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Canadian Social Research Newsletter
March 23, 2008

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter,
a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

The e-mail version of this week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 1871 subscribers.

Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes and a disclaimer.

IN THIS ISSUE:

Canadian content

1. The high cost of homelessness in British Columbia (Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction - Simon Fraser University) - March 21
2. Yukon Budget 2008-2009 - March 20
3. Saskatchewan Budget 2008-2009 - March 19
4. New Brunswick Budget 2008-2009 - March 18
5. Government of Quebec launches Pacte pour l'emploi (Employment Pact) : $1Billion over three years - March 18
6. Quebec : National Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion - Updated March 22
7. Ontario : new Poverty Reduction Strategy measures announced March 17:
- new dental care plan for families - enhancement of the Student Nutrition Program - another $100 million to repair affordable housing units
8. Federal [social spending] Caps and Cuts, 1972-1995

9. Recent releases from the Parliamentary Research Library:
--- Poverty Reduction in Canada - The Federal Role - October 2007
--- Poverty Reduction Strategies in Quebec and in Newfoundland and Labrador - October 2007
--- Poverty Reduction Strategies in the United Kingdom and Ireland - November 2007
10. What's New from Statistics Canada:
---
Leading indicators, February 2008 March 20
--- Current economic conditions - March 20
--- Study: Health care use among gay, lesbian and bisexual Canadians, 2003 and 2005 - March 19
--- Consumer Price Index, February 2008 - March 18
--- Study: Hours polarization revisited, 1997 to 2006 - March 18
11. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (Toronto) - March 20

International content

12. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs (Institute for Research on Poverty - University of Wisconsin-Madison)
13. U.S. - Annual Update of the Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines - 2008 - January 23
14. Welfare Reform: The U.S. Experience (Institute for Research on Poverty) - February 2008
15.  Fair Play for Children (U.K.)
16. Council for Employment, Income and Social Cohesion (CERC, Paris) Bulletin - selected content (March 17, 2008):
--- Adequacy of social minimums: Workfare, gender and poverty alleviation in welfare democracies - February 28
--- Beyond the breadline : a poverty threshold based on a general budget approach - February 28
--- U.S. - From work to retirement : Tracking changes in women's poverty status - 2008
--- U.S. - A new war on poverty ? Is it time for a new war on poverty? Winter 2008
--- Global Employment Trends for Women - March 2008
--- National minimum wage : report 2008 - March 2008

17. Australian Policy Online Weekly Briefing - selected recent content
18. CRINMAIL 966, 967 (March 2008) - (Child Rights Information Network - CRIN)

Have a great week!

Gilles Séguin
Canadian Social Research Links

http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net

E-mail:
gilseg@rogers.com

1.The high cost of homelessness in British Columbia - March 21
(Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction - Simon Fraser University)

Housing and Support for Adults with
Severe Addictions and/or Mental Illness in British Columbia
(PDF file - 765K, 150 pages)
February 2008
By Michelle Patterson, Julian Somers, Karen McIntosh, Alan Shiell and Charles Frankish
Source:
Centre for Applied Research in Mental Health and Addiction (CARMHA) - Simon Fraser University

Related links:

The high cost of homelessness
Every homeless person costs system $55,000, an amount that could buy supported housing for each of them

By Lori Culbert
March 21, 2008
VANCOUVER - We've been counting them and governments have been scrambling to try to help them, but a recent university study has been looking at a new question about homeless people in B.C. - what each one costs taxpayers a year. The answer is $55,000 per person, or an annual total of $644.3 million in health, corrections and social services spending for all the homeless in B.C.
Source:
Vancouver Sun

Saturday, 22 March 2008
Front page news points out the obvious:
Homelessness costs us money

Source:
The Vancouver Manifesto

- Go to the Non-Governmental Sites in British Columbia (A-C) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/bcbkmrk2.htm

2. Yukon Budget 2008-2009 - March 20

Yukon Budget 2008-2009
March 20, 2008
- incl. links to : Budget Address - Budget Highlights - 2008-2009 Financial Information
- 2008-2009 Projections - Operation and Maintenance Estimates 2008-2009 - Capital Estimates 2008-2009

Related Web/News/Blog links:

Google Search Results Links - always current results!
Using the following search terms (without the quote marks):
"yukon budget 2008-2009"
- Web search results page
- News search results page
- Blog Search Results page
Source:
Google.ca

- Go to the Yukon Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/yk.htm
- Go to the Canadian Government Budgets Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/budgets.htm

3. Saskatchewan Budget 2008-2009 - March 19

Saskatchewan Budget 2008-2009: Ready for Growth
March 19, 2008
Scroll down the page for links to the following budget documents:
2008-09 Budget Summary - 2008-09 Estimates - 2008-09 Highlights Card (40 fulfilled commitments) - 2008-09 Financial Highlight - Budget Address

News Releases

Related Web/News/Blog links:

Google Search Results Links - always current results!
Using the following search terms (without the quote marks):
"saskatchewan budget 2008-2009"
- Web search results page
- News search results page
- Blog Search Results page
Source:
Google.ca

- Go to the Saskatchewan Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/skbkmrk.htm
- Go to the Canadian Government Budgets Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/budgets.htm

4. New Brunswick Budget 2008-2009 - March 18

Government of New Brunswick 2008-2009 Budget
March 18, 2008

- incl. links to : Budget Speech - News release - The New Brunswick Economy - Main Estimates

Related Web/News/Blog links:

Google Search Results Links - always current results!
Using the following search terms (without the quote marks):
"new brunswick, budget 2008-2009"
- Web search results page
- News search results page
- Blog Search Results page
Source:
Google.ca

- Go to the New Brunswick Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/nbkmrk.htm
- Go to the Canadian Government Budgets Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/budgets.htm

5. Pacte pour l'emploi (Employment Pact) Announced ($1Billion over three years) - March 18
(Government of
Quebec)

[NOTA: la version française paraît ci-dessous.]

Pacte pour l'emploi (Employment Pact)
One billion dollars over three years to improve participation in the labour market and productivity
Announced March 18, 2008
The Pacte pour l'emploi contains several new elements, and the entire approach is based on a mobilization of all labour market partners. This pact revolves around four pillars and contains a series of means and measures.
Press release and appendices (French only)
Pacte pour l'emploi website (French only)
Source:
Government of Quebec

Related links:

Quebec wants to coax people off welfare
March 19, 2008
Faced with a growing labour shortage, the Quebec Liberal government introduced measures to get more people off social assistance and working in budding industries.
Source:
CBC
***********************
NOTE : the CBC article above states that "about 183,000 Quebecers are currently on welfare, including 20,000 under 25."
This is incorrect --- those figures represent only those welfare clients who are able-bodied and employable.
The total number of welfare recipients in Quebec in January 2008 was 488 013.
[ Source: http://www.mess.gouv.qc.ca/telecharger.asp?fichier=/publications/pdf/stat_012008.pdf ]
***********************

Quebec pledges nearly $1-billion to boost work force
By Rheal Seguin
March 19, 2008
QUEBEC — The Quebec government is turning to welfare recipients and the unemployed to fill the huge gap in the province's labour shortage.
Source:
Globe and Mail

-------------------------------------

Français

Pacte pour l'emploi
Un milliard de dollars sur trois ans pour améliorer
la participation au marché du travail et la productivité

Le 18 mars 2008
Le Pacte pour l'emploi comporte plusieurs nouveautés et l'ensemble de la démarche repose sur une mobilisation de tous les partenaires du marché du travail. Il s'articule autour de quatre piliers et comporte une série de moyens et de mesures.
Communiqué de presse et annexes
Source:
Gouvernement du Québec

- Go to the Québec Links (English) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/qce.htm
- Rendez-vous à la page de liens de recherche sociale au Québec: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/qcbkmrk.htm

6. National Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion - Updated March 22
(Government of Quebec)

NOTE: the content below isn't new on the Quebec government website,
but I was recently pleasantly surprised to discover that it's now available online in French and in English.
All links below are to English content.
[ Recherchistes francophones : les liens vers la version française des documents et des sites ci-dessous
paraissent sur la page française de liens du Québec : http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/qcbkmrk.htm ]

-----------------------

National Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion
With its National Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion, under the theme, “The Will to Act, The Strength to Succeed”, the Québec government intends to progressively transform Québec, over a ten-year period, into one of the industrialized societies with the least poverty.
- incl. links to: * Summary of consultation process * Bill * Parliamentary committee * Useful links * Policy statement * Summary of policy statement * Report on government action


NOTE: for a good objective summary of Quebec's ten-year National Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion, see:

Poverty Reduction Strategies in Quebec and in Newfoundland and Labrador
October 2007
Source:
Parliamentary Research Library
(Government of Canada)

An Act to combat poverty and social exclusion, R.S.Q., chapter L-7
Québec is the only Canadian jurisdiction to enshrine its anti-poverty strategy in legislation (passed in December 2002).
As noted above, the goal of the strategy is to make Québec one of the industrialized societies with the least poverty within ten years, by 2013.

Among its many provisions, the statute establishes two related entities: a multisectoral advisory body to oversee the implementation of the Action Plan and an "observatory" where information on poverty and social exclusion is collected and disseminated. These two entities are discussed below.

Comité consultatif de lutte contre la pauvreté et l’exclusion sociale
(Advisory committee in the strategy against poverty, plays a lead role in the Action Plan)
- incl. links to : Comité consultatif (About) - Initiatives to combat poverty and social exclusion - Feedback - Press releases - Publications - Useful links
---
NOTE: The Comité consultatif is a public body whose role is to advise the Québec Minister responsible for the application of the Action Plan to combat poverty and social exclusion. This mission is not unlike that of the National Council of Welfare (NCW) at the federal government level with respect to the Minister responsible for Human Resources and Social Development Canada, that is, to represent the interests of all Canadians in offering counsel to the HRSDC Minister in all matters relating to social development. Both the Comité consultatif and the NCW carry out evaluations and other studies, and they present their views and and recommendations directly to the Minister responsible and also to the public. Both groups also monitor the social policies of their respective governments with a special focus on the impacts of new policies on the incidence of poverty and social exclusion.
---

Centre d’étude sur la pauvreté et l’exclusion
(Centre for the study of poverty and exclusion)
The Centre d’étude sur la pauvreté et l’exclusion (CEPE) is an observation, research and discussion centre entrusted with providing reliable and rigourous information, notably of a statistical nature, on poverty and social exclusion issues. Created within the context of the Act to combat poverty and social exclusion, the CEPE acts under the aegis of the Ministère de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale (MESS) and is managed in collaboration with a steering committee composed of members working in the academic research or government sector, or working with people who are experiencing poverty or social exclusion.
- incl. links to:
* Introduction to the CEPE * Statistics * Research activities * Publications * Lexicon * Useful links

Key Reports

Annual Progress Reports on the Government Action Plan to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion:

Year One (2004-2005) Report (PDF file - 605K, 47 pages)
June 2005

Year Two (2006-2006) Report (PDF file - 965K, 38 pages)
--- Summary (PDF file - 181K, 7 pages)
October 2006

Year Three (2006-2007) Report (PDF file - 869K, 32 pages)
--- Summary (PDF file - 281K, 2 pages)
October 2007

Related links and historical reports:

Ministère de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale

Government Action Plan to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion (PDF file - 400K, 66 pages)
April 2004
"(...)This Action Plan is built around two principles: economic security and social inclusion through employment, and increased protection for people with significant employment limitations."
(Excerpt from the Minister's message)

More links to info about the National Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion
- this link takes you part of the way down the Canadian Social Research Links page of Quebec government links to analyses and critiques of the Action Plan and the National Strategy by the Collective for a Poverty-Free Québec, Canadian Policy Research Networks and the Canadian Council on Social Development
.

- Go to the Québec Links (English) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/qce.htm

7. Ontario : new Poverty Reduction Strategy measures announced March 17:
* new dental care plan for families * enhancement of the Student Nutrition Program * another $100 million to repair affordable housing units

New Measures to Tackle Poverty, Build Opportunity:
McGuinty Government Helps More Low-Income Families Get Ahead

News Release
March 17, 2008
Ontario's plan for a strong economy includes supporting low-income families so that everyone can have the opportunity to succeed in the 21st century economy.
- The government will invest $135 million over three years in a dental care plan for low-income families. (...)
- The Student Nutrition Program will be doubled with a three-year $32-million investment to expand existing services. (...)
- repairs to about 4,000 affordable housing units - another $100 million will be provided this year

Related Backgrounder:

McGuinty Government Announces
Three Priority Programs To Kickstart Poverty Reduction Strategy

March 17, 2008
- incl. more detailed info on the three new/enhanced initiatives in the news release above.

Related link:

Income Security Advocacy Centre's Response
to the Ontario Government's Poverty Announcement
(PDF file - 36K, 1 page)
Press Release
March 17, 2008
Premier’s Poverty Reduction Announcement:
“A Good Start, but a Long Way to Go”
Toronto – Calling the Premier’s Poverty Reduction announcement “a good start,” Mary Marrone, Director of Advocacy & Legal Services at ISAC, said, “But they’ve got a long way to go.” The Income Security Advocacy Centre is a specialized community legal clinic with a provincial mandate to improve the income security of people living in Ontario through test case litigation, policy advocacy and community organizing. The Premier’s office announced funding for three priority programs this morning as a ‘kickstart’ to a Poverty Reduction Strategy, expected by the end of 2008.
Source:
Income Security Advocacy Centre (ISAC)

- Go to the Ontario Government Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk.htm

8. Federal [social spending] Caps and Cuts, 1972-1995

For the historians out there:

Federal [social spending] Caps and Cuts, 1972-1995
NOTE: You'll find this new link under "Themes" (the right-hand column) of the home page of Canadian Social Research Links

9. Recent releases from the Parliamentary Research Library:
--- Poverty Reduction in Canada - The Federal Role - October 2007
--- Poverty Reduction Strategies in Quebec and in Newfoundland and Labrador - October 2007
---
Poverty Reduction Strategies in the United Kingdom and Ireland - November 2007

From the Parliamentary Research Library:
(Government of Canada)

Poverty Reduction in Canada - The Federal Role
By Chantal Collin (Political and Social Affairs Division)
23 October 2007
HTML version
PDF version
(118K, 12 pages)
Table of Contents:
* Who Is Poor in Canada?
* Calls for a National Anti-Poverty Strategy – What Role Could the Federal Government Play?
* A. Key Features of Poverty Reduction Strategies in Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ireland and the United Kingdom
* 1. Social and Economic Links
* 2. Multi-Year Action Plans
* 3. Progress Measurement and Administrative Framework
* B. What Could Be Done?
* 1. Key Challenges
* 2. The Canada Social Transfer: A Need for Principles and Objectives to Guide Social Spending
* 3. Social Union Framework Agreement: A Possible Model?
* 4. Public Accountability and Transparency
* 5. Immediate Action at the Federal Level

---------------------------------------------------------

Poverty Reduction Strategies in Quebec and in Newfoundland and Labrador
By Chantal Collin (Political and Social Affairs Division)
26 October 2007
HTML version
PDF version
(153K, 15 pages)
[ version française ]
Table of Contents:
* Introduction
Québec's Strategy to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion
* A. Framework Legislation
* B. Action Plan to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion
* C. Mobilizing the Stakeholders
* D. Agencies: Research Centre and Advisory Committee
* E. Measuring Progress
* F. Critique of Quebec’s Action Plan
Newfoundland and Labrador's Poverty Reduction Strategy
* A. Consultation Process
* B. Poverty Reduction Strategy
* C. Definition and Measurement of Poverty
* D. Action Plan
* E. Current Funding and Future Assessments

---------------------------------------------------------

Poverty Reduction Strategies in the United Kingdom and Ireland
By Chantal Collin (Political and Social Affairs Division)
2 November 2007
HTML version
PDF version
(98 Kb, 15 pages)
[ version française ]
Table of Contents:
* Introduction
The United Kingdom’s Strategy to Reduce Poverty and Social Exclusion
* A. A Multi-pronged Approach
* B. Key Objectives and Measures
* C. Measuring Success
* D. Key Challenges
* E. What’s Next? Reaching Out
Ireland’s National Anti-Poverty Strategy
* A. Multi-dimensional Approach
* B. Key Targets
* C. Measuring Success
* D. What’s Next? National Action Plan for Social Inclusion
* Summary

- Go to the Newfoundland and Labrador Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/nfbkmrk.htm
- Go to the Québec Links (English) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/qce.htm
- Rendez-vous à la page de liens de recherche sociale au Québec: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/qcbkmrk.htm
- Go to the Government Social Research Links in Other Countries page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/internat.htm
- Go to the Poverty Measures - Canadian Resources page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/poverty.htm
- Go to the Poverty Measures - International Resources page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/poverty2.htm

10. What's New from Statistics Canada:
---
Leading indicators, February 2008 March 20
--- Current economic conditions - March 20
--- Study: Health care use among gay, lesbian and bisexual Canadians, 2003 and 2005 - March 19
--- Consumer Price Index, February 2008 - March 18
--- Study: Hours polarization revisited, 1997 to 2006 - March 18

What's New from The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

March 20, 2008
Leading indicators, February 2008
The smoothed composite index dipped 0.3% in February after a 0.1% gain in January. Overall, 4 of the 10 components increased and 6 decreased. Most of the weakness originated in a sharp contraction of manufacturing, especially autos, at the turn of the year.

March 20, 2008
Current economic conditions
There are several indications that the economy quickly shrugged off its drop in December and began growing again in the New Year.

March 19, 2008
Study: Health care use among gay, lesbian and bisexual Canadians, 2003 and 2005
A new study published today in Health Reports provides the first national picture of health care use by sexual orientation. It shows that the use of health care services differs depending on self-identified sexual preference.

March 18, 2008
Consumer Price Index, February 2008
Consumer prices increased by 1.8% in the 12-month period to February 2008, the slowest rate of growth in six months and a marked slowdown from the 12-month increase of 2.2% in January. Less upward pressure from gasoline prices along with falling car prices accounted for most of this deceleration.

March 18, 2008
Study: Hours polarization revisited, 1997 to 2006
Fewer full-time Canadian workers are putting in long hours on the job, but the decline has occurred mostly among men and older workers, according to a new study. The study, published today in Perspectives on Labour and Income, showed that in 2006, full-time workers put in 40.8 hours on the job on average, down from 41.5 hours in 1997.
[ Hours polarization revisited, March 2008 ]
[ Source: Perspectives on Labour and Income (incl. links to earlier issues]

- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/fedbkmrk2.htm

11. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (Toronto) - March 20

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) :

March 20, 2008

Early childhood education markets and democratic experimentalism: Two models for early childhood education and care
20 Mar 08
- Discussion paper by Peter Moss comparing two models for the provision of ECEC services, the model of the market and that of democratic experimentalism.

Budget 2008: What’s in it for women?
20 Mar 08
- Report from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives addresses the disregard of women’s issues and concerns in the 2008 federal budget.

Hemispheric commitment to early childhood education
20 Mar 08
- Document signed by the Ministers of Education of the Organization of American States to strengthen early childhood education in their countries.

The physical environment
20 Mar 08
- Article from Child Care Exchange magazine discussing key physical environmental characteristics in child care settings.

more WHAT'S NEW ONLINE »

Child care in the news

· State-funded preschool enrollment passes one million mark, yet most 3 and 4-year olds are denied access to public preschool programs [US]
19 Mar 08

· Why more moms do the daycare shuffle [CA-ON]
18 Mar 08

· Child-care rebate bad for kids [AU]
18 Mar 08

· Child care isn’t child’s play [CA-ON]
17 Mar 08

· The kindergarten dilemma [CA-PE]
14 Mar 08

more CC IN THE NEWS »

Related Links:

Subscribe to the CRRU email announcements list
Sign up to receive email notices of updates and new postings on the CRRU website which will inform you of policy developments in early childhood care and education, new research and resources for policy, newly released CRRU publications, and upcoming events of interest to the child care and broader community.

Links to child care sites in Canada and elsewhere
CRRU Publications
- briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications
ISSUE files - theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)

- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm

12. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
(
Institute for Research on Poverty - University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Poverty Dispatch (U.S). ===> the content of this link changes twice a week
- links to news items from the American press about poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, etc.

March 20, 2008
* Food Stamp Enrollment - North Carolina
* Emergency Rental Assistance Program - Washington, D.C.
* States and Medicaid Cuts - Florida, Colorado
* State Children's Health Insurance Program - Montana
* State Health Insurance Plans - New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Iowa
* The Elderly Homeless - Los Angeles, CA
* Report on the Working Poor - Colorado
* Working Families and Food Prices
* Census Data on Working Parents
* Earned Income Tax Credit - Colorado
* State Budgets and Spending
* No Child Left Behind and Accountability Ratings
* Calculating States' Graduation Rates
* Students and the College Application Process
* Prisoner Re-entry - Ohio
* Opinion: Paid Sick Leave - Maine
* Editorial: Adult Education and Workforce Development - Maryland
* Opinions: Payday Lending and Car Title Loans

March 17, 2008
* Privatization of Social Services - Indiana
* Family Investment Program - Iowa
* Foster Care Programs - Pennsylvania, Florida, Kentucky
* Homelessness in New Orleans
* Hunger and Food Assistance - Louisiana, Maine
* Teenage Pregnancy - Massachusetts, Wisconsin
* Child Poverty - Oregon, Utah
* Earned Income Tax Credit
* All Day Kindergarten - Ohio
* States and Health Care Spending
* State Budgets and Spending Cuts
* High Cost of Utilities - Maryland
* Subprime Lending and Home Foreclosures - Minnesota, Ohio
* Paid Sick Leave - Connecticut
* Health Care Costs and the Uninsured
* Healthy San Francisco Plan and Restaurants

Search Poverty Dispatches
IRP compiles and distributes Poverty Dispatches, links to Web-based news items dealing with poverty, welfare reform, and related topics twice a week. Each Dispatch lists links to current news in popular print media. Persons wishing to receive Poverty Dispatches by e-mail should send a request to rsnell@ssc.wisc.edu.

Past Poverty Dispatches - back to June 2006

Source:
Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)
[ University of Wisconsin-Madison ]

- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us.htm
- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us2.htm
- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us3.htm

13. U.S. - Annual Update of the Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines - 2008 - January 23

Annual Update of the Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines - 2008
On January 23, 2008, the Department of Health and Human Services, published
its annual update of the Poverty Guidelines, taking into account increases in prices as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

"There are two slightly different versions of the federal poverty measure: the poverty thresholds and the poverty guidelines.

The poverty thresholds are the original version of the federal poverty measure. They are updated each year by the Census Bureau (although they were originally developed by Mollie Orshansky of the Social Security Administration). The thresholds are used mainly for statistical purposes — for instance, preparing estimates of the number of Americans in poverty each year. (In other words, all official poverty population figures are calculated using the poverty thresholds, not the guidelines.) Poverty thresholds since 1980 and weighted average poverty thresholds since 1959 are available on the Census Bureau’s Web site. For an example of how the Census Bureau applies the thresholds to a family’s income to determine its poverty status, see “How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty” on the Census Bureau’s web site.

The poverty guidelines are the other version of the federal poverty measure. They are issued each year in the Federal Register by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The guidelines are a simplification of the poverty thresholds for use for administrative purposes — for instance, determining financial eligibility for certain federal programs. (The full text of the Federal Register notice with the 2008 poverty guidelines is available.)

The poverty guidelines are sometimes loosely referred to as the “federal poverty level” (FPL), but that phrase is ambiguous and should be avoided, especially in situations (e.g., legislative or administrative) where precision is important.

Key differences between poverty thresholds and poverty guidelines are outlined in a table under Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs).
See also the discussion of this topic on the Institute for Research on Poverty’s web site.."

Source:
Office of Human Services Policy
[Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning & Evaluation ]
[ Department of Health and Human Services ]

What are poverty thresholds and poverty guidelines?
NOTE: focus is on the 2007 - from the Institute for Research on Poverty

- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us.htm

14. Welfare Reform: The U.S. Experience - February 2008
(Institute for Research on Poverty)

Welfare Reform: The U.S. Experience (PDF file - 296K, 50 pages)
Revision of a paper prepared for the Economic Council of Sweden conference, “From Welfare to
Work,” Stockholm, May 7, 2007.
Discussion Paper no.1334-08
By Robert Moffitt
February 2008
Abstract
The reform of the cash-based welfare program for single mothers in the U.S. which occurred in the 1990s was the most important since its inception in 1935. The reforms imposed credible and enforceable work requirements into the program for the first time, as well as establishing time limits on lifetime receipt. Research on the effects of the reform have shown it to have reduced the program caseload and governmental expenditures on the program. In addition, the reform has had generally positive average effects on employment, earnings, and income, and generally negative effects on poverty rates, although the gains are not evenly distributed across groups. A fraction of the affected group appears to have been made worse off by the reform.
Source:
Institute for Research on Poverty (University of Wisconsin)

A caveat for those who would compare Canadian and American welfare systems:

"(...)Finally, another overarching issue in the U.S. is the relative lack of programs and services made available to unskilled prime age males, both married and unmarried. Most transfer programs exclude them, with the exception of the EITC for those with dependents, and Food Stamps is a major exception that provides universal support." (Excerpt from Welfare Reform, p.41)
In Canada, "prime age males" may apply for welfare like any other person in need.

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/us2.htm

15. Fair Play for Children (U.K.)

Fair Play for Children (U.K.)
Fair Play for Children exists to promote the Child's Right to Play, as contained in Article 31 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Fair Play currently consists of two wings:
1. The Fair Play For Children Association, which campaigns for the Right to Play, consists of a subscribing, supporting membership (Individual, Local Group, Statutory Authority/Trades Union, Regional, National Voluntary - all voting - and commercial, non-voting). It lobbies for change in Government Policy and practice, advises e.g. parents and local communities on play- related issues, publishes a journal, and brings playworkers, organisations and activists together to share information, experiences and resources.
2. The Fair Play For Children Charitable Trust Limited, which shares common membership and management with the Association, and which undertakes research, information, advisory and related work based around the Right to Play.

PlayAction OnLine (PDF file - 1.1MB, 25 pages)
Number 1, March 6, 2008
Newsletter
Fair Play for Children launches updated web site and new OnLine PlayAction news service

Related link:

International Play Association
A worldwide organisation of 800 members dedicated to promoting the Child's Right to Play

Links to related resources about children and fair play

Children's organisations based in United Kingdom - from the Child Rights Information Network

- Go to the Children's Rights Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/chnrights.htm

16. Council for Employment, Income and Social Cohesion (CERC, Paris) Bulletin - selected content (March 17, 2008):
---
Adequacy of social minimums: Workfare, gender and poverty alleviation in welfare democracies - February 28
-- Beyond the breadline : a poverty threshold based on a general budget approach - February 28
-- U.S. - From work to retirement : Tracking changes in women's poverty status - 2008
--- U.S. - A new war on poverty ? Is it time for a new war on poverty? Winter 2008
--- Global Employment Trends for Women - March 2008
--- National minimum wage : report 2008 - March 2008

From the Council for Employment, Income and Social Cohesion - Paris
Conseil de l'emploi, des revenus et de la cohésion sociale - CERC [version française]

CERC Bulletin - links to all CERC semi-monthly bulletins
Subscribe - To be informed of CERC activities and to receive the bulletin

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Selected content from Bulletin N°149 (March 17, 2008):
(click on the bulletin link above to access the studies mentioned below and more...)

Adequacy of social minimums:
Workfare, gender and poverty alleviation in welfare democracies
(PDF file - 120K, 28 pages)
February, 28, 2008
K. Nelson
Luxembourg Income Study
Summary : In the Western countries poverty has increased along with the resurgence of low-income targeting and the increased conditionality of social assistance. This paper provides new evidence on the relationship between social minimums and income adequacy by examining the extent to which social benefits distribute income at levels necessary to escape poverty. The empirical analyzes combine macro-level institutional data and micro-level income data for 17 industrialized welfare democracies. It is shown that the period 1990-1995 is characterized primarily by stagnation, whereas social assistance adequacy declined in the latter half of the nineties. In most countries, social assistance fails to provide income above the poverty threshold, something that makes it difficult to conceive benefits as just redistributive instruments.
Geographical area : Europe

Beyond the breadline : a poverty threshold based on a general budget approach (PDF file - 323K, 26 pages)
A. Soede and C. Vrooman
February 28, 2008
Netherlands Institute for Social Research
(The Hague)
Geographical area : The Netherlands

U.S. - From work to retirement : Tracking changes in women's poverty status (PDF file - 739K, 44 pages)
2008
S. Lee and L. Shaw
Institute for Women's Policy Research, Washington
Geographical area : United States

U.S. - A new war on poverty ? Is it time for a new war on poverty? (PDF file - 3.7MB, 34 pages)
Winter 2008
The presidential candidates and top commentators weigh in, Stanford Center for the Study of Poverty and Inequality, Stanford, Pathways
Geographical area : United States

Global Employment Trends for Women (PDF file - 387K, 36 pages)
March 2008
International Labour organization, Geneva
Geographical area : International

National minimum wage : report 2008 (PDF file - 1.5MB, 209 pages)
March 2008
Low Pay Commission, London
Geographical area : United Kingdom

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Online Information Service
Information and online resources organized under five themes: Poverty * Social minima * In-work benefits * Minimum wage * Unemployment and return to work .
- includes links and resources for Canada...
HINT: click on the links in the right-hand margin of each theme page for more content

CERC Bulletins/Reports/Studies/Working papers
- Click on the links in the left margin of the CERC website home page for access to a large collection of online resources

- Go to the Government Social Research Links in Other Countries page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/internat.htm

17. Australian Policy Online Weekly Briefing - selected recent content

APO Weekly Briefing ===> the content of this link changes each week
The content of this page changes each week, and it includes links to a few book/report reviews, about two dozen new reports, a few job ads and 60 events (mostly conferences) of interest to social researchers...
Source:
Australian Policy Online (APO)
With nearly 120 member centres and institutes, Australian Policy Online offers easy access to much of the best Australian social, economic, cultural and political research available online.
NOTE: the APO home page includes links to the five most popular reports on the APO website, and this list is updated each week.

APO Archive
The APO archive is grouped into 23 subject areas, with entries appearing in reverse chronological order.
* Ageing *Asia and the pacific * Citizenship and the law * Disability * Economics and trade * Education * Employment and workplace relations * The environment * Foreign policy and defence * Gender and sexuality * Health * Housing * Families and households * Immigration and refugees * Income, poverty and wealth * Indigenous * Media, communications and cultural policy * Politics and government * Population, multiculturalism and ethnicity * Religion and faith * Rural and regional * Science and technology * Social policy * Urban and regional planning * Youth

- Go to the Social Research Links in Other Countries (Non-Government) page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/internatngo.htm

18. CRINMAIL 966, 967 (March 2008)
(Child Rights Information Network - CRIN)

From the Child Rights Information Network (CRIN):

20 March 2008 - CRINMAIL 967
* URUGUAY: Torture denounced in young offenders unit [news]
* NIGERIA: Desperate children swamp northern cities as food price hikes bite [news]
* TURKEY: Child rights focus [news]
* EDUCATION: Short survey on the right to education [publication]
* SOUTH AMERICA: MERCOSUR to decide child rights action plan [event]
* UNITED KINGDOM: Realising Children's Rights [event]
**NEWS IN BRIEF**
**QUIZ**

18 March 2008 - CRINMAIL 966
* INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION: Child Rights at the 131st Session [publication]
* EGYPT: New child rights laws signed [news]
* HEALTH: Junk food advert code launched [news]
* HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL: Review of child rights Special Rapporteur role [news]
* HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL: Side-event on mainstreaming [event]
* EMPLOYMENT: CARE
**FROM THE FRONTLINE** Mary Clarke, Jamaica's Children's Advocate [interview]
**NEWS IN BRIEF**

United Nations Human Rights Council
In June 2006, the Human Rights Council replaced the Commission on Human Rights as the main UN body in charge of monitoring and protecting fundamental rights and freedoms.

Seventh session of the Human Rights Council (Geneva, 3 - 28 March 2008)

Human Rights Council News - includes the Draft resolution on the rights of the child (14/03/2008)

Crinmail Archive - Child Rights at the Human Rights Council

Earlier issues of CRINMAIL
- links to 200+ earlier weekly issues
, many of which are special editions focusing on special themes, such as the 45th Session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Source:
CRINMAIL(incl. subscription info)
[ Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) ]

- Go to the Children's Rights Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/chnrights.htm


Disclaimer/Privacy Statement

Both Canadian Social Research Links (the site) and this Canadian Social Research Newsletter belong solely to me, Gilles Séguin.

I am solely accountable for the choice of links presented therein and for the occasional editorial comment - it's my time, my home computer, my experience, my biases, my Rogers Internet account and my web hosting service.

I administer the mailing list and distribute the weekly newsletter using software on the web server of the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE).
Thanks, CUPE!

If you wish to subscribe to the e-mail version of newsletter, go to the Canadian Social Research Newsletter Online Subscription page:
http://lists.cupe.ca/mailman/listinfo/csrl-news

You can unsubscribe by going to the same page or by sending me an e-mail message [ gilseg@rogers.com ]

------------------------

The e-mail version of this newsletter is available only in plain text (no graphics, no hyperlinks, no fancy bolding or italics, etc.) to avoid security problems with government departments, universities and other networks with firewalls. The text-only version is also friendlier for people using older or lower-end technology.

Privacy Policy:
The Canadian Social Research Newsletter mailing list is not used for any purpose except to distribute each weekly issue.
I promise not share any information on this list, nor to send you any junk mail.

Links presented in the Canadian Social Research Newsletter point to different views about social policy and social programs.
There are some that I don't agree with, so don't get on my case, eh...

To access earlier online HTML issues of the Canadian Social Research Newsletter, go to the Newsletter page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/news.htm

Please feel free to distribute this newsletter as widely as you wish, but please remember to mention Canadian Social Research Links when you do.

Cheers!
Gilles

E-MAIL:
gilseg@rogers.com


**************************************
Nova Awards
**************************************

These are the nominees for the Chevy Nova Award.
This is given out in honor of the GM's fiasco in trying to market this car in Central and South America.
"No va" in Spanish means, "it doesn't go".

****************

* The Dairy Association's huge success with the campaign "Got Milk?" prompted them to expand advertising to Mexico.
It was soon brought to their attention the Spanish translation read "Are you lactating?"

* Coors put its slogan, "Turn It Loose," into Spanish, where it was read as "Suffer From Diarrhea."

* Scandinavian vacuum manufacturer Electrolux used the following in an American campaign: "Nothing sucks like an Electrolux."

* Clairol introduced the "Mist Stick," a curling iron, into Germany only to find out that "mist" is slang for manure.

* When Gerber started selling baby food in Africa, they used the same packaging as in the US, with the smiling baby on the label. Later they learned that in Africa, companies routinely put pictures on the labels of what's inside, since many people can't read.

* Colgate introduced a toothpaste in France called Cue, the name of a notorious porno magazine.

* An American T-shirt maker in Miami printed shirts for the Spanish market which promoted the Pope's visit. Instead of "I saw the Pope" (el Papa), the shirts read "I Saw the Potato" (la papa).

*Pepsi's "Come Alive With the Pepsi Generation" translated into "Pepsi Brings Your Ancestors Back From the Grave" in Chinese.

* The Coca-Cola name in China was first read as "Kekoukela", meaning "Bite the wax tadpole" or "female horse stuffed with wax", depending on the dialect. Coke then researched 40,000 characters to find a phonetic equivalent "kokou kole", translating into "happiness in the mouth."

* Frank Perdue's chicken slogan, "It takes a strong man to make a tender chicken" was translated into Spanish as "it takes an aroused man to make a chicken affectionate."

* When Parker Pen marketed a ball-point pen in Mexico, its ads were supposed to have read, "It won't leak in your pocket and embarrass you." The company thought that the word "embarazar" (to impregnate) meant to embarrass, so the ad read: "It won't leak in your pocket and make you pregnant!"

*When American Airlines wanted to advertise its new leather first class seats in the Mexican market, it translated its "Fly In Leather" campaign literally, which meant "Fly Naked" (vuela en cuero) in Spanish!

Source:
http://www.wilk4.com/humor/humor.htm



***************************
And in closing...
***************************


The Canadian Social Research Links Canadiana Links page has just been cleaned up and reorganized.
The revised page comprises 132 links to Canadian portal websites and content, including 20 history guides/websites AND links to the websites of Rick Mercer and Bryan Adams, just for good measure...


***

Holy Catatonia, Batman!
Planned Pethood set up to deal with Halifax feral felines
Monday, March 17, 2008
You've heard of Planned Parenthood, now there's Planned Pethood — a registered charity being set up in Halifax to pay for the spaying and neutering of pets. Brittany Hilton, co-president of Planned Pethood, said last week the charity is inspired by the Halifax Regional Municipality's ongoing debate over a cat bylaw to deal with the city's problem of cats running wild. (...) The Nova Scotia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals estimates there are about 300,000 feral cats [bolding added] roaming parks, waterfronts, backyards, and back streets of the Halifax Regional Municipality.
Source:
CBC


***

Cool Tool!
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http://awurl.com/gyjico29889
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