Social Security Statistics, Canada and Provinces
1978-79 to 2002-03
NOTE: Since January 2012, this report
is no longer available on the website of Human Resources and Skills
Development (HRSDC) or its successor, Employment and Social Development
Canada (ESDC). This report and many others were moved to the web archive
collection at Library and Archives Canada (LAC).
[By Gilles, March 1, 2014]
This report is a goldmine of statistical information
(beneficiary data and expenditure data) on current and defunct
Canadian federal social programs, and even some on provincial/territorial
This report offers 25 years of longitudinal data
on costs and numbers of beneficiaries for most programs - over 100
tables - covering a large number of programs --- here's a partial
- Child Tax Benefit, Family Allowances, the Child Tax Credit, Old
Age Security/Guaranteed Income Supplement/Spouse's Allowance ("The
Allowance"), Federal Training and Employment Programs, Federal
Goods and Services Tax Credit, the Canada/Quebec Pension Plans, War
Veterans' and Civilian War Allowances, Veterans' and Civilians' Disability
Pensions, Unemployment/Employment Insurance, the Canada Assistance
Plan, Workers' Compensation, Youth Allowances, Social Assistance and
Social Services for Registered Indians --- and more...
NOTE : All links below are functional.
Click any link and you'll find the desired content on the website
Preface (short blurb only)
List of Tables
Read the Introductory notes at the top of the page and in Appendix
of this report for all methodological notes.
"...Tables in this report have been organized into two parts.
Part I presents three Overview Tables which illustrate the trends
in social security expenditures by all levels of government for Canada.
Part II comprises Component Tables which provide data on beneficiaries
and expenditures for individual programs."
Total Social Security Expenditures in Canada, 1978-79 to 2002-03
Table 2: Social Security Expenditures by Welfare
Program and Total Health and Education Expenditures, Canada, 1978-79
Expenditure Analyses of Social Security Programs, Canada, 1978-79
Many of the tables are historical and likely of little
interest except to historians and CAP-o-philes --- they offer historical
caseload and expenditure statistics on each of the CAP cost-sharing
components (General Assistance - Homes for Special Care for Children
and Adults - Child Welfare - Health Care - Other Welfare Services
and Work Activity).
Scroll down the list of tables
... to find a particular program, then click on its name to access
the HTML version of the table (the HTML page includes links to the
PDF and Excel versions of the table).
You'll find many key stats tables and some interesting
analyses here - only a few of which appear below
- includes links to over two dozen tables (Tables 352-911)
with info on federal contributions under the Canada Assistance
Plan (CAP) and the Canada Health and Social Transfer (CHST)
to the cost of provincial and territorial welfare programs.
NOTE: for more info about CAP, the CHST and the Canada Social Transfer
(CST, which replaced the CHST in April 2004), see the Canada
Assistance Plan / Canada Health and Social Transfer / Canada Social
Transfer Resources page of this site:
A few sample tables:
Total Federal-Provincial Cost-Shared Program Expenditures, 1978-79
NOTE: Table 360 traces the evolution/devolution of transfers under
the Canada Assistance Plan (in dollars) from 1976 to 1999. No new
claims were paid out under CAP after the Canada Health and Social
Transfer came into effect in April 1996; amounts shown as CAP expenditures
for the fiscal years after 1995-96 are final settlements with each
jurisdiction for all outstanding commitments by the federal government.
Canada Assistance Plan (CAP) - Number of Beneficiaries of General
Assistance (including dependants), as of March 31, 1979 to 1996
- This is a key table for research on welfare programs - welfare dependency
statistics by jurisdiction over the years. These are the final,
Total Federal-Provincial Cost-Shared Expenditures for General Assistance,
by Province/Territory, 1978-79 to 1995-96
- this table should be of special interest for welfare historians
and number-crunchers - it shows exactly when Canadian government spending
on welfare (by the federal and provincial/territorial governments)
started looking a little fuzzier. When the feds imposed the cap on
CAP (max. 5% annual increase in total CAP payments) in Ontario, Alberta
and BC in the early 1990s, those three provinces stopped reporting
how much of their CAP dollars were going to welfare (vs. other CAP
components covered under the same federal contribution). Table 362
shows that as of 1991-92, the federal contribution to those three
provinces for General Assistance appears as "n/a" - so it's
been impossible to produce a national figure since then. Unless, of
course, one wanders over into the minefield of provincial government
welfare statistics, where welfare programs (and related expenditures)
have undergone a major transformation. If you *do* want to check out
welfare stats for each Canadian jurisdiction, your best starting point
is the Key Welfare Links Page of this website - http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/welfare.htm
- which includes links to welfare stats in each province and territory
where they're available.
Total Federal Payments under CAP, 1978-79 to 1999-2000
[The note under table 360 also applies to this table. ]
Number of Beneficiaries (including dependants) of Provincial and Municipal
Social Assistance, as of March 31, 1997 to 2003
Provincial and Municipal Social Assistance Program Expenditures,
1980-81 to 2002-03
Provincial and Territorial Children's Benefits and Earned Income Supplements,
Expenditures for Fiscal years 1978-79 to 2002-03
Human Resources and Skills Development Canada
Dept. name changed to Employment and Social Development Canada
Collections Canada --- BROKEN LINK!
[Library and Archives Canada]