Canadian Social Research Newsletter
April 27, 2014

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter,
a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

This week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 2,686 subscribers.

Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes, a disclaimer
and other stuff that has nothing whatsoever to do with social policy...


Canadian content

1. The Fiscal Monitor for February 2014 (Finance Canada) - April 25
2. 2014–15 Report on Plans and Priorities + Part II - Main Estimates (Employment and Social Development)
3. From Health and Welfare Canada to Employment and Social Development Canada : What's in a Name?- April 24
4. Ottawa unveils proposal for new Target Benefit Plans - April 24
Homelessness & Health in Canada (Manal Guirguis-Younger et al. - editors) - 2014
6. Ten ‘Take Aways’ From the Final Report of the At Home/Chez Soi Study (Nick Falvo, Carleton University) - April 24
7. Ontario Energy Support Program Announced
(Eff. Jan. '16) - April 24
8. Ontario Child Benefit increases to be tied to inflation CBC News) - April 22
9. Canada-EU Workshop Series: Opening Up Canadian Federalism - April/May 2014

10. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- Firearms and violent crime in Canada, 2012 - April 23
--- Youth correctional services, 2011/2012
- April 22
11. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

International content

12. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
13. Welcome to the Piketty revolution ( - April 27
14. The American Middle Class Is No Longer the World’s Richest (New York Times) - April 22

15. Child Rights Information Network - CRIN

Have a great week!

[ ]
[ ]


Go to the home page of the
Canadian Social Research Links website:

1. The Fiscal Monitor for February 2014 - April 25
(Finance Canada)

Finance Canada:

Release of The Fiscal Monitor for February 2014
The Department of Finance reports a $5.1-billion surplus in February; the Government remains on track to balance the budget in 2015
April 25, 2014
Finance Minister Joe Oliver today released The Fiscal Monitor for February 2014.
There was a budgetary surplus of $5.1 billion in February 2014, compared to a surplus of $3.2 billion in February 2013.
Revenues increased by $2.1 billion, or 8.4 per cent, reflecting increases in all revenue streams. Program expenses increased by $0.1 billion, or 0.5 per cent, while public debt charges increased by $0.1 billion, or 3.2 per cent.

The Fiscal Monitor for February 2014

[ Earlier editions of the Fiscal Monitor back to 1996: ]

Finance Canada


- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Agriculture to Finance) page:

2. 2014–15 Report on Plans and Priorities + Part II - Main Estimates - April 24
(Employment and Social Development)

Employment and Social Development
2014–15 Report on Plans and Priorities

HTML version -
PDF version (1.1MB) -
The Report on Plans and Priorities provides (RPP) an overview of the Departmental priorities, planned work to achieve these priorities, planned spending, Full Time Equivalents, and performance targets. The RPP supplements the information contained in Part II of the Main Estimates.

Part II - Main Estimates:
Employment and Social Development
NOTE: This is a humongous document that is curiously *not* available as a PDF file.
If you go to the table of contents page of the 2014-15 Main Estimates here:
...then scroll down to ESDC and click, it will take almost 30 seconds for the correct page to appear.
BUT --- It's worth the wait!
Recommended reading.

NOTE : The "Go to..." link below will take you to a brand NEW Canadian Social Research Links page that offers an overview of the programs of ESDC, which replaced Human Resources and Skills Development Canada in July of 2013. You'll also find some links to reports that predate the new department but that I wanted to keep for historical purposes...


- Go to the Employment and Social Development Canada Links page:NEW

3. From Health and Welfare Canada to Employment and Social Development Canada : What's in a Name?- April 24

Also from
Employment and Social Development Canada:

April 27, 2014
From Health and Welfare Canada to Employment and Social Development Canada:
What's in a Name?
By Gilles

For 30 years ending in 2003, I worked for the federal government department responsible for many of Canada's social programs; my special focus was on provincial and territorial social assistance (welfare) programs. My role evolved somewhat over those 30 years, and my department's name changed no less than five times - three just since the Harper Government won its minority in 2006. If I'm occasionally confused by what the dept. was called when, I'm sure there are others out there who would appreciate a quick timeline.

So - without further ado:

Timeline of changes in the name of the federal department
responsible for Old Age Security and the Canada Pension Plan and more

Health and Welfare Canada (HWC)

When I started working in the federal government back in the mid-1970s, it was with Health and Welfare Canada (HWC), the department that was responsible for Old Age Security, the Canada Pension Plan, Unemployment Insurance, the Canada Assistance Plan and much more. The department name dated back to 1944.

Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC)

After the 1993 federal election, the Department was split into its two main components --- the health component became a separate new Department, while the welfare side of HWC was transferred to the existing Employment and Immigration Canada (along with the Labour program) and everything was renamed Human Resources Development Canada (HRDC).
[ FACTOID : Word is that the new dept was initially going to be called Human Resources and Labour until someone figured out that the short-form dept name would be HRL Canada (or "Hurl Canada") - Yikes! back to the drawing board they went. And the rest is history... ]

Social Development Canada (SDC) + Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC)

Ten years later, in December 2003, when Paul Martin took office as Prime Minister of Canada, HRDC was split into two new departments: Social Development Canada (SDC) and Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC).

Human Resources and Social Development Canada

In February 2006, the new Conservative Government of Stephen Harper (I mean Canada's New Government) reunited SDC and HRSDC under the umbrella of Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC).

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada

In 2008, the Conservatives fortified their minority grip on Parliament, and Canada's New Prime Minister started erasing the "Social" even from the federal government glossary, starting with the name of the Department responsible for the administration of Old Age Security, the Canada Pension Plan and other federal social programs. I guess Old Age Security and the CPP are now considered "human resources" programs in this Brave New World. Online researchers always dread these reorganizations, because websites are invariably turned upside down and inside out when ministerial mandates change.

Employment and Social Development Canada

On July 15, 2013, Prime Minister Harper announced changes to the federal Ministry.

For more info on the new Ministry, see the following:
[ ]
[ ]

The Honourable Jason Kenney is now Minister of Employment and Social Development,
and the Department is now called Employment and Social Development Canada
[ ]

NOTE : Even the Canadian Social Research Links Guy has been known to be wrong from time to time.
If you spot any errors in the above timeline, I'd appreciate a quick email message [] so that I can (1) validate your statements, and (b) correct the above timeline as required.



- Go to the Employment and Social Development Canada Links page:NEW

4. Ottawa unveils proposal for new Target Benefit Plans - April 24

Finance Canada:

Harper Government Begins Consultations on a Potential Target Benefit Pension Plan Framework
News Release
April 24, 2014
Harper Government Begins Consultations on a Potential Target Benefit Pension Plan Framework


Consultation Paper - Pension Innovation for Canadians: The Target Benefit Plan
The objective of this paper is to seek views on the approach and elements of a federal TBP framework. DC and DB plan sponsors, unions, the actuarial and legal professions, and retiree groups are invited to provide comments on these proposals.
Written comments should be sent by June 23 via email to:


Frequently Asked Questions on Proposed Target Benefit Plan (TBP) Framework

Finance Canada


From the
Toronto Star:

Ottawa unveils proposal for new Target Benefit Plans
April 24, 2014
By Madhavi Acharya
The federal government is adding more letters to the alphabet soup that spells out how Canadians save for retirement. Ottawa unveiled its proposal for the TBP, or Target Benefit Plan, on Thursday. The new voluntary plan would be open to those who work for Crown corporations or federally regulated businesses such as banks, railways, and airlines. TBPs would offer a minimum level of guaranteed benefits with an option to add on and contributions that are set within a specified range. Both could be adjusted over time based on market conditions and the plan’s performance.


Ottawa to propose risk-sharing pension scheme
April 25, 2014
Minister of state for finance Kevin Sorenson is expected to announce a new risk-sharing pension proposal for federally regulated companies.


Canada Pension Plan needs shoring up now: Cohn
April 25, 2014
Life is good. Until it isn’t, in retirement.


Canadians heading for a retirement income crisis
April 25, 2014
With too many Canadians heading into retirement without enough savings, the debate now centres on what needs to be done to fix this looming problem.

Toronto Star


- Go to the Pension Reforms Links page:

5. Homelessness & Health in Canada - 2014
(Manal Guirguis-Younger et al. - editors)

Homelessness & Health in Canada
By Manal Guirguis-Younger et al. editors
Homelessness & Health in Canada explores, for the first time, the social, structural, and environmental factors that shape the health of homeless persons in Canada. Covering a wide range of topics from youth homelessness to end-of-life care, the authors strive to outline policy and practice recommendations to respond to the ongoing public health crisis.

This book is divided into three distinct but complementary sections.
1. Contributors explore how homelessness affects the health of particular homeless populations
2. Contributors investigate how housing and public health policy as well as programmatic responses can address various health challenges
2. Contributors highlight innovative Canadian interventions that have shown great promise in the field

Complete report:

Homelessness & Health in Canada (PDF - 4.8MB, 331 pages)
Part I—Homelessness & Health in Canadian Populations
Part II—Policy & Programmatic Responses to Homelessness & Health
Part III—New Approaches: Innovations to Address Homelessness & Health

University of Ottawa Press


- Go to the Health Links (Canada/International) page:

- Go to the Homelessness and Housing Links page:

6. Ten ‘Take Aways’ From the Final Report of the At Home/Chez Soi Study - April 24
(Nick Falvo, Carleton University)

More on the At Home/Chez Soi Study
April 24th, 2014
Earlier this month, I blogged [ ] about the At Home/Chez Soi homelessness study prior to the release of its final report.
Today I’ve blogged again, this time about the contents of the final report itself. This second blog post, being rather long and nuanced, was written for the Homeless Hub. It can be accessed here:

Ten ‘Take Aways’ From the Final Report of the At Home/Chez Soi Study
By Nick Falvo, Carleton University
April 24, 2014

"In conclusion, I wish to commend the Mental Health Commission of Canada and the At Home/Chez Soi researchers for carrying out this massive research project. I believe that the findings of both the final report and the many other shorter articles coming out of the project will help Canadians to better understand policy responses to homelessness."

Found in
The Homeless Hub Blog:


- Go to the Homelessness and Housing Links page:

7. Ontario Energy Support Program Announced (Eff. Jan. '16) - April 24

New from the
Income Security Advocacy Centre:

Ontario Energy Support Program Announced:
Low-Income Energy Network Applauds Proactive Step
April 24, 2014
The Ontario government has just announced that it is moving to set up an electricity affordability program for low-income Ontarians.

This is great news for low-income consumers of electricity and great news for the Low-Income Energy Network (LIEN):
[ ]
The Low-Income Energy Network : Working to address the energy needs of Ontario’s low-income households
LIEN has been advocating with the government for this kind of program since 2006, as part of a comprehensive approach to reducing energy poverty in Ontario.
Full list of LIEN member groups (incl. links to each member group) :
Energy Minister Bob Chiarelli announced yesterday [ ] that he sent a directive to the Ontario Energy Board (OEB) to develop the Ontario Electricity Support Program. The directive tells the OEB that the government wants the program to do three things:
1. It should be in place by January 1, 2016
2. It should give low-income electricity consumers a similar reduction to what they receive from the Ontario Clean Energy Benefit
3. It should operate so that the reduction is automatically applied to the electricity bills that low-income Ontario consumers receive.

You can read the Minister’s directive here: ( small PDF file)

And the government’s backgrounder on the Ontario Electricity Support Program has more details:

The directive also says that the OEB must consult with communities and stakeholders to create the program, and report back on the new program by December 1, 2014.

LIEN issued this press release [ ] yesterday, applauding the government for taking this proactive step to address energy poverty. For more information about the rate affordability model that LIEN has been proposing, you can watch this webinar.

LIEN has already said that they will take part in the OEB’s consultations, which will undoubtedly start soon. Watch for more information from LIEN - and use this information to contact them to find out how you can get involved in making sure that the Ontario Electricity Support Program is set up in a way that meets the needs of low-income energy consumers.

The Low-Income Energy Network was founded in 2004 by our partner clinics the Canadian Environmental Law Association (CELA), the Advocacy Centre for Tenants Ontario (ACTO), us here at ISAC, and many other groups [ See ].

Congratulations to LIEN for their perseverance and for continuing to advocate for this important program for so many years!

Income Security Advocacy Centre
The Income Security Advocacy Centre (ISAC) is a community legal clinic funded by Legal Aid Ontario. We have a provincial mandate to improve the income security of people living in Ontario through test case litigation, policy development, advocacy and community organizing.


- Go to the Ontario Municipal and Non-Governmental Sites (D-N) page:

8. Ontario Child Benefit increases to be tied to inflation - April 22
(CBC News)

Ontario Child Benefit increases to be tied to inflation
Liberals also want to give early childhood educators $2/hr wage increase
April 22, 2014
As part of a previously passed budget, the benefit will increase on July 1 by as much as $100, depending on a family's income. However, the governing Liberals on Tuesday announced a proposal to tie future increases to the rate of inflation, beginning in July 2015.
The province on Tuesday also promised a $2 hourly wage increase for early childhood educators.
The first increase would be $1 in January 2015.

[ Ontario Budget coming May 1. ]

CBC News

Related link:

Ontario Child Benefit
The Ontario Child Benefit is financial support that low and moderate income families – whether they are working or not – may receive to help provide for their children. The Ontario Child Benefit will reach more than one million children in 530,000 families each month and provides a maximum payment of $1,210 per year per child. The maximum payment will increase in July 2014 to $1,310 per year per child.

Ministry of Children and Youth Services


- Go to the Ontario Government Links page:

9. Canada-EU Workshop Series: Opening Up Canadian Federalism - April/May 2014

Canada-EU Workshop Series: Opening Up Canadian Federalism
The University of Victoria (UVic) European Union Centre of Excellence (EUCE), the Department of Political Science, and the Canada-Europe Transatlantic Dialogue (CETD) invite social policy practitioners from government and NGOs, experts, academic researchers, and the interested public to participate in a series of workshops being held across Canada that compare Canadian and European Union (EU) approaches to governing social policy.

Montreal May 9, 2014
Toronto May 12, 2014
Ottawa May 13, 2014
Halifax May 16, 2014

Two workshops in the series have already been held: in Vancouver April 14 and Edmonton April 16. These resulted in very productive discussions about some of the problems of coordinating employment, pensions, research, and postsecondary education policy in the Canadian federal system, as compared to more effective approaches in the European Union.

More information on the key messages from these workshops can be found here:

The upcoming Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa workshops will focus on social inclusion/poverty/homelessness/children's policy (including how NGOs and citizens can influence policy-making), while the Halifax workshop will focus on health care.

More information about the workshop series and how to register is available here:
Although the workshops are free, registration is required as space is limited.


- Go to the Canadian Universities and Colleges Links page:

10. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- Firearms and violent crime in Canada, 2012 - April 23
--- Youth correctional services, 2011/2012
- April 22

What's new from The Daily:

Past issues of The Daily

[Statistics Canada ]


April 23, 2014
Firearms and violent crime in Canada, 2012
Police services reported 5,600 victims of firearm-related violent crime in 2012, about 1,800 fewer victims of this type of crime than in 2009.

April 22, 2014
Youth correctional services, 2011/2012
Additional 2011-2012 data from the Youth Custody and Community Services survey are now available.

Available in CANSIM table 251-0009

Related subjects:

Children and youth

Crime and justice (youth)

Crime and justice

Correctional services

Check past issues of The Daily:
Select a month and year from the two drop-down menus to access all issues of The Daily for a particular month.

StatCan Blog
The goal of the StatCan Blog is to pull back the curtain to explain some of the agency’s inner workings, and to show the links between quality statistics and the lives of Canadians.
The Daily
[Statistics Canada ]


- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page:

11. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):

April 26, 2014
What's new online this week:

1. Research, policy & practice
- materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports

Wage increase for Ontario child care workers
23 Apr 2014 | Ontario
The Ontario government has announced a wage enhancement for Early Childhood Educators and other child care workers.

Parental perceptions of quality in early care and education
23 Apr 2014 | United States
Research brief from Child Trends (US) describes findings from the Minnesota Child Care Choices study. Findings indicate that, "parents' values about constructs of early care and education quality mirror the public emphasis on children's development over the last 20 years, which has focused on promoting children's cognitive readiness for school throughout the majority of that time, and children's social-emotional readiness for school only more recently".

Everything we know about early childhood has changed since Head Start
23 Apr 2014 | United States
Article from The Atlantic magazine examines the history and legacy of Head Start and other US interventions to help children in poverty.

Exploration of the status of services for immigrant families in early childhood education programs
23 Apr 2014 | International
Study from NAEYC and Bernard van Leer Foundation uses in-depth interviews with teachers, program staff and parents, as well as field observations in ECE programs in the US and Eastern Europe to look at how programs work with immigrant families.

The economic importance of women’s rising hours of work
23 Apr 2014 | United States
Report from the Center for American Progress looks at "more than three decades of women's employment to examine the growing importance of the contribution their earnings make to the U.S. economy".

MORE research, policy & practice


2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Quebec ranked highest for women’s economic and personal security
23 Apr 2014 | Canada

Childcare issues not just the concern of parents
23 Apr 2014 | Europe

What exactly is 'high-quality' preschool?
23 Apr 2014 | United States

Experts still divided over benefits of full-day kindergarten four years after roll out
23 Apr 2014 | Ontario

Is full-day kindergarten making the grade?
23 Apr 2014 | Ontario

MORE child care in the news


CRRU Archive

All newer content from January 2013 to date is archived in a special section of the Early Childhood Development Links page of this site.
Click the link immediately below to go there:

For links to weekly issues of this weekly alert from June 2009 to December 2012*,
check out the CRRU Links Archive on this site:

* NOTE (by Gilles):
In December 2012, my HTML editing software was crashing whenever I would open the above archive page to add or edit something.
After several hours of tinkering in a vain attempt to make everything work, I finally decided to go with Plan B : you can still click the link above to access the CRRU archive (including contents of each issue from June 2009 to December 2012), but all new content since then is archived on the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page :


Subscribe to the CRRU email notices and updates
Sign up to receive email notices of updates and new postings on the CRRU website which will inform you of policy developments in early childhood care and education, new research and resources for policy, newly released CRRU publications, and upcoming events of interest to the child care and broader community.

Links to child care
sites in Canada and elsewhere

CRRU Publications
- briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications

ISSUE files
- theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
CRRU is a policy and research oriented facility that focuses on early childhood education and child care (ECEC) and family policy in Canada and internationally.


- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:

12. Poverty Dispatch: U.S. media coverage of social issues and programs
(Institute for Research on Poverty - University of Wisconsin-Madison)

Poverty Dispatch (U.S.)
The Poverty Dispatch is a daily scan of U.S. web-based news items dealing with topics such as poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, etc.. The Dispatch is distributed by the Institute for Research on Poverty, at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. News articles from online newspapers are posted here in a number of general categories, and are tagged with more specific keywords relevant to each article.

(halfway down the page)
Clicking on a word or expression in the list of tags will call up all relevant news items from past Dispatches under that tag.
Tags include:
* Academic achievement * Affordable Care Act (ACA) * Applicants * Budget cuts * California * Cash assistance * Census * Child poverty * Child welfare * Child well-being * Cities * Economic stimulus * Eligibility * Enrollment * Florida * Food insecurity * Foster care * Health care costs * Health insurance coverage * Homeless families * Income * Indiana * Jobless benefits * Job losses * Jobs * Kids Count * Low-wage work * Medicaid * Michigan * Minnesota * Neighborhoods * Ohio * Poverty measurement * Poverty rate * Privatization * Recession * Safety net * Schools * Shelters * SNAP/Food Stamps * States * Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) * Texas * Unemployment rate * Wisconsin

Latest issues of Poverty Dispatch:

April 25, 2014
TANF Work Participation – Oregon
Unemployment Insurance System – Tennessee
Foster Children and Psychotropic Drug Prescriptions – Colorado

April 24, 2014
Kids Count Report – New Jersey (2 articles)

April 23, 2014
Affordable Care Act (ACA) and Medicaid Enrollment (2 articles)
Minimum Wage and Tipped Employees

April 22, 2014
No Poverty Dispatch today

April 21, 2014
TANF Applicants – Pennsylvania
Long-Term Unemployment


Earlier Poverty Dispatches (back to July 2006):
1. Go to the Poverty Dispatch home page: [ and click on a date in the calendar in the top right-hand corner of the page. Change the month by clicking the link at the bottom of the calendar.
3. Go to the Poverty Dispatch home page and click on a category or a tag in the right-hand margin.
4. See (more complete listing, but only goes back to December 2011)


NOTE : You can subscribe to this email list or RSS feed
by clicking "Subscribe" in the right-hand margin on any page of the Poverty Dispatch website


Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)

University of Wisconsin-Madison


- Go to the Links to American Government Social Research page:

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (A-J) page:

- Go to the Links to American Non-Governmental Social Research (M-Z) page:

- Go to the Poverty Measures - International Resources page:

13. Welcome to the Piketty revolution - April 27

Welcome to the Piketty revolution:
“Capital in the 21st Century” is a game-changer (even if you never read it)
April 27, 2014
Anyone who’s anyone (and many more who aren’t) has written something this week about “Capital in the 21st Century,” the new treatise on income inequality by French economist Thomas Piketty.

The book was actually published early last month by Harvard University Press, but arrived to fanfare only within the insular, if august, community of economic policy researchers. So, on arrival, it might have seemed like the 700-page tome, with its academic tone and laboriously documented historical analyses, was destined to a life of obscurity. But then something strange happened. People — regular people — started to buy it in droves. By the time “Capital” surged to the top of the charts this week — so many physical copies of the book were sold that Amazon actually ran out of inventory — Thomas Piketty had become the most famous economist this side of Paul Krugman, celebrated on the left and reviled on the right.

At this point, a review or discussion of “Capital” is almost a rite of passage for an aspiring wonk.
--- You can read this writer’s here : [ ]

But the one question that hangs over Piketty’s meteoric rise is, in a way, the most obvious one: What does any of this actually mean?



Read the Intro to the book:


Buy the book:

Capital in the Twenty-First Century



Thomas Piketty’s got conservatives running scared
New York Times columnist Paul Krugman argues the right has no idea how to offer a legitimate policy response to inequality
April 25, 2014

Also by Paul Krugman:

The Piketty Panic
“Capital in the Twenty-First Century,” the new book by the French economist Thomas Piketty, is a bona fide phenomenon. Other books on economics have been best sellers, but Mr. Piketty’s contribution is serious, discourse-changing scholarship in a way most best sellers aren’t. And conservatives are terrified. Thus James Pethokoukis of the American Enterprise Institute warns in National Review that Mr. Piketty’s work must be refuted, because otherwise it “will spread among the clerisy and reshape the political economic landscape on which all future policy battles will be waged.” Well, good luck with that.


- Go to the Social Research Links in Other Countries (Non-Government) page:

14. The American Middle Class Is No Longer the World’s Richest - April 22
(New York Times)

The American Middle Class Is No Longer the World’s Richest
By David Leonhardt and Kevin Quealy
April 22, 2014(...)
While the wealthiest Americans are outpacing many of their global peers, a New York Times analysis shows that across the lower- and middle-income tiers, citizens of other advanced countries have received considerably larger raises over the last three decades. After-tax middle-class incomes in Canada — substantially behind in 2000 — now appear to be higher than in the United States. The poor in much of Europe earn more than poor Americans. The numbers, based on surveys conducted over the past 35 years, offer some of the most detailed publicly available comparisons for different income groups in different countries over time. They suggest that most American families are paying a steep price for high and rising income inequality.

About the Data
The data in the above article comes from LIS, a group that maintains the Luxembourg Income Study Database.

Related link:

Luxembourg Income Study Database
LIS Cross-National Data Center in Luxembourg
LIS is a cross-national data center which serves a global community of researchers, educators, and policy makers. LIS acquires datasets with income, wealth, employment, and demographic data from a large number of countries, harmonises them to enable cross-national comparisons, and makes them available for public use by providing registered users with remote access.


From the CBC:

Canada vs. U.S. middle class: What the New York Times missed:
'It's just one data set,' an economist says
By Mark Gollom
April 25, 2014
A New York Times report based on income data compiled for the Luxembourg Income Study Database found that median per capita income for the U.S. in 2010 was $18,700 US. In Canada, the median per capita income was the same.

An analysis piece in the venerable New York Times declaring that Canada's middle class is now better off than the middle class in the U.S. has certainly generated headlines across this country. But not all analysts are convinced the report tells the whole story.


Why the rich get richer and the poor get poorer
Policy experts say middle-class squeezed as most of the gains go to the 1%
(video debate, duration 8:11)

CBC News


- Go to the Income and Wealth Inequality Links page:

15. Child Rights Information Network - CRIN

Child Rights Information Network (CRIN)

CRIN is a global children’s rights advocacy network. Established in 1995, we press for rights - not charity - and campaign for a genuine shift in how governments and societies view and treat children. We link to nearly 3,000 organisations that between them work on children’s rights in every country in the world and rely on our publications, research and information sharing.

Our Vision
CRIN envisions a world in which every child enjoys all their human rights guaranteed by the United Nations, regional organisations and national governments.

CRIN weekly newsletter (Latest issue):

23 April 2014 - CRINmail issue 1374

In this issue:
Latest news and reports
- Iran executes four juvenile offenders
- South Sudan atrocity reveals ethic dimension
- Honduran children enlisted in military for ‘moral training’
- Families & courts deter abuse complaints, study finds
- Low quality teaching a possible right violation
- Children’s rights left out of election manifestos
- Australia to launch enquiry on youth suicide
- UN news: UPR session, CRC elections
- Courses on children’s rights
Access to justice for children in Nigeria
Upcoming events
Also in this issue:
World news
Challenging breaches
Take action


CRINMAIL Archive (earlier issues)
- includes a table of contents for each issue, as in the above, back to 2009-2010


Subscribe to CRINMAIL
and other newsletters


CRIN News Archive


CRIN Country Pages : CANADA


Children's rights Wiki - from CRIN
The Children's Rights Wiki assembles all information about children's rights in every country in one place. The purpose of the project is to make the huge volume of information that exists on children's rights more accessible, assist children's rights advocates in identifying persistent violations, and inspire collective action. This is a web-based, multi-lingual and interactive project.


Canada and Children's Rights
- from the Children's Rights Wiki


- Go to the Children's Rights Links page:

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Both Canadian Social Research Links (the site) and this Canadian Social Research Newsletter belong to me, Gilles Séguin.

I am solely accountable for the choice of links presented therein and for the occasional editorial comment - it's my time, my home computer, my experience, my biases, my Rogers Internet account and my web hosting service.

I administer the mailing list and distribute the weekly newsletter using software on the web server of the
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I promise not share any information on this list, nor to send you any junk mail.

Links presented in the Canadian Social Research Newsletter point to different views about social policy and social programs.
There are some that I don't agree with, so don't get on my case, eh...

To access earlier online HTML issues of the Canadian Social Research Newsletter, go to the Newsletter page:

Feel free to distribute this newsletter as widely as you wish, but please remember to mention Canadian Social Research Links when you do.



50 Most-Used Passwords Exposed

In 2013, an Adobe server hack exposed customer passwords.
Here were the 50 most-used passwords, providing a useful guide of what not to use!

If your password is on here, it's time to change it.

1. 1,911,938 people - 123456

2. 446,162 people - 123456789

3. 345,834 people - password

4. 211,659 people - adobe123

5. 201,580 people - 12345678

6. 130,832 people - qwerty

7. 124,253 people - 1234567

8. 113,884 people - 111111

9. 83,411 people - photoshop

10. 82,694 people - 123123

11. 76910 people - 1234567890

12. 76,186 people - 000000

13. 70,791 people - abc123

14. 61,453 people - 1234

15. 56,744 people - adobe1

16. 54,651 people - macromedia

17. 48,850 people - azerty

18. 47,142 people - iloveyou

19. 44,281 people - aaaaaa

20. 43,670 people - 654321

21. 43,497 people - 12345

22. 37,407 people - 666666

23. 35,325 people - sunshine

24. 34,963 people - 123321

25. 33,452 people - letmein


(Click the source link for the other 25 passwords)


And, in closing...


Words And Phrases To Make You Sound Smarter (video, duration 2:06)


56 Interesting Facts About Left-Handedness & Left-Handed People
* Between 10-12% of people on earth are “lefties.” Women are more likely to be right-handed than men by about 4 percentage points.
* At various times in history, left-handedness has been seen as many things: a nasty habit, a mark of the devil, a sign of neurosis, rebellion, criminality, and homosexuality. It has also been seen as a trait indicating creativity and musical abilities.
* The Boston Strangler, Jack the Ripper, and Osama Bin Laden were lefties.


53 Crazy Laws

* In Kansas, when two trains meet at a crossing, “both shall come to full stop and neither shall start up again until the other has gone.
* In Memphis, Tennessee, a woman is not allowed to drive a car unless a man is in front of the car waving a red flag to warn people and other cars.
* In Eureka, Nevada, it is illegal for men who have mustaches to kiss women.
* In Kentucky, it is against the law to remarry the same man four times.
* In Zeigler, Illinois, only the first four firemen to arrive at a fire will be paid.
* In Lexington, Kentucky, it is against the law to carry an ice cream cone in a pocket.