Canadian Social Research Newsletter
April 14, 2013

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter,
a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

This week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 2,635 subscribers.

******************************************************
Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes, a disclaimer
and other stuff that has nothing whatsoever to do with social policy...
******************************************************


IN THIS ISSUE OF THE
CANADIAN SOCIAL RESEARCH NEWSLETTER:

Canadian content

1. Join the British Columbia election campaign! --- "Where is BC’s Poverty Reduction Plan?" (BC Poverty Reduction Coalition)
2. [Ontario] Union and welfare advocacy group seeking a 55% boost in social assistance (April 12) + Is the Ontario Coalition Against Poverty becoming more moderate? (March 6)
3. SPARmonitor (Social Policy Analysis & Research, City of Toronto) - April 10
4. Employment Insurance cuts are another blow to the jobless (Toronto Star) - April 10
5. Unions Matter (National Union of Public and General Employees - NUPGE) - March 2013
6. More news about Quebec's controversial welfare changes - April 10, 13
7. Who will push for Ontario’s poor [in the upcoming Ontario Budget 2014]? (Hamilton Spectator) - April 11
8. Stephen Harper and The Fraser (Georgia Straight) - July 6, 2006
9. Why Guaranteeing the Poor an Income Will Save Us All In the End (Hugh Segal in Huffington Post Canada) - April 8
10. Inequality: What the Federal Finance Committee should know (Canada Without Poverty) - April 8
11. The At Home/Chez Soi project ended March 31 (Housing First for people experiencing serious mental illness and homelessness)
12. Research Tip : Google Alerts
!
13. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- no social policy-related products this week.
14. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

International content

15. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
16. [International] Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview [Innocenti Report Card 11] (UNICEF Office of Research) - April 2013
17. 2014 United States Federal Budget - April 10
18. [International] The Rules (wealth inequality)
19. CRINMAIL (weekly children's rights newsletter)

Have a great week!

Gilles
[ http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/personal.htm ]
[ gilseg@rogers.com ]

------------------------------------------------------------------

Go to the home page of the
Canadian Social Research Links website:

http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/index.htm


1. Join the British Columbia election campaign! --- "Where is BC’s Poverty Reduction Plan?"
(BC Poverty Reduction Coalition)

Join the Election Campaign!
http://bcpovertyreduction.ca/join-the-election-campaign/
Voters in British Columbia will go to the polls on Tuesday, May 14, 2013.
Now is the time to ask all your local MLA candidates:

Where is BC’s Poverty Reduction Plan?

Watch the 95-minute webinar [ http://bcpovertyreduction.ca/learn-more/videos/ ] held on March 19, 2013,
or download the PDF slideshow [ 34MB!, 79 pages - http://goo.gl/WtpJ7 ]
to get informed and energized to make poverty reduction an election issue. Listen to community experts on the pillars of a poverty reduction plan, the cost of poverty, the impact of community events, and how to take action in this critical time.

Source:
BC Poverty Reduction Coalition

http://bcpovertyreduction.ca/
We are a coalition that includes 30 Coalition Members and over 350 supporting organizations with a collective membership of over 300,000 that have joined the call for a poverty reduction plan. (...) We have come together around a campaign aimed at seeing the introduction of a bold and comprehensive poverty reduction plan from the government of British Columbia that would include legislated targets and timelines to significantly reduce poverty and homelessness. We seek to improve the health and wellbeing of all British Columbians.

---

- Go to the Provincial and Territorial Anti-poverty Strategies and Campaigns page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/antipoverty.htm

2. The Ontario Coalition Against Poverty and the Canadian Union of Public Employees are seeking a 55% boost in social assistance (April 12) + article asking whether OCAP is becoming more moderate (March 6)

CUPE & OCAP seek 55% boost in social assistance
'Would help people recover from 18 years of declining income from the Harris-McGuinty cuts'

http://www.thebulletin.ca/cbulletin/content.jsp?ctid=1000006&cnid=1003406
By David Robbins
April 12, 2013
Anti-poverty activists visited the office of Ontario Finance Minister Charles Sousa today to bring him and Premier Kathleen Wynne a message: raise social assistance rates by 55% in the 2013 budget. "Today we're handing Charles Sousa a bill for real social justice in Ontario," says Liisa Schofield of the Ontario Coalition Against Poverty (OCAP). "It's time the Liberal government took social justice seriously and accounted for the amount past due to those who have been unjustly denied."

Raising social assistance rates by 55% would help people recover from 18 years of declining income from the Harris-McGuinty cuts, said Carrie Lynn Poole-Cotnam, the chair of CUPE (Canadian Union of Public Employees) Ontario's Social Services Workers' Coordinating Committee.

Source:
The Bulletin --- Journal of Downtown Toronto
http://www.thebulletin.ca/

Related links:

Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE)
http://cupe.ca/
CUPE is Canada's largest union.
With 627,000 members across Canada, CUPE represents workers in health care, education, municipalities, libraries, universities, social services, public utilities, transportation, emergency services and airlines

Ontario Coalition Against Poverty (OCAP)
http://www.ocap.ca/
OCAP is a direct-action anti-poverty organization based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. We mount campaigns against regressive government policies as they affect poor and working people.

---

From the
Toronto Star:

A more moderate OCAP? Probably not.
http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2013/03/06/a_more_moderate_ocap_probably_not.html
A recent peaceful action by the anti-poverty group was lauded by police. But that doesn’t mean they’re abandoning crisis tactics.
By Katie Daubs
March 6, 2013
When OCAP members occupied city hall in February to demand more shelter space, a security guard removed a garbage can before police arrived.
Perhaps it was nightly routine. Maybe it was projectile management. But nothing flew that night, save for chants and slogans. Police waited for Ontario Coalition Against Poverty organizer John Clarke to finish speaking with the media before they arrested him. Then, police lauded OCAP for their cooperation. It was all so cordial. But this is not a new conciliatory era for a group whose name has become synonymous with disruptive tactics on behalf of the poor, homeless and vulnerable.

Source:
Toronto Star

http://www.thestar.com/

---

- Go to the Ontario Social Assistance Review Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/on_sa_review.htm

- Go to the Ontario Municipal and Non-Governmental Sites (D-W) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk3.htm

3. SPARmonitor : April 10, 2013
(
SPAR = Social Policy Analysis & Research, City of Toronto)

From the
City of Toronto:

SPARmonitor - Monitoring Toronto's Social Change
[SPAR = Social Policy Analysis & Research, City of Toronto]

This Bulletin is a quick inventory of current social research information.
Its purpose is to promptly disseminate to interested staff recently produced
research materials and initiatives relevant to social policy.

SPARmonitor : April 10, 2013 - issue 103 (PDF - 124K, 3 pages)
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/SPAR_Research_Bulletin_103.pdf

This issue covers the following:

Ø A Submission to the Ontario Standing Committee on Finance and Economic Affairs
Ø Can The Poor Be Organized? Evidence from Rural India
Ø Creating a Virtuous Circle: Workforce Development Policy as a Tool for Improving the Prospects of America’s Unemployed Workers
Ø Unions Matter
Ø Child Well-Being in Rich Countries

Source:
SPARmonitor - Monitoring Toronto's Social Change
http://www.toronto.ca/sdfa/spar-archives.htm
- includes links to bulletins from January to March 2011 and to all 33 issues of SPARmonitor for 2010.
[ Social Development, Finance & Administration
http://www.toronto.ca/sdfa/index.htm ]
[ City of Toronto
http://www.toronto.ca/ ]

---

Selected earlier issues of the SPARmonitor
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk2.htm#toronto
- this link takes you to a collection of selected issues of the SPARmonitor on the Ontario NGO Links page of this site.

---

Related links:

Social Policy, Analysis and
Research Information Resources:

* Wellbeing Toronto:
www.toronto.ca/wellbeing

* Neighbourhood Profiles:
http://www.toronto.ca/demographics/neighbourhoods.htm

* Census 2011 Backgrounders & other resources
http://www.toronto.ca/demographics/

---

- Go to the Ontario Municipal and Non-Governmental Sites (A-C) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk2.htm

4. Employment Insurance cuts are another blow to the jobless - April 10
(Toronto Star)

Employment Insurance cuts are another blow to the jobless : A cut in employment insurance benefits, buried in
last year’s massive omnibus federal budget bill, took effect Sunday. Thousands will be hurt.
http://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2013/04/10/ei_cuts_are_another_blow_to_the_jobless_goar.html
By Carol Goar
April 10, 2013
Just when it seemed safe to put Jim Flaherty’s surprise-loaded 2012 budget behind us, it delivered a nasty aftershock. Labour activists knew it was coming, but most Canadians didn’t. Buried in last spring’s 425-page omnibus budget legislation was a change in employment insurance (EI) rules that will hurt thousands of laid-off workers. It took effect on April 7.

Unions and community groups pleaded with the government not to implement the measure. They failed. So last Sunday, employment insurance benefits in two-thirds of the country were quietly reduced. Existing recipients were spared but new EI claimants — starting with the 54,500 workers who lost their jobs in March — will be subject to tougher rules. Most will get less support.

Source:
Toronto Star

http://www.thestar.com/

---

- Go to the Employment Insurance Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ei.htm

5. Unions Matter - March 2013
(National Union of Public and General Employees - NUPGE)

Unions Matter : How the Ability of Labour Unions to
Reduce Income Inequality and Influence Public Policy
has been affected by Regressive Labour Laws
(PDF - 588K, 26 pages)
http://www.nupge.ca/files/publications/CFLR_Unions_Matter.pdf
There is extensive research literature that suggests there are significant social benefits for countries with strong labour rights and a more extensive collective bargaining
system. income inequality is less extreme according to a variety of measures, civic engagement is higher, there are more extensive social programs such as health care and pensions plans, and the incidence of poverty is significantly smaller. This paper adds to the literature by examining the relationship between labour unions, income inequality and regressive labour laws.
(...)
The paper finds that regressive labour laws in canada have reduced unionization rates which has led to rising income inequality and reduced civic participation.

Source:
National Union of Public and General Employees

http://www.nupge.ca/

---

- Go to the Union Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/unionbkmrk.htm

6. More news about Quebec's controversial welfare changes - April 10, 13

Quebec makes minor tweaks to controversial welfare changes
Critics say minister is ignoring feedback on reforms
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2013/04/10/quebec-welfare-changes-cut-delayed.html
April 10, 2013
Quebec is making a few minor changes to its looming and controversial welfare reforms.
Labour Minister Agnes Maltais has been under fire for implementing cuts affecting families with young children, some people over 55, and people accessing drug and alcohol treatment.

Source:
CBC News

http://www.cbc.ca/news/

Related CBC News link:

Quebec welfare recipients face new eligibility rules
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2013/03/02/montreal-quebec-welfare-changes-bonus.html
March 2, 2013

---

Quebecers protest govt. welfare reform plans
http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/04/13/298038/canadians-protest-govt-welfare-reform-plans/
April 13, 2013
By Ashantai Hathaway
TIP : this item contains an informative two-minute video clip.
The Quebec government announced that, starting June 1, there will major changes when it comes to welfare. It will affect close to 460,000 people, which has many upset. In several cities across Quebec, protesters demonstrated their dislike for the ruling government which is the Parti Québecois and its decision on welfare reform. Beginning June 1st, welfare recipients age 55 to 58 will see a reduction of nearly $130 in teir payments. And there will be other changes. Parents on welfare with children under the age of five will be removed from a special allowance program. According to the government, there will be 1.4 million jobs available in the next ten years and it's encouraging residents to be part of the labor force.

Source:
PressTV

http://www.presstv.ir/
PressTV is the first Iranian international news network, broadcasting in English on a round-the-clock basis.
NOTE (by Gilles): PressTV sounds like Iran's answer to Al Jazzera (see the link below).
Curiously enough, I couldn't find a copy of the above video anywhere else...
go figure.

Al Jazeera
http://www.aljazeera.com/
Al Jazeera English broadcasts news and current affairs 24 hours a day, seven days a week from Doha headquarters and our centres in London and Washington, DC.

--

- Go to the Québec Links (English) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/qce.htm

7. Who will push for Ontario’s poor [in the upcoming Ontario Budget 2014]?- April 11
(Hamilton Spectator)

Who will push for Ontario’s poor?
http://www.thespec.com/opinion/columns/article/916312
By Peter Graefe
Apr11, 2013
Will Kathleen Wynne step up on poverty? Will Howarth make her?
Budgets are about putting money where your mouth is.
Since becoming Premier, Kathleen Wynne has made a priority of fixing Ontario’s social assistance system. She has the blueprint of the recent Commission for the Review of Social Assistance at hand. Compared to Andrea Horwath, who seems to think auto insurance rates are more important than poverty, she has her mouth in the right place. But can she deliver the money?

Source:
Hamilton Spectator

http://www.thespec.com/

---

- Go to the Ontario Municipal and Non-Governmental Sites (D-W) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk3.htm

8. Stephen Harper and The Fraser - July 6, 2006
(Georgia Straight)

An Oldie Mouldie from the Georgia Straight:
Stephen Harper and The Fraser
July 6, 2006

Harperstein
http://www.straight.com/article/harperstein-0
By Donald Gutstein
July 6, 2006
Stephen Harper was a 15-year-old student in Etobicoke's Richview Collegiate just west of Toronto when MacMillan Bloedel chairman Jack Clyne and other corporate leaders chipped in a total of $75,000 to start the Fraser Institute in 1974.
(...)
Three decades later, in October 2004, the Fraser Institute held its 30th-anniversary gala celebration --- 30 years during which business and conservative foundations pumped more than $100 million into Fraser activities; 30 years during which Stephen Harper rose from high school to University of Calgary student to Reform party policy chief to head of the National Citizens Coalition and to leader of the official Opposition.
(...)
Credit the Fraser Institute? Harper probably thinks so. (...) Like the Fraser, he is dedicated to the ideas of Friedrich Hayek, leader of the Austrian School of economics. Margaret Thatcher was an outspoken Hayek devotee. Hayek urged reducing government intervention in people's social and economic lives to a bare minimum. No social programs, no environmental or consumer regulation. In Hayek's world, government officials do not serve the public. Instead, they are self-serving empire builders. As Ronald Reagan said, “government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.” 

Source:
Georgia Straight

http://www.straight.com/

---

- Go to the Harper Government™ Record Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/harper_government.htm

- Go to the Social Research Organizations (II) in Canada page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/research2.htm

9. Why Guaranteeing the Poor an Income Will Save Us All In the End - April 8
(Hugh Segal in Huffington Post Canada)

Why Guaranteeing the Poor an Income Will Save Us All In the End
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/hugh-segal/guaranteed-annual-income_b_3037347.html
By Hugh Segal, Conservative Senator
April 8, 2013
In a world where innovation in service delivery and value for money are ever more vital for government credibility, innovation on poverty reduction is deeply absent. It certainly has been from recent federal and provincial budgets in Canada.
[ http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/budgets_2013.htm ]
From Washington to Ottawa to London to Paris, austerity, in different measures and calibrations, has taken the place of innovation. We do not and have not taken a fundamental new approach to poverty reduction in a quarter of a century. While the global numbers of people who live on under a dollar a day has been reduced massively worldwide because freer trade has allowed productive economies in Asia to lift tens of millions out of poverty, that happy news has little impact on poverty reduction and its relative failure in the countries of the West.
(...)
Knowing that poverty is the most reliable predictor of trouble with the law, early use of our health care facilities, lower life span, illiteracy, family violence and unemployment, all of which cost tens of billions of tax dollars at a time when tax dollars are hard to find, should spur innovation. Never mind the core inhumanity of not helping the people whom we need as productive, taxpaying, full participants in our economic mainstream.

Source:
Huffington Post Canada

http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/

---

- Go to the Guaranteed Annual Income Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/gai.htm

10. Inequality: What the Fed Finance Committee should know - April 8
(Canada Without Poverty)

From
Canada Without Poverty (CWP):

Inequality: What the Fed Finance Committee should know
http://www.cwp-csp.ca/2013/04/inequality-what-the-fed-finance-committee-should-know/
April 8, 2013
This month the federal Finance Committee is set to study income inequality over a three-day period: April 16, 25 and 30th.
(...)
While the study was only slated for one day of review originally, the committee clearly heard the voice of the public calling for more time and added two extra days. In preparation for the review this month, the Committee also had an open call for submissions on income inequality. This public consultation process was welcome, and Canada Without Poverty joined the collection of voices speaking out about the effects inequality has on individuals, families and society as a whole and made a submission as well.

CWP's 2013 Inequality Submission to the
Federal Finance Committee
(Microsoft Word file - 118K, 6 pages)
http://www.cwp-csp.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/130405-CWP-Submission-on-Inequality-to-the-Finance-Committee.doc
April 5, 2013

Source:
Canada Without Poverty (CWP)
http://www.cwp-csp.ca/
Poverty is a violation of human rights. We work to address the structural causes of poverty by raising awareness, educating and inspiring others to support its eradication in Canada.

---

- Go to the Income and Wealth Inequality Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/inequality.htm

11. The At Home/Chez Soi project* ended March 31.
(*Housing First program for people experiencing serious mental illness and homelessness)

The Mental Health Commission of Canada’s $110-million At Home, a five-year study on housing for hard-core itinerants with drug addictions, chronic diseases and mental illness, ended on March 31.

Budget to fund and re-orient federal homelessness strategy; new focus on housing
http://www.timescolonist.com/news/national/budget-to-fund-and-re-orient-federal-homelessness-strategy-new-focus-on-housing-1.95427
March 21, 2013
Over the past few years, Ottawa has funded groundbreaking research through the Mental Health Commission of Canada to figure out how much more efficient a housing-first strategy could be, especially for homeless people with mental illness.
The At Home/Chez Soi research has been delivering promising results, showing that with the proper supports, many mentally ill homeless people are able to not just stay off the streets, but also get the rest of their lives in order.

Source:
Victoria Times-Colonist
http://www.timescolonist.com/

---

At Home/Chez Soi project nears its end
http://www.columbiancentre.org/?p=4363
March 21, 2013
Housing first makes better use of public dollars—especially for those who are high service users.
In 2008 the federal government invested $110 million for a five year demonstration project aimed at providing evidence about what services and systems best help people experiencing serious mental illness and homelessness. The Mental Health Commission of Canada’s At Home/Chez Soi project was established as a field trial of complex interventions in Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, and Moncton. The rigorous, multi-site, experimental research design of the At Home/Chez Soi project was expected to help identify what works, at what cost, for whom, and in which environments.
NOTE : In the second paragraph, you'll find a link to the website of each of the five participating cities.

---

Quebec to dismantle 'At Home' program
http://www.montrealgazette.com/news/Quebec+dismantle+Home+program/8208178/story.html
By Charlie Fidelman
April 7, 2013
MONTREAL — As Ottawa budgeted new funds to provide housing for mentally ill homeless people, Quebec has quietly made plans to dismantle the At Home/Chez Soi program in Montreal. Several sources say Quebec is abandoning the five-year, $18.4-million “housing first” federal project because health falls under provincial jurisdiction, and the province had no say in how this project was set up or run. Quebec health officials, however, maintain it is not being disbanded.
(...)
The Mental Health Commission of Canada’s $110-million At Home, a five-year study on housing for hard-core itinerants with drug addictions, chronic diseases and mental illness, ended on March 31. It was based on the success of similar programs in the United States over the past two decades in addressing chronic homelessness with a “housing first” approach, coupled with services geared to the needs of the homeless, from roving health teams that include nurses, social workers, psychologists and street workers.

Montreal recruited 280 homeless people. Researchers in Moncton, Toronto, Winnipeg and Vancouver enrolled another 2,285 people in a project some have called one of Canada’s largest social experiments.

Source:
Montreal Gazette
http://www.montrealgazette.com/

---

Related links:

At Home / Chez soi - home page
http://athome.nfb.ca/
NOTE : You need a Flash player to view much of this site.

Here At Home/Chez Soi Blog
http://athome.nfb.ca/athome/blog/
Featuring interviews, articles and updates, the "Here At Home" blog is a place where we can dig a bit deeper into some of the ideas and experiences shaping the project.

Housing First
http://www.homelesshub.ca/topics/housing-first-209.aspx

At Home / Chez Soi : Interim Report
http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/system/files/private/document/Housing_At_Home_Interim_Report_ENG.pdf
September 2012
Source:
Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC)

http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/
* MHCC Issues : Housing and Homelessness
http://goo.gl/7AQQt

At Home/Chez Soi
http://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/English/Pages/homelessness.aspx

---

- Go to the Homelessness and Housing Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/homeless.htm

12. Google Alerts

Google Alerts

RESEARCH TIP : If you wish to monitor or more topics in one or more jurisdictions, I highly recommend Google Alerts - and it's FREE!.

What are Google Alerts?
[ http://www.google.com/alerts ]
Google Alerts are emails sent to you when Google finds new results -- such as web pages, newspaper articles, or blogs -- that match your search term. You can use Google Alerts to monitor anything on the Web.

Create your own Google Alert:
http://www.google.com/alerts
(or create a hundred - it's free!)

---

- Go to the Media Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/mediabkmrk.htm

13. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- Nothing of note this past week...

What's new from The Daily:
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/dai-quo/index-eng.htm
[Statistics Canada
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/start-debut-eng.html ]

---

Nothing of note in the past week from StatCan in the area of social policy.

Don't believe me?
Check past issues of The Daily for yourself...
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/cgi-bin/DAILY/daily.cgi?s=last
Select a month and year from the two drop-down menus to access all issues of The Daily for a particular month.



Source:
The Daily

http://www.statcan.gc.ca/dai-quo/index-eng.htm
[Statistics Canada
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/start-debut-eng.html ]


StatCan Blog
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/blog-blogue/eng
The goal of the StatCan Blog is to pull back the curtain to explain some of the agency’s inner workings, and to show the links between quality statistics and the lives of Canadians.

---

- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/fedbkmrk2.htm

14. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

April 14, 2013
What's new online this week:

1. Research, policy & practice
- materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports

Child well-being in rich countries: A comparative overview
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/13/04/child-well-being-rich-countries-comparative-overview
10 Apr 2013 | International
UNICEF's Innocenti Report Card 11 shows Canada 'stuck in the middle'. Canada did not provide data for preschool participation, however UNICEF Canada's companion report used the latest data collected by CRRU and wrote that "we can.. estimate Canada's percentage of children between 4 years and the start of compulsory education who are enrolled in preschool at 62 per cent...and [that] would place Canada at the bottom of that league table".

2013 Provincial election toolkit: Let's get BC's children & youth on the political agenda!
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/13/04/2013-provincial-election-toolkit-lets-get-bcs-children-yout
8 Apr 2013 | British Columbia
Toolkit from First Call: BC Child and Youth Advocacy Coalition supports individuals and community groups in their advocacy for legislation, policy and practice that benefit children and youth and their families in the lead up to the May 2013 provincial election.

Who's minding the kids? Child care arrangements: Spring 2011
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/13/04/whos-minding-kids-child-care-arrangements-spring-2011
8 Apr 2013 | United States
Report from the US Census Bureau describes the number and characteristics of children in different types of child care arrangements, primary child care arrangements and costs.

Can Niagara families afford child care?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/13/04/can-niagara-families-afford-child-care
5 Apr 2013 | Ontario
Policy paper focuses on the Niagara Region to illustrate the ongoing problems and issues surrounding early childhood education and care.

Abbott Preschool Program longitudinal effects study: Fifth grade follow-up
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/13/04/abbott-preschool-program-longitudinal-effects-study-fifth-g
3 Apr 2013 | United States
Study assesses the impact of pre-K program on children's learning and development based on a cohort of children who completed their 4-year -old year in 2004-05.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

---

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad.

Eminent academics warn childcare reforms will lower quality
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/13/04/eminent-academics-warn-childcare-reforms-will-lower-quality
10 Apr 2013 | Europe

Canada lags on childhood well-being, UNICEF says
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/13/04/canada-lags-childhood-well-being-unicef-says
10 Apr 2013 | Canada

NS budget misses opportunity to reshape child care services-CUPE
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/13/04/ns-budget-misses-opportunity-reshape-child-care-services-cupe
10 Apr 2013 | Nova Scotia

Child care costs: 'Who's minding the kids?' Report from Census Bureau shows rise since 1985
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/13/04/child-care-costs-whos-minding-kids-report-census-bureau-shows-rise-1
8 Apr 2013 | United States

Career or family? Moms face tough choice due to cost of day care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/13/04/career-or-family-moms-face-tough-choice-due-cost-day-care
5 Apr 2013 | Ontario

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

CRRU Archive

For links to weekly issues of this weekly alert from June 2009 to December 2012*,
check out the CRRU Links Archive on this site:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/crru_links_archive.htm

All newer content (January 2013 to date) is archived further down on the page you're now reading:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm#crru

* NOTE (by Gilles):
I recently (Dec. 2012) discovered that my HTML editing software crashes when I try to open this archive page to add or edit something.
After several hours of tinkering in a vain attempt to make everything work, I finally decided to go with Plan B : you can still click the link above to access the CRRU archive (including contents of each issue from June 2009 to December 2012), but all new content since then is archived further down on the page you're now reading. Click the link immediately above to go there now.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Subscribe to the CRRU email notices and updates
http://www.childcarecanada.org/res/enews/index.html
Sign up to receive email notices of updates and new postings on the CRRU website which will inform you of policy developments in early childhood care and education, new research and resources for policy, newly released CRRU publications, and upcoming events of interest to the child care and broader community.

Links to child care
sites in Canada and elsewhere
http://www.childcarecanada.org/links/index.html

CRRU Publications
http://www.childcarecanada.org/pubs/
- briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications

ISSUE files
http://www.childcarecanada.org/resources/issue-files
- theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)

http://www.childcarecanada.org
CRRU is a policy and research oriented facility that focuses on early childhood education and child care (ECEC) and family policy in Canada and internationally.

---

- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm

15. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
(Institute for Research on Poverty - University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Poverty Dispatch (U.S.)
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch
The Poverty Dispatch is a daily scan of U.S. web-based news items dealing with topics such as poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, etc.. The Dispatch is distributed by the Institute for Research on Poverty, at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. News articles from online newspapers are posted here in a number of general categories, and are tagged with more specific keywords relevant to each article.

Tags
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/tags/

Clicking on a word or expression in the list of tags will call up all relevant news items from past Dispatches under that tag. The list contains a tag for each U.S. state so you can view jurisdiction-specific news, and tags for a huge list of topics, including :
* Basic needs * Canada * Caseloads * Cash assistance * Cellular phones * Census * Charities * Child care * Child hunger * Child poverty * Child support * Child welfare * Child well-being * Chronic homelessness * Cohabitation * Cost of living * Crime * Crimes against the homeless * Debt * Deep poverty * Disability * Early childhood education * Earned income tax credit * Electronic benefit transfers * Eligibility * Food insecurity * Food programs * Foster care* Fuel poverty * Health care costs * Health insurance coverage * Homeless children * Homeless families * Homeless veterans * Housing First * Housing subsidies * Immigrant workers * Income * Income inequality * Jobless benefits * Juvenile justice * Legal aid * Low-income housing * Low-wage work * Medicaid * Microfinance * Minimum wage * Newly poor * No Child Left Behind * Ontario * Paid family leave * Payday lending * Persistent poverty * Poverty measurement * Poverty rate * Prisons * Privatization * Public Housing * Rural poverty * Safety net * SCHIP * Section 8 (Housing) * Seniors * Single parents * SNAP/Food Stamps * Supplemental Security Income * Taxes * Teen pregnancy * Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) * Unemployment rate * Uninsured * Urban poverty * Utilities * Welfare reform * Welfare-to-work * Women Infants and Children (WIC) * Work requirements * Youth employment * many more tags...

Latest issues of Poverty Dispatch:

April 12, 2013
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2013/04/12/
States and Medicaid Expansion (5 articles)
Low-wage Work in the US (2 articles)
Posted on April 12, 2013
Section 8 Housing Subsidies
State Minimum Wage – Maine

April 11, 2013
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2013/04/11/
Medicaid Expansion – Ohio, Missouri (2 articles)
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families – Tennessee

April 10, 2013
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2013/04/10/
Unemployment Benefits (3 articles)
Child Well-Being in Developed Countries (2 articles)

April 9, 2013
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2013/04/09/
US Workforce Participation (2 articles)
LA Times Report on the Tougher Workplace

April 8, 2013
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2013/04/08/
States and Medicaid Expansion (2 articles)

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Earlier Poverty Dispatches (back to July 2006):
1. Go to the Poverty Dispatch home page: [ http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/ and click on a date in the calendar in the top right-hand corner of the page. Change the month by clicking the link at the bottom of the calendar.
OR
3. Go to the Poverty Dispatch home page and click on a category or a tag in the right-hand margin.
4. See http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/povdispatch_archive.htm (more complete listing, but only goes back to December 2011)

---

NOTE : You can subscribe to this email list or RSS feed
by clicking "Subscribe" in the right-hand margin on any page of the Poverty Dispatch website

---

Source:
Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)

http://www.irp.wisc.edu

University of Wisconsin-Madison
http://www.wisc.edu/

---

- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us.htm

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us2.htm

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us3.htm

- Go to the Poverty Measures - International Resources page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/poverty2.htm

16. Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview [Innocenti Report Card 11] - April 2013
(UNICEF Office of Research)

Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview
Innocenti Report Card 11

April 2013

NOTE: This report card and related documents are also available:
- in French : [ http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/687 ]
- in Italian : [ http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/688 ]
- in Spanish : [ http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/689 ]

Child well-being - progress in danger? (PDF - 196K, 3 pages)
http://www.unicef-irc.org/files/documents/d-3832-Child-well-being---progre.pdf
News release
10 April 2013
[This release is also available in French and in Spanish : See http://www.unicef-irc.org/article/951/ ]
FLORENCE/BRUSSELS/DUBLIN – A timely study on child well-being in rich countries, launched today by UNICEF’s Office of Research, finds that the Netherlands and four Nordic countries – Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden – again sit at the top of a child well-being table; whilst four southern European countries – Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain – are placed in the bottom half of the table.

This report card ranks 29 developed countries according to the overall well-being of their children.
This report includes Canada ---- Number 17 on the list (Netherlands is Number 1).

The complete report card:

Child Well-being in Rich Countries: A comparative overview
Innocenti Report Card 11
(PDF - 3.4MB, 60 pages)
http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/pdf/rc11_eng.pdf
By Peter
Adamson
April 2013
The Report Card series is designed to monitor and compare the performance of economically advanced countries in securing the rights of their children.

Part 1 of the Report Card presents a league table of child well-being in 29 of the world's advanced economies.

Part 2 looks at what children say about their own well-being (including a league table of children’s life satisfaction).

Part 3 examines changes in child well-being in advanced economies over the first decade of the 2000s, looking at each country’s progress in educational achievement, teenage birth rates, childhood obesity levels, the prevalence of bullying, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and drugs.

----------------------------------------------------

Related documents
http://www.unicef-irc.org/article/951/
- includes links to Report Card 11 key findings (in French, English and Spanish), an interactive Report Card 11 map and key messages (English only) and the above news release in French and Spanish.

Earlier reports in this series:
http://www.unicef-irc.org/publications/series/16

Source:
Office of Research
(a.k.a. Innocenti Research Centre
)
http://www.unicef-irc.org/
The Office of Research is part of
UNICEF

http://www.unicef.org
UNICEF works in more than 190 countries and territories to help children survive and thrive, from early childhood through adolescence. The world’s largest provider of vaccines for developing countries, UNICEF supports child health and nutrition, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all boys and girls, and the protection of children from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

The Canadian Context, from
UNICEF Canada:

Child Well-Being in Rich Countries : A comparative overview
Report Card 11 : Canadian Companion
(PDF - 2.9MB, 17 pages)
http://goo.gl/thdXv
(...) The story of Canada in Report Card 11 is one of a country stuck in the middle. Canada has a middle rank in the League Table of Child Well-being, and this position has not budged since we last measured it a decade ago. In some aspects of child well-being Canada shines, and it lags at the bottom in others – just like the pattern in many other countries.

Canada : A nation stuck in the middle
http://www.unicef.ca/en/discover/article/child-well-being-in-rich-countries-a-comparative-overview
In the overall well-being of our children, Canada ranks in a middle position at 17 of 29 nations.
Canada also achieves a middle-level ranking in its scores for:
- Material Well-being (15 out of 29)
- Education (14 out of 29)
- Behaviours and Risks (16 out of 29)
- Housing and Environment (11 out of 29)
Most concerning is that in Health and Safety, Canada ranks as low as 27 of the 29 industrialized countries.

Key points for Canada (PDF - 112K, 1 page)
http://www.unicef.ca/sites/default/files/imce_uploads/TAKE%20ACTION/ADVOCATE/DOCS/unicef_rc_11_key_points_0.pdf

Source:
UNICEF Canada

http://www.unicef.ca/

---

- Go to the International Children, Families and Youth Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/chn2.htm

17 - 2014 United States Federal Budget - April 10

2014 United States Federal Budget
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_United_States_federal_budget
April 10, 2013
The 2014 United States federal budget is the budget to fund government operations for the fiscal year 2014, which begins on October 1, 2013 and ends on September 30, 2014.(...) The actual appropriations for fiscal year 2014 must be enacted by the full Congress before they can take effect, in accordance with the United States budget process.
---------------------------------------------------------
NOTE (by Gilles): If you're not familiar with the United States budget process or the 2014 U.S. budget, I recommend the above eight-page Wikipedia article as an excellent starting point. At the end of the article, you'll find links to two dozen online resources and useful websites.
---------------------------------------------------------

From
The White House Blog:
[ http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/ ]

President Obama Sends Congress his Fiscal Year 2014 Budget
http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2013/04/10/president-obama-sends-congress-his-fiscal-year-2014-budget
April 10, 2013
In his 2013 State of the Union address [ Feb 13, 2013 : http://www.whitehouse.gov/state-of-the-union-2013 ], President Obama said that we must invest in the true engine of America’s economic growth – a rising and thriving middle class. He said that every day, we must ask ourselves these three questions: "How do we attract more jobs to our shores? How do we equip our people with the skills needed to do those jobs? And how do we make sure that hard work leads to a decent living?"

This morning the President sent Congress his Budget for Fiscal Year 2014, which presents his plan to address each of these questions. He also spoke to the press about his proposal in the Rose Garden, and said that while our economy is poised for progress, we need to get smarter about our priorities as a nation. And that’s what his 2014 Budget represents -- a fiscally-responsible blueprint for middle-class jobs and growth

The President's Budget for Fiscal Year 2014
http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/
* The Budget * Overview * Analytical Perspectives * Historical Tables * Supplemental Materials
NOTE : Use the links in the left margin to navigate the budget content pages.

Key Budget Facts
(Excerpts from the Budget Overview):
http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/overview
*
Making America a Magnet for Jobs
* Building a 21st Century Infrastructure
* Equipping Americans with the Skills They Need
* Making the Tax Code More Simple and Fair
* Ensuring Hard Work Leads to a Decent Living
* Cutting the Deficit in a Balanced Way

Source:
The White House

http://www.whitehouse.gov/

---

Related links

From
OpenCongress
:
http://www.opencongress.org/

Official text of the resolution:
Senate Concurrent Resolution 8 - An original concurrent resolution
setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for fiscal year 2014
http://www.opencongress.org/bill/113-sc8/text

---

From the
Washington Post
:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/

Obama’s 2014 budget is an offer to negotiate
http://goo.gl/rHOcl

---

From the
New York Times:
http://www.nytimes.com/

A Budget Focus on Inequality
http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/10/a-budget-focus-on-inequality/

Obama Budget Opens Rift for Democrats on Social Benefits
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/11/us/politics/obama-budget-seeks-deal-in-mix-of-cuts-and-spending.html

---

From the
Federal Times:
http://www.federaltimes.com/

The 2014 budget request: agency by agency
http://www.federaltimes.com/article/20130410/AGENCY01/304100010/
April 10, 2013
---

- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us.htm

18. [International] The Rules (wealth inequality)

The Rules
http://www.therules.org/
The richest 300 people on earth have as much wealth as the poorest 3 billion.
This is no accident; those in power write the rules.
Together, we have the power to change those rules.
The Rules is a global movement to bring power back to the people and change the policies, practices and beliefs that create inequality and poverty around the world.

Issues
http://www.therules.org/en/the-issues
* Taxes

Multinational corporations and the super-rich create and exploit tax loopholes to grow immense wealth tax-free.
* Climate
Many of the richest countries and corporations are allowing themselves to damage our environment in their quest for short-term advantage, growth and profit.
* Land
The right to live and work safely is under constant threat for those of us with no secure rights to the land we are on.
* Health
The lives of those of us already impoverished are treated as less important than the lives of rich people.
* Food
The short-term advantage, growth and profit of corporations are treated as more important than the health and sustainability of people and the planet.
* Women and Girls
Cultural norms and other prejudices often prevent us from having control over our own lives, in the way that men do.
* Trade [blank section]

Source:
The Rules

http://www.therules.org/

Global Wealth Inequality : What you never knew you never knew (video, duration 3:50)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uWSxzjyMNpU

Reference material used to produce the above video:
(The source for the following six links is the "Show more" section in the YouTube video description just below the video window)

* Global Wealth 2012: The Year in Review
[ http://goo.gl/XBKhf ]
- from Crédit suisse:
[ https://www.credit-suisse.com/ ]

* Human Development Report 1999
[ http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr1999/ ]
- from the United Nations Development Programme:
[ http://www.undp.org/ ]

* OECD Aid Statistics : Detailed final 2011 aid figures released
http://www.oecd.org/dac/stats/final2011oda.htm
- from the The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD):
[ http://www.oecd.org/ ]

* Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2001-2010
http://iff.gfintegrity.org/iff2012/2012report.html
- from
Global Financial Integrity (GFI):
[ http://iff.gfintegrity.org/ ]

GFI is part of the Center for International Policy:
[ http://www.ciponline.org/ ]

* International Debt Statistics
http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/international-debt-statistics
- from The World Bank
:
[ http://www.worldbank.org/ ]

* The World’s 200 Richest People
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-11-01/the-world-s-200-richest-people.html
November 2012
- from Bloomberg:
[ http://www.bloomberg.com/ ]

---

- Go to the Income and Wealth Inequality Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/inequality.htm

19. CRINMAIL (Newsletter of the Child Rights Information Network - CRIN)

Child Rights Information Network (CRIN):
http://www.crin.org/
CRIN envisions a world in which every child enjoys all of the human rights promised by the United Nations, regional organisations, and national governments alike. (...) Our inspiration is the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which we use to bring children's rights to the top of the international agenda. We launch advocacy campaigns, lead international children's rights coalitions, and strive to make existing human rights enforcement mechanisms accessible for all. More than 2,100 organisations in 150 countries rely on CRIN's publications, research and information.

The latest information on children's rights around the world:
CRINMAIL
http://www.crin.org/email/
CRIN publishes several email lists on children's rights issues in English, French, Spanish and Arabic. We also issue thematic editions on armed conflict, violence against children and strategic litigation. You can subscribe to any of these email lists and unsubscribe at any time.

CRINMAIL - Children's Rights Newsletter (weekly)

Here's the link to the latest issue of CRINMAIL:

10 April 2013 - CRINMAIL issue 1322
http://www.crin.org/email/crinmail_detail_popup.asp?crinmailID=4686

In this issue:
Latest news and reports
- Inhuman sentencing in Saudi Arabia
- Bolivia ratifies CRC complaints mechanism
- Gambia set to ban female genital mutilation
- Chile enforces women and girls’ rights
- Child casualties in conflict zones
- Children’s rights in the Americas
- Greater recognition of hate crimes
- School restraint in breach of children’s rights
- Launch of online platform for “One in Five” campaign
Children's Rights Wiki: Spotlight on Bahrain
Upcoming events
Employment
Also in this issue:
- World news
- Reports
- Events
- Issues
- Law
- Advocacy
- Challenging breaches
- Take action
- Campaigns

---------------------------------------------

CRINMAIL Archive (earlier issues)
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/CRINMAIL_archive.htm
- includes a table of contents for each issue, as in the above, back to 2009-2010

NOTE : The official CRINMAIL archive [ http://goo.gl/C0JNx ] --- does *not* include the table of contents for each issue as in the most recent issues above. Users must click on the link to each issue to see its contents, but the collection of links goes back much further (pre-2006).

--------------------------------------------------

NOTE:
The CRINMAIL Children's Rights Newsletter is only ONE of several weekly newsletters produced and distributed by CRIN.
See the complete list of newsletters:
http://www.crin.org/email/

Source:
Child Rights Information Network (CRIN):

http://www.crin.org/
CRIN envisions a world in which every child enjoys all of the human rights promised by the United Nations, regional organisations, and national governments alike. (...) Our inspiration is the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which we use to bring children's rights to the top of the international agenda. We launch advocacy campaigns, lead international children's rights coalitions, and strive to make existing human rights enforcement mechanisms accessible for all. More than 2,100 organisations in 150 countries rely on CRIN's publications, research and information.

---

- Go to the Children's Rights Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/chnrights.htm


Disclaimer/Privacy Statement

Both Canadian Social Research Links (the site) and this Canadian Social Research Newsletter belong to me, Gilles Séguin.

I am solely accountable for the choice of links presented therein and for the occasional editorial comment - it's my time, my home computer, my experience, my biases, my Rogers Internet account and my web hosting service.

I administer the mailing list and distribute the weekly newsletter using software on the web server of the
Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE).
http://www.cupe.ca/
Thanks, CUPE!

------------------------

If you wish to receive this weekly newsletter by email, go to the Canadian Social Research Newsletter online subscription page:
http://lists.cupe.ca/mailman/listinfo/csrl-news
...or send me an email message.

You can unsubscribe by going to the same page or by sending me an e-mail message [ gilseg@rogers.com ]

------------------------

Privacy Policy:

The Canadian Social Research Newsletter mailing list is not used for any purpose except to distribute each weekly newsletter.
I promise not share any information on this list, nor to send you any junk mail.

Links presented in the Canadian Social Research Newsletter point to different views about social policy and social programs.
There are some that I don't agree with, so don't get on my case, eh...

To access earlier online HTML issues of the Canadian Social Research Newsletter, go to the Newsletter page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/news.htm

Feel free to distribute this newsletter as widely as you wish, but please remember to mention Canadian Social Research Links when you do.

Gilles

E-MAIL:
gilseg@rogers.com

 

Statistics for the Year 1906

***********************************

In 1906:

The average life expectancy was 47 years.

Only 14 percent of the homes had a bathtub.

Only 8 percent of the homes had a telephone.

There were only 8,000 cars and only 144 miles of paved roads.

The maximum speed limit in most cities was 10 mph.

The tallest structure in the world was the Eiffel Tower!

The average wage in 1906 was 22 cents per hour.

The average worker made between $200 and $400 per year .

A competent accountant could expect to earn $2000 per year, a dentist $2,500 per year, a veterinarian between $1,500 and $4,000 per year, and a mechanical engineer about $5,000 per year.

More than 95 percent of all births took place at HOME .

Sugar cost four cents a pound.

Eggs were fourteen cents a dozen.

Coffee was fifteen cents a pound.

Most women only washed their hair once a month, and used borax or egg yolks for shampoo.

Canada passed a law that prohibited poor people from entering into their country for any reason.

The five leading causes of death were:
1. Pneumonia and influenza
2. Tuberculosis
3. Diarrhea
4. Heart disease
5. Stroke

The American flag had 45 stars.

The population of Las Vegas , Nevada , was only 30!!!!

Crossword puzzles, canned beer, and ice tea hadn't been invented yet.

There was no Mother's Day or Father's Day.

Two out of every 10 adults couldn't read or write.
Only 6 percent of all Americans had graduated from high school.

Source:
Anonymous file on my hard drive

 

********************************************

And, in closing...

********************************************

Distraction-Free Editing
https://writeapp.me/
Write.app's distraction-free editor gets out of your way and lets you focus on your writing instead of formatting

---

The Key To Happiness In 30 Seconds
http://www.upworthy.com/the-key-to-happiness-in-30-seconds

---

Native American style singing. (video, duration 1:44)
http://www.wimp.com/stylesinging/

 

.