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Canadian Social Research Newsletter
February 7, 2010

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter,
a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

The e-mail version of this week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 2,216 subscribers.

Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes, a disclaimer
and other stuff that has nothing whatsoever to do with social policy...


Haiti Earthquake
(Canadian Red Cross)

The Canadian Red Cross is accepting donations to support Red Cross relief efforts in Haiti.
Please give what you can.
* Donate online (secure site)
* Call toll-free 1-800-418-1111
* Visit a Red Cross office near you to donate in person.
* Other ways to donate (regular mail, planned legacy)

Canadian Red Cross



Canadian content

1. Canadian Canadian/Ontario media websites
2. [British Columbia] Welfare caseloads rise by 27%, appeals by 46% (Strategic Thoughts) - February 2
3. [Vancouver] ‘Downtown Eastside Connect’ Opens at Woodward's, panned by social advocates (The Tyee) - February 1
4. Canada Ignores Women’s Human Rights (Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action) - February 2
5. Armine Yalnizyan on TV Ontario : "Job Creation in a Recession" (Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives) - January 25
6. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- Labour Force Survey, January 2010 - February 5
7. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (Toronto)

International content

8. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs (Institute for Research on Poverty - U. of Wisconsin-Madison)
9. [United States] The President's 2011 Budget Proposal - February 1

10. Australian Policy Online - recent content
11. CRINMAIL (children's rights newsletter)

Have a great week!

Gilles Séguin

Canadian Social Research Links


1. Top Canadian/Ontario media websites

Top Canadian/Ontario media websites

* Canadian Daily Digest * Bourque Newswatch Canada * Google Canada News * Yahoo! Canada National News * Canada.Com * AOL Canada News * Canada NewsWire* Canadian Press News Service
* CBC * CTV * * Globe and Mail * Ottawa Citizen * Toronto Star * CANOE * CNN * CPAC Online * BlogsCanada * Canadian Blog Directory * Blogging Canadians * Progressive Bloggers* * Straight Goods

- Go to the Media Links page:

2. [British Columbia] Welfare caseloads rise by 27%, appeals by 46% - February 2
(Strategic Thoughts)

British Columbia

February 2, 2010
Income Assistance Caseloads Up - Yet Again
The latest welfare statistics are more bad news for the Campbell government, and for those who hope for mercy in the March 3rd budget. Relative to December 2008, the caseload in December 2009 increased by 45.4% for those categorized as "expected to work", and by 15.6% for all recipients of assistance. That's not the half of it since relative to December 2006 the "expected to work" caseload was was up 118%, and the total caseload was up 27%. This is bad news for the 130,341 income assistance "cases" and bad news for the provincial budget. (...) In his story in The Tyee about cutbacks to the income assistance appeal process [see the link below], Andrew MacLeod may have hit on why the government feels confident that disability caseloads won't takeoff. MacLeod noted that while the annual report on the appeal process was released in December, it escaped notice in the media. Income assistance caseload statistics are reported monthly, but unlike monthly estimates of employment and unemployment from Statistics Canada, these reliable administrative data are usually ignored by the media.
Personal website of David Schreck - political pundit, former MLA and former Special Advisor to the (NDP) Premier

The latest BC welfare statistics
- December 2009 data, posted January 29, 2010

Related link:

Complaints of Unfairness Shoot up from Welfare, Disability Recipients
Independent government tribunal had budget cut as appeals rose 46 per cent
By Andrew MacLeod
February 1, 2010
The Employment and Assistance Appeals Tribunal is an independent government body that listens and rules when people feel they've been treated unfairly by the ministries that administer disability assistance, welfare and childcare subsidies. Last year the number of appeals to the tribunal jumped by 46 per cent. At the same time the office dealt with a 17 per cent budget cut by shrinking the size of panels that hear appeals and by using a computer program to train new tribunal members. The details are included in the tribunal's 2008-2009 annual report (PDF file - 1.9MB, 32 pages)
"...your independent alternative daily
newspaper reaching every corner of B.C. and beyond"

- Go to the Non-Governmental Sites in British Columbia (D-W) page:

3. Canada Ignores Women’s Human Rights - February 2
(Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action)

Canada Ignores Women’s Human Rights
February 2, 2010
(Ottawa) Canada is ignoring the basic human rights of the poorest and most vulnerable Canadian women, says the Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA) in a new report issued today. No Action: No Progress assesses Canada’s response to priority recommendations that were made by the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women after its review of Canada in 2008.


No Action: No Progress (PDF - 1MB, 27 pages)
Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action
Report on Canada's Progress in Implementing Priority Recommendations made by
the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women in 2008

Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action

- Go to the the Canadian Non-Governmental Sites about Women's Social Issues page:

4. [Vancouver] ‘Downtown Eastside Connect’ Opens at Woodward's, panned by social advocates - February 1
(The Tyee)

‘Downtown Eastside Connect’ Opens at Woodward's
February 1, 2010
VANCOUVER – British Columbians, media and visitors to the 2010 Olympic Winter Games can learn about the partnerships and investments improving the quality of life for people in the Downtown Eastside at an information centre opened today by Housing and Social Development Minister Rich Coleman and Vancouver Mayor Gregor Robertson. “The Province subsidizes over 7,000 social and supportive housing units annually and is protecting another 1,280 affordable apartments in this Vancouver neighbourhood,” said Coleman. “The Connect centre shows how these investments have made a positive difference both socially and economically for Downtown Eastside residents because of the strong partnerships between the Province, City of Vancouver, non-profit groups and the private sector.” The centre, Downtown Eastside Connect at Woodward’s, features a wide range of information available in a variety of formats, showcasing innovative housing, social and economic development programs. The centre will assist international media to produce stories about the neighbourhood by connecting them with non-profit organizations that create positive changes in the community.
BC Housing

Related links:

Downtown Eastside info centre a "whitewash" say residents
By Colleen Kimmett February 1, 2010
(...) Wendy Pederson of the Carnegie Community Action Project called the centre a "whitewash."
"We're offended that BC Housing is trying to manage the messaging of homelessness and poverty and the Downtown Eastside. They say that homelessness is about addiction and mental illness; it's not true," Pederson said. "We have a housing supply problem. We don't have low-income housing in this city. We have an income problem. We need to raise welfare."
The Tyee

The Carnegie Community Action Project (CCAP) is a project of the board of the Carnegie Community Centre Association. CCAP works mostly on housing, income, and land use issues in the Downtown Eastside (DTES) of Vancouver so the DTES can remain a low income friendly community.

Also from The Tyee:

Sun, Province to Promote Governments' Homeless Message
CanWest newspapers co-sponsor government-run
public relations centre in Downtown Eastside during Olympics
By Sean Holman, 27 Jan 2010
Vancouver's two major newspapers are sponsoring a government-run centre that will tell international media covering the 2010 Winter Olympics about how the province is dealing with homelessness issues in the city's troubled Downtown Eastside. Media observers say The Vancouver Sun and The Province should investigate the veracity of the information that will be presented by the centre, not sponsor it. But The Province's editor-in-chief has said that sponsorship deal would only create a conflict of interest if it had been arranged by the paper's newsroom -- which it wasn't.

- Go to the Non-Governmental Sites in British Columbia (D-W) page:

5. Armine Yalnizyan on TV Ontario : "Job Creation in a Recession" - January 25
(Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives)

Watch Senior Economist Armine Yalnizyan of the
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
discuss'Job creation in a recession'
(The Agenda, TV Ontario)
January 28, 2010
On January 25th, 2010, the CCPA's Armine Yalnizyan appeared on Television Ontario's 'The Agenda' to discuss 'Job creation in a recession', part one of the show's look at the state of employment today. Armine warns that the 'triple threat' of household debt, growing inequality, and poor job/social security is still a big challenge for Canadians.


Karl Moore, associate professor with the Desautels Faculty of Management at McGill University
Carmi Levy, independent technology analyst and journalist based in London, Ontario
Don Drummond, senior VP and chief economist with TD Bank Financial Group
Armine Yalnizyan, senior economist at the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
Steve Maich, editor of Canadian Business magazine

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives is an independent, non-partisan research institute concerned with issues of social and economic justice. Founded in 1980, the CCPA is one of Canada’s leading progressive voices in public policy debates.
Related link:
The Agenda with Steve Paikin
[ TV Ontario ]

- Go to the Social Research Organizations (I) in Canada page:

6. The British Columbia Atlas of Wellness (2007) : recent supplements - January 2010
(University of Victoria Department of Geography)

From the
University of Victoria Department of Geography:

Recent supplements to
The British Columbia Atlas of Wellness:

The original report:

The British Columbia Atlas of Wellness (2007)
The BC Atlas of Wellness was created in partnership with the University of Victoria Geography Department, and it uses the ActNow BC initiative (2005) as a framework to present its findings. It consists of more than 270 maps and supporting tables that provide data related to approximately 120 wellness-related indicators for B.C. communities, where positive and negative indicators are offset against each other to give an overall wellness score.

What's new?

Supplements to The BC Atlas of Wellness,
(organized in reverse chronological order)
based on data from the Canadian Community Health Survey:

* The Geography of Wellness and Well-being Across BC (2010)
This Supplement examines geographic patterns of wellness and wellbeing among the province's 16 Health Service Delivery Areas.

* The Geography of Wellness and Well-being Across Canada (2009)
This Supplement examines geographic patterns of wellness and wellbeing among Canadian provinces and territories, and it examines differences between genders and among differing age cohorts at the national and individual provincial and territorial levels.

* The Seniors Supplement (2008)
This supplement focuses on seniors’ wellness, and it provided maps of 39 separate indicators at the 16 Health Service Delivery Areas level for the province based on the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey.

Critical Synthesis of Wellness Literature (PDF - 412K, 45 pages)
By Gord Miller and Leslie T. Foster
May 2009

< Begin first lament of February. >

1. A cautionary tale for would-be Flash site designers: DON'T!
Except for the bottom link above, which is a PDF file, the rest of the Atlas of Wellness pages are designed in Flash.
ARGH. Good luck bookmarking these reports or finding your way back to them later.
The road to Hell is paved with good intentions.
See Flash Sucks .org

2. Pleeeeeeze date your reports!
3. FILESIZES!!! The complete original Atlas is a 145MB PDF file.
C'mon --- this is ridiculous even for someone with a high-end broadband connection.
The individual chapter downloads for all of the reports are all way too large.
The "Critical Synthesis" file above is the only one that appears reasonable in size.
If your web design team can't optimize PDF files, try contracting out to an outfit that does.

< /End first lament of February. >


Related links:

ActNow BC initiative (BC Govt.)
ActNow BC was introduced in early 2005 to encourage British Columbians to make healthy lifestyle choices to improve their quality of life, reduce the incidence of preventable chronic disease, and reduce the burden on the health care system. ActNow BC is an integrated, government-wide approach that engages the contributions of partners in other levels of government (e.g., municipalities), non-government organizations, schools, communities, and the private sector to develop and deliver programs and services to assist individuals to quit or never start smoking, to be more physically active, eat healthier foods, achieve and maintain a healthy weight, and make healthy choices in pregnancy.


From BC Stats:

An interactive version of the Canadian Community Health Survey
(2005, 2007 and 2008) wellness indicators and socio-economic census variables (2006):

* Mapping and Geography

* Atlas of Wellness


From the
Vancouver Sun:

Wellness atlas looks into what makes a healthy life in B.C.
By Craig McInnes
January 10, 2008
(...) Now geographers at the University of Victoria have published an atlas of the province that looks at more than 100 indicators they relate to wellness. The British Columbia Atlas of Wellness by Leslie Foster, a former senior public servant with the provincial government and an adjunct professor at UVic, Peter Keller, the dean of social sciences, and a baker's dozen of other contributors includes obvious topics such as smoking, healthy eating and exercise. But it also includes dozens of other factors that speak to a more sophisticated definition of what goes into supporting a healthy life. They look at family structure, employment rates, the availability of emotional support, graduation rates and whether students feel safe at school.They look at access to playing fields, whether babies are breast fed, weight, the ephemeral question of whether people are satisfied with their lives and even hours of sunshine..."


From the
Atlas of Canada (Govt. of Canada):

List of Topics:
* Health Behaviours * Non-medical Determinants of Health * Health Resources * Rural Health * Health Services Utilization * Health Status


- Go to the Non-Governmental Sites in British Columbia (D-W) page:
- Go to the Poverty Measures - Canadian Resources page:

7. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
Labour Force Survey, January 2010 - February 5

Selected content from
The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

February 5, 2010
Labour Force Survey, January 2010
Employment increased by 43,000 in January, all in part time, pushing the unemployment rate down 0.1 percentage points to 8.3%. January marks the fourth employment gain in six months.
- scroll to the bottom of the page for the following tables:
* Labour force characteristics by age and sex
* Employment by class of worker and industry (based on NAICS)
* Labour force characteristics by province

[ See also : Tables by subject: Labour ]

Hmmmm - slow week on the social policy side at StatCan...
NOTE: The publications links on the Statistics Canada website were not working on Feb. 7
("A database error occurred")


The Daily Archives
- select a month and click on a date for that day's Daily

The Daily
[Statistics Canada]

- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page:

8. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (Toronto) - February 7

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)

February 7, 2010

What's new online

This section archives documents that have been featured on the CRRU
homepage. Items are in chronological order by posting date from the most
recent to the least recent. Follow the title link for details.

Early learning impact analysis of subsidy removal
3 Feb 10
- Report from the Centre for Spatial Economics estimates the short-term impacts on the Ontario economy of the ending of $63.5 million in child care funding.

Cost savings analysis of school readiness in Michigan 3 Feb 10 - Report from Wilder Research (US) estimates the current savings to Michigan from past investments in early childhood, the costs of not investing, and the additional benefits of expansion.

Administration reverses a decade of indifference: Budget proposal expands quality child care and early education opportunities
3 Feb 10
- Press release from the Centre for Law and Social Policy summarizes significance to US child care of the Obama government's latest budget proposals.

Families and communities engagement in education
3 Feb 10
- Working paper from the New Zealand Council for Educational Research reports findings from a 2008/09 study of what parents and teachers think about parent engagement.


child care in the news

· Ignatieff champions just cause of our kids
[CA] 3 Feb 10

· Liberals' daycare pledge
[CA] 3 Feb 10

· Child-care cuts a risk to economy
[CA-ON] 3 Feb 10

· Child care, education worth it- Ignatieff
[CA] 2 Feb 10
· Windsor council votes to get out of the daycare business
[CA-ON] 2 Feb 10

· No place for 'big box' child care
[CA-ON] 2 Feb 10

· Schools face fall overload
[CA-BC] 2 Feb 10

· Ontario eyes lower child care standards
[CA-ON] 27 Jan 10



Subscribe to the CRRU email announcements list
Sign up to receive email notices of updates and new postings on the CRRU website which will inform you of policy developments in early childhood care and education, new research and resources for policy, newly released CRRU publications, and upcoming events of interest to the child care and broader community.

Links to child care
sitesin Canada and elsewhere

CRRU Publications - briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications
ISSUE files - theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) is a policy and research oriented facility that focuses on early childhood education and child care (ECEC) and family policy in Canada and internationally.

- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:

9. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
(Institute for Research on Poverty - University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Poverty Dispatch (U.S.)
- the content of this link changes several times a week
- scan of U.S. web-based news items dealing with topics such as poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, etc.

Latest issues of Poverty Dispatch:

February 5:
January 2010 Unemployment Rate
Stimulus Money for State Jobs Programs
Home Energy Assistance and Utility Shutoffs
Child Support Collections - Tennessee

February 4:
2009 Health Care Spending in the US
Extreme Recruitment Foster Care Program
Temporary Housing in Haiti
High School Graduation Rate - Colorado
Abstinence-only Education
Medicaid Reform - Florida

February 3:
2009 Earned Income Tax Credit
Need for Emergency Food Assistance in the US
Jobless Rates in the US

February 2:
Food Stamp Application Process - Colorado
States and Funding for Health Care Plans
Proposed Changes to No Child Left Behind

February 1:
State Budget Cuts to Social Services - California, Missouri
Drug Testing and TANF - Missouri
State Jobless Funds - Utah


Past Poverty Dispatches
- links to dispatches back to June 2006


Search Poverty Dispatches


To subscribe to this email list, send an email to:


Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)
[ University of Wisconsin-Madison ]

- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research page:
- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page:
- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page:

- Go to the Poverty Measures - International Resources page:

10. [United States] The President's 2011 Budget Proposal - February 1

United States

The President's Budget for Fiscal Year 2011
February 1, 2010

Each year, the President of the United States submits his budget request to Congress for the following fiscal year (beginning October 1), as required by the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921. Current law (31 U.S.C. § 1105(a)) requires the President to submit a budget no earlier than the first Monday in January, and no later than the first Monday in February. Typically, presidents submit budgets on the first Monday in February.
Excerpt from United States federal budget
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Fiscal Year 2011 Budget of the United States Government
- contains the Budget Message of the President, information on the President’s priorities, budget overviews organized by agency, and summary tables.
HTML version - table of contents and links to PDF files for individual sections of the report
PDF version (7.3MB, 192 pages)

[ Past budgets - back to 1996 ]

Budget of the United States Government: Main Page
[ GPO Access ]
[ U.S. Government Printing Office ]

See also:

The President's Budget for Fiscal Year 2011
- includes links to:
* President's Message * The Budget * Terminations, Reductions, and Savings * Analytical Perspectives
* Historical Tables * Supplemental Materials * Appendix * Supplementals, Amendments, and Releases * OMB Contributors to the Budget
* The President's Budget and Your State * Department Fact Sheets * Fact Sheets on Key Issues * State Fact Sheets

Office of Management and Budget
[ The White House ]


Related links:

Statement by Robert Greenstein,
Executive Director, on the President's 2011 Budget Proposal
February 1, 2010
"The President’s budget reflects both the short-term priority of boosting the economy and creating jobs and the longer-term priority of bringing deficits under control while meeting important national needs. There is a strong case for more medium- and long-term deficit reduction than the budget contains. But the budget likely goes as far in this area as today’s toxic political environment will allow, even if the President pushes forcefully for his policies years. Indeed, many of his proposals that provide fiscal restraint, from closing unproductive tax loopholes to scaling back agricultural subsidies for wealthy farm operators, may prove to be beyond what a polarized Congress, facing continuous roadblocks and with one eye on the fall election, will produce this year...

View the full statement:

PDF (4 pages):

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

CBPP is one of the nation’s premier policy organizations working at the federal and state levels on fiscal policy and public programs that affect low- and moderate-income families and individuals.


Obama budget calls for new spending to lower unemployment, help middle class
Obama unveils deficit-increasing $3.83 trillion budget
By Lori Montgomery and Michael A. Fletcher
February 2, 2010
President Barack Obama unveiled a multitrillion-dollar spending plan, pledging an intensified effort to combat unemployment and asking Congress to approve new job-creation efforts that would boost the deficit to a record-breaking $1.56 trillion.As President Obama announced his $3.8 trillion spending plan on Monday, Republicans savaged it as a recipe for fiscal disaster, while Democrats defended the call to drive record deficits even higher to finance measures aimed at putting people back to work.
Washington Post


In $3.8 Trillion Budget, Obama Pivots to Trim Future Deficits
By Jackie Calmes
February 1, 2010
WASHINGTON — President Obama declared in presenting his new 10-year budget proposal on Monday that “our fiscal situation remains unacceptable,” but he insisted that the country pursue his ambitious domestic agenda despite facing swollen budget deficits for the foreseeable future.
New York Times


Obama’s budget includes record deficit:


Obama’s “jobs budget”:


The Post on the politics behind Obama’s State of the Union address – “poverty stalks the middle class”:

- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research Links page:

11. Australian Policy Online - recent content

Australian Policy Online (APO)
APO is a news service and library specialising in Australian public policy reports and articles from academic research centres, think tanks, government and non-government organisations. The site features opinion and commentary pieces, video, audio and web resources focussed on the policy issues facing Australia. [ About APO ]
NOTE : includes links to the latest APO research; the five most popular downloads of the week
appear in a dark box in the top right-hand corner of each page, and the downloads vary depending on the topic you select.


New Research : Social Policy | Poverty
- topics include:
* Community * Cultural diversity * Families & households * Gender & sexuality * Immigration & refugees * Population * Poverty * Religion & faith * Social problems * Welfare * Youth

- Go to the Social Research Links in Other Countries (Non-Government) page:

(Child Rights Information Network - CRIN)

From the Child Rights Information Network (CRIN)

Latest issue of CRINMAIL (children's rights newsletter):

4 February 2010 - CRINMAIL 1145
* DISABILITY: Council of Europe calls for deinstitutionalisation of children with disabilities [news]
* NEPAL: Nepal should suspend adoptions [news]
* URUGUAY: Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment [publication]
* INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION: Rapporteurships assigned [news]
* EMPLOYMENT: The Campaign for U.S. Ratification of the CRC

2 February 2010 - CRINMAIL 1144
* CRC: Committee adopts Concluding Observations for 53rd session [news]
* UN: EU politician tapped for UN post against sexual violence [news]
* COMMUNICATIONS PROCEDURE: Report of the UN Working Group [news]
* HAITI: Americans accused of child trafficking [news]
* INDIA: Protests over Kashmir boy's death [news]
* MAURITANIA: Fatwa alone will not stop female genital mutilation [news]
* EUROPE: 2010 European Drug Prevention Prize - call for applications


Links to Issues of CRINMAIL
- links to 200+ weekly issues, many of which are special editions focusing on special themes, such as the 45th Session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the launch of the EURONET Website.

CRINMAIL(incl. subscription info)
[ Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) ]

- Go to the Children's Rights Links page:

Disclaimer/Privacy Statement

Both Canadian Social Research Links (the site) and this Canadian Social Research Newsletter belong solely to me, Gilles Séguin.

I am solely accountable for the choice of links presented therein and for the occasional editorial comment - it's my time, my home computer, my experience, my biases, my Rogers Internet account and my web hosting service.

I administer the mailing list and distribute the weekly newsletter using software on the web server of the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE).
Thanks, CUPE!

If you wish to subscribe to the e-mail version of newsletter, go to the Canadian Social Research Newsletter Online Subscription page:
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I promise not share any information on this list, nor to send you any junk mail.

Links presented in the Canadian Social Research Newsletter point to different views about social policy and social programs.
There are some that I don't agree with, so don't get on my case, eh...

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Ten Logical Fallacies


In logic and rhetoric, a fallacy is a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning  in argumentation. By accident or design, fallacies may exploit emotional triggers in the listener or interlocutor (e.g. appeal to emotion), or take advantage of social relationships between people (e.g. argument from authority).  [Source: ]

People often use logical fallacies to win points in a discussion;
governments often use logical fallacies to push their ideological agenda.
Below, you'll see ten types of logical fallacies,  and I'm sure that you'll recognize
several of them either from your own debating 'style' or  someone else's.


Fallacies of Ambiguity

1. Accent:
DEF.- confusing the argument by changing the emphasis in the sentence;
EX.- "YOU shouldn’t steal" (but it’s okay if SOMEONE ELSE does); "You shouldn’t STEAL" (but it’s okay to LIE once in a while); "You SHOULDN’T steal (but sometimes you HAVE TO) ."

2. Amphiboly: [Greek: "to throw both ways"]
DEF.- confusing an argument by the grammar of the sentence;
 EX.- "Croesus, you will destroy a great kingdom!" (your own!)

3. Composition:
DEF.- assuming that what is true of the parts must be true of the whole;
EX.- "Chlorine is a poison; sodium is a poison; so NaCl must be a poison too;" "Micro-evolution is true [change within species]; so macro-evolution must be true too [change between species]."

4. Division:
DEF.- assuming that what is true of whole must be true of the parts;
EX.- "The Lakers are a great team, so every player must be great too."

5. Equivocation:
DEF.- confusing the argument by using words with more than one definition;
EX.- "You are really hot on the computer, so you’d better go cool off."


Fallacies of Form

1. Apriorism (Hasty generalization):
DEF.- leaping from one experience to a general conclusion;
EX.- "Willy was rude to me. Boys are so mean!"

2. Complex question (Loaded question):
DEF.- framing the question so as to force a single answer;
EX.- "Have you stopped beating your wife yet?"

3. Either/or (False dilemma):
DEF.- limiting the possible answers to only two; oversimplification;
EX.- "If you think that, you must be either stupid or half-asleep."

4. Petitio principii (Begging the question; Circular reasoning):
DEF.- assuming what must be proven;
EX.- "Rock music is better than classical music because classical music is not as good."

5. Post hoc ergo propter hoc (False cause): "after this, therefore because of this;"
DEF.- assuming that a temporal sequence proves a causal relationship;
EX.- "I saw a great movie before my test; that must be why I did so well."

Oxford Tutorials

Next week:
Fallacies of Distraction

My favourite:
The Ad hominem Attack
 Charlie Brown: "Lucy, sometimes I think you're mean to your little brother."
Lucy: "Charlie Brown, do you know you have a big nose?"


And, in closing...


National Film Board of Canada
Enjoy over 850 English documentaries, animations and alternative dramas on the web, on your personalized home page, or on your iPhone.
Don't forget to check out our trailers, playlists and upcoming online releases.
Free for personal use.
- includes 861 films in English*, from a few minutes to several hours in length.

(* 658 films en français)


How To Deal With Unintended Acceleration
Car and Driver Magazine

You don't have to drive a Toyota to experience a stuck accelerator pedal while you're driving along.
Here's how to survive.
You're welcome.


100 One-Liners