Canadian Social Research Newsletter
April 10, 2011

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter,
a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

The e-mail version of this week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 2,401 subscribers.

Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes, a disclaimer
and other stuff that has nothing whatsoever to do with social policy...


Canadian content

1. The Conservative Party Platform (2011 federal election) - April 8
2. Welfare Incomes 2009 – Update as of March 2011 (National Council of Welfare) - April 8

3. Winnipeg Street Health Report 2011 (Main Street Project) - April 6
4. Rewarding Stephen Harper for contempt of Parliament and for silencing dissent - April 6
5. Nova Scotia Budget 2011 --- Making Life Better for Families - April 5
6. Bloc québécois electoral platform (2011 federal election)
- April 4
7. Restoring Minimum Wages in Canada (Ken Battle, Caledon Institute of Social Policy) - April 2011
8. Canadian Union of Public Employees launches its federal election website - April 5
9. Voice Of The Vulnerable (Voices From the Street and the Daily Bread Food Bank) - April 4
10. The Liberal Party Platform - April 3
11. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- Labour Force Survey, March 2011 - April 8
--- Women in Canada: The criminal justice system, 2009 - April 1
12. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

International content

13. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
14. The United States of Inequality - ten-part series (Slate Magazine) - September 14, 2010
15. Historical information on income inequality in the U.S. (Census Bureau)

16. The United States Social Security Administration (Online services and publications)
17. CRINMAIL (weekly children's rights newsletter)

Have a great week!

[ ]

1. The Conservative Party Platform - April 8
(2011 federal election)

The Conservative Party Platform:

Here for Canada : Stephen Harper's
Low-Tax Plan for Jobs and Economic Growth
(5.1MB, 67 pages)
"In this election, Canadians will choose between principled leadership and opportunism; between a stable government and a reckless coalition; between a low-tax plan for jobs and growth and a high-tax agenda that will stall our recovery, kill jobs, and set you and your family back. It’s a clear choice, a real choice – and it couldn’t be more important."

News Release:
Stephen Harper : Here for Canada
April 8, 2011
Today, Prime Minister Stephen Harper unveiled his “Here for Canada” Conservative policy platform. The platform provides Canadians with a prudent low-tax plan to protect and create jobs by completing our recovery from the global economic recession. “Here for Canada” commits to eliminating the deficit by the 2014-2015 fiscal year without cutting transfer payments to individuals or to the provinces. And it contains concrete measures to secure Canada’s borders and keep our streets and neighbourhoods safe.
The “Here for Canada” plan focuses on five key priorities:
1. Creating jobs through training, trade and low taxes.
2. Supporting families through our Family Tax Cut and more support for seniors and caregivers.
3. Eliminating the deficit by 2014-2015 by controlling spending and cutting waste.
4. Making our streets safe through new laws to protect children and the elderly.
5. Standing on guard for Canada by investing in the development of Canada’s North, cracking down on human smuggling and strengthening the Canadian Armed Forces.

Conservative Party of Canada


Media coverage and analysis:

CBC News

Conservative Party platform: Is it enough to win your vote?
April 8, 2011
The Conservative Party launched its platform Friday, promising job creation, support for seniors, a plan to cut the deficit, crime laws amendments and investment in the North. Party leader Stephen Harper released the plan, called "Here for Canada," in Mississauga, Ont., on Friday morning. Among other things, the plan pledges:
An omnibus law-and-order bill that will wrap together 11 pieces of legislation the party was unable to pass previously.
* $40 million in funding over four years to fix and maintain small craft harbours that have been damaged in recent storms.
* A doubling of the tax-free savings account annual limit to $10,000.
* An income-splitting plan for double-income households and new fitness-related tax credits.
* The platform promises will not come into effect until the deficit is eliminated, which the Tories now estimate will be in 2014-2015


From the
Toronto Star:

Tories vow to tackle federal deficit through aggressive spending cuts
MISSISSAUGA—The Conservative party is pledging to eliminate the record federal deficit that it created one year earlier than forecasted in order to deliver on its $6.6 billion platform of tax cuts and modest spending. Party leader Stephen Harper is asking Canadians to undergo three-years of fiscal pain, during which the Tories plan to free up $11 billion in spending, before they will see any personal pocketbook gains. The upside of the financial detritus that the global recession left behind – the reason for Harper’s delayed campaign promises – is that the belt-tightening exercise could finally deliver on the Conservative party’s long-term goal. (...) In contrast to the Conservatives, the Liberal platform plans to roll back corporate tax cuts and recoup about $8 billion for the federal treasury. That money will go to a more generous spending program aimed at families, students and seniors.


From the
Globe and Mail:

Tories pledge to tackle deficit a year ahead of schedule
April 8, 2011
Stephen Harper is promising to eliminate the federal deficit one year earlier than planned by squeezing $4-billion in additional savings from Ottawa as part of his re-election platform.
Using an Oprah-style talk-show format, the Conservative Leader unveiled his basket of retail-politics promises at a Mississauga, Ont., rally Friday morning.



Critique by Andrew Jackson
of the Canadian Labour Congress

How Will The Conservative Numbers Add Up?
April 8, 2011
By Andrew Jackson
If you head to the end of the Conservative platform, you will find that they plan to add almost $1 Billion in net new spending/tax cuts in 2014-15, rising to $3.1 Billion in 2015-16, while still balancing the Budget in 2014-15. The new spending is on income splitting for families with children, fitness tax credits, new spending related to the crime agenda, and some other items. While contingent on balancing the Budget, a real political commitment has been made. Does it all add up? Not without some draconian spending cuts that we won’t find out about till after the election.
Making It Count!


The REAL Conservative Party Policy Regarding Women's Equality


- Go to the 2011 Federal Election and General Political Links page:

2. Welfare Incomes 2009 – Update as of March 2011 - April 8
(National Council of Welfare)

Welfare Incomes 2009 – Update as of March 2011
April 8, 2011
The Welfare Incomes 2009 report has been updated to reflect changes based on new information received concerning the Market Basket Measure (MBM) as well as some updated information from Alberta concerning its earnings exemptions provisions. As a result of these changes, some of the textual and graphic information about lone parents and comparisons between welfare incomes and the MBM were modified in the report .
Go to the March 2001 WI Update page
to see the specific updates to Welfare Incomes 2009.
National Council of Welfare


- Go to the Social Research Organizations (I) in Canada page:

- Go to the Key Provincial/Territorial Welfare Links page:

3. Winnipeg Street Health Report 2011 - April 6
(Main Street Project)

Winnipeg Street Health Report 2011 (PDF - 4.6MB, 48 pages)
By Suzanne Gessler and Christina Maes
Released April 5, 2011
The Winnipeg Street Health Report presents the results of a survey on the health status of homeless people in Winnipeg conducted in the summer of 2010. The report provides an analysis of survey participants’ responses, seeking to help build an overview of homelessness in Winnipeg and contributing to an understanding of the daily living conditions of people experiencing this devastating social problem. The fndings focus on the physical and mental health status of homeless people, how they use health care and social services, and their experiences of accessing these systems. (...) The Winnipeg Street Health Report has been modeled on similar reports conducted in other major Canadian cities. The ability to compare and contrast the Winnipeg fndings with other jurisdictions can contribute to our further understanding of homelessness in general and in particular contexts.
Main Street Project - Supporting individuals in need since 1972
The Main Street Project has been serving the needs of Winnipeg's most vulnerable residents since 1972.
By providing emergency shelter and food services, a drug and alcohol detoxification unit, on-site counseling, transitional housing, and a range of other critical services, we work to support our clients' basic needs, while ensuring their opportunity to make real choices and have meaningful progress, each and every day


CBC coverage:

Study highlights lives of Winnipeg homeless
60 per cent of Winnipeg's homeless are aboriginal, report states

April 5, 2011
The report took a survey of 300 homeless Winnipeggers. The stark day-to-day realities of hundreds of Winnipeg’s homeless have been documented in an in-depth study highlighting its many causes. The Winnipeg Street Health Report also looks at ways of preventing homelessness.
CBC News


From the
Winnipeg Free Press:

Unique report outlines perils of living on street
April 6, 2011
One out of every five homeless women said she's been sexually assaulted in the past year, according to a first-of-its-kind report looking into the lives of 300 of Winnipeg's homeless people. The Winnipeg Street Health Report, which was released Tuesday, contains insight based on interviews with 90 homeless women and 210 men. Interviews for the 48-page report took place last summer, after researchers contacted people through the city's social-service organizations. The study explores different problems homeless people deal with on a daily basis, from bedbugs in shelters to difficulties for some women to afford sanitary pads and tampons.


Homeless persons point way
April 6, 2011
A Winnipeg survey billed as the first specifically designed for the homeless reveals that emergency shelters are used sporadically. The city's reliance on charity-based shelters means the root of the problem goes unaddressed.
The Winnipeg Street Health Report, conducted for the Main Street Project, makes a strong case for a new strategy -- public investment in a "housing first" model used in other jurisdictions. In a pilot project, the concept saw 78 homeless Winnipeggers with identified mental illnesses set up in supported, stable housing in December.
The idea is to deal first with the dysfunction bred by homelessness so that underlying causes can be addressed amid stability

Winnipeg Free Press


- Go to the Manitoba Links page:

- Go to the Homelessness and Housing Links page:

4. Rewarding Stephen Harper for contempt of Parliament and for silencing dissent - April 6

Are we going to reward contempt of Parliament?
By Dan Gardner
April 6, 2011
Yet another Harper minority?
"The status quo is just not tenable, for anybody," says Peter Russell, professor emeritus at the University of Toronto and one of the country's most respected political scientists. But a Conservative majority would be worse. "It would send a bad message about Parliamentary democracy if a government brought down for contempt, very serious contempt, on the finding of a Speaker, is rewarded with a majority. I think it would encourage Mr. Harper and maybe those after him to be contemptuous of Parliament. And then I think we're in real trouble."
Ah, yes. The small matter of contempt.
it seems most of the public either does not know or does not care that Canada's head of government has repeatedly lied about Canada's Constitution. Nor are they concerned that the government has shown so little respect for the constitutional order that Parliament was forced to find it in contempt. In the week following Parliament's historic condemnation of the Harper government, polls showed support for the Conservatives either stayed flat in the high 30s or rose into the low 40s. If that's how Canadians vote on May 2, we'll get a Conservative majority. Contempt for Parliament will be rewarded. And then, as Peter Russell suggests, we'll be in real trouble.
Ottawa Citizen


The Harper Record:
Accountability and Transparency?

Silencing Dissent: The Conservative Record
by Maria Gergin
April 6, 2011
The Harper Government's transgressions and shortcomings, organized by area:
Human Rights Advocacy Organizations - International Development - Women’s Rights Advocacy -Immigrant Organizations - Internal Individual Dissent - Administrative Tribunals - Academic Freedom
- includes a list of 79 organizations which have been cancelled or defunded, and 14 civil servants, scientists, and organizations/watchdogs whose staff have been fired, publicly silenced, or who have resigned in protest since 2006.

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA)

Related link: - people powered change
Leadnow brings generations of Canadians together to take action for our future and hold politicians accountable.
We're building an independent community that works together to help set the political agenda, take effective action on important issues, and shift elections.

Sign the Declaration for Change!
"(...)We, the undersigned, call for political cooperation to build a stronger democracy that protects our environment, creates economic opportunity while increasing equality, and guarantees that everyone receives the care they need."


- Go to the 2011 Federal Election and General Political Links page:

5. Nova Scotia Budget 2011 --- Making Life Better for Families - April 5

Nova Scotia Budget 2011 --- Making Life Better for Families
April 5, 2011
- main budget page, includes links to highlights by theme and target group

Budget Documents
- includes the Budget Address (small PDF file), Budget Highlights, Budget Bulletins, Estimates, and other relevant documents.

Budget 2011 Advances Province's Priorities
News Release (social media version)
April 5, 2011
Finance Minister Graham Steele tabled the 2011-12 provincial budget today which builds on the province's plans to make life better for families.
- includes Quotes - Key Budget Initiatives - Quick Facts

More news releases...


Helping Families and Seniors Make Ends Meet (PDF - 484K, 2 pages)
Budget Bulletin
Budget 2011 builds on the province’s plan for change by helping families, students, and seniors make ends meet.
- Fixing Canada’s Weakest Student Assistance System
By investing $42.5 million this year to fix our student assistance system, the government will:
• Keep Nova Scotians’ tuition below the national average by investing $30 million in student bursaries
• Create the first “debt cap” (the maximum amount of debt a student may carry) in the province’s history.
• Offer up to $612 per year in additional grants, through an increase in the loan-to-grant ratio
• Double the in-study earnings exemption on student loans—from $50 per week to $100 per week.
• more...
- Government will provide targeted support to help approximately 75,000 Nova Scotia seniors, and others who live with low incomes, make ends meet.
Through investments made in this budget, government will do the following:
• Support people to enter and stay in the workforce by allowing people on income assistance, including people with disabilities, to keep more of their earned income
[allowing income assistance recipients to keep $150 per month of employment income, in addition to the 30 per cent income exemption already in place; doubling the flat-rate income exemption for persons with disabilities to $300, in addition to the 30 per cent income exemption already in place.]
• Increase income assistance personal allowances by $15 per month as of July 1, 2011
• Increase the Basic Personal Amount—the money people can earn before they have to start paying taxes—by $250.
• Introduce fair drug pricing legislation to help reduce drug costs for Nova Scotians who depend on Pharmacare, and provide an additional $3 million in Pharmacare funding.
• Index the new Affordable Living and Poverty Reduction tax credits to help low-income Nova Scotians make ends meet.

Related links:

Affordable Living and Poverty Reduction tax credits

Nova Scotia Affordable Living Tax Credit (ALTC)
The Affordable Living Tax Credit provides tax-free quarterly payments to eligible Nova Scotians beginning July 1, 2010. Individuals and couples will receive a base amount of $240 and $57 per child each year. The credit is reduced by $0.05 for every dollar of adjusted family income over $30,000.
To qualify, you must be a Nova Scotia resident, and you must file an income tax return each year and meet the eligibility criteria to continue receiving ALTC payments in future years.
* more info about the Affordable Living Tax Credit

The Poverty Reduction Credit (PRC)
The Poverty Reduction Credit will provide tax-free quarterly payments to eligible Nova Scotians beginning July 1, 2010. Individuals and couples that have received income assistance, have no children and have annual adjusted income below $12,000 may be eligible. The Poverty Reduction Credit provides $50 payments each quarter during the year ($200 annually). You must file an income tax return each year and meet the eligibility criteria to continue receiving PRC payments in future years.
[ PRC Question & Answer (small PDF file) ]

Nova Scotia Department of Finance


TD Bank Financial Group
Analysis of the Budget:

Give and Take to Live Within Nova Scotia's Means (PDF - 185K, 2 pages)
A $447 million surplus (or 1.2% of GDP) is the obvious headline coming out of the 2011 Nova Scotia budget. Unfortunately, the good times and the black ink are not expected to last. The Province plans for shortfalls in FY 11-12 and FY 12-13, before once recording to a surplus in FY 13-14.

2011 Federal, Provincial and Territorial Budgets
[ TD Bank Financial Group ]


Selected media coverage:

From CBC News:

N.S. budget squeezes out help for students
April 5, 2011
The Nova Scotia government plans to run a deficit this year as it squeezes departments in order to find money for university students and rural health. The New Democrats introduced a stand-pat budget on Tuesday, essentially freezing government spending for 2011-12 while revenue remains flat.


Student federation rejects NDP plan to cap student debt
CFS calls for tuition fee reductions instead

April 5, 2011
The Canadian Federation of Students (CFS) says the NDP’s plan to cap student debt won’t do much to help Nova Scotia post-secondary students. The debt-cap scheme was outlined in the provincial budget introduced today at the legislature. (...) The NDP budget, introduced today, promises to forgive the Nova Scotia portion of any student loans above $28,560 beginning in four years time. The province estimates the measure would cost just over $8 million in the first year. At the same time, however, the government is raising tuition fees by three percent in each of the next three years. It’s also reducing its grants to universities in the coming year by $14 million.
The Coast - Halifax's website


Nova Scotia Alternative Budget 2011
- from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

Excerpt from
Alternative Budget 2011:

Fast Facts: Let's Make Poverty Reduction a Priority (PDF - 165K, 2 pages)
(...) Overall progress on poverty reduction has been slow for many reasons, including the lack of federal commitment to poverty reduction and the
weakness of Nova Scotia’s poverty reduction strategy. In addition, we are told governments have no choice but to focus on balancing budgets and paying down deficits as quickly as possible. As the Alternative Federal Budget and the Nova Scotia Alternative Budget have shown year after year, governments do have a range of choices that remain fiscally responsible.


- Go to the 2011 Canadian Government Budgets Links page:

- Go to the Nova Scotia Links page:

6. Bloc québécois electoral platform - April 4
(2011 federal election)

Plateforme électorale
du Bloc québécois:

Parlons QC : Plateforme électorale
du Bloc québécois
(PDF - 6.5MB, 195 pages)
[ French version only - English not available.
See the English policy statement immediately below. ]

Policy Statement - 2011 Election (PDF - 4.9MB, 28 pages)
April 4, 2011
[ version française - PDF]
We need the support of the women and men across Québec who work each day to ensure our nation’s economic prosperity, so that we can aggressively promote the economic interests of our regions, our cities and our nation. Québec will only truly be free once it has decided to create a sovereign nation.In the meantime, we must maintain as strong a presence as possible in Ottawa. We must fight the Conservative threat head-on by forming a united bloc

English content on the BQ website

Bloc Québécois

NOTE : the party's site is in French only,
except for the "English content" link above.


- Go to the 2011 Federal Election and General Political Links page:

7. Restoring Minimum Wages in Canada - April 2011
(Ken Battle, Caledon Institute of Social Policy)

Restoring Minimum Wages in Canada
By Ken Battle
April 2011
Full document (PDF - 217K,50 pages)
A severe recession with its tight fiscal aftermath is not a time when one expects improvements in social policy. But there is a bright spot for one of Canada’s oldest social programs – minimum wages, which have risen substantially in recent years in every province and territory except one (British Columbia). And BC just announced an end to its lengthy freeze on the minimum wage, starting with an increase on March 16, 2011.
Caledon Institute of Social Policy
The Caledon Institute is a social policy think tank.
Established in 1992, the Caledon Institute of Social Policy is a private, nonprofit organization with charitable status. It is supported primarily by the Maytree Foundation, located in Toronto. Caledon is an independent and critical voice that does not depend on government funding and is not affiliated with any political party.

Related link

Raising the minimum wage to reduce poverty
By Andrew Jackson
April 8, 2011
Ken Battle of the Caledon Institute has written a very useful report: Restoring Minimum Wages in Canada. It contains a wealth of data on minimum wage trends by province since 1965 and their changing relationship to average wages and to the low income line.
Battle shows that, in almost all provinces and territories, with the notable exception of B.C., minimum wages rose from the early years of the past decade, restoring a lot of lost ground. He suggests that further progress will require general agreement on a minimum wage standard (e.g. 50% of average earnings), and indexing of minimum wages (to prices or to average wages) once they reach that level.

Similar articles from

* Excellent Data on Minimum Wage in BC
* A reason to celebrate: Ontario's minimum wage rises to $10.25
* $16 living wage?
* Making the minimum wage a living wage
* "Official Restaurant" of the Olympics pays $6.35 per hour in Vancouver

- Go to the Minimum Wage /Living Wage Links page:

8. Canadian Union of Public Employees launches its federal election website - April 5

CUPE launches federal election 2011 website
April 5
The new CUPE federal election website offers information and tools for CUPE members and staff to organize during the election campaign. Find your local riding contacts, get the real facts behind party announcements, download election materials, join our political action mailing list, or follow CUPE and candidates on social networks.

CUPE action: Federal election 2011

Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE)

NOTE: For future reference, you'll find the link to the above CUPE election site in the "Daily Updates" section of the Canadian Social Research Links 2011 Federal Election Links page, among a group of sites that will be updated daily (or just about) throughout the election campaign...


A word of appreciation to the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE)
from the Canadian Social Research Links Guy:

Since the fall of 2003, CUPE has allowed me to administer my newsletter mailing list and to distribute my weekly newsletter to my subscribers, now approaching 2,400. It's been a wonderful arrangement for me and for all my subscribers. I should note that Canadian Social Research Links (the site) and the Canadian Social Research Newsletter belong solely to me, Gilles Séguin, and that the views expressed in my site and newsletter are mine alone

Thanks for your ongoing support, CUPE!
[And special thanks to Teresa Healy (now with CLC) who facilitated this arrangement.]

- Go to the 2011 Federal Election and General Political Links page:

9. Voice Of The Vulnerable - April 4
(Voices From the Street and the Daily Bread Food Bank

Life on social assistance in Ontario:

Voice Of The Vulnerable (Audio podcast, duration 6:20)
April 4, 2011
Matt Galloway of CBC Toronto spoke with Michael Oliphant. He is the director of research at the Daily Bread Food Bank. He will be at the People's Blueprint Conference today along with various other stakeholders to discuss issues of social assistance. The People's Blueprint is a joint project between Voices From the Street and the Daily Bread Food Bank.
CBC Metro Morning

The People's Blueprint Project
- series of videos presenting first-person testimonials on a number of topics related to social assistance, including:
* Stigma * Food & Health * Social Participation * Housing * Employment & Education * Caseworkers * Suggested Changes * Hopes & What Works
NOTE: Navigate by clicking either the topics near the top of the page or the right and left arrows in the video box.
Be sure to scroll down past the videos for the complementary text.

[ About the Project ]


- Go to the Ontario Municipal and Non-Governmental Sites (D-W) page:

10. The Liberal Party Platform - April 3
Federal election 2011

The Liberal Party Platform - April 3, 2011
Message from Michael Ignatieff:
It’s time to put equal opportunity back at the centre of our idea of Canada.

NOTE: This page contains the same introductory message from Michael Ignatieff as the one that appears in the Intro to the platform (PDF link below). But it also includes "What we stand for" (right-hand margin of the page), which is a collection of quicklinks to 18 summary pages organized under the following headings:
* Economy: Better Choices* Families, Finances, Future * Clean Environment * Bringing Canadians Together* Canada in the World * Costing Tables

The Platform:

Your Family. Your Future. Your Canada.
Full text
(PDF - 5.8MB, 98 pages)
Summary (PDF - 1.8MB, 12 pages)

"...a Liberal government will work with partners at all levels to develop a Poverty Reduction Plan for Canada. It will set goals, indentify [sic] practical measures for achieving them and set out who can do what among all the partners. The outlook will be long-term.

Liberal Party of Canada


Analysis of the Liberal platform
by Rob Rainer of Canada Without Poverty:


Media coverage in The Star:

Liberals unveil $8 billion campaign platform
April 3, 2011
By Les Whittington and Bruce Campion-Smith
HALIFAX—Liberal Leader Michael Ignatieff is promising a family-friendly, green tinged election platform he says will “turn this country around” — and return Liberals to power. Waving a copy of the 94-page platform high in one hand, Ignatieff got a rousing welcome from supporters in the Nova Scotia capital as he rhymed off its pledges, including its emphasis on helping families throughout their lives, from early learning to strengthened pensions.

[ Comments (270) ]

Toronto Star

- Go to the 2011 Federal Election and General Political Links page:

11. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- Labour Force Survey, March 2011 - April 8
--- Women in Canada: The criminal justice system, 2009
- April 1

What's new from
The Daily
[Statistics Canada]:

April 8, 2011
Labour Force Survey, March 2011
Overall employment was unchanged in March, as gains in full-time work were offset by declines in part time. The unemployment rate edged down 0.1 percentage points to 7.7%. Over the past 12 months, employment has risen by 1.8% (+305,000).
Labour Force information
Click "View" to see the latest issue of this product; click "Chronological index" to see earlier issues.

Related subjects:
* Labour
* Employment and unemployment
* Industries
* Wages, salaries and other earnings


Related link

Canadian unemployment slips to 7.7 per cent in March
Statistics Canada said that while full-time employment
rose by 91,000 in March, it was offset by a decline of 92,000 in part time.
April 8, 2011
Despite predictions Canada's economy would gain 20,000 jobs in March, it actually lost 1,500, the latest Statistics Canada numbers reveal. But the overall unemployment rate did slip to 7.7 per cent from 7.8 per cent, as predicted, as almost 15,000 fewer people were looking for work. Though the number of jobs lost is considered statistically irrelevant, the drop in jobs was still a surprise, since it was well off the average of 38,000 jobs that the economy had been creating each month since December.

April 1, 2011
Women in Canada: The criminal justice system, 2009
The involvement of women and female youth in the criminal justice system has largely been as victims of crime rather than as offenders. While females accounted for about one-half of all victims of violent crime reported to police authorities in 2009, they represented a minority of offenders. The analysis in this report is based on the third section of what will be the latest edition of the publication Women in Canada, which is published periodically by Statistics Canada. This chapter examines the prevalence and nature of female victimization and female criminality, as well as the processing of female offenders through the criminal justice system.

Related subjects:
* Crime and justice
* Society and community
* Women and gender

Women in Canada: A Gender-based Statistical Report - Product main page*
Understanding the role of women in Canadian society and how it has changed over time is dependent on having information that can begin to shed light on the diverse circumstances and experiences of women. Women in Canada provides an unparalleled compilation of data related to women's family status, education, employment, economic well-being, unpaid work, health, and more.
[ * On the product main page,click "View" to see the latest issue of this report online; click "Chronological index" for earlier issues. ]


The Daily Archives
- select a month and year from the drop-down menus and click on a date for that day's Daily


There's still time to land that summer job!!

35,000 Census jobs across Canada (April-August 2011)
Looking for Enumerators and Crew Leader/Supervisors in your community!

1,200 jobs in the Census Data Operations Centre in Gatineau QC (April-September 2011)
NOTE : these 1,200 positions are open to Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec residents only.

2011 Census of Canada
The next census will take place in May 2011.


The Daily
[Statistics Canada]


- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page:

12. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)


April 9, 2011

What's new online:
[This section archives documents that
have been featured on the CRRU homepage..]

Code Blue for Child Care
6 Apr 11
- New website from Code Blue for Child Care campaigning for political parties to make child care a central issue in the federal election.

Children in Europe: Europe's youngest citizens
6 Apr 11
- A must have -ECEC publication, Children in Europe. Just released- Services and Leave Provisions for 0-3s.

Bill 173, Better tomorrow for Ontario Act (budget measures), 2011
6 Apr 11
- Budget bill from the Minister of Finance, Ontario, including amendments to the Education Act permitting the operation of afterschool programs by third parties.

Michael Ignatieff unveils new Liberal Platform, featuring the 'Liberal family pack'
6 Apr 11
- 2011 federal election- Liberals announce the Family Pack including funding to create new affordable child care spaces across Canada.

It's time for the Federal Government to do its part
6 Apr 11
- Video coverage of community forum addressing how to reduce poverty in Canada.

Early childhood education and care: Providing all our children with the best start for the world tomorrow
6 Apr 11
- Report from the European Commission launching cooperation among member states to provide access to all and raise the quality of ECEC provision.


child care in the news
[This section features interesting and noteworthy
news about ECEC and related issues in Canada and internationally.]

· The foundation is finally ready to build national child care
[CA] 7 Apr 11

· Kids deserve Liberals' daycare promise
[CA-AB] 6 Apr 11

· WA rejects 'culturally correct' child care
[AUS] 5 Apr 11

· Conservatives and Liberals agree...this family sure looks Canadian
[CA] 5 Apr 11

· Political suitors woo Toronto, but promise... nothing
[CA-ON] 5 Apr 11

· Families could lose up to L2,500 in tax credit cuts from today
[UK] 4 Apr 11

· NSW childcare job crisis
[AUS] 3 Apr 11



Subscribe to the CRRU email announcements list
Sign up to receive email notices of updates and new postings on the CRRU website which will inform you of policy developments in early childhood care and education, new research and resources for policy, newly released CRRU publications, and upcoming events of interest to the child care and broader community.

Links to child care
sites in Canada and elsewhere

CRRU Publications - briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications
ISSUE files - theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) is a policy and research oriented facility that focuses on early childhood education and child care (ECEC) and family policy in Canada and internationally.


- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:

13. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
(Institute for Research on Poverty - University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Poverty Dispatch (U.S.)
- the content of this link changes several times a week
- scan of U.S. web-based news items dealing with topics such as poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, etc.

Latest issues of Poverty Dispatch:

April 8:
States and Medicaid Incentive Programs
Reading Skills and School Dropout Risk
Minimum Wage and Tipped Employees - Indiana
States and Unemployment Benefits

April 7:
Health Insurance Coverage - Minnesota
US Teen Pregnancy Rate
State Budget Cuts and Social Services - Pennsylvania

April 6:
US Metro Unemployment
Child Poverty - UK

April 5:
Medicaid and Autism Coverage - Minnesota
Medicaid Costs - Ohio

April 4:
Kids Count Report - Rhode Island
Low-income Housing Program - Houston, TX
Student Homelessness - Washington


Past Poverty Dispatches
- links to dispatches back to June 2006

Search Poverty Dispatches


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Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)
[ University of Wisconsin-Madison ]


- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research page:

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page:

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page:

- Go to the Poverty Measures - International Resources page:

14. The United States of Inequality (ten-part series) - September 14, 2010
(Slate Magazine)

The United States of Inequality
Trying to understand income inequality, the most profound change in American society in your lifetime.

By Timothy Noah
September 14, 2010
In the late 1970s, a half-century trend toward growing income equality reversed itself. Ever since, U.S. incomes have grown more unequal. Middle-class incomes stagnated while the top 1 percent's share of national income climbed to 24 percent. Middle-income workers no longer benefit from productivity increases, and upward mobility, long the saving grace of the American economy, has faltered. Why is this happening? In the following 10-part series, Slate's Timothy Noah weighs eight possible causes of what Princeton economist Paul Krugman has labeled the Great Divergence. This 30-year trend "may represent the most significant change in American society in your lifetime," Noah writes, "and it's not a change for the better."
[ NOTE : this series ran in Slate Magazine from September 3 to September 15, 2010. Click the link above to access each of the ten parts below. The series is also available as a single PDF file, which I don't recommend because the text contains many useful links to related resources that aren't clickable in the PDF version. Gilles]

Part 1 : Introducing the Great Divergence: Trying to understand income inequality.
Part 2 : The Usual Suspects Are Innocent: Neither race nor gender nor the breakdown of the American family created the Great Divergence.
Part 3 : Did Immigration Create the Great Divergence? Why we can't blame income inequality on the post-1965 immigration surge.
Part 4 : Did Computers Create Inequality? No. The tech boom's impact was no greater than that of previous technological upheavals during the 20th century.
Part 5 : Can We Blame Income Inequality on Republicans? Yes, but for the very richest beneficiaries the trend has been bipartisan.
Part 6 : The Great Divergence and the Death of Organized Labor: How has the decline of the union contributed to income inequality?
Part 7 : The Great Divergence and International Trade: Trade didn't create inequality, and then it did.
Part 8 : The Stinking Rich and the Great Divergence: Executive compensation took off in the 1980s and 1990s. Is it to blame?
Part 9 : How the Decline in K-12 Education Enriches College Graduates: When the workforce needed to be smarter, Americans got dumber.
Part 10 : Why we can't ignore growing income inequality: It undermines the ideal of e pluribus unum
Slate Magazine


- Go to the Inequality Links page:

NOTE : The Inequality Links page is the newest Canadian Social Research Links page; I just uploaded it to the site on April 4.
I've collated the links from various other pages on the site into a single theme page covering both wealth inequality and income inequality.
(Work in progress by Gilles)

15. Historical information on income inequality in the U.S.
(Census Bureau)

Historical information From the
U.S. Census Bureau:

The Changing Shape of the Nation's Income Distribution, 1947 to 1998
By Arthur F. Jones Jr.
and Daniel H. Weinberg
June 2000
Are the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer?

Complete report (PDF - 228K, 11 pages)
* Tables and Figures
* Historical Tables (1967 to 2009)
NOTE : The first table in the list is a PDF file and the rest are Excel files,


A Brief Look at Post-War U.S. Income Inequality
By Daniel H. Weinberg
June 1996

Complete report (PDF - 53K, 4 pages)
* Tables and Figures
* Historical Tables
* Narrative on Income Inequality (Middle Class)

Income Inequality
[ Income Data ]
[ U.S. Census Bureau ]


- Go to the Inequality Links page:

16. The United States Social Security Administration (Online services and publications)

The United States Social Security Administration
(Click the link above to select one of the online services below)
* Get or replace a Social Security card
* Apply for retirement benefits
* Apply for disability benefits
* Apply for Medicare
* Apply for other benefits
* Estimate your retirement benefits
* Get extra help with Medicare prescription drug costs
* Learn what you can do online
* Check the status of your application
* Services for people currently receiving benefits
* Request a Social Security Statement
* Get a form
* Get a publication
* Appeal a disability decision
* Services for the homeless, representative payees, governments, financial planners, human resource professionals & third parties
* Research popular baby names
* Find a Social Security office

Social Security Publications
* Introduction to the Social Security Program Social Security Number
* Disability Benefits Work and Earnings
* Retirement Benefits Subjects of Special Interest
* Survivors Benefits Other Information
* Medicare Spanish Language Publications
* Extra Help with Medicare
* Prescription Drug Plan Costs Information In Other Languages
* Supplemental Security Income Program (SSI)

The Canadian equivalent, of sorts:

Service Canada
Service Canada was created in 2005 to improve the delivery of government programs and services to Canadians, by making access to them faster, easier, and more convenient. Service Canada offers single-window access to a wide range of Government of Canada programs and services for citizens through more than 600 points of service located across the country, call centres, and the Internet.


- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research Links page:

(Child Rights Information Network - CRIN)

From the
Child Rights Information Network (CRIN)

CRINMAIL - children's rights newsletter

6 April 2011, CRINMAIL issue 1219
In this issue:
- Regional Mechanisms: Children's rights round-up
- The Americas - Africa - South-east Asia
Inhuman sentencing of children
Latest news and reports
- State violence: Libya, Yemen, Syria
- Child abuse: India
- Upholding rights: Bangladesh, Azerbaijan, El Salvador
- Enacting the right to education: Jamaica
- Separating youth from adults: United States
- The child's opinion: Ireland
Upcoming events
Jargon of the week
Also includes:
* World news * Reports * Events * Laws * Issues
* Advocacy * Challenging breaches * Take action * Campaigns * Toolkits


Links to Issues of CRINMAIL (from CRIN)
- links to earlier weekly issues, many of which are special editions focusing on special themes, such as the 45th Session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the launch of the EURONET Website.

NOTE: see for the table of contents for, and links to, several months' worth of issues of CRINMAIL.

CRINMAIL(incl. subscription info)
[ Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) ]


- Go to the Children's Rights Links page:


Disclaimer/Privacy Statement

Both Canadian Social Research Links (the site) and this Canadian Social Research Newsletter belong solely to me, Gilles Séguin.

I am solely accountable for the choice of links presented therein and for the occasional editorial comment - it's my time, my home computer, my experience, my biases, my Rogers Internet account and my web hosting service.

I administer the mailing list and distribute the weekly newsletter using software on the web server of the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE).
Thanks, CUPE!

If you wish to subscribe to the e-mail version of newsletter, go to the Canadian Social Research Newsletter Online Subscription page:
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Privacy Policy:
The Canadian Social Research Newsletter mailing list is not used for any purpose except to distribute each weekly issue.
I promise not share any information on this list, nor to send you any junk mail.

Links presented in the Canadian Social Research Newsletter point to different views about social policy and social programs.
There are some that I don't agree with, so don't get on my case, eh...

To access earlier online HTML issues of the Canadian Social Research Newsletter, go to the Newsletter page:

Please feel free to distribute this newsletter as widely as you wish, but please remember to mention Canadian Social Research Links when you do.




A Dozen More Useless
Measurement Conversion Units

* The world contains many things in need of measurement to which official measures do not apply.

* 4 lawyers = 2 paralegals

* 2 untruths = 1 paralyze

* 33.8 oz of a case of soft drinks = 1 liter of the pack

* 1 first-date kiss = 1 peck

* Ratio of an igloo's circumference to its diameter = 1 Eskimo Pi

* 2000 pounds of Chinese soup = Won ton

* 1 millionth mouthwash = 1 microscope

* Time it takes to sail 220 yards at 1 nautical mile per hour = Knot-furlong

* 16.5 feet in the Twilight Zone = 1 Rod Serling

* Half of a large intestine = 1 semicolon

* Weight an evangelist carries with God = 1 billigram

Click the link for more...



And, in closing...


Brave man...
Watch until the end for an incredible balancing act!!


The Skeptic's Field Guide to Spotting Fallacies in Thinking:
...especially useful to help make sense of a certain federal election campaign!


Funny warning labels


If the fractals don't get you, the music will: