Canadian Social Research Links

Social Research in
Other Countries - Governments

Sites de recherche sociale au Canada

La recherche sociale
ailleurs dans le monde - Les gouvernements


Updated July 30, 2016
Page révisée le 30 juillet 2016

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If It Were My Home.com
http://www.ifitweremyhome.com/
The lottery of birth is responsible for much of who we are.
If you were not born in the country you were, what would your life be like?
Would you be the same person?

 

 
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The links below are organized in reverse chronological order, for the most part...

Jul 26, 2016
Hong Kong’s poverty relief measures a total failure
http://www.ejinsight.com/20160726-hong-kong-s-poverty-relief-measures-a-total-failure/

The EU’s fight against poverty is a failure so far:
http://www.portfolio.hu/en/economy/eus_fight_on_poverty_a_failure_so_far_eurostat.31617.html

In Canada, Syrian Refugees Encounter a
Foreign Word : Welcome

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/01/world/americas/canada-syrian-refugees.html
How Canadian hockey moms, poker buddies and neighbors are adopting Syrians, a family at a time
July 1, 2016

Excerpt:
Advocates for sponsorship believe that private citizens can achieve more than the government alone, raising the number of refugees admitted, guiding newcomers more effectively and potentially helping solve the puzzle of how best to resettle Muslims in Western countries. Some advocates even talk about extending the Canadian system across the globe [ http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/01/world/refugees-private-sponsors.html ]

Source:
New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/

In the long view, inequality seems unimportant
http://ottawacitizen.com/news/world/watson-in-the-long-view-inequality-seems-unimportant
By William Watson
October 11, 2014
The OECD recently published a 274-page study called “How Was Life? Global Well-Being since 1820.” [ It’s not entirely clear why an organization of 34 rich countries is analyzing economic history]. But both the study and its interactive website are fascinating.
It’s good to be reminded from time to time — it would be better if we were reminded roughly hourly — just how much life for the great mass of people has improved in the last 200 years.
(...)
Seen in the historical perspective the OECD’s work provides, inequality means that a few people now have astronomically more than past generations while most of the rest of us have only humongously more. Yet some observers are now so obsessed with inequality they would overturn the social system that has generated such unprecedented well-being. History will weep if we let them.

Source:
Ottawa Citizen

http://ottawacitizen.com/

---

From the
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):

How Was Life? Global Well-Being since 1820
http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/how-was-life_9789264214262-en
October 2, 214
How was life in 1820, and how has it improved since then? What are the long-term trends in global well-being? Views on social progress since the Industrial Revolution are largely based on historical national accounting in the tradition of Kuznets and Maddison. But trends in real GDP per capita may not fully re­flect changes in other dimensions of well-being such as life expectancy, education, personal security or gender inequality. Looking at these indicators usually reveals a more equal world than the picture given by incomes alone, but has this always been the case? The new report How Was Life? aims to fill this gap.

Table of Contents:
* Foreword
* Preface
* Readers' Guide
* Executive summary
* Global well-being since 1820
* Demographic trends since 1820
* GDP per capita since 1820
* Real wages since 1820
* Education since 1820
* Life expectancy since 1820
* Human height since 1820
* Personal security since 1820
* Political institutions since 1820
* Environmental quality since 1820
* Income inequality since 1820
* Gender inequality since 1820
* A composite view of well-being since 1820

Related OECD links:

How's Life 2013 : Measuring Well-Being
http://www.oecd.org/statistics/howslife.htm
November 2013
Every person aspires to a good life. But what does “a good or a better life” mean? The second edition of How’s Life? paints a comprehensive picture of well-being in OECD countries and other major economies, by looking at people’s material living conditions and quality of life across the population. In addition, the report contains in-depth studies of four key cross-cutting issues in well-being that are particularly relevant: how has well-being evolved during the global economic and financial crisis?; how big are gender differences in well-being?; how can we assess well-being in the workplace?; and how to define and measure the sustainability of well-being over time.

http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/how-s-life-2013_9789264201392-en
- includes links to all chapters, country snapshots (including Canada), tables, charts and more

More OECD reports about Canada
http://www.oecd.org/canada

Source:
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

http://www.oecd.org/
The mission of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems. We work with governments to understand what drives economic, social and environmental change.

---

But wait --- The OECD Disparaged??

The OECD has become a major world policy nag
http://business.financialpost.com/2014/10/08/william-watson-the-oecd-has-become-a-major-world-policy-nag/
By William Watson
(...)
... a foundational principle of economics is that there can be too much of a good thing. The OECD costs two-thirds of a billion Euros a year. Canada’s contribution to the base budget is almost 4%. The OECD has become a major world policy nag.

COMMENT (by Gilles)

...and by "nag", Watson means independent monitor and watchdog.
Wassup with this evidence-based public policy-making thing, anyway?

Well, the OECD library is teeming with reports showing that Canada could and should be doing better with respect to reducing the income and wealth gap between Canada's richest and poorest citizens. However, The Harper Government™ has chosen to ignore those reports and those of United Nations Rapporteurs on a number of issues, including indigenous peoples and housing. Given the ruling party's aversion to groups that critique its policies at every turn, it's surprising that Watson isn't calling for the OECD to be degraded and defeated...!

[Factoid : Mr. Watson has a long-standing relationship with Montreal's Institute for Research on Public Policy and the C.D. Howe Institute where he and his socially- and fiscally-conservative buddies keep churning out tomes of libertarian pontifications for the masses.]

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2014
http://www.weforum.org/events/world-economic-forum-annual-meeting-2014
The Reshaping of the World: Consequences for Society, Politics and Business is the theme of this year’s Annual Meeting in Davos-Klosters, from 22-25 January. Oxfam called on attendees at this week's World Economic Forum, which brings together politicians and business leaders in the Swiss ski resort of Davos, to take a personal pledge to tackle the problem by refraining from dodging taxes or using their wealth to seek political favours.

Press conference: All you need to know about Davos 2014
http://forumblog.org/2014/01/coming-up-all-you-need-to-know-about-davos-2014/

World Economic Forum
http://www.weforum.org/
The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.

---

From Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/

World Economic Forum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Economic_Forum
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss non-profit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. It describes itself as an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. The Forum is best known for its annual meeting in Davos, a mountain resort in Graubünden, in the eastern Alps region of Switzerland. The meeting brings together some 2,500 top business leaders, international political leaders, selected intellectuals and journalists to discuss the most pressing issues facing the world, including health and the environment.

New from the
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) :

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD
http://www.oecd.org/newsroom/pension-reforms-on-track-but-the-challenges-of-adequacy-and-inequality-in-old-age-remain.htm
News Release
November 26, 2013
Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age. Policy action is also needed to avoid rises in inequality among retirees and pensioner poverty, according to a new OECD report.

The report:

Pensions at a Glance 2013:
OECD and G20 Indicators
http://www.oecd.org/pensions/pensionsataglance.htm
This comprehensive examination of pension systems in OECD and selected non-OECD countries looks at recent trends in retirement and working at older ages, evolving life expectancy, design of pension systems, pension entitlements, and private pensions before providing a series of country profiles.
[NOTE : The above link includes the four links below)

Read the complete 368-page report online:
http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/finance-and-investment/pensions-at-a-glance-2013_pension_glance-2013-en

Country profile : Canada (PDF - 108K, 3 pages)
http://www.oecd.org/els/public-pensions/PAG2013-profile-Canada.pdf

Country profiles for all participating countries
http://www.oecd.org/pensions/pensionsataglance.htm#profiles

Previous editions of Pensions at a Glance [back to 2005] (under "Further Reading"):
http://www.oecd.org/pensions/pensionsataglance.htm

Source:
Insurance and Pensions
http://www.oecd.org/pensions/

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
http://www.oecd.org/

---

Related links:

Seniors living in poverty rising in Canada, OECD says
http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/seniors-living-in-poverty-on-the-rise-in-canada-oecd-says-1.2440714
November 26, 2013
Source:
CBC.ca
http://www.cbc.ca/

---

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
warns poverty among seniors rising in Canada, points to public pensions gap
http://www.thestar.com/business/2013/11/26/oecd_warns_poverty_among_seniors_rising_in_canada_points_to_public_pensions_gap.html
By Julian Beltrame
November 26, 2013
OTTAWA—An international think-tank warns that poverty among Canadian seniors is on the rise and that current pension safety nets may be inadequate to address the problem. The comprehensive study on global pensions by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) showed that Canadians over 65 years of age are relatively well off when compared with most others in the 34-country group of advanced economies.

Source:
Toronto Star

http://www.thestar.com/

From the
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development:

How's Life 2013 : Measuring Well-Being
http://www.oecd.org/statistics/howslife.htm
November 2013
Every person aspires to a good life. But what does “a good or a better life” mean? The second edition of How’s Life? paints a comprehensive picture of well-being in OECD countries and other major economies, by looking at people’s material living conditions and quality of life across the population. In addition, the report contains in-depth studies of four key cross-cutting issues in well-being that are particularly relevant: how has well-being evolved during the global economic and financial crisis?; how big are gender differences in well-being?; how can we assess well-being in the workplace?; and how to define and measure the sustainability of well-being over time.

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being
http://www.oecd.org/newsroom/oecd-report-measures-human-cost-of-crisis-underlines-need-to-invest-in-well-being.htm
News Re
lease
November 5, 2013

Read the complete book by chapter:
http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/how-s-life-2013_9789264201392-en
1. The OECD Better Life Initiative: Concepts and indicators
2. How's Life? at a glance
3. Well-being and the global financial crisis
4. Gender differences in well-being: Can women and men have it all?
5. Well-being in the workplace: Measuring job quality
6. Measuring the sustainability of well-being over time

Complete report online
http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/economics/how-s-life-2013_9789264201392-en

Related links:
http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/how-s-life-2013_9789264201392-en
- includes links to all chapters, country snapshots, tables, charts and more

Country snapshot : Canada (PDF - 1.7MB, 4 pages)
http://www.oecd.org/statistics/HsL-Country-Note-CANADA.pdf

Country snapshots
Click "Related links" above to access country reports for the following :
* Australia * Austria * Belgium * Canada * Denmark * France * Germany * Greece * Italy * Japan * Mexico * Netherlands * New Zealand * Spain * United-Kingdom * United States

More OECD reports about Canada
http://www.oecd.org/canada/

---

How’s Life? is part of the OECD Better Life Initiative, launched by the Organization on the occasion of its 50th Anniversary in 2011. The OECD Better Life Initiative aims to promote "Better Policies for Better Lives", in line with the OECD’s overarching mission. One of the other pillars of the OECD Better Life Initiative is the Better Life Index ( http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ ), an interactive composite index of well-being that aims at involving citizens in the debate on societal progress.

---

Source:
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

http://www.oecd.org/
The mission of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems. We work with governments to understand what drives economic, social and environmental change.

Two new reports
from the World Bank:

1. Global Monitoring Report 2013: Monitoring the MDGs
http://go.worldbank.org/60UGFNSOD0
April 17, 2013
Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics
provides an in-depth analysis on urbanization as a force for poverty reduction and progress towards the MDGs in the developing world. With less than 1,000 days to go before the MDGs expire, the report highlights the need to accelerate efforts to improve the lives of the poor in both rural and urban areas.

Global Monitoring Report 2013:
Rural-Urban Dynamics and the Millennium Development Goals
(PDF - 12.7MB, 194 pages)
http://goo.gl/1PsUu
Global Monitoring Report (GMR) 2013 gauges progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) through the lens of the changing urban-rural landscape. The goals encompass and promote a universal standard of being free from grinding poverty, being educated and healthy, and having ready access to clean water and sanitation.

Global Monitoring Report 2013: Overview (PDF - 860K, 18 pages)
http://goo.gl/wiYNB

Related press release:

Developing Countries Need to Harness Urbanization to
Achieve the the Millennium Development Goals : IMF-World Bank report

http://goo.gl/SpCL1
April 17, 2013
Press Release
WASHINGTON– Urbanization helps pull people out of poverty and advances progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), but, if not managed well, can also lead to burgeoning growth of slums, pollution, and crime, says the Global Monitoring Report (GMR) 2013, released today by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF).

-------------------------------------------------

2. The State of the Poor: Where are the Poor and where are they Poorest? (PDF - 172K, 4 pages)
http://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/document/State_of_the_poor_paper_April17.pdf
April 17, 2013
About 1.2 billion people in the world lived in extreme poverty in 2010, subsisting on less than $1.25 a day. That’s down from 1.9 billion three decades ago despite a nearly 60% increase in the developing world’s population.
Comment by Gilles:
According to the Bank of Canada's Inflation Calculator [ http://www.bankofcanada.ca/rates/related/inflation-calculator/ ], if you factor in annual inflation, that $1.25 from 1981 would be worth $3.24 in 2013 dollars. For some reason, the World Bank reports don't factor in annual inflation. Thus, if one uses the $3.24 figure, the 1.2 billion people in extreme poverty would likely be a significantly higher number...

Where the World’s Poorest People Live
http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2013/04/17/where-the-worlds-poorest-people-live/
April 17, 2013
By Sudeep Reddy
The world’s poorest people are now concentrated most heavily in Sub-Saharan Africa after China’s huge leap in pulling its citizens out of extreme poverty in recent decades, according to new estimates released Wednesday by the World Bank (State of the Poor).

Source:
Wall Street Journal
http://online.wsj.com/home-page

---

Related links:

World Bank
http://www.worldbank.org/
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world.
We are not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development.

International Monetary Fund
http://www.imf.org/
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization of 188 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.

Millennium Development Goals
http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/
The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which range from halving extreme poverty rates to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions.

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2013
Davos, Switzerland
January 30 to February 2, 2013

From
The Guardian (U.K.):

An action-packed thriller is about to unfold in Davos, Switzerland
In secret meetings in tiny rooms, the rich plot to get even richer
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jan/21/davos-switzerland-rich-plotting-richer
21 January 2013
By Aditya Chakrabortty
I have an idea for a particularly mediocre film. The plot runs thus: a bunch of rich white men gather in an Alpine hamlet. (...) With this much cash flying about, busted film stars and semi-retired pop singers swoop in. (...) But away from the gluhwein and the gabfest, the real action is slowly revealed. The businessmen summon prime ministers and presidents to secret meetings in tiny rooms, where they order the lives of the billions consigned to the plains below – and so make themselves even richer.
(...)
Perhaps you think my scenario is too crass to be credible, yet a far cruder version is about to unfold: it's called Davos. More than 2,500 business executives and bankers will converge on the highest town in Europe for the annual World Economic Forum. For the next five days, Davos will, it's safe to say, boast more millionaires per square foot than anywhere else on the planet.
(...)
The summit's notional purpose is to allow heads of businesses and of state to mull over the future for the world economy. The theme of this year's conference is "Resilient dynamism" which, true to Davos form, is a title that would make equal sense, or nonsense, the other way round.
(...)
...this is what makes Davos so fascinating: it is the most perfect case study of how the practitioners of free-market, globalised capitalism give the public one explanation for what they are doing and why, while privately pursuing the complete opposite.

Source:
The Guardian (U.K.)

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jan/21/davos-switzerland-rich-plotting-richer

---

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2013
http://www.weforum.org/events/world-economic-forum-annual-meeting-2013
30-Jan-2013 to 02-Feb-2013
Davos, Switzerland

World Economic Forum
http://www.weforum.org/
The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.

---

From Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/

World Economic Forum (from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Economic_Forum
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss non-profit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. It describes itself as an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.
The Forum is best known for its annual meeting in Davos, a mountain resort in Graubünden, in the eastern Alps region of Switzerland. The meeting brings together some 2,500 top business leaders, international political leaders, selected intellectuals and journalists to discuss the most pressing issues facing the world, including health and the environment.

------------------------------------------------------------------

World Social Forum

The 2013 World Social Forum will take place in Tunis, March 23rd to 28th
http://www.ong-ngo.org/en/the-2013-world-social-forum-will-take-place-in-tunis-march-23rd-to-28th/
August 17, 2012
The International Council (IC) of the World Social Forum (WSF) met from 15 to 17 July in Monastir, Tunisia, to discuss the new global social and political dynamics in the emergence of resistance movements in different parts of the world, the organization of the next edition of the WSF and the future of the IC and the Forum process. On the occasion, announced the time, date and place of the next edition of the World Social Forum, which will take place from 23 to 28 March 2013 in Tunis, the Tunisian capital.

Information note on World Social Forum International Council
http://www.forumdesalternatives.org/en/information-note-on-world-social-forum-international-council

---

From Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/

World Social Forum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Social_Forum
The World Social Forum (WSF) is an annual meeting of civil society organizations, first held in Brazil, which offers a self-conscious effort to develop an alternative future through the championing of counter-hegemonic globalization

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED)

Building flexibility and accountability into local employment services
http://www.oecd.org/document/19/0,3746,en_2649_34417_49830739_1_1_1_1,00.html
For the past couple of years, Donna Wood of the University of Victoria has been working with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on an international comparative study examining the balance between flexibility and accountability in labour market management regimes. She wrote the Canada case study (which focused on Alberta and New Brunswick) as well as co-wrote the synthesis report which compared Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium (Flanders) and Canada.

Country report for Canada (PDF - 1.6MB, 81 pages)
http://goo.gl/3g6sp
December 2010 (revisions January 2012)
The Canada report basically looks at how, with a particular focus on Alberta and New Brunswick, we manage active labour market policy since these services were devolved from the federal government to the provinces starting in 1996. But the comparative context is also quite interesting, as outlined in the synthesis and Mosely reports.

To access country reports for the three other countries, click the "Building Flexibility..." link above .

The OECD LEED program has now built a website where all the papers related to the project can be accessed:
http://www.oecd.org/document/19/0,3746,en_2649_34417_49830739_1_1_1_1,00.html

Source:
LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

http://www.oecd.org/department/0,3355,en_2649_34417_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

The LEED Programme is part of the
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

http://www.oecd.org/

UK Child poverty figures drop, but remain above 2 million
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/jun/14/child-poverty-above-2-million
June 14, 2012
By Randeep Ramesh
• 18% of children live in households earning £251 or less a week
• Number rises to 3.6 million when housing costs included
• Campaigners warn of future rises as government cuts kick in
• Separate figures show leap in homelessness

The number of children living below the poverty line in the UK has fallen slightly, but the figure remains stubbornly above 2 million, official figures show. Eighteen percent of children are living in households in the UK with incomes of less than 60% of the median average in 2010-11, equating to 2.3 million children, according to figures released by the Department for Work and Pensions on Thursday. When housing costs are taken into account, this share rises to 27%, or 3.6 million children. The figures show 300,000 fewer children are living in poverty than a year ago, or 200,000 fewer after housing costs are taken into account.
Source:
The Guardian (UK)

http://www.guardian.co.uk

---

The complete report:

Child Poverty in the UK: The report on the 2010 target (PDF - 608K, 29 pages)
http://goo.gl/7T8VL
June 2012
As required by section 1(1) of the Child Poverty Act 2010, the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions has laid a report on whether or not the previous Government’s target to halve child poverty by 2010 was met.
The target to halve child poverty by 2010 was not met. The number of children living in relative income poverty in 2010/11 was reduced to 2.3 million. This is 600,000 short of the number required to meet the target.

Sources:
Department for Work and Pensions

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/

Department for Education
http://www.education.gov.uk/

---

UK Child Poverty: Percentage of children living in poverty drops as
[Work and Pensions Secretary] Iain Duncan Smith changes definition
http://www.egovmonitor.com/node/51176
June 15, 2012
Income should not be the only determinant for child poverty, the Work and Pensions Secretary, Iain Duncan Smith has said. The Minister argued that just by ensuring a family’s income is over an artificial threshold will not take the family out of poverty.

"By this narrow measure, if you have a family who sit one pound below the poverty line, you can do a magical thing," Mr Duncan Smith said. "Give them one pound more, say through increased benefit payments, and you can apparently change everything – you are said to have pulled them out of poverty. Yet moving someone from one pound below the poverty line to one pound above it might be enough to hit a target."

According to latest official figures, 18% of children currently live in households who earn 60% less than the median income in the UK - about 2.3 million children. However, if housing costs are included in the figures then, the number of children living in poverty increases to 27% or 3.6 million children.

This means the coalition government has failed to keep the Labour pledge it had promised to keep. UK has not been able to halve the child poverty numbers, as pledged by Tony Blair, by 2010-11.

Source:
eGovmonitor
http://www.egovmonitor.com/

---

Child poverty: where next?
http://www.ippr.org/?p=801&option=com_wordpress&Itemid=17
13 June 2012
By Nick Pearce
Thursday morning sees the annual publication of the child poverty statistics. This year’s set of statistics is especially important because it covers the year 2010/11, so it enables us to come to a final judgment on the Labour government’s record on child poverty.
In advance of the statistics, battle has been properly joined on whether Labour’s child poverty targets, enshrined in the Child Poverty Act 2010 [ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/9/contents ] , were the right ones, and in particular, whether measuring poor households’ incomes, relative to median incomes, is the best way of thinking about poverty or not. The Centre for Social Justice [ http://www.centreforsocialjustice.org.uk/ ]has become the latest in a long line of conservative thinktanks to criticise the child poverty targets and Labour’s approach to meeting them; meanwhile the Child Poverty Action Group [ http://www.cpag.org.uk/ ] and a number of commentators have issued their detailed rejoinders.
(...)
Following substantial rises in spending under Labour, we now commit a relatively high share of our national income on families with children. However, while this was aimed at reducing child poverty in a cost-efficient manner, the graph below suggests that – paradoxically – we are not doing as well as other countries at translating this into low child poverty.
This disparity is partly explained byBritain’s relatively high levels of income inequality, single parent households, low pay and worklessness, but it also reinforces the need for a more strategic approach to supporting families with children – especially given the fiscal constraints. That means a stronger focus on childcare, the under-5s and working families – and a recognition that the struggle to eradicate child poverty will not be achieved overnight.

Source:
Nick Pearce is the Director of IPPR.
He blogs on things that matter to our public life, from the heart of progressive thinking in Britain.

Institute for Public Policy Research (IRPP)
http://www.ippr.org/
The Institute for Public Policy Research, is the UK’s leading progressive thinktank. We produce rigorous research and innovative policy ideas for a fair, democratic and sustainable world.

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012
Davos-Klosters, Switzerland 25-29 January
The Great Transformation: Shaping New Models
http://www.weforum.org/events/world-economic-forum-annual-meeting-2012

World Economic Forum - Home page
http://www.weforum.org/
The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. Our motto is ‘entrepreneurship in the global public interest’. The World Economic Forum believes that economic progress without social development is not sustainable, while social development without economic progress is not

World Economic Forum (from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Economic_Forum
The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a Swiss non-profit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. It describes itself as an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.
The Forum is best known for its annual meeting in Davos, a mountain resort in Graubünden, in the eastern Alps region of Switzerland. The meeting brings together some 2,500 top business leaders, international political leaders, selected intellectuals and journalists to discuss the most pressing issues facing the world, including health and the environment.
Source:
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/

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World Social Forum president Dilma Rousseff calls for
anti-crisis measures, social programs and a positive agenda for Rio + 20
http://goo.gl/K1ohk
January 27, 2012
Porto Alegre – This year’s World Social Forum is being called a Thematic Social Forum with the central theme: Crisis of Capitalism, Social and Environmental Justice. The idea dominating the gathering is: We Need to Reinvent the World because that is the only way to achieve sustainable development, protect the environment and respect the rights of different social groups, mainly those who are most vulnerable.
As part of the Forum, which was founded in 2001 in Brazil as a developing nation more-social-than-economic counterpoint to the World Economic Forum in Davos, president Dilma Rousseff, continuing a tradition of attending the event started by Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (who did so even before becoming president), participated in a special session called Dialogue Between Civil Society and Governments.

World Social Forum - Home page
http://www.forumsocialmundial.org.br/main.php?id_menu=19&cd_language=2
The World Social Forum is an open meeting place where social movements, networks, NGOs and other civil society organizations opposed to neo-liberalism and a world dominated by capital or by any form of imperialism come together to pursue their thinking, to debate ideas democratically, for formulate proposals, share their experiences freely and network for effective action.

World Social Forum (from Wikipedia)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Social_Forum
The World Social Forum (WSF) is an annual meeting of civil society organizations, first held in Brazil, which offers a self-conscious effort to develop an alternative future through the championing of counter-hegemonic globalization.
Source:
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/

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- Go to the Government Social Research Links in Other Countries page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/internat.htm

New from the
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):

Governments must act on rising long-term unemployment and youth joblessness
News Release
September 15, 2011
Unemployment remains stubbornly high in the OECD area with the latest economic forecasts suggesting job creation will remain anaemic in the near term, according to a new OECD report. The OECD’s latest Employment Outlook says that in mid 2011 the number of unemployed people in the OECD area had declined to just over 44 million, still more than 13 million higher than immediately before the crisis.

OECD Employment Outlook 2011
The OECD Employment Outlook provides an annual assessment of labour market developments and prospects in member countries.
Contents:
Editorial
- Unfinished business: investing in youth.
Chapter 1
- Income support for the unemployed: How well has the safety-net held up during the "Great Recession"?
Chapter 2
- The labour market effects of social protection systems in emerging economies.
Chapter 3 - Earnings volatility: causes and consequences.
Chapter 4 - Right for the job: over-qualified or under-skilled?
* Statistical annex
* Key employment statistics
* Compare your country
(Excel file)
* Canada labour market outcomes, 2000 to 2010 (HTML)

[ Previous editions of OECD Employment Outlook ]
[ More OECD reports about Canada ]

Source:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
The mission of the OECD is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems. We work with governments to understand what drives economic, social and environmental change.

Related links:

Job creation to remain ‘anemic,’ OECD says
By Tavia Grant
September 15, 2011
Canada’s labour market is healing faster than in other industrialized nations, but a faltering global recovery may temporarily prevent the country from returning to pre-crisis unemployment levels.
An employment outlook published Thursday (see the link above) by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development shows several soft spots linger in Canada’s labour market.

Youth and low-skilled workers are lagging the broader recovery. Social assistance programs for the unemployed haven’t been adapted to elevated jobless rates, leaving the unemployed vulnerable to financial difficulties once jobless benefits run out. And income inequality is growing.

MORE RELATED TO THIS STORY:
* U.K. jobless data fuel growth worries
* U.S. census highlights financial toll recession has claimed
* What’s on the job market horizon

Source:
Globe and Mail

The Council for Employment, Income and Social Cohesion (CERC) was created by a decree of the French government in April 2000 to aid the national policy-making process. It mission was "to contribute to the knowledge on income, social inequalities and links between employment, income and social cohesion."
CERC ceased its activities in the second quarter of 2009

Le Conseil de l'emploi, des revenus et de la cohésion sociale (CERC - Paris) a été créé par un décret en Conseil d’État du 7 avril 2000.
Il a cessé ses activités au deuxième semestre 2009.

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Mort du Conseil de l'emploi, des revenus et de la cohésion sociale (CERC) : la fin de l'expertise indépendante
(Available in French only)
(Demise of the Council for Employment, Income and Social Cohesion in Paris)
http://www.alternatives-economiques.fr/disparition-du-cerc_fr_art_633_48107.html
Par Denis Clerc, fondateur d'Alternatives Economiques et conseiller de la rédaction
Le 12 février 2010
Avec la mort du Conseil de l'emploi, des revenus et de la cohésion sociale (Cerc), c'est encore un lieu d'expertise publique indépendante qui disparaît. Ne subsistent plus que des instituts très universitaires ou au service du pouvoir. Pourtant, les graves problèmes sociaux que nous subissons nécessiteraient d'être mieux connus.
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Gilles' translation of the above :
With the demise of the Council for Employment, Income and Social Cohesion (CERC), another independent and public source of expertise disappears. The only resources left are academic research centres and those working for the government. And yet, we are facing serious social problems that necessitate further study.

Source:
Alternatives Economiques
(FR.)
http://www.alternatives-economiques.fr/

Comment/Lament (by Gilles):
I mourn the passing of the CERC website, and I'm frustrated at the disappearance of hundreds of reports from the CERC archive. It's so cheap nowadays to create a complete archive of older online resources that research centres should *always* keep ALL of their reports and related files in a public space.

I also mourn the passing of evidence-based policymaking on an international scale, much as we've seen here in Canada recently. The National Council of Welfare (NCW) [ http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ncw.htm ] was created by an Act of Parliament in 1969 to advise the federal Minister of Health and Welfare (now Human Resources and Skills Development Canada) on matters relating to the welfare of Canadians. Like CERC, the Council closed its doors following federal budget cuts, in the fall of 2012.
[Click the NCW link above for more information on the Council.]

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R.I.P., CERC.

United Kingdom

Report of the Commission on Funding of Care and Support Published
July 4, 2011
The Commission on Funding of Care and Support has presented its findings to the Government in its report Fairer Care Funding, published on 4th July 2011.The independent commission, set up by the Government last July, was asked to recommend a fair and sustainable funding system for adult social care in England. Click the link below to read the letter to the Chancellor and the Secretary of State for Health sent with the report.
Letter to the Chancellor and the Secretary of State for Health (PDF: 149KB)

Among the recommendations in the report are:
* Individuals’ lifetime contributions towards their social care costs – which are currently potentially unlimited – should be capped. After the cap is reached, individuals would be eligible for full state support. This cap should be between £25,000 and £50,000. We consider that £35,000 is the most appropriate and fair figure;
* The means-tested threshold, above which people are liable for their full care costs, should be increased from £23,250 to £100,000;
* National eligibility criteria and portable assessments should be introduced to ensure greater consistency; and
* All those who enter adulthood with a care and support need should be eligible for free state support immediately rather than being subjected to a means test.
The Commission estimates that its proposals – based on a cap of £35,000 – would cost the State around £1.7billion.

The report:

Fairer Care Funding – Report (PDF: 2,343KB)
Fairer Care Funding – Easy Read (PDF: 4,556KB)
Fairer Care Funding Pamphlet (PDF: 2,666KB)
Volume II Evidence and Analysis (PDF: 3,254KB)
Volume III Supporting Documents (PDF: 3,821KB
Presentation of Report Recommendations (PDF: 160KB)

Source:
Commission on Funding of Care and Support (Government of the U.K.)

Australia

Family assistance: what the changes really mean
By Daniel Nethery
20 May 2011
The federal budget changes to family benefits will create a better-targeted system that more adequately covers the cost of raising children.
Source:
Inside Story - Current affairs and culture

Related links from
the Government of Australian:

Australian Benefits, Payments and Services
- links to a broad range of financial assistance programs.

Budget of Australia 2011-12:
Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

Details of the 2011-12 Australian Budget regarding family benefits, disability benefits, children's benefits, etc.
Source:
Budget Paper No. 2 - Expense Measures
[ Commonwealth of Australia 2011-12 Budget - May 10, 2011 ]

Source:
Government of Australia

New from the
Globe and Mail:

Canada ranked worst of G7 nations in fighting bribery, corruption
By Julian Sher
May 24, 2011
Canada has again been scolded on the international stage for its “lack of progress” in fighting bribery and corruption by a watchdog agency that ranks it among the worst of nearly 40 countries. Transparency International, a group that monitors global corruption, put Canada in the lowest category of countries with “little or no enforcement” when it comes to applying bribery standards set out by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.

[ 669 comments ]

Related link:

Transparency International I calls on OECD leaders to reinvigorate fight against corruption
New report shows progress on enforcement of OECD Anti-Bribery Convention has stalled
News Release
Berlin, 24 May 2011
A new report from Transparency International (TI), the anti-corruption organisation, shows no improvement in the enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention in the past year and warns that this could signal a dangerous loss of momentum in the fight against corruption. (...)

The TI Progress Report on Enforcement of the OECD Convention (PDF - 2.2MB, 94 pages), covering 37 countries, shows that there are still only seven countries with active enforcement, nine with moderate enforcement, and 21 with little or no enforcement.

Also in the Globe, on the same day:

Canadians can’t complain: Better Life Index
By Renata D'Aliesio
May 24, 2011
All in all, Canadians are a pretty comfortable and happy lot. The country ranks at or near the top in many of 11 well-being indicators in a new quality of life index, unveiled Tuesday by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Only Australia topped Canada.

[ 195 comments ]

Source:
Globe and Mail

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Related links from the
Organization for Economic

Co-operation and Development
:

Compendium of OECD Well-Being Indicators
This Compendium represents one of the first attempts to respond to the demand for comparative information on the conditions of people.s lives in developed market economies. Previous contributions in this field have focused on the conditions of poorer countries and on a more narrow range of dimensions (e.g. Human Development Index). This Compendium extends these efforts on both fronts.
It is a preview of the type of measures that will be included in the "How's life?" report to be released in October 2011.
The OECD plans to issue similar reports in the future on a recurrent basis, and to enrich the set of dimensions and indicators in the light of experience gained and of progress made in implementing better measures.

Download the Compendium in PDF format:

In one single file (1.5 MB)

Or by chapter:
Reader's guide
I. Introduction
II. Material Living Conditions
III. Quality of Life

OECD Better Life Index
This Index allows you to compare well-being across countries, based on 11 topics the OECD has identified as essential, in the areas of material living conditions and quality of life. The list of topics comprises the following:
* Topics *
Housing * Income * Jobs * Community * Education * Environment * Governance * Health * Life Satisfaction * Safety * Work-Life Balance
Source:
Better Life Initiative (small PDF file)

So how's life in Canada, eh?
* Money cannot buy happiness, but it is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Canada, the average household earned 27 015 USD in 2008, more than the OECD average.
* Nearly 72% of people aged 15 to 64 in Canada have a paid job. People in Canada work 1699 hours a year, less than most in the OECD. 71% of mothers are employed after their children begin school, suggesting that women are able to successfully balance family and career.
* 87% of adults aged 25 to 64 have earned the equivalent of a high-school diploma, much higher than the OECD average.
* The average Canadian student scored 524 out of 600 in reading ability, higher than the OECD average.
* Life expectancy at birth in Canada is 80.7 years, more than one year above the OECD average.
* 78% of people in Canada said they were satisfied with their life, much higher than the OECD average of 59%.

Source:
Organization for Economic

Co-operation and Development

- Go to the Poverty Measures - International Resources page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/poverty2.htm

Growing Income Inequality in OECD Countries:
What Drives It and How Can Policy Tackle It?
(PDF - 751K, 14 pages)
May 2011
Table of contents:
The overall picture: inequality on the rise in most OECD countries
--- Trends in income inequality
--- Where is the increasing income inequality coming from: wages, employment or capital incomes?
What drives growing earnings and income disparities?
--- How important are globalisation, technological change and regulatory reform for inequality?
--- Does it matter for inequality whether rich men marry rich women?
--- Have income taxes and benefit systems become less successful in redistributing income?
Which lessons for policies?

Issue paper on Tackling Inequality (PDF - 224K, 4 pages)
May 2011

Source:
OECD Forum on Tackling Inequality (PARIS)
[ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) ]

[ More on OECD research on Income Distribution and Poverty ]

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Related links:

From the
Wellesley Institute

‘Scary’ income inequality on rise in Canada and other rich economies: New OECD report
May. 6, 2011
Research from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) released earlier this week indicates that income inequality continues to grow rapidly in Canada and in most of the world’s other rich economies. The research points to an international trend where economic growth only translates into growth in household income for the wealthiest in society and doesn’t serve to benefit household incomes of everyone.

Society : Safeguard social support for poorest families, says OECD’s Gurría
News Release
27 April 2011
Poverty in households with children is rising in nearly all countries of the Organisation for EconomicCo-operation and Development (OECD). (...) Governments should ensure that family support policies protect the most vulnerable, according to the OECD’s first-ever report on family well-being. Doing Better for Families says that families with children are more likely to be poor today than in previous decades, when the poorest in society were more likely to be pensioners.

Doing Better for Families - main page
[version française ]
- includes an abstract of the book, press material and country notes (see Canada scetions below)
NOTE: only the first chapter is free.
To order the complete report (U.S. $56), click How to obtain this publication

Contents:
Chapter 1. Families are changing (free - see link below)
Chapter 2. The balance of family policy tools
Chapter 3. Fertility trends: what have been the main drivers?
Chapter 4. Reducing barriers to parental employment
Chapter 5. Promoting child development and child well-being
Chapter 6. Sole parents, public policy, employment and poverty
Chapter 7. Child maltreatment

Chapter 1 : Families Are Changing (PDF - 483K, 37 pages)
This chapter provides an overview of the changes in family formation, household structure, work-life balance, and child well-being. Fertility rates have been persistently low in many OECD countries leading to smaller families. With marriage rates down and divorce rates up, there are an increasing number of children growing up in sole-parent or reconstituted families. Sole-parent families are of particular concern due to the high incidence of poverty among such households.

Multilingual Summaries for Doing Better for Families
- includes links to versions of the summary in Spanish, German, Japanese, Italian and French

Country report:

Doing Better for Families: Canada (PDF - 252K, 3 pages, includes English and French versions)
Canada could step up its efforts to provide more support to parents with young children. (...) Child and family outcomes in Canada could be improved, if affordable and quality assured childcare services during the early years and throughout compulsory school where more widely available.

Five Family Facts (PDF - 777K, 18 pages)
- five facts for each of the participating countries
Excerpt:
Five Canada Facts (page 3):
* Canada had the 7th highest female employment rate in 2009, at 69.1%, compared with an OECD average of 59.6%.
* Canada’s fertility rate is 1.66 children per women, which is just below the OECD average of 1.74, and well below the population replacement rate (2.1).
* Canada has the 11th highest child poverty rate among OECD countries, at 14.8%, which is above the OECD average of 12.7%
* The size of the average household in Canada is 2.5, just below the OECD average of 2.6 persons per household.
* Canada performs well in PISA’s reading literacy scale among 15 year olds, and had the 3rd highest score among OECD countries in 2009, at 524 points.

Related documents:

* OECD Family database
* Society at a Glance 2011 - OECD Social Indicators
* Doing Better for Children
(September 2009)
* Growing Unequal? Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries
(October 2008)
* Babies and Bosses - Reconciling Work and Family Life: A Synthesis of Findings for OECD Countries
(English)

Source:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The mission of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD provides a forum in which governments can work together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems.

United Kingdom

Welfare reform plans unveiled
17 February 2011
A new Universal Credit will replace the current patchwork of benefits and credits, under plans contained in the Welfare Reform Bill. The aim is to make work pay by ensuring that people are better off for each hour they work and every pound they earn.
Hailed as the biggest shake up of the system for 60 years, the Welfare Reform Bill plans to:
* replace the patchwork of benefits and credits with a Universal Credit to make work pay
* introduce a cap, linked to average weekly earnings, which will limit the amount of benefits a household can get
* make benefits conditional, to help prevent the system being abused or defrauded
* introduce a new Personal Independence Payment for disabled people – this will involve an assessment to target support at those who really need it
* create a new system of child support which puts the interest of the child first.

* Welfare Reform Bill (PDF, 666K)
* Explanatory notes on the Welfare Reform Bill (PDF, 386K)

Benefits and Financial Support - collection of links to information an a wide range of assistance programs and measures.

Source:
Directgov - Public services all in one place
(Website of the UK government)

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Welfare Reform
- includes links to the new Welfare Reform Bill and supporting products, along with 18 papers providing a number of impact assessments
Source:
Department of Work and Pensions

------------------------

Related links:

David Cameron sets out Welfare Reform Bill plan
17 February 2011
The government is promising to "make work pay" as it sets out plans to ensure people in work are better off than the unemployed.
Source:
BBC

Related BBC stories:
* Pledge to cut poverty by million
* Q&A: Benefits overhaul
* What do the plans mean?

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Welfare reform: can it work?
By Helen Disney
17 February 2011
Today sees the launch of the coalition’s flagship Welfare Reform Bill. Looking at the gamut of reform challenges which this government has set itself – from radical NHS reform through to free schools, tuition fees, reforming policing, welfare overhaul and so on – the next few years are certainly not going to be easy. But has the task of welfare reform become politically easier and more acceptable, thanks to changes in public attitudes? While many voters are sceptical of reducing the role of the state in key public services such as health and education, research shows that they appear to be much more keen to cut the UK’s welfare bill.
Source:
Public Finance

World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2011
Shared Norms for the New Reality
Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, 26-30 January 2011
Source:
World Economic Forum
The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.
feasible. Our motto is ‘entrepreneurship in the global public interest’. The World Economic Forum believes that economic progress without social development is not sustainable, while social development without economic progress is not

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World Social Forum
The World Social Forum is an open meeting place where social movements, networks, NGOs and other civil society organizations opposed to neo-liberalism and a world dominated by capital or by any form of imperialism come together to pursue their thinking, to debate ideas democratically, for formulate proposals, share their experiences freely and network for effective action.

Luxembourg Income Study (LIS)
The Luxembourg Income Study, known as LIS, is a non-profit micro-data archive and research institute. LIS, located in Luxembourg since 1983, serves a global community of researchers, educators and policy makers. LIS acquires datasets with income, wealth, employment, and demographic data from a large number of countries, harmonizes them to enable cross-national comparisons, and makes them available for public use by providing registered users with remote access. The LIS archive includes two primary databases, the Luxembourg Income Study Database, which focuses on income data, and the newer, smaller Luxembourg Wealth Study Database, which focuses on wealth data.

More about LIS - history, FAQ, LIS team members, funding, etc.

Browse or search 550+ LIS working papers
After you click the above link:
* Display the full list of papers by pressing "Send" button (without checking any box), or
* Customize your search by selecting one or more variables from the list before clicking Send.
For example, if I select "poverty, poor, low income" from the menu of keywords on the search page and then click Send, the results page is a list of links to 247 studies. If I re-do the same keyword search on poverty, poor and low income AND I also highlight "Canada" in the Countries box, the results page returns links to 148 working papers about poverty and low income that focus on or include Canada. Selecting only Canada (i.e., no keyword) returns a list of links to 299 working papers that focus on or include Canada on all LIS topics (keywords).

_______________________________

Selected titles of recent LIS
working papers that include Canada:

* Child Maintenance and Child Poverty: A Comparative Analysis (PDF - 135K, 22 pages)
By Mia Hakovirta
December 2010
This article uses the Luxembourg Income Study datasets from circa 2004 to analyse the contribution child maintenance makes to the reduction of child poverty. The countries compared are Canada, UK, USA, Germany, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and Finland, representing countries with different child maintenance schemes

* Does European-Style Welfare Generosity Discourage Single Mother Employment? (PDF - 240K, 42 pages)
By David Brady, Lane Destro
August 2010
Although many have expressed concern over whether generous welfare policies discourage the employment of single mothers, scholars have rarely exploited cross-national variability in the generosity of social policies to assess this question. This is the case even though much previous scholarship has examined the effects of social policy on women?s and mothers? labor force engagement. This paper evaluates whether generous social policies have a disincentive effect on single mother employment. Using the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS), we conduct a crossnational, multi-level analysis of the effects of social policy generosity on single mother employment in 17 affluent democracies.

* Feminisation of Poverty in 12 Welfare States:
Strengthening Cross-Regime Variations?
(PDF - 240K, 22 pages)
By Jin Wook Kim, Young Jun Choi
August 2010
The feminisation of poverty is said to have become a common feature in the majority of advanced welfare states, but it is equally true that there has been significant variation in the feminisation of poverty from one country to another. While the concept of the feminisation of poverty remains controversial, there have been very few attempts to reveal a detailed picture from a comparative perspective.
- study includes Australia, Canada, UK, US, Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden between the 1980s and the 2000s and analyses whether or not there has been any convergence or divergence between these welfare states.

* Work-Family Policies and the Effects of Children on Women?s Employment and Earnings (PDF - 164K, 35 pages)
By Michelle Budig, Irene Bockmann, Joya Misra
July 2010
Welfare state generosity around work-family policies appears to have somewhat contradictory effects, at least for some measures of gender equality. In particular, it appears that as work-family policies, in encouraging higher levels of women?s labor market participation, have also contributed to higher levels of occupational gender segregation, and to lower wage-levels for women relative to men. We examine these apparent contradictions, and consider how they may differ based on particular policies, or on the effects of policies on the employment outcomes of particular groups of women.

* Families, Time and Well-Being in Canada (PDF - 533K, 41 pages)
By Shelley Phipps, Peter Burton
May 2010
Using cross-sections of microdata from Surveys of Consumer Finance and Surveys of Labour and Income Dynamics, we document changes in the availability of time and money in Canadian two-parent families between 1971 and 2006 as the paid work hours of mothers have increased.

Complete World Development Report Online
Here you will find every page of every World Development Report published by the World Bank since the first report was released in 1978. Use the following tools to quickly and easily search content across, within, and related to World Development reports:
* Browse by Title and by Year
* Browse by Topic
* Regions
* Related Content
* Search
* World Bank Data
The World Bank Group provides free, open, and easy access to its comprehensive set of data on living standards around the globe—some 2,000 indicators, including hundreds that go back 50 years. The data are available in Arabic, French, and Spanish in addition to English.
Source:
The World Bank
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. Our mission is to fight poverty with passion and professionalism for lasting results and to help people help themselves and their environment by providing resources, sharing knowledge, building capacity and forging partnerships in the public and private sectors.
[ World Bank: Annual Report 2010 ]

United Kingdom : Funding Cuts
On 20 October 2010, the Government announced the results of its [not it's] Spending Review. Much of the details were expected and it saw massive reductions in the Government budget. £81 billion worth of cuts were announced to address the structural deficit.
Among the proposals were:
* Almost 500,000 public sector jobs to be lost.
* £18 billion of cuts to CLG budget.
* Changes to the child tax benefit system.
* £100 million transition fund for to get organisations ready to take over public sector.
* Changes to housing benefit (see this BBC report on who is going to lose out).

Related link:

Tearing apart the British welfare state
November 11, 2010
By Doug Saunders
LONDON—Almost a century after the modern welfare state was created by Liberal prime minister David Lloyd George, his successors in Britain’s Conservative-Liberal coalition government are hoping to tear it apart completely in a radical act of cost slashing.
In a huge and risky experiment sure to be watched closely by other countries wrestling with public debt, government budget deficits and shrinking work forces, Prime Minister David Cameron’s government Thursday announced sweeping plans to change the lives of 5 million people dependent on government payments in an effort to push hundreds of thousands of people into the work force
Source:
Globe and Mail

Other resources on the Spending review:

* A reaction to the funding cuts from Urban Forum
* BBC guide to the spending review
* info4local: One stop for the Spending Review
* At a glance: Departmental spending cuts and their effect on the sector from Civil Society

Source:
October 2010 CDX PARP (Policy and Research Perusal) - newsletter
NOTE : In the same issue of PARP, you'll find info about:
* Community Budgets
* Free Schools
* Big Society section
* Shadow Minister for Civil Society
* Trustees' Week 2010
[ Earlier issues of this newsletter and the CDX e-zine - back to May 2010 ]

Source:
[ Community Development and Exchange - CDX ]
We are the national, independent membership organisation for community development, based in Sheffield, South Yorkshire. We currently have over 300 members and reach over 3000 people, through members who are part of teams and networks. Our membership base is varied and includes agencies, projects and teams, networks and individuals from across the statutory, non-profit and private sector, reflecting a wide range of professional disciplines and community experience. All our members share the belief that community development values and principles should be at the heart of working with communities. [ About CDX ]

Related links:

Jobs for the boys: Osborne's cuts are 'worst attack on equality for generations'
22 October 2010
By Oliver Wright, Whitehall Editor
David Cameron and Nick Clegg set out yesterday to defend their £80bn programme of ‘tough but fair’ spending cuts. Yet new analysis suggests that 350,000 of the 500,000 public sector workers who will lose their jobs as a result will be women. Tough, certainly. But fair?
Up to twice as many women as men will lose their jobs as a result of public sector spending cuts, in what critics described yesterday as the "biggest attempt to turn back the clock on women's equality for generations". An analysis for The Independent suggests about 350,000 women will leave the public sector over the next four years, compared with 150,000 men.
Source:
The Independent - UK

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Quango list shows 192 to be axed
14 October 2010
The government has announced a huge cull of quangos in a move it says will improve accountability and cut costs. Quangos - "quasi-autonomous non-governmental organisations" - are arm's-length bodies funded by Whitehall departments but not run by them. They are advisory bodies, consumer watchdogs or organisations carrying out public services. The government will axe 192 of the public bodies - such as the Film Council and the Audit Commission - while 118 will be merged. The future of some bodies is still under consideration but 380 will definitely be kept, the list says.
Source:
BBC

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Councils plan for exodus of poor families from London
• Benefit cuts force officials to book up B&B accommodation
• More than 200,000 may leave capital in 'social cleansing'
Comments (869)
Source:
The Guardian - UK

World Bank: Annual Report 2010
The World Bank's Annual Report and the website that accompanies the report are full of data about the world's 79 poorest countries that the World Bank aids through its International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association. The 32-page report covers the period from July 2009 to June 2010. Visitors will find that the website for the Report contains a lot of interactive features for a better understanding of the global poverty situation which the World Bank is trying to help alleviate. The "Data & Research" tab near the top of any page has an "At a Glance" section that features several "Analytical Tools". Visitors won't want to miss the "iSimulate", which allows for performing macroeconomic simulations; "ADePT", which is a software platform for automated economic analysis; and "PovCalNet", which is a poverty analysis tool that "assess[es] global poverty incidence figures."
Review by
The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2010.
http://scout.wisc.edu/

Related link:

The World Bank
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. Our mission is to fight poverty with passion and professionalism for lasting results and to help people help themselves and their environment by providing resources, sharing knowledge, building capacity and forging partnerships in the public and private sectors.
---
NOTE: The World Bank is not without its detractors.
See the "Criticism" section of this Wikipedia article on The World Bank.

Education at a glance 2010: OECD indicators
9 September 2010
Main page - includes links to news releases, the complete report, dozens of Excel tables on various indicators and other related material

Complete report (PDF - 4.5MB, 472 pages)
- includes Canada

Report highlights

Source:
OECD Directorate for Education
[ Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) ]

Hong Kong passes first-ever minimum wage law
Rate could be at least $3 (U.S.) an hour in rare departure from financial hub’s free-market philosophy
July 17, 2010
Hong Kong passed its first-ever minimum-wage law Saturday, a rare departure from the wealthy Chinese financial hub's free-market philosophy. The move was hailed by union workers as a victory for the territory's underpaid working class.No rate has yet been set, but it appears employers will be required to pay at least $3 (U.S.) an hour — well short of the rates in the West and low for one of the most expensive cities in the world. Thousands of foreign live-in domestic workers also will be excluded from the deal. But legislator and union organizer Lee Cheuk-yan said it was symbolic, showing that the city was saying “goodbye to shameful wages and embraced social justice for workers."

Source:
The Globe and Mail

New from the
UK Department for Work and Pensions:

Iain Duncan Smith: reforms will tackle poverty and get Britain working again
Press Release
27 May 2010
A radical welfare reform programme designed to tackle entrenched poverty and end the curse of intergenerational worklessness is set out today by new Secretary of State for Work and Pensions Iain Duncan Smith. Calling for an end to a culture of welfare dependency by bringing the welfare system into the 21st century, Iain Duncan Smith set out the critical need to make work pay and end the absurd situation where some of the poorest face huge penalties for trying to get off benefits and into work.

The report:

State of the nation report:
poverty, worklessness and welfare dependency in the UK
(PDF - 1MB, 65 pages)
Income inequality is at its highest since records began; millions of people are simply parked on benefits with little hope of ever progressing into work; there are 800,000 more workingage adults in poverty than in 1998/99; and high levels of family breakdown, educational failure, addiction and health inequality are having a severe impact on outcomes for both adults and children. [Excerpt from the Foreword]

Table of contents:
Executive summary
Chapter 1 - Income poverty, inequality and social immobility
Chapter 2 - Worklessness: unemployment and inactivity
Chapter 3 - Welfare dependency
Chapter 4 - Poor health and educational disadvantage
Chapter 5 - Families and communities
Chapter 6 - Multiple disadvantage
[Click the PDF link above to the report to access this content.]

Source:
State of the Nation Report (Cabinet Office website)
[ Department for Work and Pensions ]
See also:
Cabinet Office

Related link:

Government vows to 'make work pay'
May 27, 2010
A grim picture of the level of poverty in the UK was painted by the coalition Government today as it unveiled plans to radically change the system to "make work pay". Ministers complained that entire communities were existing at the "margins" of society, trapped in dependency and leaving disadvantaged children to become disadvantaged adults. Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith said sanctions will be used against benefit claimants who refuse to take up jobs, while all those on incapacity benefit will now be reassessed. Charity groups said root and branch reform of the benefits system was "long overdue", but union leaders said the Government should be reducing unemployment by creating jobs, not driving people off welfare and "further into poverty".
(...)
A report published by the Work and Pensions Department today revealed that income inequality in the UK was now at its highest level since comparable statistics began in 1961.
Source:
The Independent (UK)

 

New from The World Bank:

World Bank Frees Up Development Data
April 20, 2010—The World Bank Group said today it will offer free access to more than 2,000 financial, business, health, economic and human development statistics that had mostly been available only to paying subscribers. An initial 330 indicators are available in French, Spanish and Arabic. The decision - part of a larger effort to increase access to information at the World Bank - means that researchers, journalists, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), entrepreneurs and school children alike will be able to tap into the World Bank's databases via a new website. Experts say open access policy will foster innovation, support evidence-based policymaking.

World Bank Data
The World at a Glance : Key development indicators from the World Bank

* Countries
- Afghanistan to Zimbabwe (yes, including Canada)

* Topics
- Agriculture & Rural Development - Infrastructure - Aid Effectiveness - Labor & Social Protection - Economic Policy and External Debt - Poverty - Education - Private Sector - Energy & Mining - Public Sector - Environment - Science & Technology Financial sector - Social Development - Health - Urban Development

* Indicators
- 331 indicators from the World Development Indicators (WDI) covering 209 countries from 1960 to 2008 translated into Spanish, French and Arabic.

* Data Catalog
The data catalog is a listing of available World Bank data sources, including databases, pre-formatted tables and reports. Each of the listings includes a description of the data source and a direct link to that source. Where possible, the databases are linked directly to a selection screen to allow users to select the countries, indicators, and years they would like to search. Those search results can be exported in different formats. Users can also choose to download the entire database directly from the catalog.

Related link:

World Bank Reform
The World Bank Group is advancing multiple reforms to promote inclusiveness, innovation, efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability. It is expanding cooperation with the UN, the IMF, other multilateral development banks, donors, civil society, and foundations. But the effort must go further to realize a World Bank Group that represents the international economic realities of the 21st Century, recognizes the role and responsibility of growing stakeholders, and provides a larger voice for developing countries.

Source:
The World Bank
The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. Our mission is to fight poverty with passion and professionalism for lasting results and to help people help themselves and their environment by providing resources, sharing knowledge, building capacity and forging partnerships in the public and private sectors.
---
NOTE: The World Bank is not without its detractors.
See the "Criticism" section of this Wikipedia article on The World Bank.

-----------------------

Also from
The World Bank:

World Development Indicators (WDI) 2010 released
News Release
WASHINGTON, April 20, 2010 — The World Development Indicators (WDI) 2010, released today, gives a statistical progress toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The WDI database includes more than 900 indicators documenting the state of all the world’s economies. The WDI covers education, health, poverty, environment, economy, trade, and much more. (...) This year’s WDI focuses on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), now in their 10th year.

World Development Indicators (WDI) 2010 - main page
April 2010
The World Development Indicators (WDI) 2010 is a comprehensive overview of development. It is the statistical benchmark that helps measure the progress of development. The 2010 WDI includes more than 900 indicators and they are available through data.worldbank.org, in print, or on CD-ROM. The print edition has more than 90 tables organized in 6 sections: World View, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets, and Global Links.

Download the complete report in a single file by clicking the link below, or click the main page link above for a table of contents
and links to individual files for each of the following sections:

* Preface, Acknowledgments, Table of Contents, Partners, Users Guide (1.27 mb pdf)
* World View (3.14 mb pdf)
* People (3.03 mb pdf)
* Environment (2.52 mb pdf)
* Economy (3.69mb pdf)
* States and Markets (2.35mb pdf)
* Global Links (2.84mb pdf)
* Primary Data Documentation, Statistical Methods, Credits, Bibliography, Index of Indicators (521k pdf)

Complete report (PDF - 18MB, 489 pages)

Source:
The World Bank

 

Comparison of welfare
programs in OECD countries

MINIMUM-INCOME BENEFITS IN OECD COUNTRIES:
POLICY DESIGN, EFFECTIVENESS AND CHALLENGES
(PDF - 840K, 54 pages)
OECD SOCIAL, EMPLOYMENT AND MIGRATION WORKING PAPERS N°100
January 2010
By Herwig Immervoll
- includes Canada

Abstract:
Almost all OECD countries operate comprehensive minimum-income programmes for working-age individuals, either as last-resort safety nets alongside primary income replacement benefits, or as the principal instrument for delivering social protection. Such safety-net benefits aim primarily at providing an acceptable standard of living for families unable to earn sufficient incomes from other sources. This paper provides an overview of social assistance and other minimum-income programmes in OECD countries, summarises their main features, and highlights a number of current policy challenges.

Excerpt:
The current economic downturn is putting pressures on governments to strengthen income support measures. While buoyant labour markets in many OECD countries have helped to restrain recipiency numbers since the mid-late nineties, the current rapid decline in economic activity can be expected to be a powerful driver of the demand for minimum safety-nets. In addition to the expected lengthening of average unemployment spells, and the resulting rising number of people running out of unemployment benefit entitlements, those with temporary jobs or other forms of non-standard employment are often not entitled to unemployment benefits in the first place. For these individuals, employment durations are shorter, transitions into and out of work more frequent and coverage by social insurance benefits can be less universal as a result. [page 48]

Source:
Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers<=== click for links to 100+ studies!
[ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) ]

-----------

NOTE:
Social program historians may wish to compare this report with a
1996 OECD study of social assistance in two dozen countries (also including Canada).
See:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/welfare.htm#1994
(See esp. Vol. I: The Synthesis Report, 1996)

OECD Factblog
https://community.oecd.org/community/factblog?view=overview
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is well known for their vast store of research papers and related items, but they are now entering the blogosphere, albeit in their own erudite fashion. Their "Factblog" brings together graphs, charts, and videos to offer insightful commentary on pressing policy issues and global transformations. Visitors can glance over recent posts, which as of late, have included discussions of China's share of the global economy and the social and economic status of women. With each post, visitors will also find links to other related material from the OECD and other international organizations. Also, visitors can browse through their archive of posts back to July 2008 and, of course, they can subscribe to the RSS feed.
Reviewed by:
The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2010.

Related link:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

State of Australian Cities 2010
Infrastructure Australia
08 March, 2010 | This report draws together existing data and information across a range of economic, social and environmental parameters to provide a national snapshot of the 17 Australian cities with populations over 100,000 at the 2006 Census.

World Bank PovertyNet Newsletter #132
February 2010

This newsletter provides an update of new resources about understanding and alleviating poverty available from PovertyNet, http://www.worldbank.org/poverty, and other websites.

In this issue:

1. Global Economic Prospects 2010: Crisis, Finance, and Growth
2. World Bank Group Launches Online Consultations on Future Energy Strategy
3. "Measuring Inequality of Opportunity with Imperfect Data: The Case of Turkey," by Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Jérémie Gignoux, and Meltem Aran
4. "To What Extent are Bangladesh's Recent Gains in Poverty Reduction Different from the Past?" by Aphichoke Kotikula, Ambar Narayan and Hassan Zaman
5. "The Short-Term Impact of Higher Food Prices on Poverty in Uganda," by Kenneth Simler
6. Food Price Watch (February 2010)
7. "The Impact of Economic Shocks on Global Undernourishment," by Sailesh Tiwari and Hassan Zaman
8. "The Impact of Roads on Poverty Reduction: A Case Study of Cameroon," by Marie Gachassin, Boris Najman and Gaël Raballand
9. Has South Asia Escaped the Worst Effects of the Global Economic Crisis?
10. Exciting New Impact Study on Rwanda's Pay for Performance in Health
11. World Bank President Says African Poor Still Vulnerable to Crisis, Important to Create Basis for Future Growth

[Subscribe to receive this newsletter by email.]

[ earlier issues of this newsletter ]

Source:
PovertyNet (World Bank)

A stronger, fairer Australia (PDF - 3.7MB, 92 pages)
19 February 2010
Launched on 28 January 2010, A Stronger, Fairer Australia sets out the Australian Government’s vision and strategy for social inclusion, now and into the future. Social Inclusion means ensuring no Australian is left behind by giving all the opportunities, resources, capabilities and responsibilities to learn, work, connect with others and have a say in community life. The statement sets out a new approach to break down the barriers that stand between the most disadvantaged Australians and participation. Despite a strong economy in recent years, disadvantage still prevents many Australians from getting a fair go.
Source:
Social Inclusion
[ Australian Government ]

Who Are America's Poor Children?
The Official Story

By Vanessa R. Wight, Michelle Chau, and Yumiko Aratani
January 2010
HTML version
PDF version
(463K, 8 pages)
More than 13 million American children live in families with incomes below the federal poverty level, which is $22,050 a year for a family of four. The number of children living in poverty increased by 21 percent between 2000 and 2008. There are 2.5 million more children living in poverty today than in 2000. Not only are these numbers troubling, the official poverty measure tells only part of the story. Research consistently shows that, on average, families need an income of about twice the federal poverty level to make ends meet. Children living in families with incomes below this level – for 2009, $44,100 for a family of four – are referred to as low income. Forty-one percent of the nation’s children – more than 29 million in 2008 – live in low-income families. Nonetheless, eligibility for many public benefits is based on the official poverty measure. This fact sheet – the first in a series focusing on economic and material hardship – details some of the characteristics of American children who are considered poor by the official standard.
Source:
National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP)
NCCP is the nation’s leading public policy center dedicated to promoting the economic security, health, and well-being of America’s low-income families and children. NCCP uses research to inform policy and practice with the goal of ensuring positive outcomes for the next generation. We promote family-oriented solutions at the state and national levels.

Related NCCP links:

Low-income Children in the United States
National and State Trend Data, 1998-2008
(PDF - 930K, 60 pages)
By Michelle Chau
November 2009
After nearly a decade of decline, the number of children living in low-income families has increased significantly since 2000. This data book provides national and 50-state trend data on the characteristics of low-income children over the past decade: parental education, parental employment, marital status, family structure, race and ethnicity, age distribution, parental nativity, home ownership, residential mobility, type of residential area, and region of residence.

The most current year of data can also be accessed at www.nccp.org—see NCCP’s 50-State Demographic Profiles or build custom tables using NCCP’s 50-State Demographics Wizard. For a discussion of these data and selected policy implications, see NCCP’s fact sheets on low-income children, which are updated annually.

More NCCP resources on the topic of poverty

Ten Important Questions About Child Poverty and Family Economic Hardship

NCCP Fact Sheets

The welfare effects of social mobility
28 October 2009
By Justina A.V. Fischer
The question whether a socially mobile society is conducive to subjective well-being has rarely been investigated. This paper fills this gap by analyzing the wellbeing effects of intergenerational earnings mobility and equality in education at the societal level. Using socio-demographic information on 44,000 individuals in 30 OECD countries obtained from the World Values Survey, this study shows that living in a socially mobile society is conducive to individual life satisfaction.

Abstract (HTML)
- from Australian Policy Online

Complete report (PDF - 490K, 56 pages)
OECD Paper date: 16 September 2009

Source:
Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs
[ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) ]

World Bank PovertyNet Newsletter #130, October 2009
This newsletter provides an update of new resources about understanding and alleviating poverty available from PovertyNet, http://www.worldbank.org/poverty, and other websites.
In this issue:
1. Economic Crisis Roundup: Recovery Emerging, But Not Yet for All
2. Crisis Impact: Fragile and Conflict-Affected Countries Face Greater Risks
3. "Moving Out of Poverty: The Promise of Empowerment and Democracy in India," edited by Deepa Narayan
4. "The Pattern of Growth and Poverty Reduction in China," by Jose G. Montalvo and Martin Ravallion
5. "A Comparative Perspective on Poverty Reduction in Brazil, China and India," by Martin Ravallion
6. "What Explains the Cost of Remittances? An Examination across 119 Country Corridors," by Thorsten Beck and María Soledad Martínez Pería
7. "Distributional Impact Analysis of Past Climate Variability in Rural Indonesia," by Outi Korkeala, David Newhouse and Mafalda Duarte
8. World Bank Group Launches Environment Strategy Consultations
9. Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change in the Developing World: What will it Cost?
10. "The Unheard Truth: Poverty and Human Rights," by Irene Khan
11. To Receive this Newsletter
Source:
Poverty Net Newsletter
- incl. links to earlier issues of the newsletter and a Quick Subscribe feature if you wish to receive the newsletter by email.
[ PovertyNet ]
[ World Bank ]

Subscribe to receive
World Bank newsletters
- links to over 30 newsletters (all including archives)

Some key international websites:

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
OECD brings together the governments of countries committed to democracy and the market economy from around the world to:
* Support sustainable economic growth * Boost employment * Raise living standards * Maintain financial stability * Assist other countries' economic development * Contribute to growth in world trade.
The Organisation provides a setting where governments compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and coordinate domestic and international policies.

---
OECD Online is to the world what Statistics Canada is to Canada - the number-crunchers' jackpot, Mother of all statistical agencies!
This is an enormous site containing a wealth of information on myriad subjects in the area of social programs. Plan to explore this site over several visits - it can be overwhelming...

- incl. links to:
* Browse (About OECD - By Topic - By Country - By Department) - From A to Z
* Find (Statistics - Publications & Documents - News Releases)
* Resources for (Journalists - Government Officials - NGOs & Civil Society and Parliamentarians)
* OnLine Services (OnLine Bookshop - OnLine Library - E-mail Alerts - MyOECD) - more...

OECD.Stat Extracts
- incl. links to:
* General Statistics (country statistical profiles for 2008, incl. Canada) * Agriculture and Fisheries * Demography and Population * Economic Projections * Education and Training * Finance * Globalisation * Health * Industry and Service Statistics * International Trade and Balance of Payments * Labour *Monthly Economic Indicators * National Accounts * Prices and Purchasing Power Parities * Productivity * Public Sector, Taxation and Market Regulation * Regional Statistics * Science, Technology and Patents * Social and Welfare Statistics * Non-member Economies * Others

Information by Country - links to country information for all OECD countries
Click on the country of your choice and all OECD documents pertaining to that country will be listed.
NOTE: includes cross-country comparisons

Information by Country : Canada
- all OECD documents pertaining to Canada

OECD Website Sitemap

Source:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
OECD brings together the governments of countries committed to democracy and the market economy from around the world to:
* Support sustainable economic growth * Boost employment * Raise living standards * Maintain financial stability * Assist other countries' economic development * Contribute to growth in world trade.
The Organisation provides a setting where governments compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and coordinate domestic and international policies.

Selected site content:

Spend early on children, says OECD
News Release
1 September 2009
Governments should invest more money on children in the first six years of their lives to reduce social inequality and help all children, especially the most vulnerable, have happier lives, according to the OECD’s first-ever report on child well-being in its 30 member countries. Doing Better for Children shows that average public spending by OECD countries up to age six accounts for only a quarter of all child spending. But a better balance of spending between the “Dora the Explorer” years of early childhood and the teenage “Facebook” years would help improve the health, education and well-being of all children in the long term, according to the report.

Doing Better for Children
This link takes you to the main page of this OECD report.
I don't generally promote books for sale, but this report is worth spotlighting because it contains a lot of free resources, such as the complete content of two chapters and links to complementary info and sources, along with highlights for 12 countries (including Canada). Check it out - you may find that it's worth the $29 (E-book) or $42 (paper copy).

Table of Contents (PDF - 104K, 4 pages)

Comparative Child Well-being across the OECD (PDF - 1.1MB, 43 pages)
Chapter Two presents a child well-being framework and compares outcome indicators for children in OECD countries across six dimensions: material well-being; housing and environment; education; health; risk behaviours; and quality of school life.

Doing Better for Children: The Way Forward (PDF - 206K, 29 pages)
Chapter 7 offers a range of policy recommendations for improving child well-being.

Doing Better for Children
Country Highlights : Canada
(PDF - 117K, 1 page)
2009
"Canada receives solid marks in “Doing Better for Children”, the OECD’s first report on the well-being of children. But there are areas which may need policy attention to improve the lives of Canadian children, including reducing child poverty and youth risk-taking, and ensuring timely immunisations. (...) Child poverty rates in Canada in 2005 were at the higher end of the OECD, with 15% of children living in poor households versus an OECD average of 12.4%." [Bolding added]

OECD links to child well-being research related websites
- incl. dozens of links to : International Organisations - European Organisations - NGOs and International Research Projects - Government & Ministries - Statistical Offices - Universities

Related link:

High spending fails to improve child welfare, says OECD report
UK's levels of teenage pregnancy, drunkenness and unemployment are among highest out of 30 countries
1 September 2009
Source:
The Guardian (U.K)

---

OECD: Policy Briefs
Review:
The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) has a sizeable research staff, and they publish dozens of policy papers, reports, and related documents every year. This website will lead visitors directly to their archive of policy briefs, and it is one that every person with an interest in international relations, economic policy, and related matters will want to add to their collection of bookmarks. The basic list of briefs is arranged chronologically, and recent briefs added to the site have included an economic survey of Greece, an examination of international migration trends, and regional innovation trends in 15 Mexican states. At this part of the site, visitors can read abstracts of each document, and also download them as well. On the left-hand side of the page, visitors can browse all of the briefs by topic, country, or view an alphabetical list of the briefs.
Reviewed by:
The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2009.

OECD Factbook eXplorer
http://stats.oecd.org/oecdfactbook/
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has partnered with Linköping University to create this rather powerful analytical tool which they call the OECD Factbook eXplorer. First-time visitors can start using the site by going over to the "Dashboard" area on the right-hand side of the page and clicking one of the thematic "stories". These "stories" contain brief introductions to several key issues: labor market policies and labor participation fertility. Visitors can read through these themes to learn about the scatter plot screen, the time-series data, and the interactive map on the far left-hand side of the screen. After that, visitors can use the "Indicators" tab on the top of the homepage to load up one of the data files from the OECD and display it via the interactive map and the scatter plot screen. There's also a "Help" feature that can help users navigate the various options presented on this site. Overall, the eXplorer site will take time getting used to, but it will be most useful to policy analysts and others with an interest in development issues.
Reviewed by:
The Scout Report
http://scout.wisc.edu/
Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2009

Society at a Glance 2009 - OECD Social Indicators
How are OECD societies progressing? How effective are their actions in promoting social progress? Society at a Glance provides a basis for addressing these twin questions. It offers a concise overview of quantitative social trends and policies across the OECD. This 2009 edition includes a wide range of information on social issues – such as demography and family characteristics, employment and unemployment, poverty and inequality, social and health care expenditure, and work and life satisfaction – as well as a guide to help readers understand the structure of OECD social indicators, a set of headline social indicators summarising social well-being and a special chapter examining leisure time across the OECD.
- incl. links to : Press material and country notes (12 countries) - How to obtain this publication - Data and indicators - Previous versions

Country Notes - Canada (PDF - 153K, 1 page)
Excerpt:
Life satisfaction - Canadians are happy with their lives, but less so than they used to be. While Canada ranks 8th in terms of life satisfaction for OECD countries, it is one of only five countries that registered a decline between 2000 and 2006, along with Portugal, Hungary, the US and Japan.

Life satisfaction chart:
Average points of life satisfaction on an 11-step ladder from 0-10, 2006
(small Excel file)
...Considerable differences between countries regarding life satisfaction

See also:

* OECD Regions at A Glance 2009
* OECD Factbook 2009: Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

Source:
SourceOECD
The OECD's Online Library of Statistical Databases, Books and Periodicals
[ Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
The OECD groups 30 member countries committed to democratic government and the market economy and provides a forum where governments can compare and exchange policy experiences, identify good practices and promote decisions and recommendations.]

Related link:

The happiest taxes on earth
Commentary: More people are satisfied in heavily tariffed nations
By Thomas Kostigen
May 15, 2009
SANTA MONICA, Calif. -- Northern Europeans are the happiest people on the planet, according to a new survey.
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development says people in Denmark, Finland and the Netherlands are the most content with their lives. The three ranked first, second and third, respectively, in the OECD's rankings of "life satisfaction," or happiness. There are myriad reasons, of course, for happiness: health, welfare, prosperity, leisure time, strong family, social connections and so on. But there is another common denominator among this group of happy people: taxes. Northern Europeans pay some of the highest taxes in the world. Danes pay about two-thirds of their income in taxes. Why be so happy about that? It all comes down to what you get in return. (...) Maybe it's time that we looked at taxes differently. We have to pay them anyway. So they might as well make us happy. If Northern Europe is any benchmark, the more we'd pay the happier we just may be.
Source:
MarketWatch.com
(member of The Wall Street Digital Network)



Europa - Gateway to the European Union
EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union. It provides up-to-date coverage of European Union affairs and essential information on European integration.
- incl. links to the websites of all EU countries


geoworldbank.org (Beta) - from the World Bank
- visual entry point to browse World Bank projects, news, statistics and information by country
HINT: click on a teardrop-shaped icon on the map to open a popup window with general country info PLUS (by clicking the "Data" and "News" tabs at the top of the popup) health and economic indicators and related news items and a "Country Page" link with more resources.


United Kingdom:

* Policy Hub Bulletin

* Government Social Research Bulletin

- includes recent additions with relevance for better policy making, improving delivery, and evaluating policy
Source:
HM Treasury
(Government of the U.K.)


From Canada's International Gateway:

Permanent Delegation of Canada to the
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

Canada is one of the 19 founding members of the OECD. Just as Canada was committed to strengthening the economic cooperation of the Marshall Plan, Canada contributed to the creation of the OECD with the goal of promoting economic growth as a path to stability.Canada views the OECD as a key forum to discuss international and domestic economic and social issues. OECD Peer reviews on Canada assess Canadian policies and provide useful recommendations to improve performance in a wide range of areas.
[ Excerpt from Canada and the OECD ]

Selected recent peer reviews:
* Early Childhood Education and Care
("OECD urges Canadian governments to increase funding for childcare")
* The Canadian Economy
* Development Co-operation Policies

Canada OECD Info
This monthly newsletter prepared by the Canadian Delegation provides updates on OECD publications and events. It is read by over 500 Canadian government officials active in OECD Work. To subscribe, please contact poecd@international.gc.ca
Latest issue of the newsletter:
Canada OECD Info - March-April 2009 - In this issue: Interim Economic Outlook; 2008 DAC Aid Statistics; Progress toward meeting OECD tax standard; OECD Factbook 2009; Freedom of Investment; Globalisation and Emerging Economies.

Canada - Country Web Pages
www.oecd.org/canada is a one-stop-shop for OECD reports and statistics on Canada. Browse the documents in chronological order or by topic (e.g. economy, trade, development, environment, energy, social issues).

PovertyNet Newsletter #123, February 2009
In this issue:
1) Crisis Reveals Growing Finance Gaps for Developing Countries
2) Financial Crisis Highlights Need for More Social Safety Nets, Especially Conditional Cash Transfers
3) International Women's Day 2009
4) Blog on World Bank's World Development Report on Climate Change
5) Jobs for a Globalizing World: World Bank Labor Market Policy Core Course
6) Help Us!
7) To Receive this Newsletter

[ Recent newsletters - includes a Quicksubscribe box if you wish to receive the newsletter by email.]

Source:
PovertyNet Newsletter
===> the content of this link changes each month
The PovertyNet Newsletter is a monthly newsletter containing updates on new information and resources available on the PovertyNet web site, covering:
* Poverty Reduction Strategies * Pro-Poor Growth and Inequality * Poverty Analysis * Poverty Monitoring * Impact Evaluation * Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) * Empowerment
- includes links to earlier issues
Source of the PovertyNet Newsletter:
PovertyNet
Topics include:
* Achieving Shared Growth * Empowerment *Poverty Analysis * Employment & Shared Growth * Poverty Mapping * Migration and Development * Poverty Monitoring * Moving Out of Poverty * Impact Evaluation * Social Capital * Poverty & Social Impact Analysis * Poverty and Health * Poverty Reduction Strategies * Safety Nets and Transfers
Source of PovertyNet:
[ World Bank ]

Subscribe to other newsletters of the World Bank - 30+ newsletters

Poverty Reduction Strategies
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) are one of the most tangible outcomes of the new approach to development defined in the Bank's Comprehensive Development Framework. Under the PRSP process, low-income countries write their own plans for reducing poverty. Since July 2002, the World Bank has based its Country Assistance Strategies, its plans for assistance to low-income countries, on PRSPs

[ World Bank ]
The World Bank consists of two unique development institutions owned by 185 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Each institution plays a different but supportive role in our mission of global poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards. The IBRD focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest countries in the world. Together we provide low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and many other purposes.



1996 OECD international social assistance study:

- detailed comparison of how social assistance programs operated
in 24 OECD countries, including Canada and the United States (see Volume II)

Social Assistance in OECD Countries
Volume I : Synthesis Report
(PDF - 2.6MB, 207 pages)
A study carried out on behalf of the Department of Social Security and the OECD by the Social Policy Research Unit
1996

---

Social Assistance in OECD Countries
Volume II : Country Reports
(PDF - 4.8MB, 499 pages)

A study carried out on behalf of the Department of Social Security and the OECD by the Social Policy Research Unit
By Tony Eardley, Jonathan Bradshaw, John Ditch, Ian Gough and Peter Whiteford
1996

Participating countries:
* Australia * Greece * Norway * Austria * Iceland * Portugal * Belgium * Ireland * Spain * Canada * Italy * Sweden * Denmark * Japan * Switzerland * Finland * Luxembourg * Turkey * France * Netherlands * United States * Germany * New Zealand * United Kingdom

Source:
United Kingdom
Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)


Australian Government launches 12 year plan to reduce homelessness in Australia
Media Release
21 December 2008
The White Paper on Homelessness, The Road Home, was launched today by the Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd, and the Minister for Housing, Tanya Plibersek. The White Paper outlines a plan for reducing homelessness in Australia by 2020, with specific goals to:
* Halve overall homelessness; and
* Provide accommodation to all rough sleepers who seek it.
There are currently 105,000 homeless people in Australia, of whom around 16,000 sleep rough.

The Australian Government's White Paper on Homelessness
On 21 December 2008, the Prime Minister, the Hon Kevin Rudd MP and Minister for Housing, Tanya Plibersek MP, released the Government's White Paper on Homelessness: The Road Home.
- incl. links to the full paper and executive summary, along with some background information on the development of the paper and a few links to more contextual material.

Complete paper:

The Road Home : Homelessness White Paper
Contents:
* Foreword
* Background
* Executive Summary
* Chapter One: Scoping the Problem
* Chapter Two: The White Paper vision
* Chapter Three: Turning Off the tap
* Chapter Four: Improving and expanding services to end homelessness
* Chapter Five: Breaking the cycle
* Chapter Six: Research
* Chapter Seven: Implementation and governance
* Glossary
* End Notes

Source:
Prime Minister of Australia

Related link:

Australia releases ambitious plan to cut homelessness in half
December 22, 2008
By Michael Shapcott
Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd introduced yesterday (Sunday) an ambitious plan to half the overall number of people who are homeless, and ensure that everyone who is sleeping outside has shelter. The plan, set out in a white paper called "The Road Home", includes $1.2 billion over four years in new spending - and is part of the Australian government's economic stimulus package that is designed to help people in that country weather the global economic crisis.
Source:
Wellesley Institute Blog
[ Wellesley Institute ]

- Go to the Homelessness and Housing Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/homeless.htm

Income inequality and poverty rising in most OECD countries
News Release
October 21, 2008
The gap between rich and poor has grown in more than three-quarters of OECD countries over the past two decades, according to a new OECD report. OECD’s Growing Unequal? finds that the economic growth of recent decades has benefitted the rich more than the poor. In some countries, such as Canada, Finland, Germany, Italy, Norway and the United States, the gap also increased between the rich and the middle-class.

Growing Unequal report main page
- includes links to:
* News release and press material * Country notes * Messages, figures and data * Multilingual summaries * How to Obtain this Publication
[ NOTE : I don't generally link to reports that aren't freely available on the Web, but there are enough "freebies" on the report's main page (see below) to interest researchers who'd like to see a sample of the complete report's content before, or in lieu of, forking over the $108 for the paper copy or $75 for the PDF.]

Are we growing unequal?
New evidence on changes in poverty and incomes over the past 20 years
(PDF - 279K, 8 pages)
Media Brief
October 2008

Interview with co-author
Mark Pearson on key findings
(video)

Canada Country Note (PDF - 248K, 2 pages)
"(...) After 20 years of continuous decline, both inequality and poverty rates have increased rapidly in the past 10 years, now reaching levels above the OECD average.(...) Canada spends less on cash benefits such as unemployment benefits and family benefits than most OECD countries."
Source:
Country Notes
- other countries include:
* Australia * France (en Français) * Germany (in German) * Italy (in Italian) * Japan (in Japanese) * Mexico (in Spanish) * New Zealand * United Kingdom * United States)

OECD Links to Social Policy Related Websites

Source:
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (Paris)

Related links:

Income gap widens between Canada's rich and poor, OECD study says
October 21, 2008
By Michelle Mcquigge And Eric Shackleton
TORONTO - The gap between the haves and the have-nots in Canada has widened significantly over the last few years according to a global report, and the slowdown in the economy is going to hit both rich and poor alike with more job losses and reduced incomes going ahead, say the experts.
Source:
Yahoo Canada News

Inequalities rise, society not breaking down: OECD
October 21, 2008
PARIS (Reuters) - The gap between the rich and poor has grown in most wealthy nations, but not as quickly as many people believe and not enough to raise fears of social upheaval, the OECD said in a report released Tuesday. The 30-nation Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development said governments were off-setting widening disparities by increasing taxes and boosting welfare spending.
Source:
Washington Post

Policy Hub Bulletin - September 2008
--- the content of this link changes each month

News Archive - view the contents of previous Bulletins back to September 2002 (200+ links)
Subscribe to this Bulletin - free, by email

From the Policy Hub home page (recent release):

Child poverty in the UK
On 30 September 2008, the Campaign to End Child Poverty published new figures which reveal that 174 parliamentary constituencies in Britain have 50% or more children living in or on the brink of poverty. Official measures of child poverty are based on a national survey of family income, highlighting poverty at a national and regional level but not in more local areas. In contrast, the figures supplied by the Campaign to End Child Poverty use tax credit data to determine the percentage of children in families with low incomes in local authorities and constituencies across the UK. Child poverty data for the UK is presented as a series of maps and tables.

Sample content from the latest issue of the Bulletin :
Click the "Content" link to access all of the items below:
--- and be sure to visit the Policy Hub Home page for news items added since the release of this bulletin.

Content of the
September 2008 Policy Hub Bulletin:

(Click the link above to access any of the studies below - only the last two items below have hyperlinks that you can click.)
* Tackling Canada's social housing challenge - CPRN report
* Measuring equality at a local level - IDeA report
* Thinking about rural transport - CRC report
* Pathways for youth to the labour market - CPRN report
* Evidence & policy (Volume 4, number 3) - Policy Press
* Homebuilding in the UK - OFT report
* Well disposed: responding to the waste challenge - Audit Commission report
* Making progress: the health, development and wellbeing of Australia's children and young people - AIHW report
* Youth mentoring: a good thing? – CPS report
* Survey of users of mental health services 2008 - Healthcare Commission report
* Education at a glance - OECD report
* NHS spending: local variations in priorities - King’s Fund report
* Care contradictions: putting people first? - Counsel and Care report
* The lawful society - Reform report
* Health is global: a UK government strategy - UK Government report
* Child poverty in the UK - Campaign to End Child Poverty survey
* Review of urgent and emergency care services 2007/2008 - Healthcare Commission report
* Our lives, our choices - LGA report
* The media, poverty and public opinion in the UK - JRF report
* Making the NHS the best insurance policy in the world - Reform report
* The flexible new deal: making it work - SMF report

Website of the month
- archive of links to websites that are featured in the monthly bulletin, going back to 2003
- Recommended!

Evidence Hotlinks
This area of Policy Hub provides access to a wide range of organisations and resources that will help you find evidence on social and economic issues in the United Kingdom and Internationally.
* United Kingdom Evidence * International Evidence - including Country Resources - including Canada * Using Evidence
===> recommended reading - excellent collection of U.K. and international resources!

Source:
Policy Hub (U. K.)
"... a web-site developed by the Government Social Research Unit, which aims to improve the way public policy is shaped and delivered."
[ Government Social Research ]
[ HM Treasury website ]

World Bank PovertyNet Newsletter #116
July 2008
In this issue:
1) Family Planning Still a Challenge for Many Poor Women
2) World Bank Group's New Deal on Global Food Policy
3) Poverty Reduction in the New Asia and Pacific: key challenges of inclusive growth for the Asian Development Bank
4) 2008 CGAP Microfinance Photo Contest: Innovators and Entrepreneurs
5) Help Us!
6) To Receive this Newsletter

Source:
Poverty Net Newsletter <=== incl. links to five earlier newsletters and a subscription form
The PovertyNet Newsletter is a monthly newsletter that contains updates on new information and resources available on the PovertyNet web site, covering:
* poverty reduction strategies
* the World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) on poverty and development
* poverty monitoring and evaluation
* the impact of growth and inequality on poverty
* the role of human capital development in the fight against poverty
* safety nets
* social capital.

Subscribe to World Bank newsletters - links to subscribe to 30+ newsletters

Poverty Reduction Strategies
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) describe a country's macroeconomic, structural and social policies and programs to promote growth and reduce poverty, as well as associated external financing needs. PRSPs are prepared by governments through a participatory process involving civil society and development partners, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Source:
World Bank
The World Bank consists of two unique development institutions owned by 185 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Each institution plays a different but supportive role in our mission of global poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards. The IBRD focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest countries in the world. Together we provide low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and many other purposes

United Kingdom

No one written off: reforming welfare to reward responsibility
“No one written off: reforming welfare to reward responsibility” is a wide ranging consultation on the future of welfare. The Green Paper sets out plans for improving support and work incentives to create a system that rewards responsibility. The majority of people of working age – who can work now or at some point in the future – and their families will no longer be on benefits for life. There will also be greater choice and control over the support that is provided.
Source:
Welfare Reform
[ U.K. Department of Work and Pensions ]

From Europa - Gateway of the European Union:

Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2008
Press Release
Brussels, 25 February 2008
The report examines the Member States' integrated national strategies on social inclusion, pensions, healthcare and long-term care. It reviews the main trends across the EU and at national level. The 2008 report focuses on child poverty, older workers, private pension provision, health inequalities and long-term care.

Complete report (PDF - 144K, 14 pages)
On 29 February 2008 the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council and the Commission jointly adopted the 2008 Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion.
This fourth Report examines more in depth a set of themes identified in last year's edition:
* child poverty,
* health inequalities, access to health care and evolving long-term care needs,
* longer working lives and privately managed pensions.
The report also outlines envisaged improvements of the working methods of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) on social protection and social inclusion which should further reinforce the efficiency of the process.

Accompanying document to the
Proposal for the Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2008
(PDF - 748K, 109 pages)
Commission Staff working Paper
Brussels, 30 January .2008
This supporting document complements the 2008 Joint Report on Social Protection and Social Inclusion with a more detailed account of the work carried out in the framework of the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) on Social Protection and Social Inclusion in 2007.

Source:
Mutual Information System on Social Protection
The Mutual Information System on Social Protection (MISSOC) was established in 1990 by the European Commission as an instrument to serve the continuous and comprehensive exchange of information on social protection between the EU Member States. MISSOC has since been further developed and has become an important central source of information on social protection in all Member States of the European Union. Today, the information system includes the 27 Member States, the three countries of the European Economic Area – Iceland, Liechtens tein, Norway– and Switzerland.

See also:
Joint reports
- Joint Reports assess progress made in the implementation of the OMC, set key priorities and identify good practice and innovative approaches of common interest to the Member States.
[ Europa - Gateway of the European Union ]

Also from Europa:

Comparative Tables on Social Protection in the 27 Member States
of the European Union, in the European Economic Area and in Switzerland:
Situation on 1 January 2007

This report is divided into a number of files, each containing the following info for 3-4 countries:
* Financing * Health care * Sickness * Cash benefits * Maternity/Paternity * Invalidity * Old-Age * Survivors * Employment injuries and occupational diseases * Family benefits * Unemployment * Guaranteeing of sufficient resources (welfare) * Long-term care

Related links:

Organisation of social protection on 1 January 2007 - Charts and descriptions (PDF - 1.4MB, 73 pages)
- includes a one-page description of how the various programs fit together in each of the member states along with an org chart showing how these programs are organized within the government structure

Source:
Europa - Gateway of the European Union
EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union. It provides up-to-date coverage of European Union affairs and essential information on European integration. Users can also consult all legislation currently in force or under discussion, access the websites of each of the EU institutions and find out about the policies administered by the European Union under the powers devolved to it by the Treaties. (About Europa)

World Bank PovertyNet Newsletter # 113, April 2008
In this issue:
1) IMF and World Bank Spring Meetings 2008
2) Global Monitoring Report 2008
3) The World Bank Establishes a New Database on Grants Supported by the Post-Conflict Fund and the LICUS Trust Fund
4) Assessing the Redistributive Effects of Fiscal Policy
5) The Persistence of Poverty: Why the Economics of the Well-Off Can't Help the Poor
Source:
Poverty Net Newsletter <=== incl. links to five earlier newsletters
The PovertyNet Newsletter is a monthly newsletter that contains updates on new information and resources available on the PovertyNet web site, covering:
* poverty reduction strategies
* the World Bank's World Development Report (WDR) on poverty and development
* poverty monitoring and evaluation
* the impact of growth and inequality on poverty
* the role of human capital development in the fight against poverty
* safety nets
* social capital.

Subscribe to World Bank newsletters - links to subscribe to 30+ newsletters

Poverty Reduction Strategies
Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) are one of the most tangible outcomes of the new approach to development defined in the Bank's Comprehensive Development Framework. Under the PRSP process, low-income countries write their own plans for reducing poverty. Since July 2002, the World Bank has based its Country Assistance Strategies, its plans for assistance to low-income countries, on PRSPs

[ World Bank ]
The World Bank consists of two unique development institutions owned by 185 member countries—the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). Each institution plays a different but supportive role in our mission of global poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards. The IBRD focuses on middle income and creditworthy poor countries, while IDA focuses on the poorest countries in the world. Together we provide low-interest loans, interest-free credit and grants to developing countries for education, health, infrastructure, communications and many other purposes.

Poverty Reduction Strategies in the United Kingdom and Ireland
By Chantal Collin (Political and Social Affairs Division)
2 November 2007
HTML version
PDF version
(98 Kb, 15 pages)
[ version française ]
Table of Contents:
* Introduction
The United Kingdom’s Strategy to Reduce Poverty and Social Exclusion
* A. A Multi-pronged Approach
* B. Key Objectives and Measures
* C. Measuring Success
* D. Key Challenges
* E. What’s Next? Reaching Out
Ireland’s National Anti-Poverty Strategy
* A. Multi-dimensional Approach
* B. Key Targets
* C. Measuring Success
* D. What’s Next? National Action Plan for Social Inclusion
* Summary
From the Parliamentary Research Library:
(Government of Canada)

Europa - Gateway to the European Union
EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union. It provides up-to-date coverage of European Union affairs and essential information on European integration. Users can also consult all legislation currently in force or under discussion, access the websites of each of the EU institutions and find out about the policies administered by the European Union under the powers devolved to it by the Treaties. (About Europa)

EUROPA: Key facts and figures about Europe and the Europeans
Which countries are in the European Union? What goods do countries in the European Union produce? Is Andorra a member of the European Union? These questions (and many more) are all answered in this interactive and lively site created by the European Union (EU). The site is set up to provide access to key facts and figures about Europe and Europeans in general, and visitors can click on one of nine playful graphic icons to learn about topics like quality of life, transport, and economic activity and trade. After looking through some of these fact-filled areas, visitors can also browse around in the "What's New?" area. Here they can read newly added reports and fact sheets that address food safety, biofuels standards, and the EU's efforts to combat gender stereotypes.
Reviewed by:
The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2008.

Government Social Research Bulletin (United Kingdom)
The GSR News Bulletin contains the latest GSR news, updates on continuing professional development, forthcoming research, research methods and research funding, GSR research outputs and other research outputs, and a website of the month feature.
- incl. links to the latest issue of the Bulletin and the bulletin archive (back to 2002), along with a link if you wish to subscribe to receive an alert by email whenever the bulletin is updated

Policy Hub Bulletin ===> the content of this link changes each month
News Archive - view the contents of previous Bulletins back to September 2002
Subscribe to this Bulletin - free, by email

Sample content from the latest issue of the Bulletin :
Click the link above to access all of the items below - and be sure to visit the Home page for news items added since the release of this bulletin.

Content of the
January 2008 Policy Hub Bulletin:

(Click the link above to access any of the studies below - only the last two items below have hyperlinks that you can click.)
* Technology-enabled crime: future directions
* Stern Review: assessment of methodology - Productivity Commission report
* Evidence of accelerated climate change - Climate Institute report
* Primary education aims and values - Primary Review reports
* Evidence & policy (Volume 3, number 4) - Policy Press
* Pro-environmental behaviours framework
* Low-paid and 'working poor' - IPPR report
* Digital divide: social inclusion and social capital policy
* International trends in housing and policy responses
* Children's centres and extended schools
* National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
* Transport schemes evaluation
* Criminal justice: drug and drug-related offending
* Sexual abuse of boys
* Dementia services and support
* Crime quarterly update
* Care coordination and health system performance
* Crime and public perceptions
* Life chances of families at risk
* Prevention of violence against women
* School leadership and pupil outcomes
* Low-paid and 'working poor' - January 2008 report from the Institute for Public Policy Research
* British social attitudes: the 24th report - from the U.K. National Centre for Social Research
On 23 January 2008, the National Centre for Social Research published a report (British Social Attitudes: the 24th Report), which describes the state of public attitudes towards relationships and parenting; cohabitation; gender roles; national identity; working in the public sector; prejudice; car use and the environment; newspapers; political participation; party policies; and poverty
Press summary (PDF file - 190K, 13 pages)
Order the complete report (£50.00) - not available online for free

Website of the month
- archive of links to websites that are featured in the monthly bulletin, going back to 2003

Evidence Hotlinks
This area of Policy Hub provides access to a wide range of organisations and resources that will help you find evidence on social and economic issues in the United Kingdom and Internationally.
* United Kingdom Evidence * International Evidence - including Country Resources - including Canada * Using Evidence
===> recommended reading - excellent collection of U.K. and international resources!

Source:
Policy Hub (U. K.)
"... a web-site developed by the Government Social Research Unit, which aims to improve the way public policy is shaped and delivered."
[ Government Social Research ]
[ HM Treasury website ]

Content from the earlier issues of the Government Social Research Bulletin:

Combating child poverty in Wales: are effective education strategies in place? (December 2007)
- argues that innovative education policies in Wales aim to combat the effects of child poverty on educational achievement but need to do more to overcome this relationship

Monitoring poverty and social exclusion 2007 (December 2007)
- the annual report on the state of poverty and social exclusion in the United Kingdom covers low income, work, education, health, housing, disadvantaged children and exclusion from services. Provides a comprehensive analysis of trends and differences between groups; examines the progress being made on reducing poverty and social exclusion, in light of the Government's ambitious target to halve child poverty by 2010.
Complete report (PDF file - 480K, 140 pages)
Key Points (Selected findings):
* Half of children in poverty are still in working families.
* Overall poverty levels in 2006 were the same as in 2002.
* Child poverty in 2006 was still 500,000 higher than the target set for 2005.
* Overall earnings inequalities are widening.
* Disability rather than lone parenthood is the factor most likely to lead to worklessness

The source for both of these reports is
the Joseph Roundtree Foundation
The Joseph Rowntree Foundation is one of the largest social policy research and development charities in the UK. We spend over £10 million a year on our research and development programme. For over one hundred years we have been searching out the causes of social problems, investigating solutions and seeking to influence those who can make changes.

News items, for all with an interest in Government Social Research, will continue to be added to
the homepage at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/ and to the Research news page at
http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/index.asp

Subscribe to the Bulletin alert:
http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/email_updates.asp

Current Research News - continuously updated
[archive - back to 2004]

Source:
U.K. Government Social Research
[ HM Treasury website ]

European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research
The European Centre is a UN-affiliated intergovernmental organization concerned with all aspects of social welfare policy and research. All governments of States that are members of the United Nations, in particular those of countries of the UN-European Region, are invited to participate in and contribute to the activities of the European Centre. This results in a geographical domain of potential Member Countries of more than fifty European nations as well as the United States of America, Canada and Israel. [ About Us ]

Recent releases:

Tax Credit Policy in the UK and its Lessons for Austria (PDF file - 188K, 13 pages)
Policy Brief by Asghar Zaidi
January 2008
This Policy Brief summarises the policy experience of the tax credit system in the United Kingdom, with the aim to understand better the challenges underlying the tax credit policy to be initiated in Austria. Perhaps the strongest message for Austria is: "keep it simple", as the benefit simplicity will help to effectively implement, monitor and evaluate the experience of the tax credit policy. It is also imperative that a good and tested IT system is put in place before introducing the scheme. The success of the tax credit policy in Austria will also depend on the contextual factors, such as the interplay with other tax and benefit and labour market policies, wage setting arrangements, etc, and more background research on the effect of these factors will be useful. A pragmatic approach would be to introduce, in the first instance, a tax credit scheme for specific subgroups, such as lone parent families and working age persons with disabilities.

Time Poverty or Time Welfare in Austrian Families?
Impact of family factors on children’s school achievements
(PDF file - 255K, 9 pages)
Policy Brief by Renate Kränzl-Nagl, Martina Beham
December 2007
Vienna
This Policy Brief illustrates main findings of two European Centre's studies on whether today's parents have enough time for their children and/or provide sufficient support (for their children's achievements in school) focusing on: 1) the time spent by parents with their children of compulsory school age and 2) the links between family factors and school achievements. The authors are presenting main findings of an analysis of national and international data as well as the results of a survey carried out among Austrian parents and their children of compulsory school age (9 - 14). This policy brief is rounded off by conclusions and recommendations.

Research Areas
The European Centre provides expertise in the fields of welfare and social policy development in a broad sense - in particular in areas where multi-or interdisciplinary approaches, integrated policies and inter-sectoral action are called for.

Selected research areas:
(Click the link above to access the whole list)
[each research area includes links to events, projects, publications and a few websites.]

Ageing & Generations

Childhood, Youth & Families

Health and Disability Policy

Incomes, Poverty & Social Inclusion

Labour Market & Social Policy

Pensions & Social Security

Welfare Society

PovertyNet Newsletter (from the World Bank)
The PovertyNet Newsletter is a monthly newsletter that contains updates on new information and resources available on the PovertyNet web site, covering:
* Poverty Reduction Strategies
* Pro-Poor Growth and Inequality
* Poverty Analysis
* Poverty Monitoring
* Impact Evaluation
* Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA)
* Empowerment

Latest newsletter content:

World Bank PovertyNet Newsletter # 108, November 2007
In this issue:
1. U.N. Human Development Report 2007/2008: Fighting Climate Change: Human Solidarity in a Divided World
2. Africa World Development Indicators
3. Brazil Bolsa Familia Program
4. New book! Analyzing Health Equity Using Household Survey Data: A Guide to Techniques and Their Implementation
5. Upcoming Conference: “Making Smart Policy: Using Impact Evaluation for Policy Making”
6. "Moving Out of Poverty" Book Launch
7. Help Us!
8. To Receive this Newsletter

Source:
PovertyNet Newsletter ===> the content of this link changes each month
The PovertyNet Newsletter is a monthly newsletter containing updates on new information and resources available on the PovertyNet web site, covering:
* Poverty Reduction Strategies * Pro-Poor Growth and Inequality * Poverty Analysis * Poverty Monitoring * Impact Evaluation * Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) * Empowerment
- includes links to earlier issues
Source:
The World Bank

Sweden

Homelessness - multiple faces, multiple responsibilities (PDF file - 1.3MB, 16 pages)
01 November 2007
The Government has presented a strategy to combat homelessness and exclusion from the housing market Homelessness - multiple faces, multiple responsibilities. The strategy covers 2007-2009. Its purpose is to establish a structure that clarifies that multiple actors at national, regional and also local level have a responsibility and a role to play in work to address homelessness and exclusion from the housing market. By specifying a clear direction for action, a broad approach and clear joint work, the strategy represents a higher level of ambition.
Source:
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
[ Government of Sweden ]

Human Rights (U.K.)
"800 years of human rights in the United Kingdom explored using original documents from The National Archives"
The idea of "human rights" is a relatively new development in history, but as this website from Britain’s National Archives notes in its discussion of the long trajectory of struggles for equality and so forth, "We could do worse than characterizing this history as the struggle for human rights." This visually compelling online exhibit uses original documents from The National Archives to take a long view of these struggles and movements. Visitors can start their journey through the site by picking a time period, and then reading an introductory essay on the period. Each time period includes a timeline and links to digitized version of relevant documents, such as The Poor Act of 1601 and a poster for a Staffordshire coal miners’ union public meeting from 1831. The site is rounded out by a thorough glossary and a document index.
Source:
National Archives
(Government of the United Kingdom)
Reviewed by:
The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2007.

Related links:

Go to the Human Rights Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/rights.htm

Costs of children (Australia)
Paul Henman, Richard Percival and Ann Harding, Matthew Gray
Posted July 31, 2007
Commissioned by the Ministerial Taskforce on Child Support, this is a collection of three reports on the costs of children in Australian families: 'The estimated costs of children in Australian families in 2005–06'; 'Updated costs of children using Australian budget standards; and 'Costs of children and equivalence scales: a review of methodological issues and Australian estimates'.

Complete report:
HTML
PDF
(753K, 122 pages)

Related link:

Ministerial Taskforce on Child Support

Source:
Occasional Paper Series <=== links to 18 papers
[ Department of Families,
Community Services and Indigenous Affairs
- Australia ]

Find more from Department of Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs
Find more articles on the topic Families and households
Find more articles on the topic Income, poverty and wealth
Browse the complete departmental publications list

Government Social Research Bulletin (United Kingdom)
The GSR News Bulletin contains the latest GSR news, updates on continuing professional development, forthcoming research, research methods and research funding, GSR research outputs and other research outputs, and a website of the month feature.
- incl. links to the latest issue of the Bulletin and the bulletin archive (back to 2002), along with a link if you wish to subscribe to receive an alert by email whenever the bulletin is updated

Selected content from
the latest Government Social Research Bulletin published/posted on July 19
:

United Kingdom : Evidence base review on mobility: Choices and barriers for different social groups
http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/scienceresearch/social/evidence_base_review_on_mobility
Source: U.K. Department for Transport

A review of databases and other statistical sources reporting ethnic group and their potential to enhance the evidence base on health promotion
http://new.wales.gov.uk/topics/health/ocmo/research/asert/?lang=en
Source: Welsh Assembly Government

Report of the Multidisciplinary Workshop on the influences on children's and young people's food choice within the family setting, held on 9 March 2007
http://www.food.gov.uk/science/research/researchinfo/nutritionresearch/foodchoice/multiworkfoodchoicefamchil/
Source: U.K. Food Standards Agency

The bulletin also features other reports like:

Poverty, wealth and place in Britain 1968 to 2005
http://www.jrf.org.uk/bookshop/details.asp?pubID=905
("A look at how the geographical distribution of poor and wealthy people in Britain has changed in the last 40 years.")
Source: Joseph Rowntree Foundation

and

Education and youth transitions in England, Wales and Scotland 1984-2002
http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk/ESRCInfoCentre/ViewAwardPage.aspx?AwardNumber=R000239852
Source: Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)

News items, for all with an interest in Government Social Research, will continue to be added to
the homepage at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/ and to the Research news page at
http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/index.asp

Subscribe to the Bulletin alert:
http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/email_updates.asp

Current Research News - continuously updated
[archive - back to 2004]

Source:
U.K. Government Social Research
[ HM Treasury website ]

Policy Hub Bulletin ===> the content of this link changes each month
News Archive - view the contents of previous Bulletins back to September 2002
Subscribe to this Bulletin - free, by email

Evidence Hotlinks
This area of Policy Hub provides access to a wide range of organisations and resources that will help you find evidence on social and economic issues in the United Kingdom and Internationally.
* United Kingdom Evidence * International Evidence - including Country Resources - including Canada * Using Evidence
===> recommended reading - excellent collection of U.K. and international resources
!

Source:
Policy Hub (U. K.)
"... a web-site developed by the Government Social Research Unit, which aims to improve the way public policy is shaped and delivered."
[ Government Social Research ]
[ HM Treasury website ]

--------------------------------------------------

News items, for all with an interest in Government Social Research, will continue to be added to
the homepage at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/ and to the Research news page at
http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/index.asp

Subscribe to the Bulletin alert:
http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/email_updates.asp

Current Research News - continuously updated
[archive - back to 2004]

Source:
U.K. Government Social Research
[ HM Treasury website ]

Worldmapper
"the world as you've never seen it before"
- interesting visual representations of the distribution of imprisonment, violent deaths, self-inflicted deaths, child poverty and social inequalities etc.

Government Social Research Bulletin: March 2007
The links below are just a sample of the content of the latest issue of this monthly research bulletin.

* Community engagement: practical lessons from a pilot project (Development and Practice Report 48 ) (PDF)

* The abuse of research - article in The Guardian 13 February 2007, says that the funding and political agendas of think tanks mean their reports need to be treated with care and that the politicisation of research can lead to serious distortions in debates on policy issues.

* Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Festival of Social Science 9-18 March 2007 - the festival will celebrate some of the very best British social science research, highlighting the ways in which it makes a difference to our lives.

* National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) publish Community cohesion for children, young people and their families - highlights research, best practice, current initiatives and identifies gaps in knowledge. Based on systematic searches of 61 websites, at least 120 website areas, 8 databases, plus requests for information via networks. In total 175 documents, press notices and other pieces of information were consulted.

* Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) launch Britain Today: the state of the nation - showcases the diversity of ESRC-funded research around the state of the nation in 2007. It offers a concise analysis of research and topical issues concerning Britain today.Contents include: What makes a good childhood?; Can parents ensure their children enjoy growing up?; Unequal employment: is disadvantage caused by discrimination?; Britons' changing identities: changing social attitudes in Britain; Learning to live: how best to teach essential life skills to the 14-19 age group.

Mathematica publish semimonthly update - Contents include: Making health care a reality for low-Income kids and families; New citizenship requirements cause confusion for children's health programs; Early Childhood experts presenting at SRCD in March.

Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) publish Gender Equality Network Newsletter (PDF) - Contents include: Why are policies that would give fathers a real choice to do unpaid care-work largely overlooked in the UK?; Does men's contribution to domestic labour act as a buffer against divorce?; Should work-life policies focus more specifically on reducing stress and pressure at work?

- incl. basic organizational information on approximately 500 institutions from 100 countries.

For all with an interest in Government Social Research, News items will continue to be added to the homepage at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/
and to the Research news page at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/index.asp

Bulletin Archive - links to almost three dozen issues (as at May 27/07) of the Bulletin back to 2002

Source:
U.K. Government Social Research
[ HM Treasury website ]

What Works Best in Reducing Child Poverty:
A Benefit or Work Strategy?
(PDF file - 450K, 54 pages)
Working Paper No. 51
March 5, 2007
By Peter Whiteford and Willem Adema
Table of contents:
- Introduction
- Data and methods
Family and child poverty – trends, risks and composition
- Trends in household composition
- The income position of different types of households
- Child poverty trends
- Poverty risks by household composition
Tax and benefit policies and their effect on poverty and employment
- Assistance for families – levels and distribution
- Adequacy of benefits and other support for families
The effect of “benefit” and/or “work” strategies
- The strategy of redistribution
- Does a “work-strategy” work?
- How much work to get out of poverty and financial incentives to work more
Conclusions

Source:
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers
[ Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs ]
[ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ]

Related link:

Timely lessons on child poverty
March 16, 2007
Carol Goar
The last time the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development made headlines in Canada, it won few friends. The Paris-based institute wanted to move from free trade to borderless private investment. Its crusade ran aground in 1998, to widespread public relief. This time, the agency has the potential to play a more positive role in Canadian affairs. It has just released an exhaustive study of child poverty, comparing the policies and performances of 28 Western countries. The analysis contains important lessons for Canada. The goal of its authors – one Australian, the other Dutch – was to find out which works better to reduce child poverty: employment incentives or strong social safety nets.
Source:
The Toronto Star

Also from the OECD:

OECD work on gender
A new one-stop shop for OECD work on gender
08-Mar-2007
The new OECD website on gender presents recent and ongoing projects aimed at improving gender policy across a wide variety of areas in OECD countries and beyond. It also features "Women and Men in OECD Countries", a brochure presenting interesting facts and figures on gender issues.

Policy Hub Bulletin: February 2007
Click the link above to access any of the content appearing in the table of contents below.

- Government response to Scientific advice, risk and evidence-based policy
-
Electoral participation of South Asian communities - JRF report
-
Equality for disabled people - ODI consultation
-
Childhood in industrialised countries - UNICEF report
-
Politicisation of research - Guardian article
-
Young people and drugs - HO reports
-
Climate change 2007: physical science - IPCC report
-
15 year olds in transition - BSL report
-
Australian welfare reform - BSL report
-
Policy for middle childhood - CPRN presentation
-
Restorative Justice: the evidence - Smith Institute
-
Is the Law Working? - Law Commission forum
-
Mental health interventions - NICE report
-
Prescribed medicines and health outcomes - ANZHP paper
-
Department for Transport annual report - Select Committee report
-
Local authority youth services 2005/06 - Ofsted Report
-
Hard to reach - ISR report
- more...

Source:
Policy Hub (U. K.)
"... a web-site developed by the Government Social Research Unit, which aims to improve the way public policy is shaped and delivered."
[ Government Social Research ]
[ HM Treasury website ]

For all with an interest in Government Social Research, News items will continue to be added to the homepage at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/
and to the Research news page at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/index.asp

Government Social Research Bulletin (U.K)

Today we publish the latest Government Social Research Bulletin at
http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/bulletin/2007/0702.asp

You will find a host of additions to GSRweb in the month up to 13 February, including the latest GSR news, updates on Continuing professional development, Forthcoming research, Research outputs,
plus a Website of the month feature.

As well as news of new research publications from Departments like:
* Home Office publish research on Risk, protective factors and resilience to drug use: identifying resilient young people and learning from their experiences.
* Department of Transport publish Attitudes to transport security after Jul 05 London bombings

...the bulletin also features other reports like:

* GSRU publish Ethics in social research: the view of research participants
* UK Data Archive publish data from the first wave of the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE)
* National Centre for Social Research (NatCen) publish British Social Attitudes 23rd report: perspectives on a changing society

News items, for all with an interest in Government Social Research, will continue to be added to the homepage at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/
and to the Research news page at http://www.gsr.gov.uk/new_research/index.asp

OECD Family database
Following up on the OECD Babies and Bosses reviews on the reconciliation of work and family life in selected Member States, and in view of the strong demand for cross-national indicators on the situation of families and children, the OECD has developed an on-line database on family outcomes and family policies with indicators for all OECD countries. The database brings together information from different OECD databases (for example, the OECD Social Expenditure database, the OECD Benefits and Wages database, or the OECD Education database, and databases maintained by other (international) organisations.

Source:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - OECD

Also from the OECD:

Social Assistance Policy Development and the Provision
of a Decent Level of Income in Selected OECD Countries
(PDF file - 420K, 33 pages)
01-Aug-2006
By Willem Adema
In many OECD countries, social assistance policy has a focus on promoting independence of claimants through social help and employment support policies. Nevertheless, financial support provided to address the immediate needs of households remains an important plank of social assistance policy. How is the level of such support determined in OECD countries? Do countries use measures reflecting a .basket of goods. that is considered to provide a minimum subsistence level, or a somewhat more generous standard of living? Are benefits increased automatically, along mechanisms triggered automatically by observable changes in price levels, or are benefit payment rates revised regularly in view of (minimum) wage developments, trends in the consumer price index or the changing state of public budgets?
(...) The paper has a focus on [social assistance] rate setting mechanisms in Belgium, Canada [bolding added], the Czech Republic, Germany, Korea, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK.

Source:
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers <===links to 45 more papers!
[ Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs ]
[ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development - OECD ]

Two from the Chronic Poverty Centre (U.K.):

The intergenerational transmission of poverty in industrialized countries (PDF file - 227K, 35 pages)
By S. P. Jenkins and T. Siedler
April 2007
[Excerpt] The general message is that growing up poor has a deleterious impact on later-life chances, and that this impact is not wholly explained by other factors that are themselves correlated with childhood poverty. At the same time, the studies also show that one should be cautious about drawing more specific conclusions.

Social protection transfers for chronically poor people (PDF file - 322K, 6 pages)
February 2007
"(...) 900 million people will still be living on $1 per day even if the Millennium Development Goals are met."
Related link:
Millennium Development Goals

Policy Hub Bulletin: December 2006
- incl. links to the following recent reports:
* Childhood Obesity Database 2005-06 - DH report
* Alcohol strategy and the drinks industry - JRF report
* Christmas and families after divorce - ESRC research
* Gun crime: the market in and use of illegal firearms - HO research
*
Poverty and social exclusion - report by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation
* Health inequalities update - DH report
* Crime and anti social behaviour on public transport - DfT report
* Monitoring anti-social behaviour - NAO report
* Social benefits and economic costs of taxation - CCPA report
* Sure Start Children’s Centres - NAO report
*
Poverty in the UK - report of the Social Justice Policy Group [About the SJPG]
* Social determinants of health - CPRN report
* Website of the Month:

SPEaR
launched its next generation website in November 2006, . The SPEaR website in New Zealand is 'a "virtual community" of social policy researchers and evaluators. The aim is to provide a focused and interactive forum for social policy researchers and evaluators across the sector. The website allows us to support research and evaluation into new areas, and encourages researchers, evaluators, and providers to co-ordinate and publicise their work.' (website)

Source:
Policy Hub - 'the first port of call for improvements in policy making and delivery'
[Policy Hub is part of HM Treasury]

Sign up to receive an e-mail alert when the latest issue of the monthly Bulletin is posted on the Policy Hub website.
You don't actually receive the bulletin content - just the notification that it's available online and the URL to access the page.

News Archive - view the contents of previous Bulletins

Publications - 200+ links
A-Z Key Links - Index of resources featured on Policy Hub

Social Policy, Research and Evaluation (SPRE) Conference 2007
Wellington, New Zealand
3 - 5 April 2007
The SPRE Conference 2007 enables policy makers, researchers and evaluators, students and academics, and social service providers to come together to describe, discuss and debate our key social policy opportunities and challenges. Panels of world-leading social policy experts from New Zealand and abroad will lead our discussion.
Source:
Ministry of Social Development
[New Zealand Government]
- Work and Income - incl. links to : Find a Job - Get Assistance - Employers and Industry - Support for Communities - Publications - About us

Programme at a Glance

Policy Hub Bulletin: November 2006
This bulletin alerts you to selected items added to Policy Hub up to 29 November 2006
Be sure to visit the Bulletin page (the link above) for the complete set of links added up to that date, and
visit the Policy Hub Home page --- http://www.policyhub.gov.uk/index.asp --- for news items added since 29 November.

Families' disposable incomes - CARE report 27 November

Welfare and punishment - CSF report 22 November

Affordable housing in the United Kingdom and Australia - AHURI bulletin 15 November

Young motherhood impacts - SPRC report 15 November

Social democracy in northern Europe - ARPA article 1 November

New direction for disability services - DADH plan 6 November

Website of the Month:
The International Reform Monitor gives a wide range of well-selected information on social policy (health care, pensions provision, family policy, state welfare), labour market policy and industrial relations in 15 OECD-countries: Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom and United States of America. It is part of the "International Reform Monitor" project by the Bertelsmann Foundation. Researchers are also invited to publish their research results here.

Source:
Policy Hub - 'the first port of call for improvements in policy making and delivery'
[Policy Hub is part of HM Treasury]

World Bank Poverty Net Newsletter #96
November 2006
In this issue:
1. Human Development Report 2006: Beyond Scarcity - Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis
2. Close to Home: The Development Impact of Remittances in Latin America
3. Regional Brief: East Asia Economic Update
4. Promoting Pro-Poor Growth: Policy Guidance for Donors
5. Book Launch: Efficient Learning for the Poor
6. Help Us!
7. To Receive this Newsletter
Source:
PovertyNet Newsletter
[ World Bank ]

Government Social Research Bulletin
- for the month up to 13 November, including the latest GSR news, updates on Continuing professional development, Forthcoming research, Research outputs, plus a Website of the month feature.
Source:
Research News
[ Government Social Research: Analysis for Policy (U.K.) ]

National Action Plans Against Poverty and Social Exclusion:
National Reports on Strategies for Social Protection and Social Inclusion 2006-2008

- incl. Austria - Belgium - Bulgaria - Cyprus - Czech Republic - Denmark - Estonia - France - Finland - Germany - Greece - Hungary - Ireland - Italy - Latvia - Lithuania - Luxembourg - Malta - Netherlands - Poland - Portugal - Romania - Slovakia - Slovenia - Sweden -United Kingdom
Source:
Reports
[ part of Social Inclusion ]
[ part of Employment and Social Affairs ]
[ part of Europa - Gateway to the European Union ]

Hutton: ‘Second earners key to tackling child poverty’ - U.K.
Press Release
17 October 2006
The latest edition of the annual cross-Government report Opportunity for All is published today to mark the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. This year the document has a special focus on child poverty in the UK bringing together progress so far as well as indicating where the Government has more to do.

Complete report:

Opportunity for all: Eighth Annual Report 2006
Strategy document
(PDF file - 2.2MB, 172 pages) - U.K.
Presented to Parliament by the Secretary of State
for Work and Pensions by Command of Her Majesty
October 2006
- in addition to overview information on the full range of programs administered by the Department for Work and Pensions for their clientele (including welfare reform) and an 83-page document on indicators, this report includes a 30-page chapter focusing on child poverty and covering the following topics:
--- What is child poverty and who does it affect? - Measuring child poverty - How many children are poor? - Which children are in poverty? - The importance of reducing child poverty - Tackling child poverty - Increasing parental employment - Lone parent families - Couple families - Making work pay - Financial support for families with children - Child Tax Credit - Child support - Tackling material deprivation - Housing and homelessness - Financial inclusion - Improving life chances for poor children through public services - Early years and childcare -Sure Start - Education - Looked-after children - Disabled children - Parenting - Improving parents’ skills - Health - Teenage pregnancy - Transport - Families at risk, child crime, drugs and anti-social behaviour - Getting involved and extending opportunities - Working together - Meeting our ambition

Government Social Research: Analysis for Policy (Government of the U.K.)
- "Career information, news, training, events and the latest methodological developments for government social researchers
(...) Members of the Government Social Research service (GSR) are based in 20 government departments. The service is led by the Chief Government Social Researcher, Sue Duncan, who is supported by the Government Social Research Unit - GSRU. The team works in partnership with several cross-government committees of social researchers.

Policy Hub Bulletin: February 2007
Click the link above to access any of the content appearing below.

- Government response to Scientific advice, risk and evidence-based policy
-
Electoral participation of South Asian communities - JRF report
-
Equality for disabled people - ODI consultation
-
Childhood in industrialised countries - UNICEF report
-
Politicisation of research - Guardian article
-
Young people and drugs - HO reports
-
Climate change 2007: physical science - IPCC report
-
15 year olds in transition - BSL report
-
Australian welfare reform - BSL report
-
Policy for middle childhood - CPRN presentation
-
Restorative Justice: the evidence - Smith Institute
-
Is the Law Working? - Law Commission forum
-
Mental health interventions - NICE report
-
Prescribed medicines and health outcomes - ANZHP paper
-
Department for Transport annual report - Select Committee report
-
Local authority youth services 2005/06 - Ofsted Report
-
Hard to reach - ISR report
- more...

Source:
Policy Hub (U. K.)
"... a web-site developed by the Government Social Research Unit, which aims to improve the way public policy is shaped and delivered."
[ Government Social Research ]
[ HM Treasury website ]

How the Rich Protect Their Poor: Social Safety Nets in OECD Countries
This five-day course is tailored toward World Bank staff and Government counterparts working on middle-income countries interested in learning about the design and implementation of social safety nets (SSNs) in developed countries.

Social Safety Nets in the United States - Briefing Book (PDF file - 204K, 40 pages)
November 2003
"The focus of the note is on non-contributory social programs for low-income households or other vulnerable groups in OECD countries. These programs, typically referred to as social safety net (SSN) programs in developing countries, are labeled welfare programs in the US and social assistance programs in the European Union. (...)
This note covers 28 countries belonging to the OECD [including Canada], and refers to an in depth review of SSN programs in the US and nine European Union countries prepared for a course on “Social Safety Nets in OECD Countries.”
***Excellent overview of a wide range of initiatives in 28 countries, from guaranteed minimum income (social assistance or welfare) to housing, family benefits, child care and more.
The info is presented mainly in synthesized table form, but you can find related content on this (source) page: Safety Nets and Transfers

Social Safety Nets in the United States - Briefing Book (204K, 40 pages)
March 2006
"The book is arranged into eight chapters.
- The first three chapters cover the nature of the basic programs, the problems—especially poverty—that they are intended to alleviate, and major recent changes.
- The next three chapters focus on program administration, management, and implementation, discussing many of the detailed realities of how programs actually operate: These three chapters blend together facts and tools—what are the tools, how did they evolve, how are they used, what are the challenges, what works and what doesn’t, and under what circumstances. These are the issues which World Bank employees have to deal with regularly as they assist other nations to develop policies and programs.
- The seventh chapter focuses on the role of monitoring, performance measurement, and evaluation in helping to shape and manage programs.
- The last chapter is a chance to discuss the future of the welfare policy in US."
***Highly recommended overview of American social programs, especially welfare (from President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "New Deal" in the 1930s to date)

Safety Nets Primer - dozens of links to resources under the following headings:
Program Interventions – A variety of different programs can be used to provide assistance to households living in poverty and to help them deal with the impact of shocks.#
Themes – Certain issues of program design and implementation are relevant to all types of program interventions.
Country Context – The type of safety net interventions and the mix of programs most appropriate will depend largely on the country specific context.
Special Vulnerable Groups

Source:
Safety Nets and Transfers
Social Safety Nets are non-contributory transfer programs targeted in some manner to the poor or those vulnerable to poverty and shocks. Social Safety Nets play a well-recognized redistributive role which is supported strongly by moral philosophy, expressed in many different ways. They also play a productive role in helping households to manage risk and assist in their own livelihoods, in helping prevent the inter-generational transmission of poverty and in allowing societies to make more efficient choices in macro, trade, labor and many other sectoral policies. Though less well recognized, this productive role is a very important part of the justification for safety nets.

Source:
World Bank

Related links:

World Bank PovertyNet
PovertyNet provides an introduction to key issues as well as in-depth information on poverty measurement, monitoring, analysis, and on poverty reduction strategies for researchers and practitioners.

World Bank Social Protection
The Social Protection Unit, as part of the Human Development Network, supports the World Bank and client countries to assist individuals, households and communities to better manage the income and welfare risks that affect vulnerable groups.

More related links - links to almost 60 sites, including OECD, Microfinance, Food-related Programs, etc.

Government Social Research: Analysis for Policy (Government of the U.K.)
- "Career information, news, training, events and the latest methodological developments for government social researchers
(...) Members of the Government Social Research service (GSR) are based in 20 government departments. The service is led by the Chief Government Social Researcher, Sue Duncan, who is supported by the Government Social Research Unit - GSRU. The team works in partnership with several cross-government committees of social researchers.

GSR Bulletin: October 2006
The October edition of the GSR Bulletin contains the latest GSR news, updates on continuing professional development, research funding, research methods, and research outputs, and a website of the month feature

----------------------------

Policy Hub Bulletin: June 2006 issue
This latest issue of the Policy Hub Bulletin includes recent additions with relevance for Better policy making, Improving delivery, and Evaluating policy, plus a Website of the month feature.
Follow the link above to this month's online bulletin, which includes the following items of possible interest (among others):
Healthy choices for Canada's children and youth (Health Council of Canada) - People in low-paid informal work + Child poverty in large families (UK, Joseph Rowntree Foundation) - Education, training and employment, 16-18 year olds (DfES data) - Political economy and population health in Australia (ANZHP) report - Integrated foundations for early childhood (Canada, CRRU report) - The Social Fund: current role and future direction (JRF report) - Sheltering women leaving violence (YWCA Canada) - much more...

- also includes links to "Evidence libraries", including databases of Systematic Reviews, Executive summaries, Review protocols, and Abstracts of reviews of effects as well as resources including reports, articles and recommended links

Sign up to receive an e-mail alert when the latest issue of the monthly Bulletin is posted on the Policy Hub website.
You don't actually receive the bulletin content - just the notification that it's available online and the URL to access the page.

News Archive - view the contents of previous Bulletins

Publications - 200+ links
A-Z Key Links - Index of resources featured on Policy Hub

Policy Hub - 'the first port of call for improvements in policy making and delivery'
Policy Hub is a website, developed by the Government Social Research Unit, which aims to improve the way public policy is shaped and delivered.
It provides:
* tailored access to initiatives, projects and tools that support better policy making and delivery
* extensive guidance on the use of research and evidence in the evaluation of policy
* links to a wide range of research resources and tools from the UK and around the world
The report of the Better Regulation Task Force (Local Delivery of Central Government) published in July 2002 recommended that Policy Hub should be developed as the key gateway for promoting best practice, guidance and case studies to policy makers.

Cabinet Office
The Cabinet Office is at the centre of Government, coordinating policy and strategy across government departments

[Policy Hub is part of HM Treasury]

The View from the Summit – Gleneagles G8 One Year On
News Release
[9 June 2006] – The View from the Summit – Gleneagles G8 One Year On, a new report from international agency Oxfam released on Friday shows that decisions made at last year's G8 in Scotland, following huge pressure from campaigners around the world, have led to real improvement in the lives of some of the world's poorest people. However, Oxfam is concerned that while debt cancellation is starting to be delivered, the growth in aid in key G8 nations is not enough to meet the promises made at the Gleneagles G8.
Source:
Child Rights Information Network

Complete report:

The view from the summit – Gleneagles G8 one year on (PDF file - 193K, 17 pages)
OXFAM Briefing Note
9 June 2006
Source:
OXFAM

See also:

Canada's G8 Website (Govt. of Canada)
G8 Information Centre - at the University of Toronto

SPEaR Bulletin - March 2006 Issue
Social Policy Evaluation and Research Committee - New Zealand Government

The SPEaR Bulletin is a newsletter for all those involved in social policy evaluation and research and is published quarterly by the SPEaR secretariat.The Bulletin is available to view online and also to download in PDF format. If you would like to be notified when the next bulletin is produced, please register for the bulletin
Table of Contents:
Fostering community research * R&E shapes health policy * PHCS evaluation * Family violence in NZ Asian communities * Asian health forum * Chair's comment * Enhancing democracy through ICT *
NZ initiatives lead the way * Australasian housing research links * FRST's request for proposals * People in R&E * Understanding inequality * SPRE Conference 2007 * CDRP allocations * ACCAN Conference

Source:
Social Policy Evaluation and Research Committee
"The Social Policy Evaluation and Research committee or SPEaR, was set up to oversee the Government’s purchase of social policy research to ensure the spending is aligned with the Government’s social policy priorities. (...)Headed by an independent chair, SPEaR has a secretariat based at the Centre for Social Research and Evaluation at the Ministry of Social Development. SPEaR reports to joint ministers (Social Services and Employment; Statistics; and Research, Science and Technology) through the chief executive of MSD"

Making a difference
Tackling poverty – a progress report
(PDF file - 639K, 38 pages)
March 2006

Source:
Department for Work and Pensions (U.K.)

Related links:

Principles of Welfare Reform

Welfare Reform Green Paper - U.K. - January 2006
Click on the link above to download the report in separate PDF files, or click the link below to download the entire report in one file.

A new deal for welfare:
Empowering people to work
(PDF file - 1.1MB, 112 pages)
Presented to Parliament by
the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
January 2006
"Proposals outlined in this paper are informed by ongoing informal consultation with key stakeholders. Indeed, we have been consulting on incapacity benefits reform since 2002, when we published Pathways to work – Helping people into employment. Proposals for lone parents, Housing Benefit and occupational health are similarly the product of a lengthy process of consultation and evaluation of evidence from existing policies."

"Welfare reform proposals include:
* reforming incapacity benefits;
* a £360 million roll out of Pathways to Work across the country by 2008
* extending support to lone parents and older workers;
* reforming housing benefit;
* transforming support for people living in our cities; and
* delivering support to meet the needs of everyone
It sets out our proposals for achieving an 80% employment rate for people of working age."

Keep scrolling down this page for links to more info about welfare reform in the U.K.

Welfare Reform Green Paper - U.K.
The Government launched a Green Paper "A new deal for welfare: Empowering people to work" on Tuesday 24 January 2006. This is a landmark document for the Department in meeting its objectives of promoting opportunity and independence for all. It contains major new proposals to help individuals achieve their potential through work.

Click on the link above to download the report in separate PDF files, or click the link below to download the entire report in one file.

A new deal for welfare:
Empowering people to work
(PDF file - 1.1MB, 112 pages)
Presented to Parliament by
the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
by Command of Her Majesty
January 2006
"Proposals outlined in this paper are informed by ongoing informal consultation with key stakeholders. Indeed, we have been consulting on incapacity benefits reform since 2002, when we published Pathways to work – Helping people into employment. Proposals for lone parents, Housing Benefit and occupational health are similarly the product of a lengthy process of consultation and evaluation of evidence from existing policies."

A new deal for welfare: empowering people to work
Press Release
24 January 2006
The Government today announced a radical reform of the welfare state with the publication of the welfare reform green paper - A new deal for welfare: Empowering people to work. The paper seeks to end the legacy of benefit dependency and deprivation that can damage communities across Britain. Our proposals provide a once in a generation opportunity to transform the welfare state. They build upon our principles for reform; rights and responsibilities providing the individual with the support they need to transform their own life-chances, and those of their family.

They include detailed proposals for:
* reforming incapacity benefits;
* a £360 million roll out of Pathways to Work across the country by 2008
* extending support to lone parents and older workers;
* reforming housing benefit;
* transforming support for people living in our cities; and
* delivering support to meet the needs of everyone
It sets out our proposals for achieving an 80% employment rate for people of working age.

Related Link from DWP:

Principles of Welfare Reform
"...the values and principles which shape the Government’s vision of the future Welfare State. Our values of equality, opportunity, fairness and social justice underpin these principles."

Source:
Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)

The UK Commitment: Ending Child Poverty by 2020 (PDF file - 100K, 17 pages)
by Elisa Minoff
January 30, 2006
In 1999, the United Kingdom (UK) announced its pledge to cut child poverty by one-quarter by 2004 and eliminate it by 2020. This paper examines the history of this ambitious commitment, and the progress to date. It also analyzes the components of the national effort—which range from employment supports, asset building initiatives, and child-targeted assistance to tax, welfare, and education policies—and the next steps the UK is considering to meet the goal of eradicating child poverty.

Source:
Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) - U.S.
"...a national, nonprofit organization founded in 1968, conducts research, policy analysis, technical assistance, and advocacy on issues related to economic security for low-income families with children."

Fourth Summit of the Americas
Mar del Plata, ARGENTINA
4 - 5 November, 2005
Theme: Creating Jobs to Fight Poverty and Strengthen Democratic Governance

The IV Summit of the Americas, which will take place in Mar del Plata, Argentina, on November 4-5, 2005, is the highest hemispheric political forum. The 34 Heads of State and Government of the Americas will attend this Summit, whose efforts will be directed at building and implementing a shared agenda on the theme of the IV Summit ?Creating Jobs to Fight Poverty and Strengthen Democratic Governance.?

Source:
Summits of the Americas Information Network

Address by Prime Minister Paul Martin at the Summit of the Americas
November 4

Google Web Search Results : "fourth summit of the americas"
Google News search Results : "fourth summit of the americas "
Source:
Google.ca

Also from the Summits of the Americas Information Network website:

Press Release on the Indigenous Peoples’ Summit
November 3, 2005
The Chair of the IV Summit of the Americas is pleased to inform that, in the framework of its activities, the Second Indigenous Peoples Summit of the Americas took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 27-29, 2005. It was co-organized by the Organización de Naciones y Pueblos Indígenas en Argentina (ONPIA) and the Assembly of First Nations from Canada under the theme of “Determining our future: Guided by our traditional teachings on Mother Earth.”

II Indigenous Peoples Summit of the Americas
The First Indigenous Peoples Summit of the Americas took place in Ottawa, Canada, in 2001. This Summit represented the first step in the creation of an indigenous peoples’ movement that parallels the Summit of the Americas process. The 2005 Indigenous Summit provided a forum whereby more than 500 participants developed the Declaration of the Second Summit of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas.

Related Links:

Assembly of First Nations
"The Assembly of First Nations (AFN) is the national organization representing First Nations citizens in Canada. The AFN represents all citizens regardless of age, gender or place of residence."
- The Second Indigenous Peoples Summit Of The Americas

Google Web Search Results : "Second Indigenous Peoples Summit Of The Americas"
Google News search Results : "Second Indigenous Peoples Summit Of The Americas"
Source:
Google.ca

What's New from The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

September 13, 2005
OECD Regions at a Glance
In most member nations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), national growth is strongly concentrated in a few regions. Thus, national growth is largely determined by the performance of only a few regions, according to a new OECD report. The report OECD Regions at a Glance shows that about three-quarters of Canadian job growth was concentrated in 10% of Canada's 288 census divisions between 1996 and 2001.
See also SourceOECD - "The OECD's Online Library of Statistical Databases, Books and Periodicals"

SPEaR Bulletin - July 2005 (New Zealand)
Social Policy Evaluation and Research Committee

Contents of this issue of the SPEAR Bulletin:
- Towards 2020 for the social sciences
- Good practice progress
- Datasaving and sharing update
- Coming of Age feedback sought
- Clearinghouse for information on family violence
- Commission’s project to provide families snapshot
- Blue Skies research
- Social science and the challenges of the 21st century
- Chair’s comment
- Longitudinal study of Pasifika families’ health and wellbeing
- Labour market research trends
- Improving evaluative activities
- Linkages research methodology workshop
- People in R&E
- Diary notes
Source:
Social Policy Evaluation and Research Committee
"The Social Policy Evaluation and Research committee or SPEaR, was set up to oversee the Government’s purchase of social policy research to ensure the spending is aligned with the Government’s social policy priorities. (...)Headed by an independent chair, SPEaR has a secretariat based at the Centre for Social Research and Evaluation at the Ministry of Social Development. SPEaR reports to joint ministers (Social Services and Employment; Statistics; and Research, Science and Technology) through the chief executive of MSD"

Make Poverty History (Canada) [Platform] - "...united by the common belief that poverty can be ended."
Make Poverty History Canada at the G8 Summit - A Make Poverty History (MPH) team is in Scotland at the G8 Summit.

Make Poverty History (International)
Live8 - The Long Walk to Justice

From Google.ca:
News search Results : "Make Poverty History"
Web Search Results : "Make Poverty History"

G8 Gleneagles - the official G8 Summit website
July 6-8, 2005
"Every year since 1975, the heads of state of the major industrial democracies have met to discuss and debate the major policy issues affecting the international community and their own domestic situations. This year this important meeting (referred to as the G8 Summit) was held at the Gleneagles Resort in Scotland. This site is the homepage for the summit, and as such, contains a host of materials on the meeting, including a FAQ section, information about the countries that participated in the G8, and a glossary of relevant terms. Of course, most visitors will want to learn about the main issues that will be dealt with this year, such as countering terrorism and climate change. The "Summit Documents" area is a section that definitely warrants a closer look, as it contains information on previous summits and policy statements that were adopted during these meetings."
Review by The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2005

Signed Version of Gleneagles Communique on
Africa, Climate Change, Energy and Sustainable Development
(PDF file - 328K, 32 pages)
July 8

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Make Poverty History's Response to the G8 Communique - July 8

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Chair's Summary, Gleneagles Summit
July 8
"(...)We have agreed to double aid for Africa by 2010. Aid for all developing countries will increase, according to the OECD, by around $50bn per year by 2010, of which at least $25bn extra per year for Africa."

Day-by-day guide to G8 events
- includes links to news releases, analysis, background, and more...
Source:
BBC

Canada's G8 Website (Govt. of Canada)
- includes Summit documents from the current and past summits, news releases, ministerials, past and future summits, how the G8 works, G* backgrounders, members, and more...

G8 Information Centre - at the University of Toronto
G8 Alternatives Website

From Google.ca:
News search Results : "G8 Summit, Scotland"
Web Search Results : "G8 Summit, Scotland"

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G-8 pledges $40 billion US in debt relief
June 11, 2005
"Finance ministers from the Group of Eight industrialized nations, including Canadian Finance Minister Ralph Goodale, agreed Saturday to a historic deal cancelling at least $40 billion US worth of debt owed by the world's poorest countries."
Source:
Canada.com

Google News search Results : "G-8, debt relief"
Google Web Search Results : "G-8, debt relief"
Source:
Google.ca

From Her Majesty's Treasury (Britain):

Tax credits: reforming financial support for families
The modernisation of Britain’s Tax and Benefit System
(PDF file - 501K, 60 pages)
Number Eleven
March 2005
"To deliver the Government’s aims of employment opportunity for all; giving every child the best start in life; and dignity in retirement for all pensioners, the need for fundamental reform of Britain’s tax and benefit system was clear. This paper describes the reforms put in place since 1997 and the principles which underpin them, and sets out the evidence on their impact so far."
- Seven chapters, incl.: Introduction - The labour market and poverty - Modernising the tax and benefit system - Incentives to work - Fairness in financial support - Tackling poverty among vulnerable groups -Looking ahead

See Reports # 1-10 in the same series:
(these were prepared over time, going back to 1997)
Titles:

Employment Opportunity in a Changing Labour Market - Work Incentives: A Report by Martin Taylor - The Working Families Tax Credit and Work Incentives - Tackling Poverty and Extending Opportunity - Supporting Children through the Tax and Benefit System - Tackling Poverty and Making Work Pay - Tax Credits for the 21st Century - Helping people to save - Saving and assets for all - Delivering saving and assets - Child and Working Tax Credits

SPEaR Bulletin - March 2005 Issue
The SPEaR Bulletin is a newsletter for all those involved in social policy evaluation and research and is published quarterly by the SPEaR secretariat.
This issue focuses on ethnic diversity and collaborative evaluation, along with general news and opportunities in the sector.
Table of Contents:
- Advancing refugee research
- Chair’s comment
- Trialling best practice guiding principles
- Understanding refugee life
- Participatory study of Somali
- Responding to ethnic perspectives
- A strategic approach to R&E
- Canadian takes up senior MSD position
- Demography experts in NZ
- Evaluation in Inland Revenue
- Social Investment Research Programme
- Ensuring the wellbeing of Pasifika children
- People in R&E
- Opportunity for All
- Apply now for SPEaR Linkages awards
- Diary notes

Source:
Social Policy Evaluation and Research Committee (SPEaR)
(New Zealand)
"The Social Policy Evaluation and Research committee or SPEaR, was set up to oversee the Government’s purchase of social policy research to ensure the spending is aligned with the Government’s social policy priorities. SPEaR provides a focal point for social policy researchers and acts as a vehicle for communicating with the social research sector. (...)SPEaR reports to joint ministers (Social Services and Employment; Statistics; and Research, Science and Technology) through the chief executive of MSD."


Social Policy Journal Of New Zealand
Te Puna Whakaaro

"The Social Policy Journal is published twice yearly by the Ministry of Social Development to contribute to the development of public debate on social policy issues."
- incl. links to the complete text of eight issues from December 2000 to July 2004
Source:
New Zealand Ministry of Social Development

What Works?
The Social Policy, Research and Evaluation Conference 2004
- New Zealand
25-26 November (2004), Wellington Convention Centre
"What Works?" is a fundamental question for both policy and practice. The conference will bring together the policy, provider, research and evaluation communities and emphasise evidence-based policy and practice.
- incl. links to : General Information - Registration - Accommodation -
Programme - Papers and Presentations - Speaker Profiles - Poster Competition - Social Programme - Contacts - Conference Partners - News Archive - Call for Abstracts (closed)

Programme
"The conference programme includes a combination of keynote plenary sessions, panel discussions and concurrent sessions. The Advisory Committee reviewed over 150 high quality abstracts submitted by leading New Zealand researchers. Over 100 papers have been included in the concurrent sessions which will provide delegates with a range of New Zealand perspectives on social policy, research and evaluation."
NOTE - one of the keynote addresses is a Canadian presentation: First Nations Peoples in Canada: The best caregivers for First Nations Children and Youth (by Cindy Blackstock, Executive Director, First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada)
Concurrent sessions include : Public Good Research Meets Policy and Practice - Social Capital - Capacity Building and Communities - What Works for Youth - Duncan McLennan on Housing Policy - What Works (Disability)
Incomes - Best Practice Research & Evaluation - Census Data - Improving Educational Outcomes - Primary Health Care - Social Indicators - Promoting Healthier Lifestyles - What Works for Children - Employment - Sustainable - Community Development - Housing Affordability - What Works for Families - Mortality - Migration - Family Violence - Achieving Work / Life Balance - Community, Culture, Housing - Mental Health

Source:
New Zealand Ministry of Social Development

Development Gateway
"An interactive site for information on development and poverty reduction, the Development Gateway portal provides a space for communities [worldwide] to share experiences on development efforts."
Search by keyword or browse by country or topics (aid effectiveness, gender and development, microfinance, water resources, etc.) for knowledge sharing, completed and ongoing projects, and business information.
The Development Gateway is an independent not-for-profit organization.
It was conceived by World Bank President James Wolfensohn and initially developed in the World Bank.

Family Resources Survey Statistical Report 2002-2003
March 30, 2004
United Kingdom
"The Family Resources Survey collects information on the incomes and circumstances of private households in the United Kingdom. It has been running since October 1992. This site summarises the results of the tenth full survey year, which is the first to include data from Northern Ireland, in which approximately 29,000 households were interviewed.Information is provided on the background and methodological aspects of the survey with tables covering: Household characteristics - Income and state support receipt - Tenure and housing costs - Assets and savings - Carers - Occupation and employment
News Release (PDF file - 23K, 2 pages)
Complete report (PDF file - 607K, 222 pages)
Contents of the report - links to individual sections of the report
Source:
Family Resources Survey
[ Department for Work and Pensions ] - UK Government

Global poverty estimates and the millennium goals:
Towards a Unified Framework

April 2004
"This paper discusses the compatibility of different global poverty estimates under a unified framework, and examines the compatibility of various international poverty lines used in the literature under different purchasing power parity exchange rate estimates. The paper also addresses the issue of compatibility of survey means and national accounts data."
Complete report (PDF file - 2MB, 34 pages)
Source:
International Labour Organization

Child poverty in the UK
Second Report of Session 2003-04, Volume I
April 2004
Selected report highlights:
"... Child poverty is still a major problem: 3.6 million children live in poverty.
... The Government’s target of reducing child poverty by a quarter by 2004 is likely to be met.
... Meeting subsequent targets (reduction of child poverty to a half by 2010 and eradicating it by 2020) will be much more challenging since the achievement of those targets will involve helping those who are most disadvantaged.
... Accessible and affordable childcare available to all by 2010 should be the government’s goal."
Complete report:
PDF version - 1.1MB, 144 pages
HTML version

Related Links:

Work and Pensions - First Report
January 2004
HTML version
PDF version - 137K, 17 pages)

Work and Pensions Committee: Reports and Publications - links to dozens of Work and Pensions Committee reports from 1997 to date

Source:
Work and Pensions Committee
"The Work and Pensions Select Committee is appointed by the House of Commons to 'examine the expenditure, administration and policy of the Department for Work and Pensions and its associated public bodies.'"
[ House of Commons ]
London

Related links: Go to the International Children, Families and Youth Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/chn2.htm

Mexico : Canada's Other NAFTA Partner
(Volume 3)
Report of the Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs
March 2004
"I am perplexed by people who say that we should get out of the Free Trade Agreement. Should we put the tariffs, which ended in 1998, back on? They were not high anyway. The fact is that the world has moved on. Any benefits stemming from the FTA have ended. It is clear to me that we should focus on the multilateral trade negotiations that are taking place under the authority of the World Trade Organization." (from the Foreword by Peter Stollery, Chair)
Complete report:
HTML version
PDF version
(703K, 57 pages)

Reports - incl. links to the above report and the first two volumes of this study by the Standing Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs:
- Volume 2: The Rising Dollar: Explanation and Economic Impacts (November 2003)
- Volume 1: Uncertain Access: The Consequences of U.S. Security and Trade Actions for Canadian Trade Policy (June 2003)

Source:
Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs

Portals to the World - Canada
- incl. Site Directories - History - Government and Law - Literature and Culture - News and Current Events - Libraries and Archives - Business and Residential Directories - Universities
Source:
Portals to the World - links to similar information for 200+ countries!
"Portals to the World contain selective links providing authoritative, in-depth information about the nations and other areas of the world. They are arranged by country or area with the links for each sorted into a wide range of broad categories."

Related Links :

Library of Congress
Large site - see the sitemap for an overview of the rich content here - hundreds of links!

Global Gateway - World Culture and Resources

Includes :
Centers for International Research
Research Guides and Databases

See also:
Nations of the World
- from the Law Library of Congress

Tackling Social Exclusion: Taking stock and looking to the future
Emerging Findings
(PDF file - 260K, 36 pages)
Discussion Paper
March 2004
- seeking "views and further evidence from a wide range of experts and stakeholders on the material presented, and to stimulate discussion around questions posed within this paper, rather than to set out the way forward at this stage." [NOTE: the final date for input into this consultation was April 18/04]

Source:
Social Exclusion Unit
"The Social Exclusion Unit was set up by the Prime Minister to help improve Government action to reduce social exclusion by producing 'joined-up solutions to joined-up problems'."
- incl. links to : Home • What is the SEU? • SEU's Work • Published Reports • Search SEU • Media • Current Projects • Site Index • Inclusion Newsletter
[ Office of the Deputy Prime Minister ]

SPEaR Bulletin - April 2004
Table of Contents: Sharing research data - Technological changes give data saving new impetus - Window of opportunity for data sharing - Cross-sectoral statistics programme to proceed - Apply now for Linkages Awards - Call for SPRE conference papers - Six Building Research Capability in Social Sciences assessments underway - Focus on youth transition research - Improving the justice system - Wide mandate for housing research centre - Quality relationships for healthy families - Linkages support for equity conference - Linkages round three results - Diary notes
Source:
Social Policy Evaluation and Research (SPEaR) - New Zealand
"The Social Policy Evaluation and Research Committee, or SPEaR, is an interagency committee of New Zealand government agencies with an interest in social policy research and evaluation. Focusing on coordination of agency evaluation and research effort, SPEaR’s key role is to oversee the government’s social policy research purchase."
[more SPEaR links - further down on the page you're reading now ]

Social Security Programs Throughout the World: The Americas, 2003
(released March 2004)
"This publication provides a cross-national comparison of the social security systems in 172 countries.
It summarizes the five main social insurance programs in those countries: old-age, disability, and survivors; sickness and maternity; work injury; unemployment; and family allowances. This report is now published in four regional volumes : Europe, Asia and the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. The 1999 edition of this report (see the link below) contains all country reports in one volume.
- click the link above for links to reports for 35 countries throughout the Americas, from Antigua and Barbuda to Venezuela
Two country reports of particular interest:
Canada
United States

Source:
Office of Policy
[ Social Security Online - U.S. Government]

Other Editions of Social Security Programs Throughout the World
o Europe, 2002 (released September 2002)
o Asia and the Pacific, 2002 (released March 2003)
o Africa, 2003 (released September 2003)
o Social Security Programs Throughout the World, 1999 (released August 1999)

Mary Coughlan, Minister For Social And Family Affairs, Announces Restrictions On Access To Social Welfare - Ireland
Press Release
March 2, 2004
"Mary Coughlan T.D., Minister for Social and Family Affairs, today announced a series of restrictions aimed at securing and protecting the social welfare system. 'The Government has decided to put in place a number of measures which will restrict access to qualification for certain social welfare payments by introducing a 'habitual residence test' which will act as an additional condition to be satisfied by a person claiming a social assistance payment or Child Benefit,'said Minister Coughlan."
Source:
Department of Social and Family Affairs
[ Government of Ireland ]

["...anyone who wants to claim assistance will now have to prove that they have been resident in the State for at least two years. If they have been resident for less than the 2-year period it shall be presumed that they are not "habitually resident" and the onus will be on them to prove otherwise."]
Source:
Ireland welcomes EU workers but blocks welfare abuse with two-year rule

[European Union Presidency 2004 website ]

Ireland introduces two-year welfare restrictions:
Ireland's move follows that of the UK
March 3, 2004
"Immigrants in Ireland will not be able to claim welfare benefits until they have lived in country for two years under new rules announced yesterday (2 March). The new rules will apply to all EU countries, except the UK, and are being put in place in response to a fear that several citizens from new member states will come to Ireland after enlargement on 1 May."
Source:
EUobserver.com

----------------------------------------

In Canada, the federal government contributes to the cost of provincial-territorial social assistance (welfare) programs through the Canada Social Transfer (CHST) since 1996. The sole criterion pertaining to social assistance under the CHST is that provinces and territories refrain from imposing a period of minimum residency as a condition of eligibility for social assistance.
Follow the CHST link for more info...

Lone parents and employment : International comparisons of what works (PDF file - 1.8MB, 145 pages)
December 2003
Edited by J. Millar and M. Evans
- comparison of lone parenthood, welfare and government employment support programs in the United States, Norway, New Zealand, the Netherlands and United Kingdom (incl. detailed information on the U.K.'s New Deal for Lone Parents going back to 1997)
TIP: in Chapter Four of this report, you'll find 30 pages of detailed information about American welfare and social policy reforms since the mid-1990s, including recent developments (e.g., the welfare reauthorization deb
ate, financial stresses at the state level, etc.), with a special focus on initiatives designed to move single parents from welfare into employment.
Source:
Centre for the Analysis of Social Policy
Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) - U.K. Government

World Economic Forum
"The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world. The Forum provides a collaborative framework for the world's leaders to address global issues, engaging particularly its corporate members in global citizenship. (...) Funded by the membership fees of the 1,000 foremost global companies, the Forum works in partnership with academia, government representatives, international organizations, labour leaders, media, non-governmental organizations and religious leaders."

Annual Meeting 2004: Partnering for Security and Prosperity
Davos, Switzerland, 21-25 January 2004
"More than 2,000 participants will be engaged in wide-ranging discussions driven by the Annual Meeting's agenda that calls for concrete, enduring and cooperative action. The programme also highlights the crucial role business leaders can and must play in forging new partnerships to make the world safer and more prosperous. Annual Meeting 2004."
Programme (click on the above link, then on the word "Programme" on the left side of that page...)
- themes include: Ensuring Global Security - Promoting Global Growth - Managing New Risks - Building Corporate Resilience - Spurring Innovation - Harnessing the Diversity of Values - Reducing Inequity
Frequently-Asked Questions

Related Links:

Notes for an address by Prime Minister Paul Martin on the occasion of
a session of the World Economic Forum"The Future of Global Interdependence"
Davos, Switzerland
January 23, 2004

"The United Nations has to work because it reminds us, like no other institution - that all nations have interests that demand recognition, and all nations have responsibilities towards each other that they cannot shirk. The UN stands at the centre of the global vision - battered but crucial to defend - that says: it either works for all, or it doesn't work at all."
Source:
Government of Canada Newsroom

Prime Minister to attend World Economic Forum in Davos
News Release
January 20, 2004
"Prime Minister Paul Martin today announced that he will attend the 2004 Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) in Davos, Switzerland, from January 21 to 23. Expected to attract more than 2,100 participants from 94 countries, the theme of the 34th annual meeting will be “Partnering for Security and Prosperity.”"
Source:
Office of the Prime Minister

NOTE: for links to info about the World Social Forum (a concurrent annual event), see the Canadian Social Research Links Social Research Links in Other Countries (Non-Government) page

New from Employment and Social Affairs [ European Commission ] [ Europa ]

Commission calls on Member States to keep up the momentum in tackling poverty and social exclusion
Press Release
December 17, 2003
Brussels,
"Tackling poverty and social exclusion is still an urgent political priority for the European Union, says the Commission in a new communication published today."
- incl. links to the draft joint report, the statistical annex, and frequently-asked questions

Joint Report on Social Inclusion (PDF file - 950K, 216 pages)
Brussels
December 12, 2003
"Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions summarising the results of the examination of the National Action Plans for Social Inclusion (2003-2005)"

NOTE: this enormous resource offers an in-depth analysis of efforts in the European Community (sorry, Canada and the U.S. aren't included...) to foster social inclusion and to reduce poverty.
- detailed information on the social policies and strategies of all 15 member states of the European Union, including: Situation and key trends - Progress made 2001-2003 - Strategic approach - Key policy measures - Challenges ahead
- overall analysis of social inclusion initiatives in the EU: Situation and Key Trends - Assessment of Progress made since the 2001 NAP/inclusion - Strategic approach: main objectives and key targets of the 2003 NAP/inclusion - Key policy approaches: strengths and weaknesses - Gender Perspective - Current Issues and Future Challenges

Work, Welfare and Savings : Modernisation of Tax and Benefits (U.K.) - from H.M. Treasury
- also includes info about the U.K.'s child and working credits

Europa
"Europa is the portal site of the European Union. It provides up-to-date coverage of European Union affairs and essential information on European integration. Users can also consult all legislation currently in force or under discussion, access the websites of each of the EU institutions and find out about the policies administered by the European Union under the powers devolved to it by the Treaties."
A-Z Index - good overview of site content
Social Security Webpages - 18 countries
Employment and Social Affairs - incl. links to : Newsletters - Press releases - Speeches - Publications - Legislation - Consultations - Key documents - Calls for Tender - Links - DG Employment and Social Affairs - Commissioner - Priorities and Objectives: The social policy agenda - Employment - European Social Fund - Working conditions and work organisations - Inclusive Society - Gender Equality - Horizontal activities - much more...
Conference on the Mid-term review of the Social Policy Agenda - 19-20 March 2003 (Brussels)
"The Social Policy Agenda has helped modernise the European social model, but more needs to be done, according to the participants at the conference...")
- shift in emphasis "from looking at costs of implementing social policies to a new view of analysing the costs of not implementing them."
- incl. links to 10 recent reports and studies and one memo entitled "The Cost of Non-Social Policy"
Disability Issues (part of Employment and Social Affairs)
- incl. links to : * The European Union Disability Strategy * EU policies * European Day of Disabled People * European Year of People with Disabilities 2003 * News * Publications * Key Documents * Funding Possibilities * Related Links * Contact us
Links to European Research Institutes - Click on the map to access a selection of links to research institutes in each of the 15 European Union countries
- currently contains 190 links to institutions engaging in research on the social situation, demography and family (incl. sociology, economics, policy and psychology).
Introducing the European Union
European Union Statistics - Click on the map to access a selection of links to demographic, soocial and economic statistics in each of the 15 European Union countries
Ageing Policy

National Action Plans on Social Inclusion 2003
Second National Action Plans against poverty and social exclusion
- in these plans, every member state presents its priorities and efforts for the next two years (mid-2003 - mid-2005).
- includes the following countries : Austria - Belgium - Denmark - Finland - France - Germany - Greece - Ireland - Italy - Luxembourg - Netherlands - Portugal - Spain - Sweden - United Kingdom

United Kingdom national action plan on social inclusion : 2003-05 (PDF file - 239K, 55 pages)
July 2003
London, England
Annexes (PDF file - 410K, 111 pages)
"This plan outlines the most important issues for the United Kingdom in the fight against poverty and social exclusion from 2003 to 2005. Contributing to the European Union’s (EU) long-term goal that there should be a decisive impact on the eradication of poverty, across Europe, by 2010, the UK has set itself a target to halve child poverty by 2010 and eradicate it by 2020."
Source : Department for Work and Pensions

Related Link:

Council of Europe
The Council of Europe is an intergovernmental organisation with representation from all 15 European Union states. Its aims include the protection of human rights, pluralist democracy and the rule of law; the promotion of awareness of Europe’s cultural identity and diversity; the search for solutions to the social problems facing European society; and support for political, legislative and constitutional reform that will help consolidate democratic stability in Europe.

New Zealand

Report shows dangers of city life - New Zealand
October 7, 2003
By David Maida
"New Zealand cities could be growing too fast and without the appropriate infrastructure and planning to sustain them, a new report suggests. The government's 2003 Quality of Life Report measured 56 indicators in eight of the largest cities. It found that while the overall quality of life is improving, the urban areas could virtually smother themselves in the coming years."

Eight Cities Quality of Life Survey 2003
"This is the second report on quality of life in large cites of New Zealand. The report has been developed by the councils of North Shore, Waitakere, Auckland, Manukau, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin. The agenda in preparing this report is to advocate for quality of life and sustainable development in the largest metropolitan centres of New Zealand. Matters for advocacy are determined through monitoring social, cultural, environmental and economic conditions. (...) Prompting the first report was concern about the growing pressures on city communities, the impacts of urbanisation, and the effects of this on the wellbeing of residents. Now, two years down the track, those concerns remain and this report – the second edition – has been prepared to assess the current situation."

About the Project

Sitemap - recommended starting point, whether you wish to download the entire report (PDF file - 5.6MB, 172 pages) in a single file, or in smaller files organized under 56 key quality of life indicators categorized as follows: People - Knowledge and Skills - Standard of Living - Economic Development - Housing - Health - Natural Environment - Built Environment - Safety - Social Connectedness - Civil and Political Rights --- also includes a link to the 2001 Report.

Related news article:
http://www.scoop.co.nz/mason/stories/AK0310/S00040.htm

..................................................................................................................

Social Policy Evaluation and Research (SPEaR) - New Zealand
"The Social Policy Evaluation and Research Committee, or SPEaR, is an interagency committee of New Zealand government agencies with an interest in social policy research and evaluation. Focusing on coordination of agency evaluation and research effort, SPEaR’s key role is to oversee the government’s social policy research purchase. You can access a wide range of information on this site, including social policy research and evaluation conferences, seminars, research abstracts, publications and papers, who’s who, best practice guidelines and related opportunities."
- incl. links to : About SPEaR - News & Events - Publications & People - Linkages Programme - Scholarships & Opportunities - Best Practice Guidelines

SPEaR Bulletin - November 2003 (PDF file - 1.4MB, 16 pages)
Sample content from this issue:
- Commission refines Building Research Capability in the Social Sciences (BRCSS) criteria
- Census content finalised
- Ministry of Social Development wins innovation award for its Economic Living Standard Index (ELSI)
- Linkages scholarship winner [see the Linkages link below]
- Ageing workshop presents networking opportunities
- Fostering two-way learning : community spotlight on funder’s role
- Australasian Evaluation Association conference sparks dialogue
- Future proofing for work
- Future of Work programme
- Evaluating early childhood education
- From the SPEaR Secretariat (includes a graphic showing SPEaR's key dimensions)
- more....

Earlier SPEaR Bulletins (April/July/September 2003)
"The SPEaR Bulletin, a newsletter for all those involved in social policy evaluation and research, is published quarterly by the SPEaR secretariat."

Linkages Programme - includes links to info about : Postgraduate Scholarships - Research Awards - Research Methods Workshops - Visiting Research Fellowships - Visiting Speaker Awards.
"Applications for the third round of awards should be received by the SPEaR secretariat by May 7, 2004."

GenderNet
"...describes how the World Bank seeks to reduce gender disparities and enhance women's participation in economic development through its programs and projects. It summarizes knowledge and experience, provides gender statistics, and facilitates discussion on gender and development." Includes policy documents, practical examples in topics such as agriculture and infrastructure, and related links.
Source : The World Bank

Fifth WTO Ministerial Conference in Cancun - September 10-14, 2003
"Minister Pettigrew is participating in the Fifth World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial Conference, which is being held from September 10 to14 in Cancun, Mexico."
Related Link:
WTO Latest Updates from DFAIT
Source:
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade

Related Links:
World Trade Organization (WTO) website
The Fifth WTO Ministerial Conference website

Counterpoint (from Global Exchange):
Top 10 Reasons to Oppose the World Trade Organization

Related Links - go to the Canadian Social Research Links Globalization page

Progressive Governance Summit Final Communiqué
July 13-14, 2003
"We, the heads of state and government of 14 countries from five continents have met in London to renew our commitment to the principles of progressive governance and to exchange our experiences in applying those principles in practice. We share a belief in freedom; in justice and fairness; and in solidarity and mutual responsibility. We share a conviction - reinforced by history - in the power of collective action to improve people's lives. And we share the experience of having seen our own progressive policies work in practice."
Source : Prime Minister's Website

Immigration and Multiculturalism in Canada
Presented by Jean Chrétien at the Progressive Governance Summit
July 12, 2003
London, United Kingdom
"We believe that our commitment and policies on diversity remain works in progress, requiring ongoing vigilance and reflection. But the Canadian experience is that the benefits are worth the effort."

Progressive Governance Conference Website
London, July 11-13, 2003
"The Network for Progressive Governance is a co-operation between Governments, Heads of State and Government, and their staffs. These are interlinked on various levels and the network provides a meeting place for strategic discussions on the highest political level, as well as an exchange of concrete measures and methods in daily government. (...) Policy Network's objective is to facilitate the exchange of progressive ideas among the centre-left in Europe and the world, working with those who look to forward a progressive agenda through its unique network of organisations and experts"

Low Pay Commission (United Kingdom)
"The Low Pay Commission (LPC) was established as a result of the National Minimum Wage Act 1998 to advise the Government about the National Minimum Wage.
On 19 March 2003 the Commission's fourth report was published.

A full copy is available here in PDF format (1.15MB)
The Commission has issued a Press Notice about its recommendations.

National Minimum Wage rates are currently £4.20 per hour for those aged 22 and over (the adult rate) and £3.60 per hour for those aged 18 - 21 (the development Rate). The Development Rate can also apply to workers aged 22 and over during the first six months in a new job with a new employer who are receiving accredited training. The Government has accepted the Commission's recommendation that in October 2003 these rates should be increased to £4.50 and £3.80 respectively. It has also accepted our recommendation that - subject to confirmation in early 2004 - there should be further increases to £4.85 and £4.10 in October 2004."

Related links : Go to the Canadian Social Research Links Minimum Wage Links page - http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/minwage.htm

Sharing the nation's prosperity ? Pensioner poverty in Britain (PDF file - 513K, 61 pages)
March 2003
A. Goodman, M. Myck and A. Shephard
Source: Institute for Fiscal Studies (London)

Child poverty review, HM Treasury, London, July, 97 p., (2004) - U.K.
"In Budget 2003 the Chancellor announced the child poverty review, to examine the welfare reform and public services changes necessary to advance towards the Government’s long-term goal of halving and eradicating child poverty. (...)
The review’s findings are published alongside the 2004 Spending Review. "
Spending Review 2004 index

Le devenir des enfants des familles défavorisées en France, Cerc-Cnaf-Dep-Dress, Colloque du jeudi 1er avril, Conseil de l'Emploi, des Revenus et de la Cohésion sociale, Paris, (2004).

Les trajectoires professionnelles des bénéficiaires de minima sociaux (PDF file - 466Ko. , 12 pages) - juin 2004
A. Belleville-Pla, Ministère de l'Emploi, du Travail et de la Cohésion sociale / Ministère de la Santé et de la Protection sociale, Paris, Drees, Etudes et résultats, n° 320

The work, family and equity index : Where does the United States stand globally ? (PDF file - 2MB, 60 pages)
J. Heymann and alii, The Project on Global Working Families, Boston, 60 p., (2004).

Dynamics of economic well-being : Movements in the US income distribution, 1996-1999 (PDF file - 113K, 20 pages) - Ju;y 2004
J.J. Hisnanick and K. G. Walker, US Census Bureau, Washington, Household economic studies

In-work policies in Europe : Killing two birds with one stone, (PDF file - 786K, 53 pages)
O. Bargain and K. Orsini, , Département et Laboratoire d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée [English Home Page], École normale supérieure, Paris, Working paper

Salaires minima, Etats membres de l'UE, pays candidats et Etats-Unis : 2004, (PDF file - 327K, 8 pages) - juillet 2004
A. Paternoster, Eurostat, Luxembourg, Statistiques en bref, population et conditions sociales, n° 10/2004, 8 p., (2004).

Minimum Wages EU Member States, Candidate Countries and the US 2004 (PDF file - 313K, 8 pages)

The big holes in the net : structural gaps in social protection and guaranteed minimum income systems in 13 EU countries (PDF file - 112K, 22 pages)
April 2004
Source:
Higher Institute for Labour Studies (Catholic University of Leuven)

A fair share of welfare : Public spending on children in England (PDF file - 1.3MB, 83 pages)
May 2004
Source:
Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE) - London

Helping low-wage Americans : Wage-based tax credits.
A new solution to an age-old problem
(PDF file - 570K, 30 pages)
May 2004
Washington
Source:
Employment Policies Institute
[ BUT see what Disinfopedia has to say about the Employment Policies Institute - the site was created lobbyist for restaurant, hotel, alcoholic beverage and tobacco industries... ]

Life in low income families in Scotland : research report (PDF file, 82 pages)
2003
Source:
Centre for Research on Families and Relationships (
Edinburgh).

Measuring child poverty consultation, Final report (PDF file - 166K, 27 pages)
December 2003
Related Documents (background info)
Source:
Department for Work and Pensions, London

Losing out : States are cutting 1.2 to 1.6 million low-income people from Medicaid, SCHIP and other state health insurance programs (PDF file, 22 pages)
Source:
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Washington, December, 22 p., (2003).

Fighting "low equilibria" by doubling the minimum wage ? Hungary’s experiment (PDF file, 44 pages)
December 2003
Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn

Harmonisation of old-age security within the European Union (PDF file - 29 pages)
December 2003
Source:
Centre for Economic Studies (Munich)

Child Poverty: A Review (PDF file - 503K, 81 pages) - Australia
Commonwealth Department of Family and Community Services
November 2003
This review of child poverty measurement in Australia is written from an economist's perspective, and it contains some valuable information about how Australia
defines child poverty,
the policy concerns, the measurement of child poverty, the causes of child poverty and policy strategies that can be used to combat it.
- includes some international comparisons of child poverty measures and actual numbers (including Canada).
Source: Social Policy Research Centre [ University of New South Wales ]

The under-pensioned (PDF file - 40 pages) - U.K.
November 2003
Source: The Pensions Policy Institute

Who benefits from unemployment insurance in Canada : Regions, industries or individual firms?
- The Earnings Supplement Project
(PDF file - 34 pages)
November 2003
Social Research and Demonstration Corporation

Work patterns partially explain difference between men's and women's earnings (PDF file - 79 pages) - U.S.
Report to Congressional requesters
October 2003
Source: General Accounting Office - Washington

Unsupervised time : family and child factors associated with self-care (PDF file - 47 pages) - U.S.
November 2003
Source: The Urban Institute

Trends in income inequality, pro-poor income growth and income mobility (PDF file - 550K, 22 pages)
October 2003 [Germany/U.S. comparison]
Source: German Institute for Economic Research (Berlin)

Remain in or withdraw from the labour market ? A comparative study on incentives (PDF file - 347K, 86 pages)
October 2003 (incl. Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and Sweden)
Source: Directorate-General for Economic and Social Affairs [ European Commission ] (Brussels)

Unemployment in the European Union : Institutions, prices and growth (PDF file - 481K, 38 pages)
October 2003
Source:
Institute for the Study of Labor (Bonn)

Worker advancement in the low-wage labor market : The importance of "good jobs" (PDF file - 106K, 12 pages) --- U.S.
Washington
October 2003
Source:
Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy [ The Brookings Institution ] (Washington)

Can social exclusion provide a new framework for measuring poverty? (PDF file - 355K, 20 pages) - Australia
October 2003
Social Policy Research Centre
"This paper examines how the concept of social exclusion has evolved in the academic and policy debate in Australia in the last five years or so. It does not attempt to do this comprehensively, but illustrates some of the most important developments, in the process reflecting on some of the issues raised in earlier Australian contribution to the social exclusion literature. The paper is organised around three principal themes : concepts; measurement; and policy..."
Source:
Social Policy Research Centre - an independent research centre of the University of New South Wales

Poverty in Britain : The impact of government policy since 1997 (PDF file - 519K, 80 pages)
October 2003
NOTE: Appendix 4 contains a detailed list of all changes in British tax and benefit policy from 1997 to October 2003.
Source:
Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Flexibility and social protection (PDF file - 955K, 136 pages)
Dublin
"The purpose of this report is to present a review of recent literature relating, first, to links between Europe’s social protection systems and, secondly, to the flexible or atypical forms of employment that have emerged over the past twenty years. The aim is to investigate possible approaches to reconciling these two aspects, with a view to safeguarding the security of workers over their entire working lives."
Source:
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

Background Country Notes
- Individual detailed reports (various dates) for close to 200 countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, including Canada
- info included in each country report: People - History - Government - Political Conditions - Economy - Foreign Relations - U.S. Relations - Travel/Business
Source : U.S. Department of State

Related Link:
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2001
March 2002
- incl. links to almost 190 individual country reports


Remarks to the Press by Secretary Colin L. Powell and Assistant Secretary Craner, Democracy, Human Rights and Labor
On the release of the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2001
March 4, 2002

Social Report 2002 (New Zealand)
"The Social Report provides information on the social health and well-being of New Zealand society. Indicators are used to measure levels of well-being, to monitor trends over time, and to make comparisons with other countries."
NOTE: this site works better using IE5.5 than Netscape4.7X
Related Link:
The Social Report 2001
Source:
New Zealand Ministry of Social Development

See also:
Work and Income - income support, employment services and NZ Superannuation
Office for Disability Issues

United Kingdom:

The benefits of parenting: government financial support for families with children since 1975 (PDF file - 548K, 74 pages)
November 2002
"The introduction of the child tax credit in April 2003 will be the largest reform to the way the government supports families with children since child benefit replaced family allowance in the 1970s. But how have successive governments used the tax and benefit system to support families with children? This Commentary quantifies the changes in the level and distribution of financial support for children (called ‚child-contingent support™ in this publication) between 1975 and 2003."
Source: Institute for Fiscal Studies (London)

Also from the Institute for Fiscal Studies:

A survey of the UK tax system (PDF file; 485K, 31 pages)
Updated November 2001
"This paper describes the main components of the current UK tax system, the revenue raised from different taxes, and discusses how the tax system has changed over the last twenty years."

A survey of the UK benefit system (PDF file - 1250K, 57 pages)
Updated October 2002
"This paper describes all the main benefits in the UK system, giving details of rates and allowances, as well as numbers and types of claimants and levels of expenditure."

World Economic Forum
"The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world. The Forum provides a collaborative framework for the world's leaders to address global issues, engaging particularly its corporate members in global citizenship."
Initiatives of the World Economic Forum include : Global Competitiveness Programme - Agricultural Trade - Automotive Industry and Global Climate Change - Bridging Europe - Disaster Response Network - Environmental Sustainability Index - Global Agenda Atelier - Global Competitiveness Programme - Global Corporate Citizenship - Global Digital Divide - Global Governance - Global Health - Pension Reform - Women Leaders

Global Competitiveness Report 2002-2003
"The Global Competitiveness Report 2002-2003, which examines the growth prospects of 80 countries, remains the most up-to-date and comprehensive data source available on the comparative strengths and weaknesses of leading economies of the world."

Executive Summary
(PDF file - 10 pages, 121K)
Profiles of the Top Five Countries - separate files for : United States - Finland - Taiwan - Singapore - Sweden
Overall Competitiveness Rankings (go to the main page of the report and scroll down a bit)
Also includes chapters on the Growth Competitiveness Index and the Microeconomic Competitiveness Index.
Note: to see Canada's Competitiveness Profile, go to the main page above and click on "Knowledge Navigator" in the top right-hand corner of that page, then (on the next page) click on "Canada".

Related Links:

Canada slips in competitiveness ranking
November 12, 2002
Globe and Mail
"Canada lost its high ranking in an annual survey of the world's most competitive economies and their potential for growth in 2002, slipping to eighth spot from third. Despite Canada's stellar economic performance this year, the slide was caused by a fall in this country's technology ranking."

2002 World Population Data Sheet
"PRB's 2002 World Population Data Sheet contains the latest population estimates, projections, and other key indicators for 200 countries, including births, deaths, natural increase, infant mortality, total fertility, life expectancy, urban population, HIV/AIDS prevalence, contraceptive use, GNI PPP per capita, land area, and population per square mile."
Highlights
Complete report
(PDF file - 472K, 15 pages)
Source : Population Reference Bureau (PRB) (U.S.) - Providing timely and objective population information

CIA World Factbook 2002
"The Factbook is a comprehensive resource of facts and statistics on more than 250 countries and other entities."
- all information is current as of January 2002 and some of that info is updated during 2002...
- includes info, for each country, organized under the following headings : Introduction - Geography - People - Government - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Transnational Issues
Note : "Distribution of family income - Gini index" has been added for all countries
Canada - a sample of the content provided for each individual country
Source : Central Intelligence Agency (U.S.)

The Australian system of social protection—an overview (PDF file - 406K, 110 pages)
Second Edition
June 2002
Peter Whiteford and Gregory Angenent
Department of Family and Community Services
- incl. detailed, current info on income support and social protection in Australia - includes sections on recent changes to the income support system, the Australian taxation system, social spending, tax and transfer system interactions, patterns of pension and benefit receipt, changes in the labour force, unemployment and labour market developments in OECD countries, poverty and income inequality, adequacy of payments, an examination of poverty lines and much more.
Source:
Commonwealth of Australia Department of Family and Community Services
Related links:
Welfare Reform in Australia
International Comparisons and the International Experience with Welfare Reform
National Welfare Rights Network (NWRN) Website
More Australia Links (this link takes you further down on this page)

Johannesburg Summit 2002 - August 26 to September 4, 2002
Official website of the United Nations Secretariat for the Summit
Source :

United Nations Economic and Social Development
United Nations Sustainable Development

"Johannesburg Summit 2002 – the World Summit on Sustainable Development – will bring together tens of thousands of participants, including heads of State and Government, national delegates and leaders from non-governmental organizations (NGOs), businesses and other major groups to focus the world's attention and direct action toward meeting difficult challenges, including improving people's lives and conserving our natural resources in a world that is growing in population, with ever-increasing demands for food, water, shelter, sanitation, energy, health services and economic security."
- incl. links to : Type 2 Initiatives - Summit Side Events - Accreditation and Registration - Media Logistics and Accreditation - National Activities - Johannesburg Summit 2002 brochure - Other News - PrepCom Calendar (all preparatory meetings).

Johannesburg World Summit 2002 - Host Country (South Africa) Official Site
World Summit on Sustainable Development
From August 26 to September 4, thousands of participants at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa will tackle critical environmental, economic and social development issues.
Feature article on the Summit - includes seven links to related pages
Source : Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada)

Canada's official WSSD Web site

Canada Releases National Report to the World Summit on Sustainable Development
News Release
August 9, 2002
The Government of Canada today submitted to the United Nations Canada's National Report to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). The Summit will take place in Johannesburg, South Africa, from August 26 to September 4, 2002. Sustainable Development: A Canadian Perspective outlines Canadian actions on sustainable development over the past 10 years and highlights remaining challenges and some of the current efforts to meet those challenges.
Sustainable Development: A Canadian Perspective
Complete report (PDF file - 9.4MB)

Johannesburg Summit 2002- International Labour Organization
World Summit on Sustainable Development
Sustainable Development @ Work
"The World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, South Africa will group leaders of governments, international agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), businesses and civil society groups from August 26 to September 4 to seek new says of improving the livelihoods of people around the world. The ILO believes that sustainable development rests on three pillars: economic, social, and environmental. The social dimension - personal security, more and better jobs and decent work - is vital to the discussions of economic and environmental policy and will be a key element of the ILO participation in the meeting."
- incl. fact sheets on the following topics : Sustainable Development and the Workplace - Agriculture - Safety and Health at Work - HIV/AIDS - Child Labour - Youth Employment - Small-Scale Mining - Hotel, Catering and Tourism - Press releases
Source : International Labour Organization

ILO Director-General addresses Johannesburg Summit August 29, 2002
"This Summit has one simple question to answer: how can we make the next ten years more successful in terms of sustainable development; job creation; the fight against poverty and environmental degradation, than the ten years since Rio?
Source : International Labour Organization
ILO WSSD Website

Sustaining Development; Our Opportunity in Johannesburg
August 23, 2002
"Last spring, the UN summit in Monterrey spurred poor countries to commit to improve their policies and governance in exchange for promises by rich countries to deliver more aid, and open their markets to trade. The World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg next week gives us the chance to put those words into action."
Source : World Bank Group

More WSSD links:

Sustainable Development (International Information Programs) - U.S. Department of State
Article: U.S. Officials Seek Real Development Results at Johannesburg Summit
RICS Foundation / Earth Summit 2002 Conference
United Nations Division for Sustainable Development

IISD's portal to the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg, 2002
News from Christian Aid
The Daily Summit - Instant news and comments from the World Summit on Sustainable Development
Worldwatch Institute: Johannesburg Summit 2002
Earth Day Network
Citizens Guide to the World Summit - CitNet
Johannesburg 2002 - from International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives
WSSD - from International Institute for Environment and Development
JOHANNESBURG SUMMIT 2002
Johannesburg Climate Legacy 2002
The Johannesburg Summit 2002: A Call for Action
Earth Summit 2002 - Greenpeace


Globastat

"This is a site where you can view country rankings based on the CIA World Factbook data. Here you can find how different countries compare to each other in more than 140 categories ranging from population size to electricity consumption per person."

- Categories are organized under the following major headings: Geography - People - Economy - Communications - Transportation - Military - Analysis (not much on the social side, though, like poverty or income inequality, etc.)

The influence of EU law on the social character of health care systems in the European Union (PDF file -715K, 132 pages)
Report submitted to the Belgian Presidency of the European Union
Final Version
Brussels
November 19, 2001
"Essentially, the European social model is based on the premise that health care is not a normally traded good and access to it is a fundamental right. Consequently, it is based on a complex system of cross-subsidies, from rich to poor, from well to ill, from young to old, from single people to families and from workers to the non-active. This model has continued to attract overwhelming popular support, reflecting the historical forces from which it emerged and the deeply rooted values of solidarity in Europe."
Source :
Social Ambitions for Europe : The social priorities of the Belgian presidency of the European Union

Related Links :
Belgian presidency of the EU

Measuring poverty in Europe : Belgium presents a European tool for fighting against poverty and social exclusion
13 September 2001
Press release by the Belgian Presidency of the European Union – Social Affairs with regard to the International Conference on “Indicators for social inclusion: Making Common EU Objectives Work” in Antwerp, 14-15 September 2001
"In order to measure the progress of the struggle against poverty and social exclusion in Europe more efficiently, the report presents a set of key-indicators."

Indicators for Social Inclusion in the European Union - Summary

A NEW WELFARE ARCHITECTURE FOR EUROPE? (Report submitted to the Belgian Presidency of the European Union)
Final version, September 2001
by Gosta Esping-Andersen, Duncan Gallie, Anton Hemerijck, and John Myles
Executive Summary
Introduction

Related Link :

“A New Welfare Architecture for Europe?” Lessons for Canada (PDF file - 25K, 7 pages)
Canadian Council on Social Development
“A New Welfare Architecture for Europe?” is the title of a major September 2001 report which was commissioned by the President of the European Union to provide an overview of needed changes to European social policies and institutions. (...) In May, 2002, the Canadian Council on Social Development and the Canadian Policy Research Networks jointly hosted a seminar to discuss the major themes of the report and their relevance to Canada..."

Source : Canadian Council on Social Development

European Union in the U.S.
- Delegation of the European Commission to the United States (Washington)

New Zealand: Selected Issues
International Monetary Fund Publications
Country Report Series
Source : International Monetary Fund

Kananaskis Summit / Evian Summit

For more links relating to G8 meetings, go to the Canadian Social Research Links Globalization Links page

From the Canadian International Development Agency:

Poverty Reduction - A Critical Review of the World Development Report 2000/2001: Attacking Poverty
January 29, 2002 - 6 pages
By Else Oyen, Chair of the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty (CROP), Norway
April 5, 2001
"Questioning not just the data and content of the Report, but also the Bank's authority and interests in speaking on poverty..."
Excellent critique - required reading both for devotees and dissenters of the World Bank's World Development Report.

Poverty Reduction - Canadian International Development Agency's Poverty Reduction Network (PRN) Overview and Work Plan, 2001-2002
January 28, 2002 - 6 pages

Poverty Reduction - When the Poor Matter
January 29, 2002 - 4 pages
A presentation by John Stackhouse, award-winning Globe and Mail reporter and author of Out of Poverty and into something more comfortable (March 22, 2001)

CIDA's Social Development Priorities (2000-2005)

CIDA's Sustainable Development Strategy 2001-2003


An Aging World: 2001 (PDF file - 3973K, 190 pages) - U.S.
November 2001
This new 190-page release from the Census Bureau and the National Institute of Aging (NIA) presents comparative data related to aging, including population and projected population internationally, life expectancy, retirement, health information, and social support. The report was, in part, inspired by a review from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) that argued for an international focus on aging as an aid to policymakers worldwide. The main body of the report is broken into eleven chapters, covering topics ranging from urban versus rural populations to marital status to income security. Appendices include detailed tables, references, an international comparison of urban versus rural definitions, and sources and limitations of the data.
Reviewed by : Scout Report
Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2001
- Go to the National Institute of Aging (NIA)
- Go to the Census Bureau

G-20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in Ottawa to Discuss Fight Against Terrorism
Ottawa, November 16, 2001
Dept. of Finance News Release
G-20 finance ministers and central bank governors will hold their third annual meeting today in Ottawa to discuss their role in fighting terrorism and making the world less vulnerable to financial crises.

G-20 - Government website
- incl. links to : Who we are, What we do - Event Photographs - Videos - Meetings Information -
News Releases and Publications - including the final release : G-20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors (November 17, 2001)


USA and the WTO
Canada and the WTO - 2001 Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar (from the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade - DFAIT)
Also from DFAIT :
Trade Negotiations and Agreements - World Trade Organization

Coverage of the Fourth WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha (from the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development)
OUR WORLD IS NOT FOR SALE --- WTO: Shrink or Sink (from the Council of Canadians)
WTO Watch - Global information center on trade and sustainable development

Social Indicators (U.K.)
PDF file - 769K, 71 pages
The House of Commons Library Research Papers are published for the benefit of Parliament members, but this one should be of interest to both researchers and general readers wanting to learn more about contemporary British social issues. Social Indicators is the first paper in a new series that will be published three times a year. The 71-page paper includes a wide range of topic pages that present social statistics on a variety of issues, from the prison population to defense expenses to agricultural outputs. Each Social Indicator paper will also offer feature articles that give a closer look at specific subjects (in this instance,, election turnout and adult literacy) and an article on statistical sources for a particular issue (in this paper, social security statistics). The last few pages are devoted to a list of important, recent governmental statistical publications
Reviewed by : The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2001


Library of Congress (U.S.)
Large site - see the sitemap for an overview of the rich content here - 275 links!
Collections and Services
International Resources

Includes :
Gateways to the World - The Library's 21 reading rooms provide access to international collections.
Special International Guides - A variety of online products created by the Library of Congress.
Portals to the World - Links to electronic resources selected by Library of Congress subject experts.

See also:
Nations of the World
- from the Law Library of Congress


World Health Organization

The objective of WHO is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health.
Health, as defined in the WHO Constitution, is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

World Health Report 2002 - "Reducing risks, promoting healthy life"
Source : World Health Organization

From the Canadian International Development Agency :

Canadian Action Plan Sets New Course in Child Protection in the Developing World
News Release
June 18, 2001
International Cooperation Minister Maria Minna today released Canada's Child Protection Action Plan, a document that sets the course for Canadian aid programming for the most marginalized children in developing countries. The document, prepared by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) after extensive consultation with civil society partners, places special emphasis on war-affected children and child labour.

Canada's Child Protection Action Plan - CIDA's Action Plan on Child Protection
Promoting the rights of children who need special protection measures
June 2001
PDF version
(285 Kb - 52 pages)

Incl. links to :
- The challenges facing children (poverty, exploitation, abuse, and discrimination, examples of child-protection challenges in different regions

- The response of the international community (Canada - CIDA)
-
The rights-based approach
-
A new direction for CIDA in child protection
-
Implementing the new direction
-
Conclusion

Virtual Library on International Development
A collection of links to international development resources on the Internet

InfoNation (Part of the CyberSchoolBus)
InfoNation is an easy-to-use, two-step database from the U.N. that allows you to view and compare the most up-to-date statistical data for the Member States of the United Nations.
Pick a country from the list by continent, then select a category -  like Geography, Economy, Population and Social Indicators. Each category includes a number of variables. Here's what you can see under Social Indicators : Life Expectancy (Women/Men) - Illiteracy Rate (Total) - Illiteracy Rate (Female) - Parliamentary Seats (Women/Men) - Spending on Education - School Enrolment - Homicides - Motor Vehicles - Telephones - Newspaper Circulation - Television Receivers - Refugees
- Go to the UN Cyberschoolbus website

Eliminating World Poverty : Making Globalisation Work for the Poor
U.K. Department for International Development
December 2000.
Published in early December by Prime Minister Blair and the British Secretary of State Clare Short, this second White Paper from the UK government on International Development discusses strategies for making the rapid development that has accompanied globalization benefit the world's poor more. The lengthy publication presents information and makes recommendations concerning third world governance and poverty, labour supply and skills development, private finance, trade, the global environment, effective development assistance, and the International System. A short summary of the paper in .pdf format as well as the full text in HTML (with a sidebar table of contents) has been posted. A search engine, extensive glossary, and text-only version are also available
Reviewed by The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2001
Don't miss the Links section - great collection! (The site uses frames so you'll have to find the link yourself...)

UK online

Government Gateway

International Social Science Council

Quality, not quantity improving living conditions in our cities
UN/ECE Ministers of housing and spatial planning meet in Geneva
Geneva, 19 September 2000
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE)
Press Release
Today the Ministers outlined their vision of the city in the 21st century. They also adopted a Declaration and a Strategy to improve the quality of life in human settlements in the 21st century. Their Strategy’s goal is fivefold...more

 

From the Canadian Prime Minister's Site:

The 2000 United Nations Human Development Index
June 29, 2000 
The Canadian Way in the 21st Century
Document presented at the Conference on Progressive Governance in the 21st Century (Berlin, June 2000) 
Address for the Inauguration of the 30th General Assembly of the Organization of American States
June 4, 2000 
Windsor, Ontario

UN End of Millennium Summit Final Declaration
- PDF version
Visit the Millennium Assembly website

Australia - Government

Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs
- includes links to : About FaHCSIA * Families * Housing * Communities * Indigenous * Individuals * Social Support System * more...

Research
* Australian Social Policy * Longitudinal Data Initiatives * Occasional Paper Series * Social Policy Research Paper Series * Statistical Paper Series * FaHCSIA Research News * Research FaCS Sheet Series * Former DSS Publications

---

Centrelink
...an Australian Government Statutory Agency, assisting people to become self-sufficient and supporting those in need.

* Publications

---

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW)
- Australia's national agency for health and welfare statistics and information

* Australia's Welfare 2007
Published 6 December 2007
Australia's welfare 2007 is the eighth biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It is the most comprehensive and authoritative source of national information on welfare services in Australia. Topics include children, youth and families; ageing and aged care; disability and disability services; housing for health and welfare; dynamics of homelessness; welfare services resources; and indicators of Australia's welfare.
- incl. links to three versions of the report (PDF - RTF - ZIP) and a table of contents with links to individual chapters
[ earlier reports in this series ]
[ All AIHW Publications ]

Australia - Non-Governmental

Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS)
The Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS) is the peak council of the community services and welfare sector. Established in 1956, ACOSS is the national voice for the needs of people affected by poverty and inequality. ACOSS’s vision is a fair, inclusive and sustainable Australia where all individuals and communities have the resources they need to participate in and benefit from social and economic life.

ACOSS Papers - Social Security
- incl. Papers - Factsheets - Magazines - Submissions State Publications

National Welfare Rights Network (NWRN)
The National Welfare Rights Network (NWRN) provides free and independent information, advice and representation about Social Security law and its administration. NWRN member organisations operate in all states and territories of Australia and consist of specialist community legal centres and services and individual advocates. They are independent of Centrelink and all government departments

World Trade Organization (WTO)
The  is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.
Free trade helps reduce poverty, says new WTO secretariat study
13 June 2000
Highlights and links to the report's three chapters in PDF format.

The Metropolis Project - "An international forum for research and policy on migration and cities"
The International Metropolis Project is a set of co-ordinated activities carried out by a membership of research and policy organizations who share a vision of strengthened immigration policy by means of applied academic research. The Metropolis partnership, now from twenty countries and a number of international research and policy organizations represents a wide range of policy and academic interests.
More about the International Metropolis Project
See the List of Metropolis Project Partner Countries and Organizations - including Metropolis Canada

OECD Online
(Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)
OECD Online is to the world what Statistics Canada is to Canada - the number-crunchers' jackpot, Mother of all statistical agencies!
This is an enormous site containing a wealth of information on myriad subjects in the area of social programs. Plan to explore this site over several visits - it can be overwhelming...

- incl. links to:
* Browse (About OECD - By Topic - By Country - By Department) - From A to Z
* Find (Statistics - Publications & Documents - News Releases)
* Resources for (Journalists - Government Officials - NGOs & Civil Society and Parliamentarians)
* OnLine Services (OnLine Bookshop - OnLine Library - E-mail Alerts - MyOECD) - more...

OECD.Stat Extracts
- incl. links to:
* General Statistics (country statistical profiles for 2008, incl. Canada) * Agriculture and Fisheries * Demography and Population * Economic Projections * Education and Training * Finance * Globalisation * Health * Industry and Service Statistics * International Trade and Balance of Payments * Labour *Monthly Economic Indicators * National Accounts * Prices and Purchasing Power Parities * Productivity * Public Sector, Taxation and Market Regulation * Regional Statistics * Science, Technology and Patents * Social and Welfare Statistics * Non-member Economies * Others

Information by Country - links to country information for all OECD countries
Click on the country of your choice and all OECD documents pertaining to that country will be listed.
NOTE: includes cross-country comparisons

Information by Country : Canada --- from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
- all OECD documents pertaining to Canada

OECD Website Sitemap

Source:
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Historical (sample reports):

OECD in Figures: Statistics on the Member Countries, 2003 Edition (PDF file - 830K, 97 pages)
November 2003
"Released recently by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), this important fact-book presents 97-pages of valuable statistics about the 30 member countries that constitute the membership of the OECD. The first 76 pages are largely devoted to presenting tables of statistical tables on key themes that include economic growth and performance, employment, trade, development aid, research and development, science and technology, and education expenditures. Pages 77 to 91 present tables of statistical information relating to consumer prices, health spending, road fatalities, life expectancy, investment flows, and consumer prices. For each table, there is a brief explanation of how the data was gathered and analyzed, along with a short discussion of what each table indicates. For persons working in the field of development studies or those with an interest in the performance measures of OECD countries, this document will be quite useful."
[Reviewed by The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2003]
- incl. stats on : Agriculture and Food - Development - Education and Skills - Employment - Energy - Enterprise, Industry and Services - Environment - Finance and Investment - General Economics - Health - Insurance and Pensions - International Migration - National Accounts - Nuclear Energy - Science and Information Technology - Sustainable Development - Taxation - Territorial Economy - Trade -Transport

Health at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2003
"...brings together the latest comparable data and trends concerning health status and risks, the activity and resources of health care systems, as well as health expenditure and financing across the 30 OECD countries. It contains a larger set of indicators than the previous edition. Overall, more than 30 indicators are presented.
NOTE: You have to purchase the book OECD Health Data 2003 (available on line at SourceOECD or on CD-ROM from the OECD’s online bookshop) for the detailed data
- incl. info about Canada in eight charts covering a range of topics, from health expenditure as a percentage of GDP (2001) and health expenditure by source of funding (2000) to acute care beds per 1000 population (2000) and increasing obesity rates among the adult population...
OECD Health Data 2003 - Frequently asked data - 20 tables offered as samples of variables that can be found in OECD Health Data 2003, including data from the 1st Internet update (July 9, 2003).
- incl. country comparisons of life expectancy, infant mortality, expenditures on health, acute care beds / hospital discharges per 1000 population, alcohol and tobacco consumption, % of population 65 years old and over, and more

Economic Survey - Canada 2003
September 2003
"Will the good economic performance be sustained? How can unemployment be reduced further? How can productivity growth be lifted? How can Canada make the most from migration? Is fiscal policy too focussed on the short term? How can the health system be improved?"
Assessment and Recommendations (PDF file - 189K, 12 pages)
Table of Contents (PDF file - 120K, 4 pages)
Policy Brief (PDF file - 125K, 8 pages)
Order the complete report

Social Policies,Family Types and Child Outcomes in Selected OECD Countries (PDF file - 295K, 56 pages)
May 2003
"The paper is organized in four parts: (1) a summary of child outcomes of concern in various OECD countries; (2) a discussion of one particular outcome, child poverty, and its negative consequences for children; (3) a summary of the research linking different family types with different outcomes; and (4) the social policies that may lead to different positive and negative outcomes"
- includes Canada...

The value of pension entitlements : A model of nine OECD countries (PDF file - 515K, 66 pages)
E. Whitehouse, OECD
June 2003
- incl. Canada - Finland - Germany - Italy - Japan - Netherlands - Sweden - United Kingdom - United States
"Pension systems are complex and comparing them across countries is therefore difficult. This paper adopts a standard methodology to calculate prospective pension entitlements in nine countries."

Financial resources and retirement in nine OECD Countries : The role of the tax system (PDF file - 415K, 45 pages)
G. Keenay and E. Whitehouse
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Social, Employment and Migration working papers, n° 8,
June 2003
- incl. Canada - Finland - Germany - Italy - Japan - Netherlands - Sweden - United Kingdom - United States
"(...) This paper provides the first cross-country analysis of the personal tax treatment of older people. Its results will be of interest to analysts of retirement-income systems. The value of direct-tax concessions and their pattern with income varies substantially between the countries studied. The cost of these concessions to the public purse can be large: they are important to fiscal policy as well as old-age support. The results also underpin the analysis of retirement and savings incentives. (...) It is important that policy-makers avoid comparing the rates and structure of retirement benefits across countries without also considering the effect on older people of systems of personal income tax and social security contributions."

Source:
Working Papers on Ageing
- links to over 30 reports
Ageing Society - incl. info under the following headings: Economic Effects of Ageing - Older Workers - Pensions - Social Effects of Ageing.
From this page, you can also go to: Ageing Society | About | Statistics | Publications & Documents | Information by Country

OECD Statistics

Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs)
PPPs are currency conversion rates that both convert to a common currency and equalise the purchasing power of different currencies. In other words, they eliminate the differences in price levels between countries in the process of conversion. This site has been set up as a means of providing information on work undertaken by the OECD and Eurostat on PPPs to as wide an audience as possible, statistics and the latest research, reports and papers relating to PPPs.

 Canada and the World Summit for Social Development from the (federal) Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade.
The Government of Canada, in consultation with provincial and territorial governments, submitted its report, entitled Implementing the Outcomes of the World Summit on Social Development: Canada's Response, at the end of July 1999.

Links to municipal government websites in 30 countries - including thousands of Canadian municipalities (organized by jurisdiction)
- from munisource, "...the largest collection of municipal government related infomation on the WWW, with direct links to over 2,800 official municipal sites in 33 countries" (including resources on a wide range of municipal government issues)

Keele Guides to Government & Politics (Keele University, England)
- includes myriad links in countries around the world (the Canada links section is quite impressive!)

TRENDS IN EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA 1998 - Statistical Yearbook of the UN/ECE
- Statistical trends in 55 member countries

Australian Parliament
Embassies
Government links - Canada, U.S., other countries
HMSO Corporate Home Page
New Zealand Government Online
New Zealand Parliamentary Homepage
The Social Summit Home Page

 

International Social Policy Links

Thanks to Carrie Falloon and Joan O'Connell for all of the links below
NOTE : Some of the links below are non-governmental...

European Industrial Relations Observatory on-line
http://www.eiro.eurofound.ie/
EIROnline contains up-to-date information and analysis on the most important events and issues in industrial relations in the 15 EU Member States and Norway, and at the overall European level.

The History of the European Union: A chronology from 1946 to 2000
http://europa.eu/abc/history/index_en.htm

Yahoo search, list of countries
http://dir.yahoo.com/government/countries/

List of countries that maintain web site home pages
http://www.csustan.edu/social_work/mchu/world.htm

http://demography.anu.edu.au/VirtualLibrary/
The World-Wide Web Virtual Library is run by a loose confederation of volunteers, who compile pages of key links for particular areas in which they are expert.

World Socialist Web Site
http://www.wsws.org/index.shtml – The World Socialist Web Site is the Internet center of the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). It provides analysis of major world events, comments on political, cultural, historical and philosophical issues, and valuable documents and studies from the heritage of the socialist movement.

Human Rights Watch World Report 2000
http://www.hrw.org/wr2k/

Bretton Woods Project
http://www.brettonwoodsproject.org/ - The Bretton Woods Project works to monitor and reform the World Bank and IMF. It tracks key policy statements and reports, and provides critiques and early warnings used by non-governmental organisations across the world.

OneWorld
http://www.oneworld.net/ – OneWorld is dedicated to harnessing the democratic potential of the internet to promote human rights and sustainable development.

The New Policy Institute
http://www.npi.org.uk/

Council of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA)
 http://www.nsd.uib.no/cessda/  - promotes the acquisition, archiving and distribution of electronic data for social science teaching and research in Europe.

About the Group of Ten G-10 Publications
http://www.bis.org/about/gten.htm

Political sites
http://www.politicalresources.net/ - Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world

United Nations
http://www.un.org/

Millennium Assembly of the United Nations
http://www.un.org/millennium/

United Nations Children’s Fund
http://www.unicef.org/

State of the World's Children 2000 report
http://www.unicef.org/sowc00/

United Nations Office at Geneva
http://www.unog.ch/

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Food for All)
http://www.fao.org/
The FAO was founded with a mandate to raise levels of nutrition and standards of living, to improve agricultural productivity, and to better the condition of rural populations.

UN Internet Gateway on the Advancement and Empowerment of Women
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/

Follow-up to Beijing
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/followup/index.html

Commission on the Status of Women (CSW)
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/csw/44sess.htm – The Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) was established to prepare recommendations and reports to the Council on promoting women's rights in political, economic, civil, social and educational fields.

United Nations Development Program
http://www.undp.org/ - The United Nations Development Program helps countries in their efforts to achieve sustainable human development by assisting them to build their capacity to design and carry out development programmes in poverty eradication, employment creation and sustainable livelihoods, the empowerment of women and the protection and regeneration of the environment, giving first priority to poverty eradication.

United Nations Development Program, Towards the Elimination of Poverty
http://www.undp.org/poverty/ -  UNDP addresses poverty as a denial of human rights.

United Nations Development Program, Poverty related publications.
http://www.undp.org/poverty/publications/pov_red/

United Nations Development Program, Publications
http://www.undp.org/toppages/publications/pubs.htm

http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/- Economic and Social Development General Information

http://www.globalpolicy.org/ - A group of citizens from several countries founded Global Policy Forum to monitor global policy making at the United Nations

http://www.familis.org/anglais/menu.html – World Organisation for Families

http://www.oecd.org/- The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development groups 29 member countries in an organisation that, most importantly, provides governments a setting in which to discuss, develop and perfect economic and social policy.

http://www.issa.int/engl/homef.htm - The International Social Security Association (ISSA) is an international organization which brings together institutions and administrative bodies dealing with one or more aspects of social security in different countries of the world.

http://www.issa.int/ssw/ - Social Security Worldwide databases.

http://www.americascanada.org/menu-e.asp - AmericasCanada.org is Canada's leading online source for information about the social, cultural, political and economic issues and events that bind the 34 democratic countries of the Western Hemisphere.

http://europa.eu/index-en.htm – European Union

http://europa.eu/pol/socio/index_en.htm – Employment and Social Policy of the European Union.

http://europa.eu/comm/dgs/employment_social/index_en.htm – European Union – DG for employment and social affairs.

http://www.ilo.org/ - International Labour Organization

http://www.iiasa.ac.at/ - The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) is a non-governmental research organization located in Austria. The institute conducts inter-disciplinary scientific studies on environmental, economic, technological and social issues in the context of human dimensions of global change.

http://www.imf.org/ - The International Monetary Fund

http://WWW.CAS.FLINDERS.EDU.AU/iag/ - The International Association of Gerontology promotes gerontological research in the biological, medical, behavioural, and social fields (social psychological fields) by member organisations and to promote co-operation among these organisations.

http://www.web.net/ccpi/un - Charter Committee on Poverty Issues

http://www.web.net/ccpi/un/ - Promoting Compliance with International Human Rights Law in Canada
The website for the Canadian Non-Governmental Organizations that participated in the review of Canada's compliance with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESC)

http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/ - Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada)

United States

See also:

- American Government Social Research page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us.htm
- American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us2.htm
- American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us3.htm

http://www.gao.gov/ - The General Accounting Office is the investigative arm of Congress. GAO's mission is to help the Congress oversee federal programs and operations to assure accountability to the American people.

http://www.aphsa.org/ - The American Public Human Services Association (APHSA) educates members of Congress, the media, and the broader public on what is happening in the states around welfare, child welfare, health care reform, and other issues involving families and the elderly.

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/ - Social Security Administration

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/ - The Social Security Administration's Office of Policy is responsible for conducting policy analysis, research and evaluation to produce useful, objective, credible and timely data and policy options.

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/other.html - Links from the Social Security Administration to other sites

http://www.pbgc.gov/ - The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) is a federal government corporation established to encourage the growth of defined benefit plans, provide timely and uninterrupted payment of benefits, and maintain pension insurance premiums at the lowest level necessary to carry out the Corporation's obligations.

http://www.ssab.gov/ - The Social Security Advisory Board is an independent, bipartisan Board created by Congress and appointed by the President and the Congress to advise the President, the Congress, and the Commissioner of Social Security on matters related to the Social Security and Supplemental Security Income programs.

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/history/chrono.html - The following pages present a detailed historical chronology of the evolution of Social Security. (1700s – present)

http://www.socialsecurity.gov/international/ - Social Security's Office of International Programs (OIP)

Moving Ideas (U.S.)
News and Resources from the Policy Action Network (formerly the Electronic Policy Network)
"The Policy Action Network is dedicated to explaining and popularizing complex policy ideas to a broader audience. Our goal is to improve collaboration and dialogue between policy and grassroots organizations, and to promote their work to journalists and legislators. (...) Moving Ideas posts the best ideas and resources from leading progressive research and advocacy institutions, as well as promotes high-quality websites and publishes original content. We hope to strengthen democratic participation by providing a more inclusive and intelligible debate about the issues that shape our world."
Link Library - large collection of annotated links under the follwoing categories : Alternative News Sources -
Building Democracy - Criminal Justice - The Economy - Education - Energy and the Environment - Families, Children, and Youth - Foreign Policy and Defense - Gay Issues - Gender - Globalization, Immigration, and Trade - Health Care Policy - International Policy Resources - Media Old & New - Poverty, Income, and Wealth - Public Policy Programs & Political Science Departments - Race - Rights and Liberties - Science and Culture - Social Security and Aging - Welfare & Families - Working America - Urban Issues/Livable Cities.

Sample content:

Welfare Wars: In Brief
"Those who support the welfare reform law have pointed to the more than 50 percent reduction in the welfare rolls -- from 12.2 million in 1996 to 5.5 million in March 2001. But many of the families leaving welfare aren't leaving poverty. In 1999, 41 percent of former welfare recipients were poor, and 64 percent of parents who had left welfare for work found themselves struggling to support their families on a median hourly wage of $7.15."

Source : Shaping the Debate

http://www.epn.org/ideacentral/welfare.html - Idea Central, the virtual magazine of the Electronic Policy Network

http://www.clasp.org/ - The Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) is a national non-profit organisation with expertise in both law and policy affecting the poor. Through education, policy research and advocacy, CLASP seeks to improve the economic security of low-income families with children and secure access for low-income persons to our civil justice system.

http://www.familiesusa.org/ - Families USA is a national non-profit, non-partisan organisation dedicated to the achievement of high-quality, affordable health and long-term care for all Americans.

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/ - The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is responsible for federal programs which promote the economic and social well-being of families, children, individuals, and communities.

http://www.cbpp.org/ - The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is a non-partisan research organisation and policy institute that conducts research and analysis on a range of government policies and programs with an emphasis on those affecting low- and moderate-income people.

http://www.tcf.org/ - The Century Foundation sponsors and supervises research on economic, social, and political issues. TCF is strictly non-partisan, but not neutral.

http://www.ufenet.org/ - United for a Fair Economy is part of a broad social movement of people concerned that the concentration of wealth is hurting our nation. Its goal is to revitalise America through a more fair distribution of wealth. We are an independent, non-partisan organisation.

http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us.htm – Links to American Social Research

http://www.ffhsj.com/fairlend/ncrc.htm - The National Community Reinvestment Coalition is a non-profit membership organisation which seeks to increase fair and equal access to credit and banking services for lower income and minority communities.

http://www.mdrc.org/ - Manpower Demonstration and Research Corporation (MDRC) is a non-profit, non-partisan social policy research organisation. We are dedicated to learning what works to improve the well being of low-income people. Through our research and the active communication of our findings, we seek to enhance the effectiveness of social policies and programs.

http://www.urban.org/ - The Urban Institute is a non-profit policy research organisation. The Institute's goals are to sharpen thinking about society's problems and efforts to solve them, improve government decisions and their implementation, and increase citizens' awareness about important public choices.

http://www.whitehouse.gov/fsbr/ssbr.html - The purpose of the Social Statistics Briefing Room is to provide easy access to current Federal social statistics. It provides links to information produced by a number of Federal agencies.

http://aspe.os.dhhs.gov/poverty/poverty.htm - Poverty Guidelines, Research, and Measurement

http://www.os.dhhs.gov/ - The Department of Health and Human Services is the United States government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services, especially for those who are least able to help themselves.

http://www.heartland.org/ - The Heartland Institute is a non-profit public policy research organisation dedicated to meeting the information needs of the nation's state and national elected officials, journalists, and its members.

http://www.princeton.edu/~progrev/ - The Progressive Review is a journal of news, analysis, and occasional cultural critique. We exist as a voice for social justice.

http://www.aclu.org/ - The American Civil Liberties Union is the nation's foremost advocate of individual rights -- litigating, legislating, and educating the public on a broad array of issues affecting individual freedom in the United States.

http://www.mcc.org/ - Mennonite Central Committee (MCC) is a relief, service, community development and peace agency of the North American Mennonite and Brethren in Christ churches. Report on an extensive array of topics.

http://www.huduser.org/ - Hud User: Policy development and research’s information service

http://www.hud.gov/ - US Department of Housing and Urban Development

http://www.usatoday.com/ - News

http://www.brook.edu/ - In its research, The Brookings Institution functions as an independent analyst and critic, committed to publishing its findings for the information of the public. In its Conferences and activities, it serves as a bridge between scholarship and public policy.

http://www.fedworld.gov/index.html - FedWorld offers a comprehensive central access point for searching, locating, ordering and acquiring government and business information.

http://www.irp.wisc.edu - The Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) is a national, university-based centre for research into the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequality in the United States. It is non-profit and non-partisan.

http://www.sc.edu/cosw/ - College of Social Work, University of South Carolina

http://lcweb.loc.gov/ - The Library of Congress

http://thomas.loc.gov/ - Legislative Information, Library of Congress

http://www.childrennow.org/ - Children Now is a non-partisan, independent voice for children, working to translate the nation's commitment to children and families into action.

http://www.lib.lsu.edu/gov/fedgov.html - U.S. Federal Government Agencies Directory

http://www.igc.org/gateway/index.html - The Mission of IGC is to advance the work of progressive organisations and individuals for peace, justice, economic opportunity, human rights, democracy and environmental sustainability through strategic use of online technologies.

http://www.aphsa.org/ - APHSA is a nonprofit, bipartisan organization of individuals and agencies concerned with human services. APHSA educates members of Congress, the media, and the broader public on what is happening in the states around welfare, child welfare, health care reform, and other issues involving families and the elderly.

http://www.bea.doc.gov/ - The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency of the Department of Commerce. BEA's national, regional, and international economic accounts present basic information on such key issues as U.S. economic growth, regional economic development, and the Nation's position in the world economy.

http://www.cato.org/ - The Cato Institute is a non-partisan public policy research foundation.

http://www.dfa.state.ny.us/ - New York State Department of Family Assistance

http://www.heritage.org/ - The Heritage Foundation is a research and educational institute whose mission is to formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defence.

http://www.ssw.upenn.edu/ - University of Pennsylvania School of Social Work

http://www1.york.ac.uk/depts/spsw/ - The University of York Department of Social Policy and Social Work

Belgium

http://www.belgium.fgov.be/ - Belgium Federal Government Online

http://www.socialsecurity.fgov.be/ - Social Security in Belgium

Chile

http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/chile.htm – Pensions in Chile

France

 http://www.ambafrance-ca.org  – Embassy of France in Canada

http://www.emploi-solidarite.gouv.fr/index.html – Site du Ministère de l'emploi et de la solidarité

http://www.35h.travail.gouv.fr/ - The law on negotiated workweek reduction in France

http://info-france-usa.org/ - Embassy of France (Washington, D.C)

http://www.caf.fr/ - Allocations Familiales

Japan

http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/index.html – Ministry of Helath, Labour and Welfare

United Kingdom

http://www.ukonline.gov.uk/ - A first entry point to UK public sector information on the Internet.

http://www.dwp.gov.uk/ - The Department for Work and Pensions

http://www.gnn.gov.uk/ - Government News Network

http://213.38.88.195/coi/coipress.nsf – Central Office of Information (COI) organisation links

http://www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/ - the Social Policy Research Centre at The University of New South Wales. The Centre operates as an independent unit of the University and undertakes research into a wide range of social policy issues.

http://www.hmso.gov.uk/ - Her Majesty's Stationary Office

http://sosig.ac.uk/ - The Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) aims to provide a trusted source of selected, high quality Internet information for researchers and practitioners in the social sciences, business and law. It is part of the UK Resource Discovery Network.

See also Social Research in Other Countries (NGO) - Globalization - U.S. Social Research Links - Human Rights Links - United Nations Links - International Children, Families and Youth - Health pages

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