 26 pages)
http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/sites/default/files/documents/towards_a_more_equal_canada.pdf
October 2012
This report is part of the Broadbent Institute’s Equality Project. Launched in the spring of 2012, the project includes a Broadbent Institute-commissioned Environics poll which showed a majority of Canadians support taking action to reduce inequality, a social media campaign, and an animated video.

NOTE: James Mulvale of Basic Income Canada Network Canada [ http://biencanada.ca/ ] points out in an email that guaranteed annual income is discussed on page 21 of the Broadbent Institute report, as follows:

"We should consider the idea of a guaranteed minimum income. Tom Kent, the late social policy giant who was the architect behind the Pearson-era reforms that shaped modern Canada, left behind a plea to look at such an approach. Kent argued that we should design a system to ensure a reasonable level of income for every Canadian, building on the basic income guarantee we already provide to seniors. Support would be given in the form of regular payments to those with very low incomes, phased out with rising income reported via tax returns. He believed that the federal economies of scale would provide considerable efficiencies and reduce federal/provincial overlap and friction as provinces would focus on services (Kent 2011). Kent’s blueprints find supporters and detractors among both conservatives and progressives. There are significant issues of cost to be considered, as well as how to provide income support without discouraging work. Perhaps we could begin by providing a guaranteed income to persons with disabilities, including persons who are able to work but cannot do so on a continuing full-time basis."

You'll find the Equality Project at
http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca

Source:
Broadbent Institute

http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/
The Broadbent Institute seeks to equip the next generation of progressive thinkers and activists with the ideas and tools they need to build a more progressive Canada.

July 30, 2012
From Jim Mulvale of Basic Income Canada Network /
Réseau Canadien pour le Revenu Garanti:
http://biencanada.ca/

******************************************

1. It is not too late to register for the 14th Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network.
The Congress will take place on 14 - 16 September 2012 in Munich, Germany.
The main theme of the Congress deals with "pathways to a basic income".

Further details and on-line registration can be found at:

http://www.bien2012.de/en

******************

2. And speaking of pathways to a basic income ....

A new book is out entitled:

Basic Income Guarantee and Politics:
International Experiences and Perspectives on the Viability of Income Guarantee

Edited by Richard K. Caputo
Palgrave Macmillan, 2012

Further information:
http://us.macmillan.com/basicincomeguaranteeandpolitics/RichardKCaputo

The book includes a chapter by J. Mulvale & Y. Vanderborght on "Canada:
"A Guaranteed Income Framework to Address Poverty and Inequality?"

******************

To subscribe to this mailing list:
Email : jim.mulvale@uregina.ca

Source:
Basic Income Canada Network /
Réseau Canadien pour le Revenu Garanti:
http://biencanada.ca/
The BIEN Canada vision : All Canadians will have income security, made possible by ensuring every individual has unconditional access to at least a modest but adequate income to meet basic material needs.

BIEN Canada is an affiliate of the Basic Income Earth Network:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/

Governments can’t ignore income security forever
http://fullcomment.nationalpost.com/2012/06/10/hugh-segal-governments-cant-ignore-income-security-forever/
By Hugh Segal
June 10, 2012

There is an invisible elephant in the room in the debate around employment insurance reform. Coincidentally, it is the same large elephant hiding among the pots and pans of the Quebec student protest and can even be found on the edges of NDP leader Thomas Mulcair’s angst about the West’s resource-based economic success damaging Ontario’s industrial heartland. And that elephant goes by the name of income security.

It is reasonable to have an employment insurance system, funded by contributions from Canadian workers, that provides a financial bridge to those who have lost their jobs and cannot immediately find a replacement. When mildly tightening the eligibility to those who really cannot find work is controversial, however, this shows that EI stands for Extra Income, not Employment Insurance. That the income may be vital to communities, regions and lifestyles tied to seasonal jobs is not in question. But such a system is no longer insurance. It is a basic income floor unrelated to whether or when work was available.
(...)
Except for Newfoundland and Labrador, all provinces pay welfare rates well beneath the poverty line, helping to feed the costly pathologies of poverty that fill our hospitals, our homeless shelters, our prisons and the tragedies of family violence and substance abuse. A frank discussion about income security, poverty and the kind of income floor that could obviate other programs that are unbalanced, expensive to operate, wasteful and disconnected from reality, is long overdue. The elephant is getting angrier, hungrier and more unfriendly every day. And is becoming far less invisible.

[Senator Hugh Segal is a Conservative senator from Kingston Ontario and a long-time proponent of the efficiency, fairness, stability and productivity benefits of a guaranteed annual income.]

Source:
National Post

http://www.nationalpost.com/

---

So what does the Harper Government™ do with "a long-time proponent of the efficiency, fairness, stability and productivity benefits of a guaranteed annual income"?

Short answer:
Anything that involves a lot of travel to faraway countries.

Long answer :
Baird Appoints Senator Segal as Special Envoy for Commonwealth Renewal
http://www.international.gc.ca/media/aff/news-communiques/2011/386.aspx?view=d
News Release
December 21, 2011
Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird today announced the appointment of Senator Hugh Segal as Canada’s special envoy for Commonwealth renewal. (...) The Commonwealth is a voluntary association of 54 countries that work together toward shared goals of freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law in its member states.
Source:
Foreign Affairs and International Trade

http://www.international.gc.ca/international/index.aspx?lang=eng

COMMENT (by Gilles):
I guess the Harper Government™ finally had enough of Senator Segal's incessant natterings about inequality in Canada and all that guaranteed annual income nonsense [ http://goo.gl/wQehd ] to shift the focus of his attention and energy to something else less embarrassing for the Harper Government™.

BOOOOOOOOOOOO!

The 11th North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress will take place May 3-5, 2012 at the University of Toronto
Theme : Putting Equality Back on the Agenda: Basic Income and Other Approaches to Economic Security for All.

[ * Basic income is an income guaranteed by government for all, without condition, means test or work requirement; it's also known as guaranteed annual income. ]

Conference Schedule

Featured speakers included:

* Richard Wilkinson, Professor Emeritus of Social Epidemiology at the University of Nottingham Medical School and co-author of The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better

* Charles Karelis, Research Professor of Philosophy at The George Washington University and Author of The Persistence of Poverty: Why the Economics of the Well-Off Can't Help the Poor

* Erik Olin Wright, Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin - Madison, author of Envisioning Real Utopias, and American Society: How it Actually Works

* Armine Yalnizyan, Senior Economist with the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

* John Rook, Chair of the National Council of Welfare and CEO of Potential Place Society

* Evelyn Forget, Professor, University of Manitoba Faculty of Medicine

* Trish Hennessy, Director of Strategic Issues for the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

* Dan Meades, Director, Vibrant Communities Calgary.

The North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress is a joint Conference of the U.S. and Canadian Basic Income Guarantee Networks.

Source:
Basic Income Canada Network

BIEN Canada is the Canadian affiliate of the Basic Income Earth Network. BIEN Canada was founded at the 2008 international BIEN Congress to promote dialogue, public education and networking about basic income in Canada. BIEN Canada is composed of individuals and organizations interested in promoting dialogue around basic income.

Call for Papers:
14th Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network: Pathways to a Basic income
September 14 to 16, 2012 in Munich, Germany
http://www.bien2012.de/en

Call for Papers, Proposals, and Events:
The deadline for submissions is April 15, 2012

The debate about an unconditional basic income has attracted public attention in a number of countries in recent years. Financial, debt, and ecological crises are causing growing numbers of people to look for political alternatives to the existing economy and the way income is distributed within it. With the debate entering this crucial phase, the 2012 BIEN Congress will discuss possible pathways and barriers towards establishing and implementing Basic Income. The conference aims to present an opportunity for an open, interdisciplinary discussion of the problems and questions surrounding Basic Income.

Click the link above for more information about the call for papers and about the Congress itself.

Register now - early bird discounts!
http://www.bien2012.de/en/node/35

Livable Income For Everyone
British Columbia-based Livable4All advocates and provides information on the world social movement for Guaranteed Livable Income (GLI) or Basic Income -- formerly known as Guaranteed Annual Income.

- incl. links to : * Introduction * Facts First * Key Reports * Key Primer * Rationale * Jobism * Objections * Articles * Links * News * Buried Treasure * Gallery * Remembering

Links - 100+ online resources!
http://www.livableincome.org/links.htm



Mincome Manitoba

An end to the perpetual welfare trap?
Guaranteed incomes debated

http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/breakingnews/an-end-to-the-perpetual-welfare-trap-167004295.html
By: Mary Agnes Welch
August 22, 2012

Bringing back a discarded government program could save taxpayers millions in health-care and bureaucracy costs and dramatically shrink poverty, just as it did in Dauphin almost 40 years ago.
The problem is, even the province's left-leaning NDP government likely doesn't have the political will to use it.
That was the feeling Tuesday at a standing-room-only lecture about a hot public-policy idea -- a guaranteed annual income that would replace welfare.
It's an idea with roots in Manitoba. Nearly 40 years ago, Dauphin was the site of an experiment on the effects of a guaranteed income. Every low-income person in town, including the working poor and people not eligible for welfare, got a top-up to ensure a basic level of income.
At a discussion hosted by Winnipeg Harvest, University of Manitoba researcher Evelyn Forget said the results were remarkable: People had much better health, far more children graduated from high school and people didn't stop working just because they were guaranteed an income.
(...)
Guaranteed annual income had a rebirth as an interesting, if seemingly radical, policy alternative to the confusing, expensive hodge-podge of welfare systems in Canada. We've already adopted some targeted elements of a GAI, such as the national child benefit and the guaranteed income supplement for seniors. Yukon toyed with a version of the GAI in 2007, and there was an international conference focused on the idea in Toronto in May of this year.
- includes an overview of the Mincome Manitoba experiment of the mid-1970s, specifically in Dauphin Manitoba.

Source:
Winnipeg Free Press

http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/

---

A Town Without Poverty?
Canada's only experiment in guaranteed income finally gets reckoning

http://www.dominionpaper.ca/articles/4100
By Vivian Belik
September 5, 2011
WHITEHORSE, YK—Try to imagine a town where the government paid each of the residents a living income, regardless of who they were and what they did, and a Soviet hamlet in the early 1980s may come to mind. But this experiment happened much closer to home. For a four-year period in the '70s, the poorest families in Dauphin, Manitoba, were granted a guaranteed minimum income by the federal and provincial governments. (...) Beginning in 1974, Pierre Trudeau's Liberals and Manitoba's first elected New Democratic Party government gave money to every person and family in Dauphin who fell below the poverty line. Under the program—called “Mincome”—about 1,000 families received monthly cheques.
Unlike welfare, which only certain individuals qualified for, the guaranteed minimum income project was open to everyone. It was the first—and to this day, only—time that Canada has ever experimented with such an open-door social assistance program.

Source:
The Dominion
http://www.dominionpaper.ca/

The Manitoba Mincome Experiment
http://legalcheckpoint.blogspot.com/2007/11/social-policy-manitoba-mincome.html
November 15, 2007
By M. L'Heureux

The Mincome Project, also called the Manitoba Basic Guaranteed Annual Income Experiment, was the “first large scale social experiment in Canada and was designed to evaluate the economic and social consequences of an alternative social welfare system based on the concept of negative income tax (NIT)”. The experiment took place between 1975 and 1979 in Winnipeg and Dauphin, Manitoba. The research project was jointly funded by the Federal Government of Canada and the Manitoba Government. Little is known about the experiment as the federal government chose to shelve the report for reasons still unknown to the public. The raw data that was accumulated during the experiment is still relevant to today’s Guaranteed Income debates and is available in some academic libraries and in all provincial legislatures.
Source:
Legal Checkpoint Blog

http://legalcheckpoint.blogspot.com/

Related links:

Dauphin's great experiment: Mincome,
nearly forgotten child of the '70s, was a noble experiment

By Lindor Reynolds
November 28, 2009
DAUPHIN — Thirty-five years ago, this pretty town surrounded by farm land and far from big cities was the site of a revolutionary social experiment.
For five years, Mincome ensured there would be no poverty in Dauphin. Wages were topped up and the working poor given a boost. The experiment, a collaboration between Ed Schreyer's provincial NDP and the Liberal government of Pierre Trudeau, would cost millions before the plug was pulled. The program saw one-third of Dauphin's poorest families get monthly cheques. In 1971, at a federal-provincial conference held in Victoria, Manitoba expressed interest in being the testing ground for a guaranteed income project. The Schreyer government applied for funding. In June, 1974, Mincome was approved...
Source:
Winnipeg Free Press

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The Town with No Poverty:
The Health Effects of a Canadian Guaranteed Annual Income Field Experiment

By Evelyn L. Forget (University of Manitoba)
This paper has two purposes. First, it documents the historical context of MINCOME, a Canadian guaranteed annual income field experiment (1974 to 1979). Second, it uses routinely collected health administration data and a quasi-experimental design to document an 8.5 percent reduction in the hospitalization rate for participants relative to controls, particularly for accidents and injuries and mental health. We also found that participant contacts with physicians declined, especially for mental health, and that more adolescents continued into grade 12. We found no increase in fertility, family dissolution rates, or improved birth outcomes. We conclude that a relatively modest GAI can improve population health, suggesting significant health system savings.
Source:
University of Toronto Press

THE TOWN WITH NO POVERTY:
A history of the North American Guaranteed Annual Income Social Experiments
(PDF - 240K, 29 pages)
http://www.livableincome.org/rMM-EForget08.pdf
By Evelyn L. Forget
Community Health Sciences
Faculty of Medicine
University of Manitoba

Source:
Livable 4 All
(Victoria BC)
http://www.livableincome.org/
Livable4All began in 2003 as a group called Livable Income For Everyone (LIFE) to advocate and provide information on the world social movement for Guaranteed Livable Income (GLI) or Basic Income -- formerly known as Guaranteed Annual Income.

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BIEN
(BASIC INCOME EARTH NETWORK)
NEWSFLASH 65, November 2011
(PDF - 136K, 18 pages)
November 23, 2011

Table of contents:
Editorial: BIEN’s 25th anniversary, by Guy Standing
1. Basic Income News great success
2. New issue of Basic Income Studies
3. Events
4. Glimpses of National Debates
5. Publications
6. New Links
7. About BIEN

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)

The Basic Income European Network (BIEN) was founded in 1986 to serve as a link between individuals and groups committed to, or interested in, basic income, i.e. an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement, and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe. BIEN expanded its scope from European to the Earth in 2004.

Tough on poverty, tough on crime?
By Chandra Pasma
May 27, 2011
Earlier this year, Senator Hugh Segal published a great op-ed in the Toronto Star calling for those concerned about crime to get tough on poverty. “Less than 10 per cent of Canadians live beneath the poverty line but almost 100 per cent of our prison inmates come from that 10 per cent. There is no political ideology, on the right or left, that would make the case that people living in poverty belong in jail,” the Senator argued. “To be tough on crime means we must first be tough on the causes of poverty,” he concludes.
Segal argues for a Guaranteed Annual Income, also known as a Guaranteed Livable Income, noting that it would take only $12,000-$20,000 annually to bring a person above the poverty line but we spend $147,000 a year per federal prisoner.
Source:
Citizens for Public Justice (CPJ)
Mission : to promote public justice in Canada by shaping key public policy debates through research and analysis, publishing and public dialogue. CPJ encourages citizens, leaders in society and governments to support policies and practices which reflect God’s call for love, justice and stewardship.

Christopher Sarlo...
... and guaranteed annual income?

I was cleaning up some links on the Guaranteed Annual Income Links page of my site when I got sidetracked re-reading parts of a ten-year-old report on poverty measurement by Christopher Sarlo entitled Measuring Poverty in Canada. Professor Sarlo, the father of the so-called "calorie-from-starvation diet", is the Fraser Institute's poverty poster boy, and his work on poverty in Canada is considered by many to be the Bible of absolute poverty measurement in this country --- the "Sarlo Poverty Line".

I decided to highlight the 2001 Sarlo report (the link below) because you (speaking to my leftie buddies here...) might be as surprised as I was to learn in that report that the absolute poverty poster boy advocated a guaranteed annual income as a "more efficient alternative" to what he saw as ineffective programs and policies.

Hmmm - when someone from the Fraser Institute endorses a guaranteed income scheme, the Devil must be in the details.
Follow the links below if you're curious...

Measuring Poverty in Canada
July 2001
By Christopher Sarlo
Excerpt:
"In Canada, there is a vast array of inefficient and employment-reducing programs and policies with overlapping function and jurisdiction: welfare and minimum wage are two examples. A more efficient alternative might be a guaranteed annual income issued as a universal demogrant--a transfer payment to all citizens (or residents) with no conditions on employment, earning, or income. "

For more details concerning the Sarlo guaranteed annual income proposal,
see p. 55-56 in Part II of the report (the second link below).

Complete report
in three PDF files:

Report Part I (PDF file - 236K, 10 pages) - cover, table of contents, executive summary
Report Part II (PDF file - 982K, 50 pages) - main chapters of the report
Report Part III (PDF file - 284K, 22 pages) - appendices

Source:
The Fraser Institute

NEW! Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
and affiliates launch Basic Income News
[A Basic Income is an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement.
So Basic Income = Guaranteed Annual Income.]
May 25, 2011

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) and the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG) announce the launch of a new website entirely devoted to basic income news.

Basic Income News is the online incarnation of the BIEN NewsFlash (see the link below) and affiliated publications, such as the USBIG Newsletter. The BIEN NewsFlash and its predecessor, the BIEN Newsletter, have been in publication since 1986. The USBIG Newsletter has been going since the year 2000. It is the creation of the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (the USBIG Network), BIEN’s affiliate in the United States.

Basic Income News will have frequently updated news stories about Basic Income around the world, provided initially by BIEN and USBIG. We hope soon that many more of BIEN’s affiliates will contribute as well. If you have news about Basic Income that you think should be published in Basic Income News, please contact the editors at <desk@binews.org>.

Related links:

BIEN NEWSFLASH 64, May 2011 (PDF - 147K, 17 pages)
Table of contents:
1. NEW! BIEN and affiliates launch Basic Income News: http://binews.org/
2. BIEN Congress 2012 will be held in Munich, Germany
3. New Issue of Basic Income Studies
4. Basic income book series: call for proposals
5. Events
Seoul, Delhi, Namur, Berlin, Lincoln
6. Glimpses of national debates
- EUROPEAN UNION: EU-Parliament in favour of adequate minimum income
- FRANCE: Former Prime Minister launches basic income campaign
- GREECE: Basic Pension Introduced
- IRAQ: Muqtada al-Sadr Endorses Alaskan Policy
- ITALY: Activist Movement for basic income
- KUWAIT: A Temporary, Partial basic income for Citizens Only
- LATIN AMERICA: Head of UN Commission Says Several Latin America Countries Could Implement basic income
- UNITED STATES: American Political Science Association Task Force Will Discuss BIG
- SWITZERLAND: A referendum on basic income?
7. Publications
8. New Links
9. About the Basic Income Earth Network
---
BIEN's NewsFlash is mailed electronically every two months to over 1,500 subscribers throughout the world.
Requests for free subscription should be sent to bien@basicincome.org

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New blogs at USBIG
May 19, 2011
The USBIG Network has added the following two blogs to its website. Both have news and opinion on those topics going back to 2000, and both will continue to be updated periodically. Both allow for reader comments and feedback.

* The Alaska Dividend Blog
The Alaska Dividend, properly called the Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD), is the closest thing to a basic income guarantee that exists in the world today. It is a small, yearly dividend, financed indirectly from oil revenues, paid by the state government to every citizen who lives in Alaska-including all men, women, and children. This blog has news and commentary about the Alaska Dividend as a small basic income that can provide a model to be copied elsewhere.

* The Basic Income Guarantee Blog
In this blog, Karl Widerquist writes about the Basic Income Guarantee and contemporary U.S. and world politics

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BIEN Canada - Towards Income Security for All Canadians
BIEN Canada is the Canadian affiliate of the Basic Income Earth Network. BIEN Canada was founded at the 2008 international BIEN Congress to promote dialogue, public education and networking about basic income in Canada. BIEN Canada is composed of individuals and organizations interested in promoting dialogue around basic income.

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BONUS!


Another Oldie Goldie (1985):

Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada, 1985
Chair: Donald S. MacDonald
- includes links to PDF files for Volumes One, Two and Three along with a short table of contents (PDF - 48K)
[ Version française ]

In 1985, the Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada (the "MacDonald Commission") recommended, among other fixes, a free-trade agreement between Canada and the U.S. and a universal income security program.
- Read the excerpt below, and click the link for more detailed information.
Volume Three, Part 2 (PDF - 7.1MB, 163 pages)
1985
Excerpt (page 173) :
The centre-piece for Commissioners' proposals ... is establishment of a Universal Income Security Program (UISP), which would entail a universally available income supplement, subject to reduction at a relatively low "tax-back" rate. Such a scheme, delivered either through the federal tax system or by means of direct transfers, appears to fall within federal jurisdiction. The present federal responsibility for Family Allowances, Unemployment Insurance and Old Age Security clearly establishes a broad federal mandate for income security, of which the UISP is a logical development. Moreover, we believe that individual provinces acting alone would not be capable of bringing such a program into operation. To create the UISP, however, would involve a major change in federal-provincial relations, a change which Commissioners think would be healthy for the federal system. (more...)

 

The costs of poverty vs guaranteed annual income:

How paying people’s way out of poverty can help us all
Anna Mehler Paperny and Tavia Grant
May 5, 2011
(...) Despite Canada’s reputation for a strong social safety net, the country is becoming economically polarized. And the decades-old dominant economic dogma that growing wealth among society’s highest earners would trickle down to those less fortunate is being challenged by an alternative approach: Eliminate crushing poverty among the lowest earners, and wealth will trickle up. (...) Homelessness costs taxpayers money – in both foregone wealth and social service spending. As evidence of the social and financial costs of inequality mounts, a growing body of research indicates paying to get people out of poverty can be an economic boon.
Calgary’s business community crunched the numbers: It costs four times more to pay for a year’s worth of emergency shelter, emergency-room medical care and law-enforcement for one homeless person than it costs to fund that person’s supportive housing for a year. More recent figures have backed them up when it comes to the costs of poverty: A study earlier this year from Toronto’s St. Michael’s Hospital found homeless patients cost hospitals an average of $2,559 more than their housed counterparts. At the same time, research into projects that guaranteed people a minimum annual income indicated savings in everything from social services and health care to law enforcement.

Related link:

The high costs of hardship
May 5, 2011
Figures in three infographics paint an unsettling picture of Canada's unemployment levels, income gaps and costs associated with homelessness
* Percentage of people on low incomes, 2000-2010
* Number of people unemployed for 52 week or longer
* Annual household income after tax by income quintile, average. earnings in 1990 and in 2008

Source:
Globe and Mail

Let’s refocus on a guaranteed annual income
Senator Hugh Segal
January 19, 2011
It was 40 years ago that a former mayor of Windsor, former provincial minister and Ontario senator issued one of the greatest challenges to Canada’s citizens and leaders. Sadly, however, the centrepiece of the lifelong work of David Croll remains unfulfilled and his challenge remains unaddressed.

In the introduction to his 1971 report of the Senate committee on poverty, Mr. Croll stated bluntly: “Poverty is the great social issue of our time. The poor do not choose poverty. It is at once their affliction and our national shame. No nation can achieve true greatness if it lacks the courage and determination to undertake the surgery necessary to remove the cancer of poverty from its body politic.”

Mr. Croll, one of Canada’s greatest Liberal parliamentarians, made his clarion call for the establishment of a guaranteed annual income (GAI) in that report. It was, the committee concluded, the most efficient and least wasteful mechanism for lifting millions of Canadians out of poverty. He was right four decades ago, and he is still right today.
(...)
Forty years ago Mr. Croll said: “The children of the poor (and there are many) are the most helpless victims of all, and find even less hope in a society where welfare systems from the very beginning destroy their chances of a better life.” Forty years later, the time for action on the GAI is upon us. Leaving the challenge of poverty to the side is to deny the essential decency and balance Canadians have always shared.
Source:
Globe and Mail

Related G&M articles:
* To end poverty, guarantee everyone in Canada $20,000 a year. But are you willing to trust the poor? (Nov. 19, 2010)
* What if we gave the poor $20,000 a year? (Nov. 19, 2010)

Goar: Anti-poverty success airbrushed out
January 11, 2011
By Carol Goar
Sitting tantalizingly in a warehouse in Winnipeg are 2,000 boxes of information about one of the most fascinating social policy experiments in Canadian history. Evelyn Forget, a professor of health sciences at the University of Manitoba, fought for five years to get access to those boxes, owned by Archives Canada. She finally succeeded in 2009, but the bulging files — statistics, completed questionnaires, interview transcripts, all on paper — overwhelmed her. “Until it is computerized, analyzing the data in a systematic way would be incredibly expensive,” she says. Nevertheless, she has been able to piece together part of the story, using the census, public health insurance records and the recollections of researchers and participants.
Source:
Toronto Star

And Another Oldie Goldie:

Income Security Reform and the
Concept of a Guaranteed Annual Income
(PDF - 24MB, 50 pages)
Grady, Patrick and Kapsalis, Constantine
Government and Competitiveness Project, School of Policy
Studies, Queen’s University
1995
This paper is focused on a specific reform strategy - the Guaranteed Annual Income (GAI).It addresses an age-old issue of social welfare programming in a market
economy. How do we maintain an incentive to work yet provide a safety net for those shaken loose by large-scale yet seemingly continuous change? Why participate in a losing cause if the consequences of not participating are not all that bad materially? The problem is particularly acute when the financial rewards of work and the type of work available both continue to deteriorate for a very broad class of people, as is happening in Canada.
(Source: Abstract ]

Basic Income Earth Network Newsflash 63
November 2010

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
The Basic Income Earth Network was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network. It expanded its scope from European to the Earth in 2004. It is an international network that serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion of the topic throughout the world.
- incl. links to: * About BIEN * About Basic Income * NewsFlash * Congresses * Papers and Resources * Membership * Links * Contact

Sample issue of
NewsFlash - the BIEN newsletter:

NewsFlash 63, November 2010 (PDF - 173K, 20 pages)
Contents:
1. Editorial: BIEN archives
2. Two issues of Basic Income Studies
3. Events (excerpts):

CALGARY (CA), 29 March 2010: Conference by Senator Hugh Segal
On March 29, 2010, Canadian Senator Hugh Segal spoke to the Sheldon Chumir Foundation for Ethics in Leadership in Calgary. Senator Segal made an impassioned argument for the ethical necessity of a Guaranteed Annual Income as a means of eliminating poverty.
His remarks can be viewed at:
http://www.youtube.com/user/ChumirEthics
Further information:
http://www.chumirethicsfoundation.ca/

Upcoming
North American event:
NEW YORK (US), 25 – 27, February 2011: The Tenth Annual North American Basic
Income Conference: Models for Social Transformation

This conference will be held in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Economic Association (EEA). Attendees at the USBIG conference are welcome to attend any of the EEA’s events. The North American Basic Income Conference was originally 'the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network Conference,' and was organized by the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee (USBIG) Network. It expanded in 2010 to become a joint event of the USBIG Network and the Basic Income / Allocation Universelle Canada (BI/AU Canada). Since then, it has been a North American Conference held on alternate years in the United States and Canada.

Chair of the organizing committee:
Karl Widerquist: Karl@Widerquist.com
For more information,
see the USBIG Website: www.usbig.net

4. Glimpses of National Debates (excerpts):

CANADA: Yukon government urged to implement a basic income

The leader of the New Democratic Party (NDP) in Yukon, Steve Cardiff, has put forward a notice of motion for the Yukon Government to introduce a Guaranteed Minimum Annual Income Allowance. According to the official report from Yukon's legislative assembly, he urged "the Yukon government to implement a guaranteed minimum annual income allowance for all eligible Yukon citizens as recommended by Conservative Party Senator Hugh Segal, the Royal Commission on the Status of Women, the Macdonald Commission, the National Council of Welfare, the Special Senate Committee on Poverty and the federal working paper on social security.

Yukon Legislative Assembly
Motion #438 Mr. Cardiff
:
May 1, 2008
"THAT this House urges the Yukon Government and the Government of Canada to address the widening gap between rich and poor through arrange of measures including progressive tax changes, introduction of an Annual Guaranteed Income, and creation of a comprehensive Anti-Poverty Strategy."
Source:
Page 28,
Motions Other than Government Motions
Yukon Legislative Assembly
(First Session, 32nd Legislative Assembly)
(PDF - 521K, 110 pages)
November 9, 2010

CANADA: Poverty Free Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is one of few provinces in Canada that does not have a formally adopted and detailed plan to tackle poverty. During the International Week for the Elimination of Poverty (17 – 23 October) a new network called Poverty Free Saskatchewan released a discussion paper calling upon the provincial government to develop such a plan, in collaboration with people living in poverty and other community sectors. This paper is entitled “Let’s Do Something about Poverty” and can be found at http://www.povertyfreesask.ca/
Further information:
Jim Mulvale, Faculty of Social Work, University of Regina
jim.mulvale@uregina.ca

5. Publications
6. New Links

* News from BIEN Canada
BIEN Canada has adopted a constitution and is in the process of incorporating and registering
an official name. The website address is http://biencanada.ca/

7. About BIEN
Source:
NewsFlash - newsletter (incl. archives)
BIEN's NewsFlash is mailed electronically every two months to over 1,500 subscribers throughout the world.
Free subscription : send a request by email to bien@basicincome.org

BIEN links to other relevant websites
- incl. links to National Affiliates and general GAI/Basic Income resources

Source:
BIEN - Basic Income Earth Network

Guaranteed Annual Income - moved to the front burner?

From the Globe and Mail:

To end poverty, guarantee everyone in Canada $20,000 a year.
But are you willing to trust the poor?

By Erin Anderssen
November 20, 2010
(...)what if we gave ... poor Canadians something to count on: cash directly in their pockets, with no conditions, trusting people to do what's right for them? It's a bold idea, and it runs counter to the paternal approach to poverty that polices what is done with “our” money and tries to strong-arm the poor into better lives. That approach has had limited success: The wage gap continues to grow, and one in 10 Canadians still struggles below the low-income line. The idea of giving money to the poor without strings is not new. It melds altruism and libertarianism, saying both that the best way to fight poverty is to put cash in poor people's pockets and that people can make their own choices better than bureaucrats can. As a result, it can find support in theory from both left and right. It has been tested with success in other countries, and now it has re-entered the Canadian political conversation. This week, a House of Commons committee on poverty released a report proposing a guaranteed basic income for Canadians with disabilities, on the model already available to seniors. The Senate released a similar report this spring calling for a study of how it would work for all low-income Canadians.
[ 1410 comments ]
Source:
Globe and Mail

Earlier related
Globe & Mail article:

Should Canada have a guaranteed annual income?
By Kevin Milligan
October 20, 2010
The idea of a guaranteed annual income (GAI) periodically surfaces in Canadian policy discussions as a transformational change to income support programs. Advocates can be found coming both from the left and the right. What is the GAI and should it be adopted?
[ 176 comments ]
Source:
Globe and Mail

Basic Income Studies - November 2010 issue (e-journal)
November 01, 2010
Berkeley Electronic Press is pleased to announce the following articles recently published in Basic Income Studies.

Research Articles:

Alternative Basic Income Mechanisms: An Evaluation Exercise With a Microeconometric Model
By
Ugo Colombino, Marilena Locatelli, Edlira Narazani, and Cathal O'Donoghue

Why Cash Violates Neutrality
By Joseph Heath and Vida Panitch

Near-Universal Basic Income
By Nir Eyal

Research Notes

The Right to Existence in Developing Countries: Basic Income in East Timor
By David Casassas, Daniel Raventós, and Julie Wark

Baby Steps: Basic Income and the Need for Incremental Organizational Development
By Jason B. Murphy

[ Most popular papers in the Basic Income Studies series ]

Source:
Basic Income Studies is the first peer-reviewed journal devoted to basic income and related issues of poverty relief and universal welfare. An exciting venture supported by major international networks of scholars, policy makers, and activists, Basic Income Studies is the only forum for scholarly research on this leading edge movement in contemporary social policy.

Guaranteed Annual Income Student Essays

On June 1, 2010, the Progressive Economics Forum (PEF) announced the winners of its annual student essay contest for this year. In addition to the winning essay on guaranteed annual income from the Graduate category for 2010 (whose link appears below), the PEF Annual Student Essay Contest page offers links to three essays in the Undergraduate category (one winner and two honourable mentions) as well as links to two honourable mentions in the Graduate category. Click the essay contest link for essays on:
* Poverty and HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa
* Economic prosperity and democratization in developing countries
* An examination of political stability and growth, with special attention to the Kenyan experience
* The Russian financial crisis of 1998, uncontrolled markets and weak government
* The benefits of international trade liberalization

2010 Graduate Category Winner:

Economic Security in the Twenty-First Century – Guaranteed Annual Income (GAI)
An ecological, democratic, justice and food security imperative
Positive vs. Negative Dividends
(PDF - 596K, 30 pages)
By Richard Pereira
Originally submitted in October 2009 to Athabasca University
This paper explores the history of GAI, its modern development and cost and savings aspects of this public policy. The author supports a universal GAI for Canada that maintains and improves existing minimum hourly wage laws, (un)employment insurance (EI) and the CPP (Canada Pension Plan). It is a truism that "we are all one or two events away from poverty."
Source:
PEF Annual Student Essay Contest

BONUS!
The PEF Annual Student Essay Contest also includes links to the 25 winning essays since the contest began in 2001. Entries cover a range of subjects related to "political economy, economic theory or an economic policy issue, which best reflects a critical approach to the functioning, efficiency, social and environmental consequences of unconstrained markets."

The next link below is one of the 25 essays you'll find at the above link.
I'm including it here because it's also about GAI...

Ensuring Equality:
Guaranteed Annual Income and Democratic Legitimacy
(PDF - 362K, 40 pages)
By 2008 Undergraduate co-winner Evan Rosevear
Original Submission Date: July 19th 2007
In order to facilitate the democratic legitimacy of the Canadian state an institutional system which guarantees the economic security and independence of all Canadians is needed. This guarantee must be universal, and constructed not as a means by which supplicants receive assistance from their supposed betters, but as a right of citizenship. A right which facilitates political engagement.

Source:
Progressive Economics Forum (PEF)
PEF aims to promote the development of a progressive economics community in Canada. The PEF brings together over 125 progressive economists, working in universities, the labour movement, and activist research organizations.

Hugh Segal's Guaranteed Annual Income Proposal + The Debate- April 28
(The Agenda - TV Ontario)

Hugh Segal: Guaranteed Annual Income, The Proposal
| Guaranteed Annual Income Debate

April 28, 2010
On Wednesday of this past week, TV Ontario's The Agenda aired an hour-long program on guaranteed annual income (GAI).

The first link below is to a video clip of host/moderator Steve Paikin speaking with GAI champion Senator Hugh Segal about his proposal to scrap most of Canada's financial assistance programs and re-assign their budgets to a national, adequate and sustainable guaranteed annual income program. The second link (which is actually part of the first link due to stoopid page layout) is to a debate on the costs and consequences of establishing a GAI in Canada, and it involves a vigorous debate between the Red Tory Senator and a National Post editorial board member. You can tell it's a vigorous debate just from the number of times you hear the debaters say "with due respect" - count 'em...
(Have you ever noticed that sometimes "With due respect" comes across as "You're full of crap, you windbag"??)

Hugh Segal: Guaranteed Annual Income, The Proposal (video, 18 minutes)
Why Canada can afford to ensure every citizen has a guaranteed annual income:
The Agenda host Steve Paikin speaks one-on-one with Senator Hugh Segal.

The Debate: Guaranteed Annual Income (video, 36 minutes)
NOTE: To access the second video, click the link above (to the first video), then click on the tab just above the video screen that says "Guaranteed Annual Income"
(Stoopid page layout.)
The Debaters:
Senator Hugh Segal discusses his proposal for a made-in-Canada guaranteed annual income program with:
Tasha Kheiriddin, columnist and member of the editorial board of the National Post
Evelyn Forget, professor of Health Economics at the University of Manitoba
Ken Battle, President of the Caledon Institute of Social Policy.
Steve Paikin moderates (or should I say referees) the discussion.

__________________________

Related links from TV Ontario:
The links below are from a sidebar on the main page for the GAI videos (the first link under the above red bar)

Rethinking Income Support:
A Guaranteed Annual Income
(PDF - 106K, 10 pages)
April 11, 2008
By Ken Battle
Source:
Caledon Institute of Social Policy

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Yes, Virginia, There is a Guaranteed Annual Income
December 2000

By Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman

Abstract
Commentary (PDF file, 2 pages)
Source:
Caledon Institute of Social Policy

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Economic Security Fact Sheet #2: Poverty
(Undated file, but the latest stats in the fact sheet are for 2004)
HTML version
PDF
(143K, 15 pages)
Source:
Canadian Council on Social Development

---

Guaranteed Annual Income Links
- 150+ links to GAI resources online
Source:
Canadian Social Research

---

Guaranteed income, guaranteed dignity
By Laurie Monsebraaten
March 5, 2007
Source:
Toronto Star

---

An income for all Canadians by Reginald Stackhouse
February 17, 2008
Source:
Toronto Star

---

A ticket out of poverty
By Father Raymond J. de Souza
May 21, 2009
Source:
National Post

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In From the Margins: A Call to Action on Poverty, Housing and Homelessness (PDF - 3.8MB, 290 pages)
The Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology
Report of the Subcommittee on Cities
The Honourable Art Eggleton P.C., Chair
The Honourable Hugh Segal, Deputy Chair
December 2009

---

Senator urges debate on plight of poor
By Bruce Campion-Smith
February 11, 2008
Source:
Toronto Star

---

A Tory joins poverty debate
February 14, 2008
Source:
Toronto Star

---

Source:
The Agenda with Steve Paikin
[ TV Ontario ]

Basic Income at a Time of
Economic Upheaval: A Path to Justice and Stability?

Conference
Montreal, 15 - 16 April 2010
[* "Basic income" = guaranteed annual income]

Conference program

Times of economic turmoil raise difficult questions but also offer radical new opportunities to rethink and perhaps even rebuild the economic fabric of our society. The current global economic recession is no exception. In recent months a growing number of activists and scholars have promoted the idea of a Basic Income Guarantee (BIG) as a feasible and desirable policy instrument to help us out of the current economic crisis.

The prospects and challenges of a BIG policy at a time of economic upheaval is the topic of a 2 day conference held on 15-16 April 2010 at the University of Montréal, hosted by the Centre de Recherche en Éthique de l’Université de Montréal (CRÉUM), BIEN Canada and the US Basic Income Guarantee network (USBIG).

This first collaboration between the US and Canadian chapters of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) includes keynote addresses from Dr. Louise Haagh (University of York), Prof. Guy Standing (University of Bath), and Senator Eduardo Suplicy (São Paulo, Brasil), as well as a Political Forum on “The Politics of the Basic Income Guarantee” featuring Senators Art Eggleton and Hugh Segal, Tony Martin MP, Amélie Châteauneuf (spokesperson of FCPASQ), Rob Rainer (Executive Director of Canada Without Poverty), Al Sheahen (Executive Committee Member of USBIG), and Sheila Regehr (Director of National Council of Welfare).

In addition there will be 5 panels with more than a dozen papers from scholars and practitioners discussing a variety of issues related to the prospects and challenges of introducing a BIG in Canada or the US.

Everyone is welcome to attend and participation is free.
To register for the conference please email Jurgen De Wispelaere
at bigmontreal2010@gmail.com with your name and institutional affiliation.

Organized by
CREUM, Universite de Montreal

in cooperation with
Basic Income Earth Network Canada

and
United States Basic Income Guarantee Network

Related link:

Basic Income Earth Network
The Basic Income Earth Network was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network. It expanded its scope from European to the Earth in 2004. It is an international network that serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion of the topic throughout the world.

Livable Income For Everyone
Livable Income For Everyone (LIFE) is an organization started in British Columbia in 2003 to promote the implementation of universal guaranteed livable income in every country in the world.
- incl. links to:
* Introduction * Facts First * Key Reports * Key Primer * Rationale * Jobism * Objections * Articles * Links * News * Buried Treasure * Gallery * Remembering

Selected site content:

* What is a Guaranteed Livable Income?
* News - links to 90 articles, studies and reports
* Links - over 150 links to relevant sites

On Basic Income: Interview with Götz Werner
German Millionaire is super advocate for basic income

Posted in die tageszeitung / translated 12/09
Götz Werner, founder of a major drugstore chain (1700 stores), is one of the most influential advocates of basic income in Germany. Werner is not only a super advocate for guaranteed income, he is also one of the top 500 richest people in Germany.

Why the United States should implement Basic Income
By Sam Alexander
October 2009
Welfare, food stamps, and homeless shelters (...) explicitly stratify society into classes, enforcing the obsolete notion that the man who doesn't do labor is a less valuable member of society. This is why Basic Income should be absolutely universal- even Warren Buffett and Bill Gates must be given automatic "welfare", for only then can the dole rise above its condescending, humiliating nature.

Economic Foundations and Environmental Progress
By Alexander Bishop
November 2009
(...) The more efficient and technologically advanced the culture, the fewer people they need working. The economy rewards technological stagnation in labour-saving devices and designed obsolescence. The economy suffers when we are healthier, greener, and consume less. The solution is a movement away from job dependant monetary circulation to a guaranteed livable income. This will allow positive change to occur without causing job losses leaving people unable to meet their basic needs.

[ other articles on the LIFE site - 60+ links ]

For related links, go to the Non-Governmental Sites in British Columbia (D-W) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/bcbkmrk3.htm

Hugh Segal: A real fix for poverty [expired link]
Canada’s welfare system is stuck in the Victorian era, wasting billions. It’s time to drop the old, failed approach
December 15, 2009
By Senator Hugh Segal
Any company, domestic or international, that invested $150-billion annually in a specific project and saw no change in the quality of results would initiate a serious review or serious staff changes at the top. And if it did not, investors, both individual and institutional and shareholders generally would justifiably complain. That is where the federal and provincial governments now find themselves on the challenge of poverty. StatsCan reports that Ottawa and the provinces have, since 2007, spent $150-billion annually on transfers in a range of income security programs unrelated to education and health care. This is serious taxpayer coin — funds that might better be used in tax cuts, defence, research and development and other productive investments for economic or national security in the future. (...) Governments have a rare opportunity to break out of the old path dependency on Victorian-age welfare programs and embrace a simpler, tax-based radical re-cast of how we address poverty.
Source:
National Post

How to make real progress against poverty
The spread of food banks shows the dysfunction in Canadian income security programs
November 17, 2009
By Conservative Senator Hugh Segal
(...) A minimum income allowance for all would end poverty, expand human dignity and build Canadian society. And the savings in hospitals, prisons and police work, where the poor are wildly overrepresented, would produce real savings, less waste and a much more productive use of taxpayer money.
Source:
The Globe and Mail

More thoughts on
guaranteed income from Hugh Segal:

Moving to Basic Income - A right-wing political perspective (Word file - 60K, 22 pages)
June 2008

The View From Here:
How a Living Wage Can Reduce Poverty in Manitoba
(PDF - 1.8MB, 38 pages)
November 2009
The living wage is calculated as the hourly rate at which a household can meet its basic needs, once government transfers have been added to the family’s income (such as the Universal Child Care Benefit) and deductions have been subtracted (such as income taxes and Employment Insurance premiums). (...) There is a paradox when, despite steady economic growth and consistently low unemployment rates, we have the second highest level of child poverty in the country and the third highest poverty rate. The living wage provides a way to address this paradox. It provides a means for ensuring that individuals and families with children can live with dignity and therefore fully participate in their communities and at work.
Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

---

Possibilities and Prospects: The Debate Over a Guaranteed Income (PDF - 361K, 38 pages)
By Margot Young and
James P. Mulvale
October 30, 2009
The idea of a guaranteed income has a long and respectable history in Canadian political and economic thought. Recently, in the face of both wide criticism of the Canadian income security system and growing recognition of the unacceptability of current poverty rates, there has been a resurgence in calls for implementation of a Canadian guaranteed income. But the idea is a controversial one; progressive activists, academics, and politicians disagree about the desirability and the practicality of a guaranteed income. This report traces the history of guaranteed income proposals in Canada, reviews the arguments in favour and against, and suggests a number of other social welfare measures that should be central elements of any reform program, but that guaranteed income debates often ignore.
Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

Petition for a Canadian
Guaranteed Annual Income (GAI) : Citizen's Income
Sign if you support:
- the GAI (Guaranteed Annual Income) - also known as CI (Citizen’s Income) - as a solution to persistent poverty in Canada.
- the full maintenance and improvement of the EI (Employment Insurance) and CPP (Canada Pension Plan) programs toward full universality.
- the elimination of means-tested welfare to be replaced by the GAI as a universal social right of Canadian citizenship.
- the belief that this is a requirement for Canada to meet the UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights) objectives in achieving income security, social inclusion and human dignity for all of its citizens.
I signed, because I support these views.
Gilles

October 11, 2009:

Photos from the Basic Income Earth Network Ottawa conference

Chandra's blog : BIEN Canada Ottawa conference a success!
October 5, 2009

Related links:

Income Security for All Canadians:
the Potential for a Guaranteed Income Framework for Canada
Workshop
October 1-2, 2009 (Ottawa)
"The purpose of this workshop is to share perspectives and build understandings about approaches to Guaranteed Income. BIEN Canada believes that such sharing will aid the continued growth and mobilization of a network of individuals and organizations in Canada committed to realizing an expanded basic/guaranteed income system for Canada, and thus to realizing income security for all Canadians. The workshop is designed to both inform and engage participants in discussion of a variety of approaches and models for achieving Guaranteed Income and universal income security. The target audience includes “first voice” persons (those with the lived experience of poverty), academics and researchers, social justice movements, community organizations, social and economic policy analysts, and government officials and politicians."

Program (PDF - 141K, 3 pages)
Updated to September 28, 2009

Background paper:

Income Security for All Canadians:
Understanding Guaranteed Income
(PDF - 181K, 12 pages)
This paper provides an introduction to guaranteed or basic income, highlighting the policy debates and the history of the idea in Canada. Participants in the BIEN Canada Ottawa conference should read this paper to provide context for the detailed policy discussions and conversations of the conference.

Sponsored by
Basic Income Earth Network Canada (BIEN Canada)
Hosted by:
Citizens for Public Justice

New from Citizens for Public Justice:

Working Through the Work Disincentive (PDF - 396K, 26 pages)
April 8, 2009
Concerns about a possible work disincentive appear to be one of the biggest obstacles to guaranteed livable income. In this paper, presented at the USBIG Congress 2009, policy analyst Chandra Pasma examines the assumptions that underlie the belief in a work disincentive. Experimental evidence suggests that the work disincentive is not a significant concern, but it remains a political issue. Advocates therefore need to be able to frame arguments that counter these fears. Should we be paying people to “do nothing?”

* A Deeper Look at GLI: But will they work?
By Chandra Pasma
October 27, 2008
- includes links to the roundtable on guaranteed annual income hosted by the Senate Sub-Committee on Cities, and the Basic Income International Congress in Ireland.

* Part II – A Deeper Look at GLI: Can We Pay People to Do Nothing?
By Chandra Pasma
January 5, 2009
- is it okay to let people live in poverty if they don’t work? Or, as the question is more commonly framed, is it right to pay people to do nothing?(...) Does everybody have a right to food, to shelter, to a basic minimum of security, and to clothing? International human rights commitments say yes.

* Part III – A Deeper Look at GLI: Jobs for Everyone?
By Chandra Pasma
February 24, 2009
It is simply not reasonable to assume that every Canadian who wants a job could have a job, let alone a good job that meets their needs and matches their skills and interests. We should therefore be wary of any attempts to allow access to income security be solely determined by participation in the paid labour force. GLI would be one way of ensuring that every Canadian has income security, even when there is no job available to them.

CPJ Blog
- this link takes you to the latest blog entry, where you'll also find links to earlier entries at the bottom of the page.
NOTE : I highly recommend this blog --- the extensive collection of entries is timely, and each entry contains at least a few links to related resources. In this blog, links to resources are bolded (as opposed to underlined and blue, as they are in more traditional websites, like the one you're on right now).

Source:
Citizens for Public Justice
We are a faithful response to God’s call for love, justice and stewardship. We envision a world in which individuals, communities, societal institutions and governments all contribute to and benefit from the common good. Our mission is to promote public justice in Canada by shaping key public policy debates through research and analysis, publishing and public dialogue.

Related links:

Dublin 2008 BIEN Congress papers and presentations
Theme: Inequality and Development in a Globalised Economy - The Basic Income Option
- links to over 60 Powerpoint presentations and papers
presented at the Dublin BIEN Congress in late June 2008
- sample presentation titles and plenary themes:
[ NOTE: only the first few titles below are hyperlinked - click the link above to access links to all papers. ]

* Moving to Basic Income - A right-wing political perspective (Word file - 60K, 22 pages) - by Senator Hugh Segal, Canada
* Challenging Income (In)security: Women and Precarious Employment (Word file - 96K, 26 pages) - by Pat Evans (Carleton University, Ottawa)
* The Debate on Basic Income / Guaranteed Adequate Income in Canada: Perils and Possibilities (Powerpoint - 109K, 15 slides) - by James Mulvale (University of Regina, Canada)
* Basic Income-Greater Freedom of Choice Through Greater Economic Security of the Person in a Globalized Economy (Word file - 50K, 15 pages) - by William Clegg (National Anti-Poverty Organisation, Canada)
* What is an appropriate level of minimum income?
* The Case for a Universal State Pension: Lessons from New Zealand for Ireland's Green Paper on Pensions
* Basic Income in Ireland: surveying three decades
* Inequality and Development in a Globalised Economy - WHY Basic Income is a major part of the answer
* Pensions and Basic Income
* Global and Regional Issues
* Gender and Care I: Should Feminists Embrace Basic Income?
* An Institutional Perspective on Basic Income
* Social Justice and the Meaning of Life
* The Rise and Fall of a Basic Income Guarantee Bill in the U.S. Congress
* much, much more
[ Basic Income Ireland Conference website ]

---

Transcript of the Senate Roundtable on Guaranteed Income (51 printed pages)
June 13, 2008
Highly recommended reading!
On 13 June 2008, the Senate Sub-Committee on Cities held a Roundtable on the topic of "Guaranteed Annual Income: Has Its Time Come?"
--- valuable insights on guaranteed income from recognized experts in the field of guaranteed annual income, including Derek Hum (father of Mincome Manitoba), Senator Hugh Segal, Sheila Regehr (Director, National Council of Welfare), Rob Rainer (Executive Director, National Anti-Poverty Organization), professors Lars Osberg and Jim Mulvale, Michael Mendelson of the Caledon Institute of Social Policy, Marie White (Council of Canadians with Disabilities) and many others.

GAI and the 2008 federal election:

On September 17, the Green Party of Canada released its platform for the 2008 federal election.
For more detail, see the 2008 federal election page of this site:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/politics_2008_fed_election.htm#green

Related links:

From the Toronto Star:

Party battles 'tree-hugger' myth
September 13, 2008
Green Party Leader Elizabeth May isn't shy about touting her party's conservative credentials. For some, the party's name conjures images of left-wing tree huggers. But May emphasizes a picture of a socially progressive group with fiscally conservative ideas. Even members of the Conservative party's natural constituency, she believes, would feel at home with the Greens. (...)
Election pledge re. eliminating poverty
* Remove income taxes on those living below the poverty line.
* Increase Guaranteed Income Supplements to seniors by 25 per cent.
* As a first step to a guaranteed annual income, give an additional $5,000 a year to adults currently on welfare and strike deals with provinces so it doesn't get clawed back.

From the Green Party of Canada:

September 8,.2008
Green Party will eliminate poverty and promote local food
OTTAWA – Green Party leader Elizabeth May today highlighted both the need to eliminate poverty in Canada and promote local food on her first election campaign stop in Ottawa. (...) To eliminate poverty and hunger, the Green Party would look at introducing a Guaranteed Livable Income for Canadians. As a regular annual payment, negotiation with the provinces could allow Guaranteed Livable Income supplements to be set regionally. Setting the payment at a level adequate for subsistence will still encourage additional income generation."

Senate Convenes Roundtable on Guaranteed Income
On 13 June 2008, the Senate Sub-Committee on Cities held a Roundtable on the topic of "Guaranteed Annual Income: Has Its Time Come?"

Transcript of the proceedings of the roundtable (51 printed pages)
June 13, 2008
Highly recommended reading --- valuable insights on guaranteed income from recognized experts in the field of guaranteed annual income, including Derek Hum (father of Mincome Manitoba), Senator Hugh Segal, Sheila Regehr (Director, National Council of Welfare), Rob Rainer (Executive Director, National Anti-Poverty Organization), professors Lars Osberg and Jim Mulvale, Michael Mendelson of the Caledon Institute of Social Policy, Marie White (Council of Canadians with Disabilities) and many others.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

BIEN (Basic Income Earth Network) Canada Founded

A group of 18 people from Canada met at the Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) that was held in Dublin, Ireland in late June 2008. (See the link to 60+ conference papers and presentations below.) After some discussion, a motion was made and supported unanimously to petition BIEN to recognize our group as their national affiliate for Canada. This recognition was in fact granted the next day at the BIEN General Assembly. (At this meeting, three other groups from Mexico, Italy, and Japan were also recognized as new national affiliates of BIEN.)

Basic (or guaranteed) income is a model of economic security that BIEN has discussed, researched, and promoted since its founding in 1986. This model calls for the granting by the state of an assured and adequate income for all, without any requirements for means testing or compulsory labour market attachment.

More information about Basic Income and BIEN can be found at http://www.basicincome.org

With the establishment and recognition of BIEN Canada, a Steering Group is now setting to work on such tasks as extending the membership of the network, putting our group on a firm organizational footing, and planning ongoing activities and future events.

Two well-known Canadian politicians concerned about poverty reduction were part of the initiative to establish BIEN Canada - Senator Hugh Segal and Member of Parliament Tony Martin. The National Anti-Poverty Organization also took part in the founding of BIEN Canada, as well as numerous researchers, social policy analysts, and advocates.

If you wish to be added to the BIEN Canada e-mail list, please contact:
jim.mulvale@uregina.ca (Jim Mulvale, Dept. of Justice Studies, University of Regina)

Related links:

Dublin BIEN Congress papers and presentations
Theme: Inequality and Development in a Globalised Economy - The Basic Income Option
- links to over 60 Powerpoint presentations and papers
presented at the Dublin BIEN Congress in late June 2008
- sample presentation titles and plenary themes:
[ NOTE: only a few of the titles & themes below are hyperlinked - click the link above to access links to all papers. ]
* What is an appropriate level of minimum income?
* The Case for a Universal State Pension: Lessons from New Zealand for Ireland's Green Paper on Pensions
* Basic Income in Ireland: surveying three decades
* Inequality and Development in a Globalised Economy - WHY Basic Income is a major part of the answer
* Pensions and Basic Income
* Global and Regional Issues
* Gender and Care I: Should Feminists Embrace Basic Income?
* An Institutional Perspective on Basic Income I
* Social Justice and the Meaning of Life
* The Rise and Fall of a Basic Income Guarantee Bill in the U.S. Congress
* Moving to Basic Income - A right-wing political perspective (Word file - 60K, 22 pages) - by Senator Hugh Segal, Canada
* Challenging Income (In)security: Women and Precarious Employment (Word file - 96K, 26 pages) - by Pat Evans (Carleton University, Ottawa)
* The Debate on Basic Income / Guaranteed Adequate Income in Canada: Perils and Possibilities (Powerpoint - 109K, 15 slides) - by James Mulvale (University of Regina, Canada)
* Basic Income-Greater Freedom of Choice Through Greater Economic Security of the Person in a Globalized Economy (Word file - 50K, 15 pages) - by William Clegg (National Anti-Poverty Organisation, Canada)
* much, much more!

Weighing trade-offs on poverty
June 20, 2008
By Carol Goar
OTTAWA–The longing for a simple, affordable plan to reduce poverty runs deep. It has propelled the idea of a guaranteed annual income onto the national agenda no fewer than five times since the 1970s. But no proposal has ever had enough momentum to overcome the political and practical barriers that stand in the way of implementation.Senator Hugh Segal believes Canada is close to the breakthrough point. "Our current programs haven't made a jot of progress (in reducing poverty)," he says. "We've tried everything else. Why don't we try a basic income floor?" Segal, a Conservative, was addressing the Senate committee on cities chaired by Art Eggleton, a Liberal. Despite Ottawa's fiercely partisan climate, the Senate remains an oasis of civil and informed debate.
[ more columns by Carol Goar ]
Source
The Toronto Star

Senate report on Rural poverty:

Beyond Freefall: Halting Rural Poverty
Final Report of the Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry
(PDF - 2.3MB, 408 pages)
June 2008 (report tabled June 16/08)
Contents:
Section I: Putting rural Canada back on the policy agenda
Section II: Re-invigorating rural economies to reduce poverty
Section III : Rethinking social policy:
*** Building a Poverty Reduction Strategy Around a Guaranteed Annual Income
***Making Work Pay and Helping Families
*** An Enhanced Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB)
*** Easing the Tax-Filing Burden
*** Food Banks – Tax Measures to Encourage Donations
*** Developing Better Measures of Rural Poverty
*** Education - rural housing - crime and justice - health care
Section IV: The healthy community approach

Standing Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry
39th Parliament, 2nd Session (October 16, 2007 to date)
NOTE : includes links to all nine reports of this Standing Committee tabled during this Parliamentary session
[ Parliament of Canada website ]

An income for all Canadians
A guaranteed income program would lift more than 1.5 million people out of poverty
February 17, 2008
Comment by Reginald Stackhouse
Some ideas are rejected in the public forum not because they have been tried and found wanting but because they have been found challenging and not tried. One of them is a proposal that can really make poverty history in this country – no, not by increasing any or all of our existing social programs. Just the opposite.They will be replaced by a basic income policy, a.k.a. guaranteed annual income or negative income tax. It will provide all Canadians with an annual income, regardless of what other income they enjoy, earned or unearned.
Source:
The Toronto Star

A Tory joins poverty debate
February 14, 2008
For decades, the notion of a guaranteed annual income has been raised in Canadian social policy debates. A basic floor income for all Canadian adults was first advanced in Canada 35 years ago by Senator David Croll, a progressive Liberal. It was touted again in the 1985 report of a royal commission headed by Donald Macdonald, another Liberal. More recently, the Green party has embraced the concept. It is refreshing, then, to see a Conservative, Senator Hugh Segal, urging the study of a guaranteed income as a replacement for the myriad social and anti-poverty programs in Canada.
Source:
The Toronto Star

Guaranteed income, guaranteed dignity - March 5, 2007
Myriam Canas-Mendes loves her job as an outreach worker at the Stop Community Food Centre where she organizes public forums, connects recent immigrants to government services and helps out in the centre's breakfast and lunch programs. The pay is between $10 and $12 an hour depending on the task. That's considered fair by advocates who are pushing Queen's Park to raise the provincial minimum wage to $10 from $8.The problem is the single mom of two doesn't get enough hours to make ends meet. And so the 34-year-old Canas-Mendes has to rely on welfare to supplement her income. Except that doesn't provide enough money to live on either.
Source:
War on Poverty - from The Toronto Star
- ongoing series of articles and editorials about the plight of Canada's needy and possible reforms to the social programs that assist them.

Signs of Life in Canada’s
Guaranteed Annual Income (GAI) Movement

December 14, 2006
Posted by Arun DuBois
It is the policy that dare not speak its name. For the better part of the last 20 years, the idea of a guaranteed annual income (GAI), a government funded unconditional annual income floor below which no family or individual can fall, has been met with ridicule, dismissal, silence and, more often than not, legislation that does the exact opposite of what GAI activists want.
Source:
Relentlessly Progressive Economics
[A Blog of the Progressive Economics Forum]

Related Link, also from
Relentlessly Progressive Economics:

Pondering a Guaranteed Annual Income
September 7, 2006
Posted by Marc Lee
Senator Hugh Segal reviews the history and the need for a Guaranteed Annual Income.
Canada’s on-again, off-again relationship with a guaranteed annual income (GAI) has made the rounds for many years. The most renowned recommendation for the GAI came out of the 1985 report of the Royal Commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada, chaired by Donald Macdonald, known as the Macdonald Commission. The report stated unequivocally that a universal income security program is “the essential building block” for social security programs in the 21st century.

Income Insecurity:The Basic Income Alternative
by John Tomlinson
School of Humanities & Human Services
Queensland University of Technology
Australia
2001
"If freedom, security and productivity are the desired out comes of a modern welfare state then this book argues that a Basic Income is the most efficient way to achieve it."

Yes, Virginia, There is a Guaranteed Annual Income
December 2000

Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman

Caledon Institute

Abstract
Commentary(PDF file, 2 pages)


International Basic Income Links
(Guaranteed Annual income = Universal Income = Support Income = Citizens' Income )
(the links below are organized in reverse chronological order)

What could be achieved with a basic Income Guarantee and how could one be put in place?
https://politudes.com/2016/06/30/what-could-be-achieved-with-a-basic-income-guarantee-and-how-could-one-be-put-in-place/
Posted on 30/06/2016 by Team Politudes
By Terrance Hunsley
"...The Fraser Institute has published a very useful report on all of the obstacles and pitfalls of implementing a guaranteed income program."

Idea of guaranteed annual income appealing but implausible for Canada
http://www.fraserinstitute.org/research-news/news/display.aspx?id=22084
News Release - January 6, 2015

Could a basic income help people in poor countries?
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2016/07/response-could-a-basic-income-help-poor-countries/
July 2016

The Anti-Poverty Experiment That Could Fix America’s Broken Welfare System
http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/04/first-universal-basic-income-experiment.html
By Annie Lowrey
May 1, 2016
(...)
In the United States, we spend hundreds of billions of dollars to prevent poverty, and yet one in seven of us still lives in poverty, including one in five children. Despite being the richest country in the history of the world, roughly 1.5 million households are living on less than $2 a day per person.

Source:
New York Magazine
http://nymag.com/

Ending Welfare as We Know It
http://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/ending-welfare-we-know-it
By Michael D. Tanner
July 7, 1994
The current welfare state is a clear failure. A guaranteed national income may or may not provide a better alternative. Either way, it’s a debate whose time should be coming.

Source:
Found in a dusty archive on the website of
the Cato Institute
[ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cato_Institute ]
[ the altar of libertarianism in America, brothers-in-arms with the Canadian Fraser Institute - https://www.fraserinstitute.org/ ]

Basic Income: Let's Not do a Pilot Project
http://politudes.com/2016/03/12/basic-income-lets-not-do-a-pilot-project/
March 12, 2016
Politudes Commentary by Terrance Hunsley
Since the election of the Trudeau government, there has been increased interest in the concept of basic income (also known as guaranteed income, and negative income tax). The confluence of liberal governments in Ottawa and seven provinces, as well as two NDP governments, suggests that a political consensus may be possible to take a historic step forward.

Source:
Politudes.com

http://politudes.com/
Politudes provides information capsules, summaries and commentary on national and international developments in social policy, research on social well-being, and the effectiveness of social programs and systems.

INTERNATIONAL
Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
http://www.basicincome.org

NewsFlash Volume 93
http://goo.gl/g3ed07
March 2016

Selected table of contents:

--- QUÉBEC: Minister of Employment appointed to work on basic income
--- INTERNATIONAL: Christopher Pissarides, a Nobel Laureate, argues for UBI at the World Economic Forum at Davos
--- GERMANY: Basic Income initiatives in Europe in the leading magazine “Der Spiegel”
--- CANADA: Federal Minister Interested in Basic Income
[ http://www.basicincome.org/news/2016/02/canada-federal-minister-interested-in-basic-income ]
--- CANADA: Manitoba Liberals Vow to Try Basic Income if Elected
--- NAMIBIA: Basic Income Grant request newest step toward poverty eradication
--- United Kingdom: Labour Party considers universal basic income
--- PORTUGAL: Basic income conference in Portugal paves the way for a wide public discussion
--- FRANCE: Paris’ top of the crop discuss basic income
--- GERMANY: Two top managers speak favourably about Basic Income
--- UNITED STATES: Vermont General Assembly Considers Basic Income Commission
--- FINLAND: University of Tampere Offers Course on Basic Income
--- CANADA: Ontario Commits to Basic Income Pilot in New Budget
--- LONDON: Is It Time For London To Try Basic Income?
--- more...

SUBSCRIBE to the Newsflash:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/subscribe.php

http://binews.org/ : For up-to-date information about basic income.

Prospect of minimum income gaining steam as Canada clamours for new ways to manage welfare and benefits
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/prospect-of-minimum-income-gaining-steam-as-canada-clamours-for-new-ways-to-manage-welfare-and-benefits
December 27, 2015
News of a Finnish proposal to introduce a universal guaranteed annual income [ http://goo.gl/bqfVrL ] has once again revived talk and memories of Mincome, the Canadian experiment tried in Manitoba in the 1970s.
(...)
A basic income is also popular with some socialists and do-gooders, who see in it the chance of eliminating poverty outright. But the very merits of a minimum income make it difficult to test. Many oxen stand to be gored by such a scheme, if it is to yield any efficiency savings at all.

Source:
National Post

http://www.nationalpost.com/index.html

French MP wants basic income to replace all welfare: is he right?
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/12/french-mp-wants-basic-income-to-replace-all-welfare-is-he-right/
December 13, 2015
By Nicole Teke
In the past few months, basic income has been widely debated in the French public arena and mainstream media are starting to pay attention to it. This trend has been influenced by the announcement of pilot projects
- in the Netherlands [ http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/11/netherlands-four-municipalities-make-uniform-plan-free-money/ ]
- and Finland [ http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/12/finland-basic-income-experiment-what-we-know/ ] ,
- and the upcoming referendum in Switzerland [ http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/10/swiss-parliament-opposes-popular-initiative/ ].

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network
http://www.basicincome.org/

Finland Basic Income experiment

-------------------------------------------------

Finland to pay every citizen $1,100 per month and scrap all other benefits in effort to reduce unemployment rate
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/finland-to-pay-every-citizen-1100-per-month-and-scrap-all-other-benefits-in-effort-to-reduce-unemployment-rate
By Adam Bolt
December 6, 2015
Finland’s government is drawing up plans to pay every citizen a basic income of euros 800 ($1,165) each month, scrapping benefits altogether. Under proposals drafted by the Finnish Social Insurance Institution (Kela), the tax-free payments would replace all other benefit payments, and would be paid to all adults regardless of whether or not they receive any other income.

FINLAND: New Government Commits to a Basic Income Experiment
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/06/finland-new-government-commits-to-a-basic-income-experiment/
June 16, 2015

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/06/finland-new-government-commits-to-a-basic-income-experiment/
Founded in 1986, the Basic Income European Network (BIEN) aims to serve as a link between individuals and groups committed to, or interested in, basic income, i.e. an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement, and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe.

--------------------------------

Finland's hugely exciting experiment in basic income, explained
http://www.vox.com/2015/12/8/9872554/finland-basic-income-experiment
Updated by Dylan Matthews on December 8, 2015

Source
VOX.com

http://www.vox.com/

--------------------------------

Finland considers basic income to reform welfare system
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33977636
By Maija Unkuri
Helsinki
20 August 2015

Source:
BBC.com

http://www.bbc.com/

---

Roderick Benns: Why the Liberals should institute a basic income guarantee
http://news.nationalpost.com/full-comment/roderick-benns-why-the-liberals-should-institute-a-basic-income-guarentee

---

Old anti-poverty idea — guaranteed minimum income — getting new life in Alberta
http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/old-anti-poverty-idea-guaranteed-minimum-income-getting-new-life-in-alberta

---

Andrew Coyne: Guarantee a minimum income, not a minimum wage
http://news.nationalpost.com/full-comment/andrew-coyne-guarantee-a-minimum-income-not-a-minimum-wage

Source:
National Post

http://www.nationalpost.com/index.html

--------------------------------------------------------

CANADA:

Two Canadian mayors (Naheed Nenshi of Calgary and Don Iveson of Edmonton) want to launch an experiment that could change how we think about poverty forever
http://www.vox.com/2014/9/8/6003359/basic-income-negative-income-tax-questions-explain
Updated by Dylan Matthews on June 24, 2015

Source:
Vox.com

http://www.vox.com/

---

Alberta mayors back guaranteed minimum income:
Calgary and Edmonton mayors support basic guaranteed income in principle

https://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2015/06/05/alberta-mayors-stick-back-guaranteed-minimum-income.html

Source:
Toronto Star
https://www.thestar.com/

---------------------------------------------------

Related links:

Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/
BICN promotes the idea, and educates the public and policymakers about ways to support a basic income.

---

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/

---

The BIG Push Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net/
The BIG Push is a historic national campaign for basic income in Canada. Please explore our site to learn more about basic income, our campaign goals, current work and executive team, and much more.
- incl. Home - Overview - Current Work - Learn More - Events - Get Involved - Endorsements - Donate - Contact

---

Mincome Manitoba
http://canadiansocialresearch.net/gai.htm#mincome_manitoba
The Mincome Project, also called the Manitoba Basic Guaranteed Annual Income Experiment, was the “first large scale social experiment in Canada and was designed to evaluate the economic and social consequences of an alternative social welfare system based on the concept of negative income tax (NIT)”. The experiment took place between 1975 and 1979 in Winnipeg and Dauphin, Manitoba.

---

- Go to the Guaranteed Annual Income Links page (362 links!)
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/gai.htm

NewsFlash Volume 88, October 2015
http://goo.gl/JF6gA0
This is the newsletter of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN), which was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network and expanded to become an Earthwide Network in 2004. It serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income. It fosters informed discussion on this topic throughout the world.

NOTE : This is a long newsletter containing 34 articles, with plenty of food for thought. To avoid duplicating the newsletter content, I've decided to include the hyperlinks only a selection of the articles and invite any interested parties to click the link above (right under "NewsFlash" above) to access any title that you'll see below.

ALASKA: Citizens’ Dividend Reaches $2,072
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/alaska-citizens-dividend-highest/

ALASKA: New poll shows declining support for the Alaska Dividend
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/alaska-usa-new-poll-shows-declining-support-for-the-alaska-dividend/


UNITED STATES: Former Labor Secretary Robert Reich focuses attention on Basic Income
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/united-states-robert-reich-focusing-attention-on-basic-income/

UNITED STATES: Nobel Laureate, Joseph Stiglitz, Endorses Unconditional Basic Income
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/united-states-nobel-laureate-joseph-stiglitz-endorses-unconditional-basic-income/

CANADA: 178 Physicians Sign Letter Sent to Ontario’s Minister of Health Requesting Universal Basic Income (UBI)
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/canada-178-physicians-sign-letter-sent-to-ontarios-minister-of-health-requesting-ubi/

CANADA: Canadian Medical Association Officially Endorses Basic Income at General Council
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/canadian-medical-association-general-council/

CANADA: Green Party Platform includes livable income
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/canada-green-party-platform-includes-livable-income/

Thomas Piketty further discusses his book “Capital in the twenty-first century” and extends relations to basic income
http://www.basicincome.org/news/2015/09/thomas-piketty-discusses-book-basic-income/

Click this link [ http://goo.gl/JF6gA0 ] and scroll down the next page to select any report below from this issue of the newsletter.

GERMANY: Ralph Boes’ Sanction Starvation
CANADA: Thunder Bay Mayor Publicizes Support for Basic Income
UNITED STATES: Meet BIMA, the new Basic Income organization in Massachusetts
SPAIN: Spanish Podemos’ Círculo Renta Básica (Basic Income Group) presents its Basic Income Proposal
SOUTH KOREA: Mayor of Seongnam City talks on his plan for ‘Youth Dividend’
INTERNATIONAL: Interview series about Basic Income Week
United Kingdom: Basic income supporter John McDonnell becomes shadow chancellor
EVENTS
- EUROPE, CANADA, CHINA: International Basic Income Week, 14th–20th September, 2015
- SPAIN: Spanish Podemos’ Círculo Renta Básica (Basic Income Group) presents its Basic Income Proposal
- BIEN’s Basic Income Week “Ask Me Anything” Series Begins Tuesday, September 15
- Budapest, HUNGARY: Basic Income Family Picnic in The Park, 19th September 2015
- Minnesota, US: Basic Income Week Conference, 19th September 2015
- Hamburg, GERMANY: Feminist Philosophy Workshop, 9th October 2015
FROM THE WEB:
- Olivia Arigho Stiles, “Universal Basic Income – treading the ‘capitalist road to communism’?”
Jack Smith IV, “Basic Income, the Most Radical Innovation in Minimum Wage, Has Silicon Valley to Thank.”
Nicolas Colin and Bruno Palier, “The next safety net”
Marcus Brancaglione, “Letter to the Basic Income European Week”
Daniel Araya, “Interview: Scott Santens talks universal basic income, and why the U.S. could adopt it by 2035?
Mark White, “The robots are stealing our jobs: could a basic income system save us?”
OPINIONS & REVIEW
- Analysing Social Policy Concepts and Language: Comparative and transnational perspectives, by Daniel Béland and Klaus Petersen (eds), a review
- Size of a Citizens’ Dividend from Carbon Fees, Implications for Growth
- Social Rights and Human Welfare, by Hartley Dean, a review
- THE DECIDER CLASS: Gatekeepers in the System
ACADEMIC LITERATURE
- A merican Political Science Association, “Democratic Imperatives: Innovations in Rights, Participation, and Economic Citizenship”
- Claudia and Dirk Haarmann, “Relief through cash: Impact assessment of the emergency cash grant in Namibia”
- Stewart Lansley, “How Social Wealth Funds Could Help Tackle Inequality.”

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network
http://www.basicincome.org/

Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/
BICN promotes the idea, and educates the public and policymakers about ways to support a basic income.
Bien Canada is the Canadian affiliate of Basic Income Earth Network.

NEW from the
Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN):

March 2015
(via email)

NewsFlash Volume 28, no. 82, March 2015
This is the occasional newsletter of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN), which was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network and expanded to become an Earth-wide Network in 2004. It serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income. It fosters informed discussion on this topic throughout the world.
---
NOTE : The BIEN website NewsFlash page was last updated in December 2014.
If you wish to receive the BIEN NewsFlash by email every two months and not have to worry about when the newsletter is eventually uploaded to the BIEN website, go to "Subscribe to NewsFlash" : http://www.basicincome.org/newsflash/

Excerpts from the
Table of contents for the
March 2015 edition of NewsFlash:

NOTE : As a subscriber to the BIEN NewsFlash, I receive the latest news every two months, which is why I can inform you about the content of this issue of NewsFlash. Subscribe to NewsFlash: http://www.basicincome.org/newsflash/
[In your request for a subscription, ask for a PDF copy the March 2015 issue, where you'll find the links for all of the content below.]

1. News
--- INTERNATIONAL: 2014 BIS Essay Prize
--- FINLAND: 65% of Parliamentary Candidates Favor Basic Income
--- FRANCE: Renowed author and basic income supporter Bernard Maris among Charlie Hebdo victims
--- HUNGARY: Green-Left Party declares its support for basic income
--- JAPAN: Party that endorses BIG has a new political platform
--- PORTUGAL: Basic Income public discussions on the rise in Portugal
--- SPAIN: "Hot" discussions around Basic Income at the moment in Spain
---SPAIN: How is the situation evolving in the Basque Country, Spain, concerning Basic Income?
--- PORTUGAL: Portuguese citizen movements and political party join together to contest the upcoming elections and insert basic income in their draft political program
--- UNITED KINGDOM: Green Party England and Wales launches election campaign, manifesto to include Basic Income
--- NEW YORK, NY: The Fourteenth Annual North America Basic Income Guarantee Congress

2. Events
--- BROOKLYN, NY: Report from the meeting to create a political movement for basic income
--- MANKATO, Minnesota, US: BIG Talk, March 19, 2015
--- TORONTO, Canada: The Precariat Charter: In Conversation with Professor Guy Standing, 10th April, 2015.
--- UNITED KINGDOM: Cambridge Students Discuss BIG

3. BI Literature
Links to 20 related articles about BIG, including:
--- Guy Standing, "Basic income pilots: a better option than Quantitative Easing"
--- John Sutter, “The argument for a basic income”
--- Pete Higgins, “Why Universal Basic Income is a Better Alternative to the Welfare State.”
--- Scott Santens, "Universal basic income as the social vaccine of the 21st century"
--- Scott Santens, "Guess what happened when Liberia tested a pilot program of cash transfers to the extreme poor in Bomi"
--- Toru Yamamori, “Why Basic Income Now? Limitations of the Japanese Welfare State”
--- Yves Smith, "The failure of past Basic Income Guarantee, the Speenhamland System"

4. Audio-Video
--- VIDEO: Sessions from the Fourteenth North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress
--- VIDEO: Albert Wanger, "A BIG idea, a bot idea - how smart policy will advance tech"
--- VIDEO: Marius Imerslund, "Globalization Conference: cash payment as aid"

5. About the Basic Income Earth Network and its NewsFlash

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/

See also:

Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/
BICN promotes the idea, and educates the public and policymakers about ways to support a basic income.

The BIG Push Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net/
The BIG Push is a historic national campaign for basic income in Canada. Please explore our site to learn more about basic income, our campaign goals, current work and executive team, and much more.
- incl. Home - Overview - Current Work - Learn More - Events - Get Involved - Endorsements - Donate - Contact

International : Spotlight on Universal Basic Income

From Medium:

Universal Basic Income as the Social Vaccine of the 21st Century:
Can the savings of basic income exceed the costs?
https://medium.com/basic-income/universal-basic-income-as-the-social-vaccine-of-the-21st-century-d66dff39073
February 6, 2015
(...) a 2008 report [ http://goo.gl/ONmEJU ] by the Chief Public Health Officer in Canada looked at the question of potential savings [from reducing child poverty], and estimated that$1 invested in the early years saves between $3 and $9 in future spending on the health and criminal justice systems, as well as on social assistance..

---

Basic Income
https://medium.com/basic-income/
20+ articles discussing the concept of the unconditional basic income, including some Canadian content, e.g., :
How I thrived on a Basic Income of less than $11,000 last year in Montreal
[ http://goo.gl/U6sYX1 ]

---

Ten Reasons for Guaranteed Income
https://medium.com/basic-income/10-reasons-for-guaranteed-income-3af873b121df
Excerpt:
#6. Efficiency
Welfare in the US is a complex maze of 126 separate anti-poverty programs. That’s 126 bureaucratic departments reviewing, rejecting, re-reviewing, then maybe accepting applications and doing the same thing over week after week.

Source:
Medium
https://medium.com/

----------------------------------------------------------------------

From Reddit.com:

What is Basic Income?
http://www.reddit.com/r/basicincome/wiki/index
Simply put:
"A Basic Income is an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement. BI is alternately referred to as a guaranteed annual income, citizen's income, citizen's dividend, social dividend, negative income tax, and others."

For more info, see:

/r/BasicIncome FAQ:
http://www.reddit.com/r/basicincome/wiki/index

Further reading list from the FAQ
http://www.reddit.com/r/BasicIncome/wiki/index#wiki_this_sounds_interesting._where_can_i_find_out_more.3F

Source:
Reddit
http://www.reddit.com/

Reddit is an entertainment, social networking service and news website where registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links. Registered users can then vote submissions "up" or "down" to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits".

More info about Reddit
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reddit
Source:
Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/

Related links:

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/

Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/
BICN promotes the idea, and educates the public and policymakers about ways to support a basic income.

The BIG Push Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net/
The BIG Push is a historic national campaign for basic income in Canada. Please explore our site to learn more about basic income, our campaign goals, current work and executive team, and much more.
- incl. Home - Overview - Current Work - Learn More - Events - Get Involved - Endorsements - Donate - Contact

The argument for a basic income
http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/01/opinion/sutter-basic-income/index.html
By John D. Sutter
March 1, 2015
... Census data show one in five American kids is poor. The United States, according to UNICEF, actually has the second-highest rate of child poverty in the developed world. Only Romania fares worse on that measure.
(...)
The basic income continues to have a diverse set of supporters -- left, right and libertarian. They like the concept for different reasons, said Matt Bruenig, a writer and policy analyst for Demos. Those on the left tend to like it because it's egalitarian. It helps give everyone an equal (or more equal) shot at success in our capitalist society. Some libertarians and right-wingers support the concept, meanwhile, because they see it as a way to whittle away at government bureaucracy. Some would have the basic income replace many existing social safety net programs. There's also a conservative philosophy underlying all of this: Give people money and they, not the government, know best how to spend it. They know what they need. The feds do not.

Source:
CNN
http://www.cnn.com/

[ NOTE by Rob Rainer* : The article focuses on Cherokee, North Carolina, where the 15,000 people there each receive in the order of US$10,000 per year as a result of a decision in the 1990s to split the profits of a casino. A number of positive outcomes concerning children are identified. A January 2014 New York Times article [ http://goo.gl/UdsXBM ] also profiled how Cherokee's basic income has positively influenced child health and development.]
------------------
* Rob Rainer is with the BIG Push Campaign and the Basic Income Canada Network.
------------------

Related links:

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/

Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/
BICN promotes the idea, and educates the public and policymakers about ways to support a basic income.
NOTE : See In the News [http://biencanada.ca/news/ ] for the latest in news about basic income - another name for guaranteed income...

The BIG Push Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net/
The BIG Push is a historic national campaign for basic income in Canada. Please explore our site to learn more about basic income, our campaign goals, current work and executive team, and much more.
- incl. Home - Overview - Current Work - Learn More - Events - Get Involved - Endorsements - Donate - Contact

Basic Income
https://medium.com/basic-income/
20+ articles discussing the concept of the unconditional basic income, including some Canadian content

The Fourteenth Annual North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress
http://www.usbig.net/
Thursday, February 26 – Sunday March 1, 2015
New York, NY
The Fourteenth Annual North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress (a joint even of U.S. and Canadian Basic Income networks) will take place in New York City.
Click the link above for more info.

Source:
The U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (BIG)

http://www.usbig.net/

NEW from the
Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN):

January 17, 2015
(via email)

NewsFlash Volume 287, no. 80, January 2015
This is the occasional newsletter of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN), which was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network and expanded to become an Earth-wide Network in 2004. It serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income. It fosters informed discussion on this topic throughout the world.
---
NOTE : When I checked the BIEN website on January 18, 2015, neither the HTML version nor the PDF version had been posted yet on the BIEN website. When the website is updated, you'll find links to both complete versions of the newsletter on this page:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/news.html

If you wish to receive the BIEN NewsFlash by email and not have to worry about when the newsletter is eventually posted to the BIEN website, scroll down the page you're now reading and click "Subscribe to NewsFlash."

Excerpts from the
Table of contents for the
January 2015 edition of NewsFlash:

1. Editorial: Invitation to the political movement for Basic Income (BI)
http://binews.org/2015/01/brooklyn-ny-online-meeting-to-discuss-a-political-movement-for-basic-income-march-1-2015/

2. News
--- [U.S. & U.K.) Efforts to get Basic Income in front of lawmakers
--- UNITED KINGDOM: Basic Income group forms within Liberal Democrats party
--- UNITED STATES: Democratic Proposal Small Step in the Direction of BIG
--- FRANCE, BELGIUM, SWITZERLAND: Launch of French-language Basic Income newspaper 'L'inconditionnel'
--- JAPAN: Party that endorses BIG has a new political platform
--- UNITED STATES: Vox’s Dylan Matthews Extensively Writes on the Basic Income
--- UNITED STATES: Fundraiser Started for Film on the Basic Income

3. Events
--- BROOKLYN, NY & ONLINE: Meeting to Discuss a Political Movement for Basic Income, March 1, 2015
--- New York, NY, United States: Registration open for North American Basic Income Guarantee (NABIG) Congress, Feb. 26-Mar. 1, 2015
--- Florence, Italy: Conference: The Future of Basic Income Research, Call for Abstracts

4. Basic Income (BI) Literature
Links to three dozen reports and articles about BI.

Here are two sample links:

--- Basic Income Programs and Pilots - By Chandra Pasma, February 3, 2014 (PDF - 819KB, 15 pages): http://www.thebigpush.net/uploads/2/2/6/8/22682672/basic_income_programs_and_pilots_february_3_2014.pdf
RECOMMENDED reading! Excellent overview of past and current initiatives...

--- Cash transfers can work better than subsidies- By Guy Standing
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-opinion/cash-transfers-can-work-better-than-subsidies/article6666913.ece

5. Audio-Video
--- Evelyn Forget Speaks to Finnish Parliament About Canadian Basic Income Pilot Project (Mincome Manitoba), Dec. 2014 (duration 46 minutes)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_bKiRee--ds&feature=youtu.be

6. New Links
--- Basic income : Links to 20 articles discussing the concept of the unconditional basic income (various authors)
https://medium.com/basic-income

7. About the Basic Income Earth Network and its NewsFlash

Subscribe to NewsFlash:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/subscribe.php

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
[ http://www.basicincome.org/bien/
Founded in 1986, the Basic Income European Network (BIEN) aims to serve as a link between individuals and groups committed to, or interested in, basic income, i.e. an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement, and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe

Related links:

Basic Income Canada Network
http://www.biencanada.ca
Basic Income Canada Network (BICN) is a non-government organization, federally incorporated in 2012 and without charitable status. Basic Income Canada Network is governed by a Board of Directors that includes some of Canada's foremost experts on poverty, welfare, homelessness and basic income.

The BIG Push Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net
Founded in April 2013 and hosted by Basic Income Canada Network, The BIG Push seeks to build on existing and variable forms of basic income in Canada so that, as a final end goal an expanded system of basic income will be in place.

--------------------------

NewsFlash Volume 27, no. 77, October 2014
HTML version:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/pdf/Flash77.html
PDF version PDF (134K, 22 pages):
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/pdf/Flash77.pdf

Table of Contents for
October 2014 issue:

1. Editorial
2. Events
--- A. New York, NY: Call for Proposals released for The 14th Annual NABIG Congress, Feb. 26 –Mar. 1, 2015: Deadline for submission: November 10, 2014
--- INTERNATIONAL: Basic Income Week Observed in Several Countries
--- CYBERSPACE: BIEN organizes Basic Income AMA Series: The 7th Annual International Basic Income Week, September 15-21, 2014
--- LONDON, UK: Citizen’s Income: A solid foundation for tomorrow’s society, 6th June 2014
3. News
--- BRAZIL: Eduardo Suplicy, long-term advocate of Unconditional Basic Income, defeated in his bid for reelection to the Brazilian Senate
--- CANADA: A Guaranteed Income is the Way of the Future, Says Minister Blais (Govt. of Québec)
--- EUROPEAN UNION: Basic Income Supporter Elected President of European Commission
4. BI Literature
5. Audio-video
6. About the Basic Income Earth Network and its NewsFlash

Subscribe to NewsFlash:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/subscribe.php
- includes links to earlier issues of NewsFlash back to the early 1980s.

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network

http://www.basicincome.org/bien/
Founded in 1986, the Basic Income European Network (BIEN) aims to serve as a link between individuals and groups committed to, or interested in, basic income, i.e. an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement, and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe.

Related link:

Basic Income Canada Network
http://biencanada.ca/
Basic Income Canada Network / Réseau canadien pour le revenu garanti provides information on basic income, promotes the idea and educates the public and policy makers about ways to support a basic income.

BASIC INCOME EARTH NETWORK (BIEN)
http://www.basicincome.org
NewsFlash Volume 27, no. 77, October 2014
This is the newsletter of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN), which was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network and expanded to become an Earth-wide Network in 2004. It serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income. It fosters informed discussion on this topic throughout the world.

NewsFlash Home Page
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/news.html
NOTE : Select the NewsFlash issue you wish to access (Volume 27, no. 77 - October 2014) and then choose which version (PDF or HTML) you wish to read; also includes links to earlier issues of NewsFlash back to the early 1980s.

Table of Contents for
NewsFlash Volume 27, no. 77, October 2014:

1. Editorial
2. Events
* New York, NY: Call for Proposals released for The 14th Annual NABIG Congress, Feb. 26 –Mar. 1, 2015: Deadline for submission: November 10, 2014
* INTERNATIONAL: Basic Income Week Observed in Several Countries
* CYBERSPACE: BIEN organizes Basic Income AMA Series: The 7th Annual International Basic Income Week, September 15-21, 2014
* LONDON, UK: Citizen’s Income: A solid foundation for tomorrow’s society, 6th June 2014
3. News
*
BRAZIL: Eduardo Suplicy, long-term advocate of Unconditional Basic Income, defeated in his bid for reelection to the Brazilian Senate
* CANADA: A Guaranteed Income is the Way of the Future, Says Minister Blais
* EUROPEAN UNION: Basic Income Supporter Elected President of European Commission
4. BI Literature
5. Audio-video
6. About the Basic Income Earth Network and its NewsFlash

For up-to-date information about basic income, see:
http://binews.org/

Subscribe to NewsFlash
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/subscribe.php

Universal Income Trust (New Zealand) - ADDED SEPTEMBER 19, 2014
We are a nonprofit certified charitable educational Trust, dedicated to the promotion of economic rights, and formally established in February of 1998. We evolved from the works of people from the grass roots movement now called "UUI (Unconditional Universal Income) Action".
- includes links to the following sections of the website:
* Environment * Human Rights * Poverty * Networks * Violence * Links * Economics * Resources * UI Systems

Universal Income Systems Explained
Contents:
* Universal Income Systems: Defined
* Human Rights Parameters
* Understanding Democratic "Sovereignty" as a Job and Legal Mandate for Universal Income Systems from International Bill of Human Rights.
* Human Rights Laws Supercede National Statute Laws
* Principles of Horizontal and Vertical Equity
* Synopsis: what recent legal developments have for UI systems
* Some key precedents for a UI in Aotearoa NZ
* Appendix: Key Human Rights Laws
* Footnotes

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) NewsFlash : July-August 2014
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/pdf/Flash75.html
Edited by Karl Widerquist
July 13, 2014

Contents:

1. Editorials:
- Report from the 15th Congress of the Basic Income Earth Network
- Open Letter To All Candidates For The European Parliament
2. News about Basic Income from around the world
3. Events
4. BI Literature
5. Audio-video
6. New links
7. About the Basic Income Earth Network and its NewsFlash

TIP: This newsletter contains nearly 200 links to related websites, reports and studies!
Recommended reading...

Source:
BIEN NewsFlash

http://www.basicincome.org/bien/news.html
BIEN NewsFlash is the newsletter of the Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
This NewsFlash goes out to more than 2,000 subscribers four times a year.
- incl. earlier issues of the newsletter back to January 2000

Subscribe to NewsFlash:
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/subscribe.php

Basic Income News provided
by BIEN and its affiliates
http://binews.org/
- incl. links to :
* HOME * NEWS * NEWS BY NATION * FEATURES * LITERATURE * EVENTS * LINKS * AUDIO&VIDEO * ARCHIVES * ABOUT BINEWS

Contact:
bien@widerquist.com
Karl Widerquist (co-chair of the Basic Income Earth Network)

Source:
Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
http://www.basicincome.org/bien/
The Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network. It expanded its scope from European to the Earth in 2004. It is an international network that serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion of the topic throughout the world. To that end it organizes Congresses every two years, and publishes a free email NewsFlash [see below] every two months and it helps support the journal Basic Income Studies.
- includes links to : * About BIEN * About Basic Income * NewsFlash * Congresses * Papers and Resources * Membership * Links * Contact

--

Related links:

Basic Income Canada Network
http://biencanada.ca/

The BIG Push Campaign
http://www.thebigpush.net/

Guaranteeing a Minimum Income Has Been a Utopian Dream for Centuries
http://motherboard.vice.com/blog/guaranteeing-a-minimum-income-has-been-a-utopian-dream-for-centuries
By Brian Merchant
November 14, 2013
Switzerland made headlines with its proposal to dole out $2,800 per month to every citizen in the nation, thus creating a basic minimum income—and ensuring that no Swiss ever had to live below the poverty line again. It's a seemingly radical effort to redistribute income, and to sew together one of the most generous safety nets possible—but it's hardly a new idea. The utopian notion that a society should pool and distribute its resources to gaurantee the wellbeing of its most vulnerable citizens dates back over a millenium: Islamic Caliphates, American revolutionaries, sci-fi writers, and Martin Luther King, Jr. have all pushed for a basic minimum income. One of the earliest incarnations first surfaced in Arabia in the early 600s, and sprung from Islamic religious tradition...
(includes a Canadian section)

Source:
Motherboard
http://motherboard.vice.com/
Motherboard is traveling the world to uncover the stories that will define what's coming next. New technologies, cultures, and discoveries are constantly reshaping this old planet of ours. And it's happening faster than ever before. With in-depth blogging, longform reporting, and video journalism, Motherboard investigates the news and events that are already affecting the years to come.

Switzerland’s Proposal to Pay People for Being Alive
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/17/magazine/switzerlands-proposal-to-pay-people-for-being-alive.html
By Annie Lowrey
November 12, 2013
This fall, a truck dumped eight million coins outside the Parliament building in Bern, one for every Swiss citizen. It was a publicity stunt for advocates of an audacious social policy that just might become reality in the tiny, rich country. Along with the coins, activists delivered 125,000 signatures — enough to trigger a Swiss public referendum, this time on providing a monthly income to every citizen, no strings attached. Every month, every Swiss person would receive a check from the government, no matter how rich or poor, how hardworking or lazy, how old or young. Poverty would disappear. Economists, needless to say, are sharply divided on what would reappear in its place — and whether such a basic-income scheme might have some appeal for other, less socialist countries too.

Source:
New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/

What Happens When the Poor Receive a Stipend?
http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/01/18/what-happens-when-the-poor-receive-a-stipend/
January 18, 2014
Read about this very interesting cash grant / guaranteed income experiment starting in the late 1990s involving the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina. When the tribe opened a casino in 1996, they elected to distribute a proportion of casino profits equally amopng its 8,000 members. Jane Costello of Duke University studied the effects of the guaranteed income over time, and found beneficial outcomes in many areas - health, justice, education, self-esteem, etc.

Source:
New York Times
Opinion pages

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/

---

NOTE : A Canadian guaranteed annual income experiment took place in the late 1970s, called Mincome Manitoba.
Researchers found positive outcomes similar to those in the above article about the Cherokee Indians.

See:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/gai.htm#mincome_manitoba
[This link takes you to the Canadian section of the page you're now reading.]

Why we should give free money to everyone.
https://decorrespondent.nl/541/why-we-should-give-free-money-to-everyone/35246939860-ec3a6c3e
We tend to think that simply giving people money makes them lazy. Yet a wealth of scientific research proves the contrary: free money helps. It is time for a radical reform of the welfare state.

Source:
De Correspondent
https://decorrespondent.nl/en
De Correspondent is a Dutch-language, online journalism platform that focuses on background, analysis, investigative reporting, and the kinds of stories that tend to escape the radar of mainstream media because they do not conform to what is normally understood to be 'news.'

A Radical Fix for the Social Safety Net: Replace It All With One BIG (Basic Income Guarantee) Idea
http://www.dailyfinance.com/2013/10/03/radical-social-safety-net-fix-basic-income-guarantee/
(Scroll about one-third of the way down the page to read this article.)
October 3, 2013
By Rich Smith
"Social engineers, on both the right and the left, have made [Social Security] complex in order to achieve their ends without anyone being able to see what they were doing. Whatever really underlies the 2,728 rules in Social Security's handbook and the tens of thousands of rules ... that 'clarify' the 2,728 rules, our Social Security system as currently designed is a travesty that leaves most of us largely in the dark about our retirement incomes." -- Boston University Economics Professor Larry Kotlikoff.
---
Precisely. And it's not just Social Security. The whole social "safety net" system in America is pretty messed up. With names like Medicare and Medicaid, SNAP, TANF, SSI, WIC, and Section 8, this hodgepodge of dozens of federal and state programs costs tens of billions of dollars a year just to administer.
(...)
It's enough to make you want to just chuck the whole system and start over. And in fact, that's precisely what Allan Sheahen proposes in his July 2012 book -- recently issued in paperback -- on the "Basic Income Guarantee," or "BIG." [ Amazon : http://goo.gl/u2Uyjt ]

-----------------------------

COMMENT by Gilles:

The notion of Basic Income Guarantee (a.k.a. BIG, a.k.a. guaranteed annual income) goes back several hundred years (Google "Speenhamland") in Western societies and even further, right back to Ancient Rome and Greece. Today, BIG proposals pop up from time to time in the context of reforms addressing wealth and income inequality.

There is a surprisingly high degree of support for the BIG concept from the Far Right to the Far Left (or social conservatives to socialists , if you prefer). That's because, like all "Big Bang" scenarios, the devil's in the details. The fiscal and social conservative think tank Fraser Institute and those of their ilk salivate at the thought of combining all of Canada's major social programs (Old Age Security, Canada Pension Plan, provincial/territorial social assistance, housing assistance, etc.) into one basic benefit, and saving scads of money for government coffers through improved administrative and program efficiencies (e.g., cutting staff, tightening eligibility). On the other hand, many social advocacy groups like Canada Without Poverty (CWP), are strongly supportive of any government initiative that would improve the financial well-being of disadvantaged individuals and families. The difference between the Fraser and CWP versions of BIG is, of course, in the amounts that would be payable to Canadian individuals and families.

Source:
Daily Finance
http://www.dailyfinance.com/

Call for Papers and Presentations:
Basic Income and Economic Citizenship
Twelfth Annual North American Basic Income Guarantee Congress
May 9-11, 2013, New York City
http://www.usbig.net/index.php
[The basic income guarantee (BIG) is a government insured guarantee that no citizen's income will fall below some minimal level for any reason.]
---
The Twelfth Annual North American Basic Income Congress, Basic Income and Economic Citizenship, will take place in New York City on Thursday, May 9th through Saturday, May 11th, 2013. The congress is organized by the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG) in cooperation with the Basic Income Canada Network (BICN).

The deadline for proposals is November 30, 2012.

Click either of the two source links below for more information about the event and the call for papers and presentations.

Source:
U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG)
http://www.usbig.net/
Basic Income Canada Network (BICN)
http://biencanada.ca/

May 25, 2011

NEW! Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
and affiliates launch Basic Income News
[A Basic Income is an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement.
So Basic Income = Guaranteed Annual Income.]
May 25, 2011

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN) and the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG) announce the launch of a new website entirely devoted to basic income news.

Basic Income News is the online incarnation of the BIEN NewsFlash (see the link below) and affiliated publications, such as the USBIG Newsletter. The BIEN NewsFlash and its predecessor, the BIEN Newsletter, have been in publication since 1986. The USBIG Newsletter has been going since the year 2000. It is the creation of the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (the USBIG Network), BIEN’s affiliate in the United States.

Basic Income News will have frequently updated news stories about Basic Income around the world, provided initially by BIEN and USBIG. We hope soon that many more of BIEN’s affiliates will contribute as well. If you have news about Basic Income that you think should be published in Basic Income News, please contact the editors at <desk@binews.org>.

Related links:

BIEN NEWSFLASH 64, May 2011 (PDF - 147K, 17 pages)
Table of contents:
1. NEW! BIEN and affiliates launch Basic Income News: http://binews.org/
2. BIEN Congress 2012 will be held in Munich, Germany
3. New Issue of Basic Income Studies
4. Basic income book series: call for proposals
5. Events
Seoul, Delhi, Namur, Berlin, Lincoln
6. Glimpses of national debates
- EUROPEAN UNION: EU-Parliament in favour of adequate minimum income
- FRANCE: Former Prime Minister launches basic income campaign
- GREECE: Basic Pension Introduced
- IRAQ: Muqtada al-Sadr Endorses Alaskan Policy
- ITALY: Activist Movement for basic income
- KUWAIT: A Temporary, Partial basic income for Citizens Only
- LATIN AMERICA: Head of UN Commission Says Several Latin America Countries Could Implement basic income
- UNITED STATES: American Political Science Association Task Force Will Discuss BIG
- SWITZERLAND: A referendum on basic income?
7. Publications
8. New Links
9. About the Basic Income Earth Network
---
BIEN's NewsFlash is mailed electronically every two months to over 1,500 subscribers throughout the world.
Requests for free subscription should be sent to bien@basicincome.org

New blogs at USBIG
May 19, 2011
The USBIG Network has added the following two blogs to its website. Both have news and opinion on those topics going back to 2000, and both will continue to be updated periodically. Both allow for reader comments and feedback.

* The Alaska Dividend Blog
The Alaska Dividend, properly called the Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD), is the closest thing to a basic income guarantee that exists in the world today. It is a small, yearly dividend, financed indirectly from oil revenues, paid by the state government to every citizen who lives in Alaska-including all men, women, and children. This blog has news and commentary about the Alaska Dividend as a small basic income that can provide a model to be copied elsewhere.

* The Basic Income Guarantee Blog
In this blog, Karl Widerquist writes about the Basic Income Guarantee and contemporary U.S. and world politics

Source:
U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG)

Bolsa Familia (Brazil)
Oportunidades (Mexico):

To Beat Back Poverty, Pay the Poor
January 3, 2011
By Tina Rosenberg
(...) A single social program is transforming how countries all over the world help their poor. The program, called Bolsa Familia (Family Grant) in Brazil, goes by different names in different places. In Mexico, where it first began on a national scale and has been equally successful at reducing poverty, it is Oportunidades. The generic term for the program is conditional cash transfers. The idea is to give regular payments to poor families, in the form of cash or electronic transfers into their bank accounts, if they meet certain requirements. The requirements vary, but many countries employ those used by Mexico: families must keep their children in school and go for regular medical checkups, and mom must attend workshops on subjects like nutrition or disease prevention. The payments almost always go to women, as they are the most likely to spend the money on their families. The elegant idea behind conditional cash transfers is to combat poverty today while breaking the cycle of poverty for tomorrow. (...) Outside of Brazil and Mexico, conditional cash transfer programs are newer and smaller. Nevertheless, there is ample research showing that they, too, increase consumption, lower poverty, and increase school enrollment and use of health services.
Source:
New York Times Opinion pages

Related links:

Bolsa Familia
This site is in Portuguese - use Google Language Tools to translate.
Source:
[Brazil] Ministry of Social Development and Fight Against Hunger

Oportunidades (English home page)
Source:
Government of Mexico (English Home Page)

------------

From Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia:

* Bolsa Familia (Brazil)
* Oportunidades (Mexico)

A minimum income standard for the UK in 2010, (PDF - 355K, 27 pages)
July 2010
By A. Davis et al
Source:
Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Minimum Income Standard (Britain)
- incl. links to:
* Detailed results 2008 * 2009 update * Work in progress * The team * Publications * Links * Join our mailing list * Contact us
A Minimum Income Standard for Britain is an ongoing programme of research to define what level of income is needed to allow a minimum acceptable standard of living in Britain today. Funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, it is a collaboration between the Centre for Research in Social Policy (CRSP) at Loughborough University and the Family Budget Unit at York University. It brings together two approaches to setting budget standards: the "consensual" negotiation of budgets by panels of ordinary people, and budgets based on research evidence and expert judgements. In MIS, members of the public negotiate budgets and experts check these decisions and advise where they think there is a case for amending them. The first results of MIS were posted in July 2008, and the results were updated in July 2009; links to both reports appear below.

---

A minimum income standard for Britain:
What people think
(PDF - 236K, 64 pages)
July 2008
By Jonathan Bradshaw et al.
"(...) Poverty is currently being measured in three main ways, but none of these is producing a socially agreed minimum standard.
1. Relative income measures...
2. Measures of deprivation...
3. Budget standards..."

---

A minimum income standard
for Britain in 2009
(PDF - 427K, 24 pages)
July 2009
By Donald Hirsch, Abigail Davis and Noel Smith
Published on 1 July 2009, this report is the first annual update of the Minimum Income Standard for Britain (MIS), originally published in 2008. The standard is based on research into what members of the public, informed where relevant by expert knowledge, think should go into a budget in order to achieve a minimum socially acceptable standard of living. The report considers two aspects of uprating the standard for 2009: changes in prices that influence the cost of a minimum ‘basket’ of goods and services, and changes in living standards that may influence what items should be included in that basket.

Related links:

Joseph Rowntree Foundation
"We seek to understand the root causes of social problems,
to identify ways of overcoming them, and to show how social needs can be met in practice."

Centre for Research in Social Policy (CRSP) (Loughborough University)

Family Budget Unit (York University)

Basic Income Earth Network
Founded in 1986, the Basic Income European Network (BIEN) aims to serve as a link between individuals and groups committed to, or interested in, basic income, i.e. an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement, and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe.

US Basic Income Guarantee (BIG) Network
"... promotes the discussion of the basic income guarantee (BIG) in the United States.
BIG is a policy that would unconditionally guarantee at least a subsistence-level income for everyone."

US BIG Links to BIG Websites (145+ links)
This page contains links to websites with information about BIG. The pages differ considerably in their point of view. Some promote a BIG, some promote it as part of a larger strategy; some promote variations on the idea; some oppose it altogether. The fact that these websites are listed here is not considered a recommendation of their program, simply a location to find information.

USBIG NEWSLETTER VOL. 10, NO. 51 Winter 2009
This is the Newsletter of the USBIG Network (www.usbig.net), which promotes the discussion of the basic income guarantee (BIG) in the United States. BIG is a policy that would unconditionally guarantee at least a subsistence-level income for everyone.
Selected Content:
* The Eighth Congress of the USBIG Network: New York February 27-March 1
* The Effects of Alaska’s BIG on Growth and Equality in Alaska
* Alaska’s BIG Suffers from the Global Financial Crisis
*. The Income Security Institute
* New Issues of Basic Income Studies (journal)
* BIG News From Around the World (including CANADA)
* Recent and Upcoming Events
* Upcoming Events
* Recent Publications
* New Members / New Links
[ earlier issues of the newsletter - back to 2000 ]
To subscribe to the email version of this newsletter,
please email Karl@Widerquist.com

IncomeSecurityForAll.org
- a portal of information about BIG and the host site for the Income Security Institute; the Institute is a new nonprofit organization dedicated to education and research into income security through a Basic Income Guarantee.
- incl. links to:
* Home * Blog * Campaign * Institute (About) * Resources (history, articles, books, annual BIG Congress) * Events * Links * Contact us * Donate

Basic Income Earth Network (BIEN)
The Basic Income Earth Network was founded in 1986 as the Basic Income European Network. It expanded its scope from European to the Earth in 2004. It is an international network that serves as a link between individuals and groups committed to or interested in basic income, and fosters informed discussion of the topic throughout the world.
- incl. links to: * About BIEN * About Basic Income * NewsFlash * Congresses * Papers and Resources * Membership * Links * Contact

NewsFlash - the BIEN newsletter:

NewsFlash 59, December 2009 (PDF - 146K, 18 pages)
December 15, 2009
* Editorial: Call for Papers, BIEN Congress July 2010
* Events
* Glimpses of National Debates --- including Canada
* Publications
* New Links
* About BIEN
Source:
NewsFlash - newsletter (incl. archives)
BIEN's NewsFlash is mailed electronically every two months to over 1,500 subscribers throughout the world.
Free subscription : send a request by email to bien@basicincome.org

BIEN links to other relevant websites
- incl. links to National Affiliates and general GAI/Basic Income resources

Source:
BIEN - Basic Income Earth Network

On Welfare and the Alternatives (U.S.)
Welfare reform was a good idea in theory but hasn't quite worked out the way NEWT (Gingrich) and Bill Clinton thought it would.

March 1, 2007
"(...)if you want to decrease the size of government while making people self-sufficient and in doing so leaving the family unit intact, there is a rather simple solution that has been batted around since the Nixon administration. The Basic Income Guarantee (BIG) is a government ensured guarantee that no one's income will fall below the level necessary to meet their most basic needs for any reason. As Bertrand Russell put it in 1918, "A certain small income, sufficient for necessities, should be secured for all, whether they work or not, and that a larger income should be given to those who are willing to engage in some work which the community recognizes as useful. On this basis we may build further." Thus, with BIG no one is destitute but everyone has the positive incentive to work. BIG is an efficient, effective, and equitable solution to poverty that promotes individual freedom and leaves the beneficial aspects of a market economy in place. (...) I believe in dismantling the entire welfare system, Medicaid/care included and replacing it with the above BIG. This is the conservative solution without making judgments or convoluting it with man-managed bureaucracies as this would be the domain of the US Treasury department.
Source:
411mania.com ("pop-culture since '96")

What is the Basic Income Guarantee?
[For a discussion of BIG as a solution to poverty see "An Efficiency Argument for the Basic Income Guarantee"]
[For cost estimates of BIG See Garfinkel, Huang, and Naidich (2002) or Clark (2002)]
[For a History of USBIG 1999 to 2004, see The first five years of the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network]
[For a discussion of the diversity of BIG proposals see, "The Many Faces of Universal Basic Income." (Reprinted by permission from the Political Quarterly 75 (3), 2004, pp. 266-274.0)]
Source:
U.S. Basic Income Guarantee (USBIG) Network

The negative income tax
The idea of a negative income tax: Past, present, and future
(PDF file - 447K, 8 pages)
Summer 2004 (September)
by Robert A. Moffitt
Robert J. Lampman and the Negative Income Tax Experiment (an extract from an oral history)
Source:
Institute for Research on Poverty
[ University of Wisconsin-Madison ]

Citizen's Income (U.K.)
"Citizen's Income is an unconditional, non-withdrawable income payable to each individual as a right of citizenship. The Citizen's Income Trust plays a vital role in building democracy, promoting pluralism, improving justice, addressing poverty and correcting and complementing the roles of the state and the economic market place."

In the Shadow of Speenhamland: Social Policy and the Old Poor Law (PDF file - 257K, 41 pages)
2003
Source:
Fred Block (Professor, University of California, Berkeley)

U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG)
USBIG aims to encourage discussion on the basic income guarantee in the United States and to serve as a link between supporters.

The First Congress of the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network: Fundamental Insecurity or Basic Income Guarantee?
March 8-9, 2002, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York
- incl.links to 35 papers presented at this Congress


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