Canadian Social Research Newsletter
February 24, 2013

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter,
a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

This week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 2,623 subscribers.

Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes, a disclaimer
and other stuff that has nothing whatsoever to do with social policy...


Canadian content

1. British Columbia Budget 2013 (+ review & critique) - February 19
2. Thousands rally against federal government's Employment Insurance reform
(CBC News - Montreal) - February 23
3. Everyone benefits from collective bargaining (Canadian Union of Public Employees) - February 20
4. Publications from the IIGR Archive :Aboriginal Peoples and Federalism (Institute of Intergovernmental Relations [IIGR] at Queen's University)
5. Government Budget Season Comes A-Knockin' Again (TD Economics) - February 12
6. 2013 Ontario Speech from the Throne - February 19
7. Homelessness in a Land of Plenty (By Megan Yarema of Canada Without Poverty in the Huffington Post) - February 20
8. Senior Tory Senator Hugh Segal Lambasts Conservatives for Politically Motivated Attacks on Unions (Doorey's Workplace Law Blog) - February 15
9. Harper Watch : Compiling the Harper Government's Assault on Democracy
10. Northwest Territories Budget 2013-2014 - February 7, 2012
11. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

--- Consumer Price Index, January 2013- February 22
--- Employment Insurance, December 2012 - February 21
--- Health Reports, February 2013 (smoking, smoking cessation and health) - February 20
--- Enhancing the Consumer Price Index, February 2013 - February 20

12. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

International content

13. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
14. [U.S.] State of the Union Address (The White House) - February 12
15. [U.S.] Prison and the Poverty Trap (New York Times) - February 18
16. CRINMAIL (weekly children's rights newsletter)

Have a great week!

[ ]
[ ]


Go to the home page of the
Canadian Social Research Links website:

1. British Columbia Budget 2013 (+ review & critique) - February 19

From the
British Columbia Ministry of Finance:

British Columbia Budget 2013
February 19, 2013
- main budget page, includes links to all news releases, backgrounders, budget highlights, Ministry Services Plans, and much more...


Selected budget links
from the main budget page:

Balanced Budget 2013 invests in families (PDF - 188K, 4 pages)
February 19, 2013
News Release
VICTORIA — Balanced Budget 2013 delivers on government’s commitment to balance the budget while investing in early childhood development and helping B.C. families save for their children’s future training and education, Finance Minister Michael de Jong announced today.

Budget and Fiscal Plan (PDF - 2.3MB, 154 pages)
- main budget document, lays out the Province’s three-year fiscal plan, including economic outlook, revenues, spending, tax measures, and forecasting risks and assumptions.

Budget Highlights (PDF - 460K, 8 pages)
- reader-friendly, plain-language overview of Budget 2013

Budget Speech (PDF - 256K, 20 pages)
- the Finance Minister's address to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia.

Government Strategic Plan (PDF - 3MB, 36 pages)
- sets out an overarching vision, goals and priority actions for the Province of British Columbia for the next 10 years.

For more budget papers,
click the main budget page link:

[ ]
- includes : Economic & Revenue Forecasts - Ministry Service Plans - Budget Backgrounders (• Fiscal Plan 2013/14 – 2015/16 • Promise Made, Promise Kept: Balanced Budget 2013 • B.C. Early Years Strategy • B.C. Training and Education Savings Grant) - Estimates and Supplementary Estimates - more...


From the Budget 2013 Ministry Service Plans page:
[Click the link above to access plans for all BC Ministries]

Selected Ministry Plans:

* Ministry of Social Development 2013/14– 2015/16 Service Plan (PDF - 924K, 24 pages)
(Ministry responsible for welfare)
February 2013

* Ministry of Children and Family Development (PDF - 596K, 26 pages)
February 2011

British Columbia Ministry of Finance:

[ BC budgets for earlier years : ]


Analysis and media coverage


TD Bank Economics
Analysis of the 2013 BC Budget:

A Pre-Election Balanced Budget (PDF - 628K, 4 pages)
Selected Highlights
• A balanced budget target of $197 million in fiscal 2013-14 is achieved through a combination of increased tax measures, controlled spending growth, sales of surplus assets, as well as a healthier provincial economic growth.
• A 1% increase to the general corporate income tax rate and a temporary, two-year increase to the personal income tax rate for those earning $150,000 or more per annum.
• Although the government is hoping to meet its commitment to balance its budget by fiscal 2013-14, converting a $1.2 billion deficit into a $197 million surplus in one year will be a tall order. The government hopes to build on this accomplishment with medium-term surpluses in the later years.

Federal and Provincial Budgets
[ TD Economics ]


From the
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives:

BC Budget 2013 News Release
February 19, 2013
Budget may be “balanced,” but lack of action on poverty, climate creates serious social, environmental deficits. The 2013 BC budget focuses on balancing the budget at the expense of British Columbians’ present and future wellbeing.
The CCPA’s main concerns include:
The BC Early Childhood Tax Benefit, which does not kick in until 2015, is too small an amount to make a real difference for families: the benefit is $55 a month, whereas childcare fees range from $800-$1,400 a month.
* Medical Services Plan rates continue to rise and have nearly doubled since 2000. Families will now pay almost $140 per month in MSP, a regressive tax that no other province charges.
* Even with the increase in corporate taxes, the province will be raising as much revenue from MSP premiums as from corporate taxes.
* The lack of action on climate change is disturbing, as we see an increase in severe weather events and other consequences of climate change.
* The continued lack of a comprehensive poverty reduction plan, even as most other provinces have created plans. BC has the highest poverty rate and the second highest child poverty rate in Canada.
* BC is not getting a fair return on our publicly owned natural resources.

Spot the Seniors: 2013 Budget Edition
February 21, 2013
By Janine Farrell
As mentioned in last week’s Speech from the Throne and Tuesday’s 2013 provincial budget, BC’s population is aging. It’s projected the seniors population in BC will double over the next 25 years – meaning more than 30% of our population will be over the age of 65 by 2036. While the budget does mention aspects of health care needed to respond to this population shift (“doctor and specialist visits, prescription medications, home health care and residential care services” with attention to the “impacts of frailty, dementia and other health issues on seniors and their families” plus “enhancing the quality of life and supporting healthy aging in the community”), there is nothing in the budget to actually address these issues or ensure our system will provide appropriate care for our changing population.

Policy Note blog
CCPA BC Office
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA)


From David Schreck
(Strategic Thoughts):

Budget Strains Credibility
February 19, 2013
Immediate news on the 2013-14 BC budget naturally focuses on unexpected tax increases: the 10% corporate tax rate increases to 11%; a "temporary two year" 2% increase in income taxes for those making over $150,000, a 4% increase in MSP premiums and a $2 per carton increase in cigarette taxes. Three of those four measures might have been expected in an NDP budget. (...) Notwithstanding the tax increases, it remains doubtful whether the budget is truly balanced.
The only thing that will resolve the debate over whether the budget is balanced or not is the audited financial statements, but they will not be available for fiscal 2013-14 until June or July 2014, 16 months from now and well after the election.
The stage has been set for what the Liberals probably hope will be an election debate over balanced budgets. It is not clear whether that debate will be vote determining for enough people so as to make a difference. With their credibility challenges that debate might backfire on the Liberals because we got into our current situation as a result of twelve years of Liberal rule.


From The Province (Vancouver):

B.C. budget achieves balance, as billed (with video):
Finance minister says government will increase general corporate tax rate, sell off up to 100 ‘surplus’ properties
By Cassidy Olivier
February 19, 2013
VICTORIA — Under pressure to table a credible budget ahead of the spring election and bound by a government pledge to pull the province’s ledger books out of the red, B.C. Finance Minister Mike de Jong delivered a pre-election budget on Tuesday that promises to withstand the smell test and also deliver three-consecutive years of modest surpluses by hiking tax rates, controlling spending and selling off government assets.


From CBC News - BC Region:

B.C. government tables lean budget
Features tax and fee increases; few pre-election 'goodies'
February 19, 2013

B.C. budget: What it means for you
February 19, 2013

Liberal insider tears strip off B.C. budget
February 19, 2013


- Go to the BC Government Links page:

- Go to the 2013 Canadian Government Budgets Links page:

2. Thousands rally against federal government's Employment Insurance reform - February 23
(CBC News
- Montreal)

From CBC News - Montreal:

Thousands rally against federal government's Employment Insurance reform:
People in Quebec, Ottawa and New Brunswick protest for a common cause
February 23, 2013
Thousands of protesters across the province of Quebec, in Ottawa and in Tracadie, N.B., took part in demonstrations denouncing the government's employment insurance reform today.
The government's changes to the EI program compel laid-off seasonal workers to go farther afield to look for work and to accept jobs that pay as little as 70 per cent of their previous hourly wage — providing that is not below the province's minimum wage rate.

Ottawa changed admission criteria for EI programs last January.
People looking for work will be urged to accept work located within a 100-kilometre radius from their home.

From the Progressive Economics Forum:

Employment Insurance (EI) : It’s all in the details
What not to say in an interview if you’re on EI, and other nightmares
By Angella MacEwen
February 19, 2013
The latest detail to emerge about the recent changes to EI is from the Digest of Benefit Entitlement Principles (see the link below). The Digest is a guide to enforcing Employment Insurance, with definitions of key terms, and elaborates on expectations of EI claimants and penalties for errors. In Chapter 9, Refusal of Employment, Service Canada outlines several actions that are equivalent to refusing employment (including pregnancy or a pending return to former employment or preferred occupation).
The undemocratic manner that the changes were introduced – in a mammoth omni-budget bill, with no stakeholder consultations, is outrageous in and of itself. Employers and employees pay for EI, and changing it without consultation is simply wrong. What’s worse, the lack of thought and consultation is reflected in the many undesirable consequences of the bill.

Also by Angella MacEwen:

Getting the facts straight: EI changes hurt unemployed workers
February 15, 2013

Angella MacEwen is the Senior Economist for the Canadian Labour Congress [ ].

From Service Canada:

Digest of Benefit Entitlement Principles
The Digest of Entitlement Principles, commonly called the Digest, contains the principles applied by Human Resources and Social Development Canada when making decisions on claims for benefit under the Employment Insurance legislation.

From CBC News:

New Employment Insurance changes now in effect
January 6, 2013
Canadians who are looking for work while claiming Employment Insurance saw several changes go into effect stemming from the federal government's EI reform announced in last year's March budget.
--- 723 Comments about this article:


- Go to the Employment Insurance Links page:

3. Everyone benefits from collective bargaining - February 20
(Canadian Union of Public Employees)

Everyone benefits from collective bargaining
February 20, 2013

Members of CUPE distributed a leaflet at subway stations surrounding Queen's Park on Tuesday, February 19, in advance of the Ontario Throne Speech.
The leaflet includes 15 reasons to support collective bargaining -
15 common workplace standards first negotiated, through collective bargaining, by unions like CUPE:
Parental leave
* Statutory holidays
* Employment standards
* Health and safety regulations
* Right to refuse unsafe work
* 40-hour work week
* Paid vacation leave
* Bereavement leave
* Pay equity
* Same-sex benefits
* Minimum wage
* Pensions
* Anti-harassment protection
* Sick leave
* The weekend

Canadian Union of Public Employees
The Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) is Canada’s largest union. With more than half a million members across Canada, CUPE represents workers in health care, education, municipalities, libraries, universities, social services, public utilities, transportation, emergency services and airlines. A strong and democratic union, CUPE is committed to improving the quality of life for workers in Canada. Women and men working together to form local unions built CUPE. They did so to have a stronger voice – a collective voice – in their workplace and in society as a whole.


A special thanks to CUPE for allowing me to piggyback the Canadian Social Research Newsletter onto their mailing list system (Mailman) - it makes my task of administering my mailing list and distributing the weekly issues of my newsletter quite a bit easier. I should mention that I don't share my newsletter mailing list with anyone, including CUPE, nor does CUPE impose any editorial control over my work or my views...

4. Publications from the IIGR Archive :Aboriginal Peoples and Federalism
(Institute of Intergovernmental Relations [IIGR] at Queen's University)

Received via email, from Mary Kennedy of the
Institute of Intergovernmental Relations (IIGR) at Queen's University:

February 22, 2013
In light of the renewed interest in the relationships between Aboriginal Peoples, their governments and federal and provincial governments, the Institute has decided to highlight its past publications on this subject. We believe that readers will find them relevant, whether or not they have been involved with these matters in the past.

Publications from the IIGR Archive : Aboriginal Peoples and Federalism
(NOTE : most of the content in this archive is from the 80s and 90s)
* Background Papers
* Discussion Papers
* Miscellaneous Papers
* Position Papers
* Workshop Reports
* Final Report
* Bibliographies
* Canada: The State of the Federation 2003 - Reconfiguring Aboriginal-State Relations
* First Nations and the Canadian State In Search of Coexistance

Institute of Intergovernmental Relations (IIGR) at Queen's University


- Go to the First Nations Links page:

5. Government Budget Season Comes A-Knockin' Again - February 12
TD Economics)

From TD Economics:
[ TD Economics ]

Government Budget Season Comes A-Knockin' Again (PDF - 768K, 8 pages)

February 12, 2013
This report outlines ten themes that we expect to play out during the upcoming budget season. While each government faces different challenges, the high-level themes presented should be relevant for most 2013 budgets.
1. There is no economic boom on the near-term horizon
2. Some provinces to cross over into surplus territory
3. Significant tax changes to be few and far between
4. Need for additional belt-tightening if deficit reduction timetables are not changed
5. Leaner health care and education, but both to reign supreme
6. Enduring need to articulate a credible, medium-term fiscal plan
7. Public sector compensation and labour negotiation file to remain active
8. Infrastructure: one of the elephants in the room
9. Political uncertainty lingers under the surface
10. Long-term visions continuing to emerge


- Go to the 2013 Canadian Government Budgets Links page:

6. 2013 Ontario Speech from the Throne - February 19

Ontario's Liberal government won't fall on throne speech
But further New Democratic Party support will depend on budget
February 19, 2013
Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne's minority Liberal government presented a legislative plan Tuesday that won the temporary support of the NDP, ensuring its survival for now. New Democratic Party Leader Andrea Horwath said the throne speech was vague, but showed some promise. (...) According to the speech, the governing Liberals intend to remain focused on creating jobs and improving the economy, while ensuring that opportunities are extended to all Ontarians.
NOTE : To read the complete text of the 2013 Ontario Speech from the Throne, click the link above and then scroll to the bottom of the article, just before the "Comments" section.

CBC News

Related links:

25in5 Network for Poverty Reduction:

Take Action on Budget 2013!
February 19, 2013
Ontario is facing an historic opportunity to invest in poverty reduction in the 2013 budget. We can’t let this opportunity to pass us by.
The 2013 Budget can allow Ontarians living on low-incomes to Earn More, Keep More and see benefits Restored.
A recent letter (click the link above) sent by the 25in5 Network for Poverty Reduction urges all political parties to make minority government work for all Ontarians by investing in poverty reduction initiatives.

Achieve Ontario's Poverty Reduction Target:

* EARN MORE : Work should be a way out of poverty, not a trap into it.
* KEEP MORE : For people on social assistance, it's impossible to get ahead when the little you have is taken away.
* RESTORE : It's hard to reach your fullpotential on an empty stomach or in inadequate housing.

Send an e-postcard to Premier Kathleen Wynne, PC Leader Tim Hudak, and NDP Leader Andrea Horwath to remind them to fulfill
their commitment to reduce child poverty by 25% in Ontario by the end of 2013.

25in5 Network for Poverty Reduction
The 25in5 Network for Poverty Reduction is a multi-sectoral network of groups and individuals working province wide to eliminate poverty in Ontario


- Go to the Ontario Government Links page:

- Go to the Provincial and Territorial Anti-poverty Strategies and Campaigns page:

7. Homelessness in a Land of Plenty - February 20
(By Megan Yarema of Canada Without Poverty in the Huffington Post)

Homelessness in a Land of Plenty
February 20, 2013
A national conversation on housing is underway. This is, in part, thanks to the federal Bill C-400 calling for a national housing strategy [ ], which was debated at second reading in the House of Commons last week. Canada currently has no such strategy and no coherent plan to address homelessness, leaving thousands of people housing insecure or homeless. Homelessness in a wealthy nation like Canada is not only unreasonable, but hard to fathom considering that cost-effective solutions are within reach.

Huffington Post (Canada)

Canada Without Poverty
Canada Without Poverty is a federally incorporated, non-partisan, not-for-profit and charitable organization dedicated to the elimination of poverty in Canada

To learn more about Bill C-400 and the upcoming vote go to the
Dignity for All website:

[ Dignity for All home page: ]
Dignity for All is a multi-year, multi-partner, non-partisan campaign. This campaign’s vision is to make a poverty-free and more socially secure and cohesive Canada a reality by 2020.


- Go to the Homelessness and Housing Links page:

8. Senior Tory Senator Hugh Segal Lambasts Conservatives for Politically Motivated Attacks on Unions - February 15
(Doorey's Workplace Law Blog)

Senior Tory Senator Hugh Segal Lambasts Conservatives for Politically Motivated Attacks on Unions
February 15, 2013
In his stirring and memorable speech in the Senate yesterday, Senior Conservative Senator Hugh Segal didn’t say anything that hasn’t already be said by newspaper columnists, academics, unions, the Canadian Bar Association, and many others.
However, the fact that it was a respected Conservative pointing out that recent attacks against unions by the Federal Conservatives are little more politically motivated, transparent attempts to silence dissent is very striking.

Read Senator Segal’s speech from Senate yesterday here:
It makes for great reading, and probably will be quoted for years to come.

He was speaking about Bill C-377 [ ], which is the private member’s bill that singles out unions as the only organization in Canada that would be required to publicly disclose every single purchase made over $5000, as well as the precise amount of time spent on something called “political activities” by every union employee.

Doorey's Workplace Law Blog
Thoughts on Canadian Labour & Employment Law For Students & Others


- Go to the Union Links page:

9. Harper Watch : Compiling the Harper Government's Assault on Democracy

Harper Watch : Compiling the Harper Government's Assault on Democracy
We’ve all grown up with a certain perspective about Canada, what it means to be Canadian, how we wish to be perceived as Canadians. Our Canada has always been a country where looking after each other was more important than getting ahead, making more money and acquiring more stuff. (...) Since 2006, slowly, and sometimes not so subtly, we’ve seen our Canada change and become tarnished. We’ve seen long-cherished values, and hard-won rights and achievements be unceremoniously swept away and buried, covered up under blatant lies. We’ve seen our country’s global reputation reduced from being admired and respected and even loved, to being the subject of anger, ridicule and yes, even loathing.
Those who have a long history of voting Conservative, please understand: the Harper Conservatives are not the PC’s of the past, they are the Reform Party, based on neo-conservative, Evangelical Christian values – think radical, right-wing religious. Is that our Canada?
Worried that important issues might be lost and forgotten in the deluge of disasters emanating from Parliament Hill, we created this blog as a partial record of the Harper government’s crimes against Canada and the world. We hope that you use it and share it so that we never forget what the Harper government has done to our country.


- Go to the Harper Government™ Record Links page:

10. Northwest Territories Budget 2013-2014 - February 7, 2013

From NWT Finance:

Northwest Territories Budget 2013- 2014
February 7, 2013

Budget Address (PDF)

Budget Address and Papers (PDF)

Budget Highlights (PDF)



Discours du budget (PDF)

Discours du budget et examens (PDF)


NWT Finance


- Go to the 2013 Canadian Government Budgets Links page:

- Go to the Northwest Territories Links page:

11. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- Consumer Price Index, January 2013- February 22
--- Employment Insurance, December 2012 - February 21
--- Health Reports, February 2013
(smoking, smoking cessation and health) - February 20
--- Enhancing the Consumer Price Index, February 2013
- February 20

What's new from The Daily:
[Statistics Canada ]


February 22, 2013
Consumer Price Index, January 2013
Consumer prices rose 0.5% in the 12 months to January, following a 0.8% increase in December. On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, the Consumer Price Index decreased 0.1% in January after posting no change in December.
- includes links to five charts and three tables

Report :

The Consumer Price Index
- product main page*
This monthly release of the The Consumer Price Index (CPI) for Canada, the provinces, Whitehorse and Yellowknife, provides a descriptive summary of retail price movements, inflation rates and the factors underlying them. The CPI also contains the following tabular information: latest price index movements for the eight major components; price index changes on one and 12-month bases for an extensive number of components and groups; historical monthly information; and price indices reclassified according to categories of goods and services.
* On the product main page, click View" to see the latest issue of this report online; click "Chronological index" for earlier issues.

[ Earlier editions of this report (back to 2001): ]

Guide to the Consumer Price Index (1998)

Related subjects:

* Prices and price indexes

* Consumer price indexes

February 21, 2013
Employment Insurance, December 2012
In December, the number of people receiving regular Employment Insurance benefits fell for the third time in four months, down 8,300 (-1.6%) to 517,000. The recent decreases brought the number of beneficiaries down to a level similar to that of the spring of 2012.
- includes two charts ("Employment Insurance beneficiaries down slightly in September" and "Number of claims unchanged nationally in September")
and one table ("Employment Insurance: Statistics by province and territory – Seasonally adjusted")

Related subjects:

Employment insurance, social assistance and other transfers


Non-wage benefits

- Go to the Employment Insurance Links page:

February 20, 2013
Health Reports, February 2013

The February 2013 online issue of Health Reports, released today, contains two articles.

Dynamics of smoking cessation and health-related quality of life among Canadians describes trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in relation to smoking status, focusing on the time required for former smokers to achieve an HRQL level similar to that of people who have never smoked. Data were from nine cycles (1994/1995 through 2010/2011) of the National Population Health Survey.

Smoking, smoking cessation and heart disease risk: A 16-year follow-up study uses observations of a contemporary cohort of Canadian men and women to measure the association between daily smoking and the risk of heart disease. (...) The study is based on data collected from 1994/1995 through 2010/2011 by the National Population Health Survey.

Click the Health Reports link above to access either of these two articles.

Related subjects:


February 20, 2013
StatCan Blog: Enhancing the Consumer Price Index, February 2013
In its second StatCan Blog, Statistics Canada today sheds light on enhancements to one of its key programs that has an impact on the life of virtually every Canadian — the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The CPI tracks price movements for a representative 'basket' of about 600 goods and services Canadians purchase over time. It is widely used as an indicator of the change in the general level of consumer prices.

The CPI Enhancement Initiative is a five-year program designed to improve the index's accuracy and relevance. Today's Blog explains plans in three major areas: Updating the basket of goods and services; improving sampling; and tracking changes in the quality of consumer products.

Enhancing the CPI : StatCan Blog
February 20, 2013
At Statistics Canada, there are price indexes galore—housing, energy, intercity prices, machinery and equipment, commercial software—to name a few on the StatCan hit parade. But the index that touches people most directly is the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Pension cheques, tax bra­ckets, rent controls, transfer payments and collective agreements are linked to the CPI. The Bank of Canada uses the CPI to help set monetary policy, which affects the cost of borrowing.

Related subjects:

Statistical methods


Related link from the
The Progressive Economics Forum:

[ ]

Recalculating inflation: billions in savings for governments and employers paid for by workers and pensioners
By Toby Sanger
February 13, 2012
[incl. 13 comments about the article]
The top story in the Globe and Mail today reports on something I warned about a year ago: Statistics Canada is making changes to the way it calculates the Consumer Price Index. At that time I suspected changes to calculations of the CPI would be introduced as part of the renewal of the inflation target with the Bank of Canada, and they were clearly planning it at the time, but wanted to keep it under wraps. While these changes may seem like obscure “refinements”, they could eventually lead to billions of dollars in lower payments from the federal and provincial government in Old Age Security Payments alone, billions in higher personal income tax revenues, and even higher savings from all employers from lower wage increases implicitly tied to CPI increases.

Check past issues of The Daily:
Select a month and year from the two drop-down menus to access all issues of The Daily for a particular month.

The Daily
[Statistics Canada ]

StatCan Blog
The goal of the StatCan Blog is to pull back the curtain to explain some of the agency’s inner workings, and to show the links between quality statistics and the lives of Canadians.


- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page:

12. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):

February 24, 2013
What's new online this week:

1. Research, policy & practice
- materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports

Who's watching the kids? from CBC's Marketplace
19 Feb 2013 | Canada
This Friday, February 22 at 8 p.m. CBC's Marketplace goes undercover to investigate unlicensed child care and finds there's little oversight.

Hollow promises: BC Liberals ignore demands of British Columbians for affordable - $10/day child care
22 Feb 2013 | British Columbia
The Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC responds to the 2013 provincial budget and states that "one-time only funding is not the stable system building approach BC needs".

The families agenda for British Columbia: Building a sustainable quality early years strategy to support BC families
20 Feb 2013 | British Columbia
Early years strategy includes the establishment of a provincial early years office, a provincewide network of local early years centres and the new child tax benefit announced in the 2013 budget.

Ontario throne speech
20 Feb 2013 | Ontario
The Ontario Throne Speech reiterated Premier Kathleen Wynne's platform promise to "keep building a comprehensive early learning and care system".

Child care in the BC budget
20 Feb 2013 | British Columbia
Reactions to the 2013 BC budget continue the call for $10 a day child care and more support for families.

MORE research, policy & practice


2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad.

Advocates question funding for child care
21 Feb 2013 | British Columbia

Quebec weighs moratorium on private daycare spaces
20 Feb 2013 | Quebec

Big changes coming to City of Ottawa's $84M daycare subsidy program: Childcare director warns subsidy recipients could get left behind
20 Feb 2013 | Ontario

Day care and behavior problems, unlinked
20 Feb 2013 | United States

Time for B.C. to invest in $10 a day child care.
Opinion: Families squeezed between unaffordable housing and exorbitant child care
20 Feb 2013 | British Columbia

MORE child care in the news


CRRU Archive

For links to weekly issues of this weekly alert from June 2009 to December 2012,
check out the CRRU Links Archive on this site:

All new content* since then is archived on the Early Learning and Child Care Links page of this website:

* NOTE (by Gilles):
I recently (Dec. 2012) discovered that my HTML editing software crashes when I try to open this archive page to add or edit something.
After several hours of tinkering in a vain attempt to make everything work, I finally decided to go with Plan B : you can still click the link above to access the CRRU archive (including contents of each issue from June 2009 to December 2012), but all new content since then is archived on the Early Learning and Child Care Links page of this website at the link above.


Subscribe to the CRRU email notices and updates
Sign up to receive email notices of updates and new postings on the CRRU website which will inform you of policy developments in early childhood care and education, new research and resources for policy, newly released CRRU publications, and upcoming events of interest to the child care and broader community.

Links to child care
sites in Canada and elsewhere

CRRU Publications
- briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications

ISSUE files
- theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
CRRU is a policy and research oriented facility that focuses on early childhood education and child care (ECEC) and family policy in Canada and internationally.


- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:

13. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
(Institute for Research on Poverty - University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Poverty Dispatch (U.S.)
The Poverty Dispatch is a daily scan of U.S. web-based news items dealing with topics such as poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, etc.. The Dispatch is distributed by the Institute for Research on Poverty, at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. News articles from online newspapers are posted here in a number of general categories, and are tagged with more specific keywords relevant to each article.


Clicking on a word or expression in the list of tags will call up all relevant news items from past Dispatches under that tag. The list contains a tag for each U.S. state so you can view jurisdiction-specific news, and tags for a huge list of topics, including :
* Basic needs * Canada * Caseloads * Cash assistance * Cellular phones * Census * Charities * Child care * Child hunger * Child poverty * Child support * Child welfare * Child well-being * Chronic homelessness * Cohabitation * Cost of living * Crime * Crimes against the homeless * Debt * Deep poverty * Disability * Early childhood education * Earned income tax credit * Electronic benefit transfers * Eligibility * Food insecurity * Food programs * Foster care* Fuel poverty * Health care costs * Health insurance coverage * Homeless children * Homeless families * Homeless veterans * Housing First * Housing subsidies * Immigrant workers * Income * Income inequality * Jobless benefits * Juvenile justice * Legal aid * Low-income housing * Low-wage work * Medicaid * Microfinance * Minimum wage * Newly poor * No Child Left Behind * Ontario * Paid family leave * Payday lending * Persistent poverty * Poverty measurement * Poverty rate * Prisons * Privatization * Public Housing * Rural poverty * Safety net * SCHIP * Section 8 (Housing) * Seniors * Single parents * SNAP/Food Stamps * Supplemental Security Income * Taxes * Teen pregnancy * Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) * Unemployment rate * Uninsured * Urban poverty * Utilities * Welfare reform * Welfare-to-work * Women Infants and Children (WIC) * Work requirements * Youth employment * many more tags...

Latest issues of Poverty Dispatch:
(older external links may be broken)

February 22, 2013 - No Poverty Dispatch today

February 21, 2013
Child Poverty – West Virginia (2 articles)
States and Medicaid Expansion (2 articles)
SNAP Eligibility and Enrollment – California

February 20, 2013 - No Poverty Dispatch today

February 19, 2013
Teens and Opting Out of Foster Care – Missouri
Posted on February 19, 2013
Prison Sentencing and Poverty

February 18, 2013
Federal Minimum Wage
--- Raising minimum wage would ease income gap but carries political risks
--- The impact of a $9 minimum wage
--- Minimum wage in Europe offers ammunition in U.S. debate
--- Obama’s call for higher minimum wage could have ripple effect
--- Reaction mixed to Obama’s bid to hike minimum wage


Earlier Poverty Dispatches (back to July 2006):
1. Go to the Poverty Dispatch home page: [ and click on a date in the calendar in the top right-hand corner of the page. Change the month by clicking the link at the bottom of the calendar.
3. Go to the Poverty Dispatch home page and click on a category or a tag in the right-hand margin.
4. See (more complete listing, but only goes back to December 2011)


NOTE : You can subscribe to this email list or RSS feed
by clicking "Subscribe" in the right-hand margin on any page of the Poverty Dispatch website


Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)

University of Wisconsin-Madison


- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research page:

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page:

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page:

- Go to the Poverty Measures - International Resources page:

14. [U.S.] State of the Union Address - February 12
(The White House)

United States

February 12, 2013
Remarks by the President in the State of the Union Address
[ Selected excerpts on early childhood education and the federal minimum wage ]
Tonight, thanks to the grit and determination of the American people, there is much progress to report. After a decade of grinding war, our brave men and women in uniform are coming home. After years of grueling recession, our businesses have created over six million new jobs. We buy more American cars than we have in five years, and less foreign oil than we have in 20. Our housing market is healing, our stock market is rebounding, and consumers, patients, and homeowners enjoy stronger protections than ever before.
Study after study shows that the sooner a child begins learning, the better he or she does down the road. But today, fewer than 3 in 10 four year-olds are enrolled in a high-quality preschool program. Most middle-class parents can’t afford a few hundred bucks a week for a private preschool. And for poor kids who need help the most, this lack of access to preschool education can shadow them for the rest of their lives. So tonight, I propose working with states to make high-quality preschool available to every single child in America. That's something we should be able to do. Every dollar we invest in high-quality early childhood education can save more than seven dollars later on -- by boosting graduation rates, reducing teen pregnancy, even reducing violent crime.
We know our economy is stronger when we reward an honest day’s work with honest wages. But today, a full-time worker making the minimum wage earns $14,500 a year. Even with the tax relief we put in place, a family with two kids that earns the minimum wage still lives below the poverty line. That’s wrong. That’s why, since the last time this Congress raised the minimum wage, 19 states have chosen to bump theirs even higher. Tonight, let’s declare that in the wealthiest nation on Earth, no one who works full-time should have to live in poverty, and raise the federal minimum wage to $9.00 an hour. We should be able to get that done.
This single step would raise the incomes of millions of working families. It could mean the difference between groceries or the food bank; rent or eviction; scraping by or finally getting ahead. For businesses across the country, it would mean customers with more money in their pockets. And a whole lot of folks out there would probably need less help from government. In fact, working folks shouldn’t have to wait year after year for the minimum wage to go up while CEO pay has never been higher. So here’s an idea that Governor Romney and I actually agreed on last year -- let’s tie the minimum wage to the cost of living, so that it finally becomes a wage you can live on.

The White House

Related links:

Why Does the Minimum Wage Have
No Discernible Effect on Employment?
(PDF - 556K, 30 pages)
John Schmitt
February 2013
The employment effect of the minimum wage is one of the most studied topics in all of economics. This report examines the most recent wave of this research – roughly since 2000 – to determine the best current estimates of the impact of increases in the minimum wage on the employment prospects of low-wage workers. The weight of that evidence points to little or no employment response to modest increases in the minimum wage.

Center for Economic and Policy Research


Raise That Wage
By Paul Krugman
February 17, 2013
President Obama laid out a number of good ideas in his State of the Union address. Unfortunately, almost all of them would require spending money — and given Republican control of the House of Representatives, it’s hard to imagine that happening. One major proposal, however, wouldn’t involve budget outlays: the president’s call for a rise in the minimum wage from $7.25 an hour to $9, with subsequent increases in line with inflation. The question we need to ask is: Would this be good policy? And the answer, perhaps surprisingly, is a clear yes.

More columns by, and information about, Paul Krugman:

New York Times:


From Poverty Dispatch (U.S.):

February 14, 2013
Federal Minimum Wage
--- Raising minimum wage would ease income gap but carries political risks
--- The impact of a $9 minimum wage
--- Minimum wage in Europe offers ammunition in U.S. debate
--- Obama’s call for higher minimum wage could have ripple effect
--- Reaction mixed to Obama’s bid to hike minimum wage


- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research Links page:

- Go to the Minimum Wage / Living Wage Links page:

- Go to the International Children, Families and Youth Links page:

15. Prison and the Poverty Trap - February 18
(New York Times)

From the
New York Times

Prison and the Poverty Trap
By John Tierney
February 18, 2013
The shift to tougher penal policies three decades ago was originally credited with helping people in poor neighborhoods by reducing crime. But now that America’s incarceration rate has risen to be the world’s highest, many social scientists find the social benefits to be far outweighed by the costs to those communities.
Among African-Americans who have grown up during the era of mass incarceration, one in four has had a parent locked up at some point during childhood. For black men in their 20s and early 30s without a high school diploma, the incarceration rate is so high — nearly 40 percent nationwide — that they’re more likely to be behind bars than to have a job.

Related link:

Incarceration in Fragile Families (PDF - 344K, 22 pages)
Fall 2010
By Christopher Wildeman and Bruce Western
Prison Studies Project
The Prison Studies Project (PSP) was launched in September 2008 at Harvard University to bring together a group of students, teachers and researchers with a shared interest in the American punishment system. PSP's Mission Statement: The Prison Studies Project promotes informed conversation about the challenges of mass incarceration through an interdisciplinary approach committed to education and policy change.


- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) Links page:

16. CRINMAIL (Newsletter of the Child Rights Information Network - CRIN)

Child Rights Information Network (CRIN):
CRIN envisions a world in which every child enjoys all of the human rights promised by the United Nations, regional organisations, and national governments alike. (...) Our inspiration is the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which we use to bring children's rights to the top of the international agenda. We launch advocacy campaigns, lead international children's rights coalitions, and strive to make existing human rights enforcement mechanisms accessible for all. More than 2,100 organisations in 150 countries rely on CRIN's publications, research and information.

The latest information on children's rights around the world:
CRIN publishes several email lists on children's rights issues in English, French, Spanish and Arabic. We also issue thematic editions on armed conflict, violence against children and strategic litigation. You can subscribe to any of these email lists and unsubscribe at any time.

CRINMAIL - Children's Rights Newsletter (weekly)

Below is the latest issue of CRINMAIL:

20 February 2013 - CRINMAIL issue 1315
In this issue:
Launch of child policy data
Latest news and reports
- Corporal punishment laws under scrutiny
- Ireland apologises for locking away women and girls
- Syrian hospitals and breadlines targeted by aerial strikes
- Protests continue amid empty promises
- Pope takes refuge in Vatican immunity
- Clampdown on female genital mutilation
Children's Rights Wiki: Spotlight on Guyana
Upcoming events
Also in this issue:
- World news
- Reports
- Events
- Issues
- Law
- Advocacy
- Challenging breaches
- Take action
- Campaigns


CRINMAIL Archive (earlier issues):

Option 1: (WITH table of contents)
- includes a table of contents for each issue, as above, back to 2009-2010

Option 2: (WITHOUT table of contents)
- On the CRINMAIL website --- does *not* include the table of contents for each issue (so you must click on each link to see its contents), but it goes back much further (pre-2006). Follow this link to see hundreds of earlier weekly issues, many of which are special editions focusing on special themes, such as the 45th Session of the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.


The CRINMAIL Children's Rights Newsletter is only ONE of several weekly newsletters produced and distributed by CRIN.
See the complete list of newsletters:

Child Rights Information Network (CRIN):
CRIN envisions a world in which every child enjoys all of the human rights promised by the United Nations, regional organisations, and national governments alike. (...) Our inspiration is the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which we use to bring children's rights to the top of the international agenda. We launch advocacy campaigns, lead international children's rights coalitions, and strive to make existing human rights enforcement mechanisms accessible for all. More than 2,100 organisations in 150 countries rely on CRIN's publications, research and information.


- Go to the Children's Rights Links page:

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Both Canadian Social Research Links (the site) and this Canadian Social Research Newsletter belong to me, Gilles Séguin.

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Fifteen More Antagonysms + Ten antagonistic phrases

Antagonyms : Words (and phrases) with definitions that contradict each other.

Watchful and responsible care vs. An omission or error due to carelessness

Read in a casual way, skim (To peruse the Sunday paper) vs. to read with great attention to detail or to study carefully (To peruse a report on financial conditions).

In song, meaning to repeat a certain part vs.To stop (Please refrain from using bad language)

To quit a contract vs. to sign the contract again [hyphenated as re-sign]

Violent disorder vs. Revelry (Consider what is meant when one says, "It was a riot!")

To establish (The seed took root.) remove entirely (usually used with "out", e.g., to root out dissenters)

Support for an action (They sanctioned our efforts.) vs. a penalty for an action (The Congressman wassanctioned for inappropriate behavior.)

To examine closely vs. to look over hastily

[Slang,vulgar] Had a good experience (We screwed around all night.) have a bad experience (I was screwed by that cheater.)

Oozed out, released vs. placed out of sight

Shop: To search with the intent to buy ("I shopped for a book at several stores.") vs. to search with the intent to sell ("I shopped my manuscript to severalpublishers.")

Unpleasant (A sick joke) vs. wonderful (Slang: That sportscar is really sick!)

Strike out:
An ending, as in "The batter struck out."vs. a beginning, as in "I thought it was time to strike out on my own."

Easily seen ("His motives were transparent.") vs. invisible

Trim: To add things to (trim a Christmas tree) vs. take pieces off (trim hair)


Antagonistic phrases:
Phrases that (probably through corruption) have come to mean the opposite of what they should mean if taken literally.


All downhill from here:
Things are going to get better vs. things are going to get worse

Could care less:
Used as if it were synonymous with "could not care less" --- which it is NOT. It's not proper English. Period.

Fought with:
Fought on the same or opposite sides (The Finns fought with the Germans in WW II.)

Like never before:
Totally amateurish vs.with great skill (She's dancing like she's never danced before.)

Take care of:
Look out for and nurture vs. get rid of or kill

Near miss:
A hit close enough to achieve the effect vs.narrowly falling short of the objective

Restrict access to:
To allow access only to vs. to disallow access to ("To restrict access to adult movies, please contact the front desk.")

Steep learning curve:
Can mean both "difficult to learn" and ""easy to learn, taking a short time."

Tell me about it:
I want to know more vs. I already know.

Watch out for:
A positive statement meaning try to findor partake of vs. A negative statement meaning avoid (Watch out for the puddle.)



And, in closing...


Quebec fishermen pull 23-kilo (50lbs.) cod out while ice fishing in Saguenay River!!
CBC News Posted: Feb 23, 2013


First genuine bird's eye footage of a penguin colony (video, duration 1:59)


A tale of two cows
(Government explained : A Classic)


Chris Hadfield's Space Kitchen (video, duration 2:27)
(Peanut butter and honey sandwich craving alert!)


House Blues (video, duration 4:17)