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Canadian Social Research Newsletter
May 1, 2005

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter, a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

The e-mail version of this week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 1341 subscribers.
[For anyone who's keeping track, this number goes down in the spring after university students sign off for the summer...]

Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes and a disclaimer.

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IN THIS ISSUE:

Canadian Content

1. Canada, Manitoba, Saskatchewan Sign Early Learning and Child Care Agreements - April 29
2. Canada, Ontario Sign Affordable Housing Agreement - April 29
3. Network News, Spring 2005 Issue (Canadian Policy Research Networks) - April 2005
4. Human Rights Denied: Single Mothers on Social Assistance in British Columbia - Poverty and Human Rights Centre - April 28
5. Policy Research Initiative Update Spring 2005 - April 2005
6. From Status of Women Canada:
--- Strategies for Improving the Working Conditions of Family Childcare Providers - January 2005 (Posted March 2005)
--- Women and Men in Canada: A Statistical Glance - 2003 Edition (Posted April 2005)

7. Canada invests $7.2 million to include Canadians with Disabilities (Social Development Canada) - April 25
8. Provincial and territorial economic accounts 2004 (Statistics Canada) - April 27
9. Education Matters (Education Periodical) - Statistics Canada - April 2005 Issue
10. Nova Scotia Budget 2005-2006 - April 26
11. A commission investigating child poverty?? (Campaign Against Child Poverty) - April 23
12. Low-paid Work and Economically Vulnerable Families - study (Statistics Canada) - April 25
13. Assets and Liabilities - Local/Consolidated Government Finance (Statistics Canada) - April 25

International Content

14. Poverty Dispatch Digest : U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs --- April 28, 2005
15. Economic Insecurity: Implications of Federal Budget proposals for Low-Income Working Families (U.S.) (National Center for Children in Poverty) - April 2005
16. Cover The Uninsured Week - U.S. (May 1-8)
17. Reforming financial support for families in Britain (HM Treasury) - March 2005
18. New in April 2005 from the Institute for the Study of Labour (Bonn, Germany):
---
Child Poverty in Rich Countries (including Canada)
--- The Effects of Living Wage Laws
(U.S.)


Have a warm and sunny  week!
...and don't forget the tax deadline is May 2.

Gilles Séguin

Canadian Social Research Links

http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net

E-mail:
gilseg@rogers.com

1. Canada, Manitoba, Saskatchewan Sign Early Learning and Child Care Agreements - April 29

Early Learning and Child Care Agreements

The federal government is moving ahead with its bilateral agreements on early learning and child care with provinces and territories on the assumption (with the hope?) that the Feb.23/05 federal budget will be accepted in the House of Commons. The University of Toronto's Childcare Resource and Research Unit has created the following special resource, which I highly recommend, to help us keep track of all of the background material that's relevant to the big picture. This new section of the CRRU site already contains almost three dozen links to related info. Below the CRRU links, you'll find a selection of links to the Manitoba and Saskatchewan agreements

Towards a national system of early learning and child care
"The Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) joins other child care advocates in extending congratulations and warmest thanks to the Governments of Canada, Manitoba and Saskatchewan for beginning to make a national child care program a reality. These first two historic agreements can serve as a template for others across Canada so that the high quality, universally accessible, not-for-profit early learning and child care system for which we advocate will come to be a reality for all Canadian children and families.

On April 29, 2005 the governments of Canada and Manitoba struck an historic Agreement-in-Principle on early learning and child care. This was followed by a similar agreement between the federal government and the province of Saskatchewan. These agreements are the beginning of what is hoped to be a series of strong bilateral agreements between the federal government and the provinces/territories.

These historic agreements build on a meeting of the Federal-Provincial-Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services in November 2004 and a subsequent meeting in February 2005. They (with the exception of Quebec) agreed to shared principles to guide the development of a new national system of early learning and child care."

- includes a broad (and growing) collection of government and non-governmental reports, press releases, news articles and other pertinent documents related to the new world of federal-provincial-territorial arrangements for child care in Canada.

Source:
Issue Files - CRRU
[ Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) - University of Toronto ]

Also from CRRU:

What's New? - Links to 100+ Canadian, U.S. and international resources from Jan 2000 to the present.
Child Care in the News - 200+ media articles from January 2000 to the present
ISSUE files - links to over two dozen theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info
Links to child care sites in Canada and elsewhere
CRRU Publications
- links to ~60 briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications

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Martin inks child-care deals
April 29, 2005
"WINNIPEG (CP) -- Prime Minister Paul Martin promised Friday to spend millions to help Manitoba and Saskatchewan children, but then tied his plan's fate to his budget and to the political opponents who are trying to defeat it. Martin and Manitoba officials signed a five-year, $176-million child-care agreement. The Saskatchewan deal is worth $146 million. Published reports say Ontario will sign on next week and receive $280 million."
Source:
Canada.com

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Manitoba

Moving Forward: Governments of Canada and Manitoba
sign an agreement on Early Learning and Child Care

News Release
April 29, 2005
"WINNIPEG, MANITOBA—Prime Minister Paul Martin and Manitoba Premier Gary Doer, along with Social Development Minister Ken Dryden and Christine Melnick, Manitoba's Minister of Family Services and Housing and Minister Responsible for Persons with Disabilities, announced today an historic Agreement in Principle that further supports the development of quality early learning and child care (ELCC) for young children and their families in Manitoba. The Agreement in Principle sets out a long-term vision, principles, and goals to guide the development of regulated early learning and child care for children under six. It also outlines specific objectives that the Government of Manitoba will pursue over the next five years and how that Government will be accountable to Manitobans."

Moving Forward on Early Learning and Child Care
Agreement-in-Principle Between the Government of Canada and the Government of Manitoba
(PDF file- 435K, 10 pages)
April 29, 2005

Source:
Social Development Canada

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Manitoba Child Day Care
- from Manitoba Family Services and Housing

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Manitoba child care deal sets cross-Canada standard
No election until child care cash secured, says CUPE President
April 29, 2005
"OTTAWA – Today’s federal child care deal with Manitoba gets a cross-Canada system off on the right foot, setting a standard that Canada’s largest union urges the federal government and other provinces and territories to meet and surpass."
Source:
Canadian Union of Public Employees

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Google.ca News Search Results : "Canada, Manitoba, child care agreement"
Google.ca Web Search Results : "Canada, Manitoba, child care agreement"
Source:
Google.ca

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Saskatchewan

Moving Forward:
Governments of Canada and Saskatchewan
sign an agreement on Early Learning and Child Care

News Release
April 29, 2005
"REGINA, SASKATCHEWAN— Prime Minister Paul Martin and Saskatchewan Premier Lorne Calvert, along with Social Development Minister Ken Dryden, Saskatchewan's Minister of Community Resources, Joanne Crofford, and Saskatchewan's Minister of Learning, Andrew Thomson, announced today an historic Agreement in Principle that will support the development of quality early learning and child care (ELCC) for young children and their families in Saskatchewan."
Source:
Social Development Canada

Google.ca News Search Results : "Canada, Saskatchewan, child care agreement"
Google.ca Web Search Results : "Canada, Saskatchewan, child care agreement"
Source:
Google.ca

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Ontario?

Program to benefit thousands of kids
April 29, 2005
"Thousands of new child-care spaces could be created in Ontario this year, as the province signs on to the federal daycare program, the Toronto Star has learned. Ontario is within days of signing on to Ottawa's $5 billion, five-year child-care program, giving the province $280 million this year to kickstart the creation of thousands of new daycare spaces. 'We've agreed on everything,' provincial Children and Youth Services Minister Marie Bountrogianni said in an interview last night. She described the money as substantial because Ontario spends $600 million a year on daycare now and the new money 'is almost a 50 per cent increase.'"
Source:
The Toronto Star

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Tories offer 'enhanced policy' for child care
Pledge to keep Liberal deals with provinces
Say cash supplements would permit choices
April 30, 2005
"OTTAWA—A federal Conservative government would honour any agreements the Liberals make with the provinces on child care, the party says. But on the day when the first two of those agreements were signed with Manitoba and Saskatchewan, it remains unclear just exactly what the Conservatives have agreed to honour. Intergovernmental affairs critic Rona Ambrose said a Conservative government would spend the $700 million Ottawa has promised to hand down to the provinces for the first year of a five-year plan totalling $5 billion. But she wouldn't clarify how money would be spent beyond that first year. The two agreements struck yesterday spell out exactly how much money Manitoba and Saskatchewan will get each year to start building regulated, non-profit child-care programs. Those agreements will be roughly replicated next week in Ontario, British Columbia and one of the Atlantic provinces."
Source:
The Toronto Star

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- Go to the Government Early Learning and Child Care Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd.htm
- Go to the Manitoba Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/mbkmrk.htm
- Go to the Saskatchewan Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/skbkmrk.htm

2. Canada, Ontario Sign Affordable Housing Agreement - April 29

From the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation(CMHC):

$602 Million Allocated for Affordable Housing in Ontario
News Release
"TORONTO, April 29, 2005 — The Government of Canada and the Government of Ontario today signed an Affordable Housing Agreement, which will commit $602 million over the next four years to increase the supply of affordable housing in the province.The agreement was signed today by the Honourable Joe Fontana, Minister of Labour and Housing, and the Honourable David Caplan, Ontario's Minister of Public Infrastructure Renewal. The federal/provincial agreement includes a commitment of $301 million from each level of government.

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From the Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing:

McGuinty Government Announces New Affordable Housing Strategy
Providing Variety of Housing Assistance with Comprehensive Approach
News Release
April 29, 2005
"TORONTO — The McGuinty government today signed a new Affordable Housing Agreement with the federal government as part of its comprehensive affordable housing strategy."

Canada-Ontario Affordable Housing Agreement
The Governments of Canada and Ontario signed an Affordable Housing Agreement on May 30, 2002 – the first phase provided federal funding of $245 million together with matching contributions from the Province of Ontario, municipalities and other housing partners. Approximately $73 million of federal funding has been committed under this agreement.

Additional Government of Ontario Housing Support
April 29, 2005
"In addition to the Affordable Housing Program, the Government of Ontario has a number of specific initiatives aimed at addressing issues of housing affordability."
- incl. a brief description of : City of Toronto Housing Allowance Pilot Program - Strong Communities Rent Supplement Program - Provincial Rent Bank Program - Community Mental Health Strategy - Rent Increase Guideline

NOTE: as part of the coordinated communications package surrounding this agreement, the Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing also posted the exact same news release to its own website at the same time as CMHC.
Here's the link to the Ontario version (really, it's exactly the same as the CMHC text...)

Canada And Ontario Invest Over $249 Million In Municipal Rural Infrastructure
Ontario residents to benefit from improvements to local communities
April 25, 2005
"NORTH BAY – Delivering on their commitment to build strong, sustainable communities, the governments of Canada and Ontario today announced investments of up to $249,178,024 in 120 communities through Intake One of the Canada-Ontario Municipal Rural Infrastructure Fund."

Related Link:

Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal - Affordable Housing Program

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From the The Toronto Star:

Needy families to get help with rent
News Release
April 29, 2005

"Ontario is getting back into the affordable housing business today with the announcement of a $602 million provincial-federal deal. Sources say the $602 million, which will start flowing this fall, will build 15,000 affordable housing units and provide rent supplements to 5,000 needy families across Ontario. There are about 150,000 Ontario families awaiting affordable housing. In Toronto alone, there are 63,000 families on the waiting list."

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Google.ca News Search Results : "Canada, Ontario, affordable housing agreement"
Google.ca Web Search Results : "Canada, Ontario, affordable housing agreement"
Source:
Google.ca

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- Go to the Homelessness and Housing Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/homeless.htm
- Go to the Ontario Government Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk.htm

3. Network News, Spring 2005 Issue - April 2005
(Canadian Policy Research Networks)

NetworkNews, Number 29, Spring 2005 (PDF file -790K, 12 pages)
April 2005
In this issue:
Canada's Cities - Social Architecture - Boosting Essential Skills - On the Road with the CPRN Campaign - Health Care Accountability: Performance Measurement - Health Care Accountability: What the Legislation Says - Housing - On the Net and In the Media - www.e-network.ca - Awards - People - Sponsor's Corner - President's Commentary
Source:
Canadian Policy Research Networks

- Go to the Social Research Organizations (I) in Canada page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/research.htm

4. Human Rights Denied: Single Mothers on Social Assistance in British Columbia (report) - April 28
(Poverty and Human Rights Centre)

Human Rights Denied (PDF file - 93K, 2 pages)
B.C. Government Discriminates
Against Poor Single Mothers – report
Press Release
April 28, 2005
"Vancouver - Four constitutional and human rights experts are issuing a report today that condemns the Government of British Columbia for its treatment of single mothers on social assistance. Shelagh Day, Margot Young, Melina Buckley and Gwen Brodsky conclude in Human Rights Denied that single mothers are discriminated against by the B.C. Government."

Complete report:

Human Rights Denied:
Single Mothers on Social Assistance in British Columbia
(PDF file - 524K, 59 pages)
April 2005
By Gwen Brodsky, Melina Buckley, Shelagh Day, and Margot Young

Source:
Poverty and Human Rights Centre (Vancouver)

See also:

Women's Rights and Freedoms: 20 Years (In) Equality - Conference
April 28, 2005 - May 1, 2005
Vancouver, BC

- Go to the Non-Governmental Sites in British Columbia (C-W) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/bcbkmrk3.htm
- Go to the Human Rights Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/rights.htm
- Go to the the Canadian Non-Governmental Sites about Women's Social Issues page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/womencanngo.htm

5. PRI Update Spring 2005 - April 2005
(Policy Research Initiative)

PRI Update Spring 2005 (PDF file - 126K, 12 pages)
April 2005
Update on PRI's five horizontal research projects:
- Population Aging and Life-Course Flexibility
- New Approaches for Addressing Poverty and Exclusion
- Social Capital as a Public Policy Tool
- North American Linkages
- Sustainable Development
Source:
Policy Research Initiative

- Go to the Social Research Organizations (II) in Canada page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/research2.htm

6. From Status of Women Canada:
--- Strategies for Improving the Working Conditions of Family Childcare Providers
- January 2005 (Posted March 2005)
--- Women and Men in Canada: A Statistical Glance - 2003 Edition (Posted April 2005)

From Status of Women Canada:

Making Family Child Care Work: Strategies for Improving the Working Conditions of Family Childcare Providers
HTML version
PDF version
- 665 KB, 122 pages)
By Rachel Cox
January 2005
Posted to the Status of Women site March 23/05
"This report examines licensed providers of child daycare services who work from their homes in three provinces, and provides a legal analysis of their entitlement to benefits such as employment insurance and pension and labour law protection."
Source:
Status of Women Canada

Women and Men in Canada: A Statistical Glance - 2003 Edition
Posted April 2005
HTML version
PDF version - 264 KB, 32 pages
"A concise and comprehensive guide to gender-based statistics that will be helpful in the development of fair and equitable policy options for the future."

- Go to the Canadian Government Sites about Women's Social Issues page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/women.htm

7. Canada invests $7.2 million to include Canadians with Disabilities - April 25
(Social Development Canada)

Government of Canada invests more than $7.2 million to support the full inclusion of Canadians with disabilities
News Release
April 25, 2005
"WINNIPEG, MANITOBA—Ken Dryden, Minister of Social Development, announced $7,224,608 in funding to help Canadians with disabilities become full participants in learning, work and community life. (...) The Government of Canada is investing in the organizations through the Social Development Partnerships Program — Disability component (SDPP-D), which includes the Community Inclusion Initiative.
- incl. Backgrounder with more detail about SDPP-D and multi-year organizational grant funding
Source:
Social Development Canada (SDC)

Related Links:

Community Inclusion Initiative
"(...) The Community Inclusion Fund (CIF) was launched in 1997 following the deinstitutionalization initiative under the National Strategy for the Integration of Persons with Disabilities. The primary aim of the Initiative is to strengthen community capacities to secure inclusion and citizenship for people with intellectual disabilities and their families."

Social Development Partnership Program (SDC)
"The Social Development Partnership Program is administered by the Community Development and Partnerships Directorate and the Office for Disability Issues. It provides funding to non-profit organizations, educational institutions, research institutes, and professional associations working to meet the social development needs of persons with disabilities, children and their families, or other vulnerable or excluded populations in Canada."

Community Development & Partnerships Directorate (CDPD)
"CDPD works to advance the social priorities of the Government of Canada related to children and their families by working with the voluntary sector and by making strategic investments that build knowledge, facilitate information sharing, and support effective practices in early learning."

Office for Disability Issues
"The Office for Disability Issues (ODI) is a focal point within the Government of Canada for key partners working to promote the full participation of Canadians with disabilities in learning, work and community life. We strive to provide leadership in this area of shared responsibility."

- Go to the Disability Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/disbkmrk.htm
- Go to the Social Development Canada Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/sdc.htm

8. Provincial and territorial economic accounts 2004 - April 27
(Statistics Canada)

What's New from The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

April 27, 2005
Provincial and territorial economic accounts 2004
"Economic output in the western-most provinces boomed in 2004 — particularly in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan — while growth in the eastern-most provinces was below the national average, according to new data on provincial and territorial gross domestic product (GDP). Nationally, real GDP accelerated from 2.0% in 2003 to 2.8% in 2004. Five provinces and territories had gains above the national average: Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, Yukon and the Northwest Territories."

Complete report:

Provincial and territorial economic accounts review
Preliminary estimates, 2004
(PDF file- 190K, 36 pages)

- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/fedbkmrk2.htm

9. Education Matters - Education Periodical - April 2005 Issue
(
Statistics Canada)

Two articles from the April 2005 issue of Education Matters:

Earnings trends in the knowledge-based economy
University graduates, especially women, have gained the most through the emergence of the knowledge-based economy. Males, particularly those with no more than high school, have seen their position in the labour market deteriorate, with stagnating job opportunities and weak earnings growth.

Student achievement in mathematics – the roles of attitudes, perceptions and family background
Motivation to learn, attitudes, and confidence all play key roles in student achievement in mathematics. Parental occupation also plays an important role. Compared to other students, math scores were significantly higher for those who had a parent working in an occupation, like engineering or science, which required advanced math skills.

Source:
Education matters: insights on education, learning and training in Canada
"This free online periodical provides summary information on issues and gives access to education indicators and Canadian education analysis. It presents information, statistics and analysis in a non-technical, highly readable format for teachers, students, parents, education associations, researchers and policy makers. It is published bimonthly by Statistics Canada's Centre for Education Statistics."

Previous Issues of Education Matters - six earlier issues, each with two free education-related articles
Free StatCan Education Publications
StatCan Education Publications for Sale

Source:
Statistics Canada

- Go to the Education Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/education.htm

10. Nova Scotia Budget 2005-2006 - April 26

Nova Scotia Budget 2005-2006
April 26, 2005
- incl. links to all Budget 2005-06 documents: Budget Address - Highlights - Bulletins - Estimates Supplementary Detail - Crown Corporation Business Plan - Government Business Plan - Business Plans - Other Budget Links

Budget Address (HTML)
Budget highlights (PDF - 289K, 2 pages)
"(...) More Support for Nova Scotians in Need --- Well over $40 million more will be spent to support the needs of seniors, Nova Scotians with disabilities, and families of modest means. New dollars will be targeted to increase the number of low-incoming housing units and subsidized daycare spaces; make more buildings wheelchair accessible and accessible transportation more affordable; increase the shelter allowance for single income assistance recipients and the personal allowance for all social assistance recipients; triple the funding for the early treatment of autism; provide more support for adults in care; expand personal care hours to home care clients; and expand Self-Managed Attendant Care."

Google.ca News Search Results : "Nova Scotia Budget 2005"
Google.ca Web Search Results : "Nova Scotia Budget 2005"
Source:
Google.ca

- Go to the Canadian Government Budgets Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/budgets.htm
- Go to the Nova Scotia Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/nsbkmrk.htm

11. Maybe it’s time we had a commission investigating child poverty - April 23
(Campaign Against Child Poverty)

Maybe it’s time we had a commission investigating child poverty...
April 23, 2005
The Campaign Against Child Poverty ran this full-page ad in the Toronto Star on April 23. It talks about the 15% of our children - more than 1,000,000 kids – who live below the poverty line, about how, more than 15 years ago, Canadian Parliament voted unanimously to end child poverty, and how Europe and Scandinavia have proven conclusively that child poverty rates can be dramatically reduced with no risk to national economies. It talks about the need for a national early childhood education and care plan, affordable housing, a liveable minimum wage, and support for the National Child Tax Benefit.
Source:
Campaign Against Child Poverty

- Go to the Children, Families and Youth Links (NGO) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/chnngo.htm
- Go to the Ontario Municipal and Non-Governmental Sites (A-C) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk2.htm

12. Low-paid Work and Economically Vulnerable Families (study) - April 25
(Statistics Canada)

What's New from The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

April 25, 2005
Study: Low-paid work and economically vulnerable families, 1980 to 2004
Even though today's workers are better educated and more experienced than their counterparts were in the early 1980s, their chances of being employed in a low-wage job have changed little over the last two decades. However, most of them do not live in low-income families.

Complete report:

Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series
Low-paid Work and Economically Vulnerable Families (PDF file - 200K, 40 pages)
April 2005
by René Morissette and Garnett Picot

- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/fedbkmrk2.htm

13. Assets and Liabilities - Local/Consolidated Government Finance - April 25
(Statistics Canada)

Two for the number-crunchers from StatCan:

April 25, 2005
Consolidated government finance: Assets and liabilities, March 31, 2003

April 25, 2005
Local government finance: Assets and liabilities, December 31, 2002

- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/fedbkmrk2.htm

14. Poverty Dispatch Digest :
U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs --- April 28
, 2005

POVERTY DISPATCH Digest (Institute for Research on Poverty - U. of Wisconsin)
This digest offers dozens of new links each week to full-text articles in the U.S. media (mostly daily newspapers) on poverty, poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, and much more...
The Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison offers a free e-mail service that consists of an e-mail message sent to subscribers each Monday and Thursday, containing a dozen or so links to articles dealing with the areas mentioned above. The weekly Canadian Social Research Links Poverty Dispatch Digest is a compilation, available online, of the two dispatch e-mails for that week --- with the kind permission of IRP.

Here's a one-day sample of the subjects covered in the Poverty Dispatch Digest:

April 28, 2005
Compiled by the Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin-Madison, and distributed Mondays and Thursdays

Today's subjects include: Health Insurance Coverage // Health Care System - Commentary // College Aid for Low-Income and Minority Students - Editorial // Medicaid Reform // Proposed Changes to WIC Program // Welfare Reform - Wisconsin // Medicaid - Missouri, Florida, Idaho // Health Care For Low-Income Families - Minnesota // Health Care Program - Tennessee // Minimum Wage - Wisconsin, Ohio, New Hampshire // School Vouchers - Ohio // Social Service Computer Problems - Colorado // Former Foster Children and Poverty - Indiana, Massachusetts // Panhandling - Minneapolis, MN, Evanston, IL // Homelessness - St. Paul, MN, Houston, TX

Each of the weekly digests below offers dozens of links or more to media articles that are time-sensitive.
The older the link, the more likely it is to either be dead or have moved to an archive - and some archives [but not all] are pay-as-you-go.
[For the current week's digest, click on the POVERTY DISPATCH link above]

The Poverty Dispatch weekly digest is a good tool for monitoring what's happening in the U.S.; it's a guide to best practices and lessons learned in America.

Subscribe to the Poverty Dispatch!
Send an e-mail message to John Wolf < jwolf@ssc.wisc.edu > to receive a plain text message twice a week with one to two dozen links to media articles with a focus on poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, health, Medicaid from across the U.S.
And it's free...

Source:
Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)
[ University of Wisconsin-Madison ]

POVERTY DISPATCH description/archive - weekly issues back to July 2004 , avg. 100+ links per issue before December 2004!
NOTE: this archive is part of the Canadian Social Research Links American Non-Governmental Social Research page.

For the current week's digest, click on the POVERTY DISPATCH link at the top of this section.
Recently-archived POVERTY DISPATCH weekly digests:

- April 21, 2005
- April 14
- April 7
- March 31
- March 24

- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us.htm
- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us2.htm
- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us3.htm

15. Economic Insecurity: Implications of Federal Budget proposals for Low-Income Working Families (U.S.) - April 2005
(National Center for Children in Poverty)

Economic Insecurity: Implications of Federal Budget proposals for Low-Income Working Families - U.S.
"Despite the fact that nearly 15 million children in this country have a parent who works full time yet can't afford basic necessities, federal budget proposals put forth by President Bush and the U.S. Congress call for dramatic cuts to programs that assist low-income families. NCCP's new policy brief uses our Family Resource Simulator to show how proposed cuts in Medicaid, food stamps, housing assistance, and child care will affect families' ability to make ends meet. Using examples from four major U.S. cities, this brief illustrates the kinds of effects we can expect nationwide if proposed benefit cuts are implemented.

Read the policy brief:
http://nccp.org/sps/go.cgi?c=5D4_XlOeDAJzjE0Vb3nx

Read the press release:
http://nccp.org/sps/go.cgi?c=lunu0uiGArxdgfq5Nw7A

Source:
National Center for Children in Poverty

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us3.htm

16. Cover The Uninsured Week - U.S. (May 1-8)

Cover The Uninsured Week - U.S.
May 1-8, 2005
"Today, 45 million Americans have no health insurance, including more than 8 million children. Eight out of 10 uninsured Americans either work or are in working families. Being uninsured means going without needed care..."
Cover The Uninsured Week is a project of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

17. Reforming financial support for families in Britain - March 2005
(HM Treasury)

From Her Majesty's Treasury :

Tax credits: reforming financial support for families
The modernisation of Britain’s Tax and Benefit System
(PDF file - 501K, 60 pages)
Number Eleven
March 2005
"To deliver the Government’s aims of employment opportunity for all; giving every child the best start in life; and dignity in retirement for all pensioners, the need for fundamental reform of Britain’s tax and benefit system was clear. This paper describes the reforms put in place since 1997 and the principles which underpin them, and sets out the evidence on their impact so far."
- Seven chapters, incl.: Introduction - The labour market and poverty - Modernising the tax and benefit system - Incentives to work - Fairness in financial support - Tackling poverty among vulnerable groups -Looking ahead

See Reports # 1-10 in the same series:
(these were prepared over time, going back to 1997)
Titles:

Employment Opportunity in a Changing Labour Market - Work Incentives: A Report by Martin Taylor - The Working Families Tax Credit and Work Incentives - Tackling Poverty and Extending Opportunity - Supporting Children through the Tax and Benefit System - Tackling Poverty and Making Work Pay - Tax Credits for the 21st Century - Helping people to save - Saving and assets for all - Delivering saving and assets - Child and Working Tax Credits

- Go to the Government Social Research Links in Other Countries page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/internat.htm

18. New in April 2005 from the Institute for the Study of Labour (Bonn, Germany):
-
Child Poverty in Rich Countries (including Canada)
- The Effects of Living Wage Laws

Principles and Practicalities for Measuring Child Poverty in the Rich Countries (PDF file - 231K, 69 pages)
April 2005
Miles Corak
"This paper has three objectives. The first is to discuss the major issues involved in defining and measuring child poverty. The choices that must be made are clarified, and a set of six principles to serve as a guide for public policy are stated. The second objective is to take stock of child poverty and changes in child poverty in the majority of OECD countries since about 1990 when the Convention on the Rights of the Child came into force. Finally, the third objective is to formulate a number of suggestions for the setting of credible targets for the elimination of child poverty in the rich countries. This involves a method for embodying the ideal of children having priority on social resources into a particular set of child poverty reduction targets, it involves the development of appropriate and timely information sources, and finally it involves the clarification of feasible targets that may vary across the OECD."

Child Poverty and Changes in Child Poverty in Rich Countries Since 1990 (PDF file - 249K, 65 pages)
April 2005
by Wen-Hao Chen, Miles Corak
"This paper documents levels and changes in child poverty rates in 12 OECD countries using data from the Luxembourg Income Study project, and focusing upon an analysis of the reasons for changes over the 1990s. The objective is to uncover the relative role of income transfers from the state in determining the magnitude and direction of change in child poverty rates, holding other demographic and labour market factors constant. As such the paper offers a cross-country overview of child poverty, changes in child poverty, and the impact of public policy in North America and Europe."
NOTE: This paper was prepared as a contribution to the Innocenti Report Card No. 6 “Child Poverty in Rich Countries 2005,” UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.


From the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre:

Child Poverty in Rich Countries 2005 (PDF file - 218K, 40 pages)
March 1, 2005
"The proportion of children living in poverty since the early 1990s has risen in 17 out of 24 rich countries, a new report from UNICEF’s research centre said today. Although it is widely assumed that child poverty in rich countries is on a steady downward track, the report finds that in only four countries – Australia, Norway, the United Kingdom, and the United States – has there been a significant decrease since the early 1990s."

Summary of the report (PDF file - 114K, 4 pages)
Background papers
-
A Portrait of Child Poverty in Germany
- Child Poverty and Changes in Child Poverty in Rich Countries Since 1990
- Principles and practicalities for measuring child poverty in the rich countries
- The Impact of Tax and Transfer Systems on Children in the European Union
Other Press material
Brief guide to best practices in defining and monitoring child poverty
Key findings

Source:
Innocenti Report Card no. 6
(this page includes links to Spanish, French and Italian versions of the all of the files above.)

2005 IZA Discussion Papers
- links to 150 IZA reports released this year + links to hundreds of reports for previous years back to 1998 (for example, there are 474 papers in the 2004 collection)

Source:
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
Bonn (Germany)
"IZA is a private, independent research institute, which conducts nationally and internationally oriented labor market research. Operating as a non-profit limited liability company, it draws financial support from the research-sponsoring activities of the Deutsche Post Foundation. (...) IZA sees itself as an international research institute and a place for communication between academic science, politics, and economic practice. A number of renowned economists involved in specific research projects cooperate with IZA, either internally or on a "virtual" basis. IZA also takes an active part in international research networks.

--------------------
Also from IZA:
-------------------

The Effects of Living Wage Laws: Evidence from Failed and Derailed Living Wage Campaigns (PDF file 412K, 37 pages) - U.S.
April 2005
By Scott Adams, David Neumark
Institute for the Study of Labor
S. Adams and D. Neumark, Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn, IZA discussion paper, n° 1566, April, 21 p., (2005).
"Summary : Living wage campaigns have succeeded in about 100 jurisdictions in the United States but have also been unsuccessful in numerous cities. These unsuccessful campaigns provide a better control group or counterfactual for estimating the effects of living wage laws than the broader set of all cities without a law, and also permit the separate estimation of the effects of living wage laws and living wage campaigns. We find that living wage laws raise wages of low-wage workers but reduce employment among the least-skilled, especially when the laws cover business assistance recipients or are accompanied by similar laws in nearby cities."

- Go to the Social Research Links in Other Countries (Non-Government) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/internatngo.htm
- Go to the Poverty Measures Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/poverty.htm
- Go to the Minimum Wage /Living Wage Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/minwage.htm



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Word Plays
(contributed by a newsletter subscriber)

1.  ARBITRATOR: A cook who leaves Arby's to work at McDonalds.
2.  AVOIDABLE: What a bullfighter tried to do.
3. BERNADETTE: The act of torching a mortgage.
4.  BURGLARIZE: What a crook sees with.
5.  CONTROL: A short, ugly inmate.
6.  COUNTERFEITERS: Workers who put together kitchen cabinets.
7.  ECLIPSE: What an English barber does for a living.
8.  EYEDROPPER: A clumsy ophthalmologist.
9.  HEROES: What a guy in a boat does.
10.  LEFTBANK: What the robber did when his bag was   full of money.
11.  MISTY: How golfers create divots.
12.  PARADOX: Two physicians.
13.  PARASITES: What you see from the top of the Eiffel Tower.
14.  PHARMACIST: A helper on the farm.
15.  POLARIZE: What penguins see with.
16.  PRIMATE: Removing your spouse from in front of the TV.
17.  RELIEF: What trees do in the spring.
18.  RUBBERNECK: What you do to relax your wife.
19.  SELFISH: What the owner of a seafood store does.